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Digest of Education Statistics
2017 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 402.10. Federal obligations for research, development, and R&D plant, by category of obligation, performer, and field of science and engineering: Fiscal years 2009 through 2017
[In millions]
  Actual Estimated
Category of obligation, performer, and field of science and engineering 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Percent change, 2016 to 2017
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
  Current dollars
Total obligations for research, development, and
R&D plant
$144,760.5 $146,967.8 $139,661.5 $140,635.8 $127,291.1 $132,496.3 $131,398.2 $142,555.0 $145,407.7 2.0
                     
Research and development obligations 141,092.5 140,354.5 135,490.8 138,485.1 125,386.0 130,278.7 128,573.2 140,069.8 142,608.3 1.8
Performer                    
Federal intramural1 31,546.4 30,911.8 35,144.7 34,367.8 32,963.1 34,736.1 34,925.1 37,918.3 38,241.9 0.9
Industrial firms 59,749.3 59,867.8 53,550.2 58,910.1 49,538.1 50,236.5 47,455.2 53,727.9 54,142.1 0.8
Federally funded research and development centers
(FFRDCs) administered by industrial firms
4,067.1 3,946.2 4,424.5 3,611.7 3,796.1 4,207.5 3,935.8 4,477.3 4,505.3 0.6
Universities and colleges 31,557.7 31,192.3 27,680.3 27,509.5 25,772.0 27,429.3 27,414.7 28,883.2 29,922.2 3.6
FFRDCs administered by universities and colleges 3,402.7 3,370.5 3,437.8 3,694.2 3,711.7 3,800.8 3,911.7 4,237.7 4,608.1 8.7
Other nonprofit institutions 7,049.7 7,245.3 6,636.6 6,347.0 5,915.0 6,134.9 6,136.2 6,345.6 6,490.0 2.3
FFRDCs administered by nonprofit institutions 2,730.7 2,784.1 2,923.7 2,752.2 2,571.9 2,557.1 3,271.4 2,910.5 3,285.8 12.9
State and local governments 392.0 426.7 716.2 453.2 385.6 446.4 487.0 567.8 474.0 -16.5
Foreign 596.9 609.9 976.8 839.5 732.4 730.1 1,036.0 1,001.7 938.8 -6.3
                     
Research obligations 63,694.3 63,728.0 58,023.7 61,946.9 59,198.2 62,908.8 63,645.3 67,760.7 69,743.8 2.9
Performer                    
Federal intramural1 13,321.2 13,280.9 12,663.4 14,295.0 13,416.8 14,305.6 15,006.5 15,486.7 16,211.9 4.7
Industrial firms 6,280.2 6,625.5 6,037.4 7,794.0 7,365.5 8,057.5 8,110.4 9,325.7 9,119.5 -2.2
FFRDCs administered by industrial firms 3,070.5 2,960.1 2,984.4 2,678.7 2,713.8 3,217.5 3,098.0 3,662.0 3,529.6 -3.6
Universities and colleges 30,168.8 29,607.8 26,253.2 26,289.9 24,771.7 26,110.1 25,962.1 27,255.8 28,236.9 3.6
FFRDCs administered by universities and colleges 2,148.1 2,151.6 2,224.4 2,856.9 3,089.7 3,090.9 3,226.8 3,489.3 3,778.5 8.3
Other nonprofit institutions 6,500.7 6,687.0 5,760.8 5,812.9 5,445.5 5,648.4 5,710.6 5,833.8 5,961.2 2.2
FFRDCs administered by nonprofit institutions 1,462.0 1,633.6 1,447.7 1,457.0 1,686.8 1,725.7 1,616.9 1,794.8 2,028.5 13.0
State and local governments 343.6 352.8 282.2 352.2 313.5 394.7 420.3 425.0 385.0 -9.4
Foreign 399.3 428.6 370.2 410.3 394.8 358.5 493.7 487.6 492.7 1.1
Field                    
Engineering 10,285.0 11,081.2 10,057.2 11,403.4 10,948.2 11,887.5 11,955.6 13,113.7 13,691.4 4.4
Environmental sciences 3,751.1 3,338.9 3,207.2 3,884.3 4,041.0 4,365.8 4,413.7 4,677.8 4,911.0 5.0
Life sciences 33,267.1 33,909.1 29,408.6 30,966.7 29,328.4 30,668.2 30,473.0 32,041.6 32,766.6 2.3
Mathematics and computer sciences 3,611.8 3,411.8 3,374.3 3,527.5 3,427.0 3,883.2 3,862.7 4,208.3 4,426.6 5.2
Physical sciences 5,821.1 5,870.8 5,426.6 6,407.5 6,281.9 6,483.1 6,510.3 6,757.3 6,934.1 2.6
Psychology 2,086.3 2,155.6 1,886.8 2,086.6 1,935.2 1,968.0 1,994.9 2,119.5 2,161.9 2.0
Social sciences 1,159.2 1,197.3 1,262.4 1,124.5 1,237.3 1,435.1 1,136.3 1,287.3 1,239.8 -3.7
Other sciences 3,712.7 2,763.2 3,400.5 2,546.3 1,999.3 2,217.9 3,298.8 3,555.1 3,612.4 1.6
                     
Development obligations 77,398.2 76,626.5 77,467.1 76,538.3 66,187.8 67,369.9 64,927.8 72,309.1 72,864.5 0.8
Performer                    
Federal intramural1 18,225.2 17,630.9 22,481.3 20,072.8 19,546.3 20,430.5 19,918.5 22,431.5 22,030.0 -1.8
Industrial firms 53,467.0 53,242.3 47,512.8 51,116.1 42,172.6 42,179.1 39,344.9 44,402.2 45,022.6 1.4
FFRDCs administered by industrial firms 996.6 986.1 1,440.1 933.0 1,082.3 990.0 837.8 815.2 975.8 19.7
Universities and colleges 1,389.0 1,584.5 1,427.1 1,219.6 1,000.2 1,319.2 1,452.6 1,627.4 1,685.3 3.6
FFRDCs administered by universities and colleges 1,254.6 1,218.9 1,213.3 837.3 622.1 709.9 684.9 748.4 829.6 10.9
Other nonprofit institutions 549.0 558.3 875.8 534.1 469.5 486.5 425.6 511.8 528.8 3.3
FFRDCs administered by nonprofit institutions 1,268.7 1,150.4 1,476.0 1,295.2 885.1 831.5 1,654.5 1,115.7 1,257.3 12.7
State and local governments 48.4 73.9 434.0 101.0 72.1 51.6 66.7 142.7 89.0 -37.6
Foreign 197.6 181.3 606.6 429.2 337.6 371.6 542.3 514.2 446.1 -13.2
                     
R&D plant obligations 3,668.0 6,613.3 4,170.7 2,150.7 1,905.1 2,217.6 2,825.1 2,485.2 2,799.4 12.6
Performer                    
Federal intramural1 804.7 1,953.3 846.5 486.2 673.3 642.5 1,417.2 860.5 1,088.6 26.5
Industrial firms 396.3 1,751.2 2,030.0 460.5 231.5 323.3 275.6 270.2 328.2 21.5
FFRDCs administered by industrial firms 127.7 167.7 118.3 51.8 79.5 91.2 101.7 88.8 90.7 2.2
Universities and colleges 607.0 1,532.6 286.0 372.5 236.6 325.8 292.2 354.1 368.4 4.0
FFRDCs administered by universities and colleges 706.5 491.4 242.9 248.1 246.2 308.5 376.3 545.9 544.7 -0.2
Other nonprofit institutions 154.4 245.9 141.3 200.8 184.1 212.8 151.3 200.1 216.6 8.3
FFRDCs administered by nonprofit institutions 868.2 465.3 491.0 323.1 249.8 309.8 210.6 165.4 162.0 -2.1
State and local governments 1.2 2.0 0.2 # 0.2 0.3 # # # #
Foreign 2.0 4.0 14.6 7.6 3.9 3.4 0.1 0.1 0.1 8.2
  Constant fiscal year 2017 dollars2
Total obligations for research, development, and
R&D plant
$163,246.4 $163,173.8 $151,511.6 $149,575.6 $133,655.7 $137,016.1 $135,050.8 $145,286.3 $145,407.7 0.1
                     
Research and development obligations 159,110.0 155,831.2 146,987.0 147,288.2 131,655.3 134,722.9 132,147.3 142,753.5 142,608.3 -0.1
Performer                    
Federal intramural1 35,574.9 34,320.4 38,126.7 36,552.5 34,611.3 35,921.0 35,895.9 38,644.8 38,241.9 -1.0
Industrial firms 67,379.3 66,469.3 58,093.9 62,654.8 52,015.0 51,950.2 48,774.4 54,757.3 54,142.1 -1.1
Federally funded research and development centers
(FFRDCs) administered by industrial firms
4,586.5 4,381.3 4,799.9 3,841.3 3,985.9 4,351.0 4,045.2 4,563.1 4,505.3 -1.3
Universities and colleges 35,587.6 34,631.8 30,028.9 29,258.2 27,060.6 28,365.0 28,176.8 29,436.6 29,922.2 1.6
FFRDCs administered by universities and colleges 3,837.2 3,742.2 3,729.5 3,929.0 3,897.3 3,930.5 4,020.4 4,318.9 4,608.1 6.7
Other nonprofit institutions 7,949.9 8,044.2 7,199.7 6,750.5 6,210.8 6,344.2 6,306.8 6,467.2 6,490.0 0.4
FFRDCs administered by nonprofit institutions 3,079.4 3,091.1 3,171.8 2,927.1 2,700.5 2,644.3 3,362.3 2,966.3 3,285.8 10.8
State and local governments 442.1 473.8 777.0 482.0 404.9 461.6 500.5 578.7 474.0 -18.1
Foreign 673.1 677.2 1,059.7 892.9 769.0 755.0 1,064.8 1,020.9 938.8 -8.0
                     
Research obligations 71,828.1 70,755.2 62,946.9 65,884.7 62,158.1 65,054.8 65,414.5 69,059.0 69,743.8 1.0
Performer                    
Federal intramural1 15,022.3 14,745.4 13,737.9 15,203.7 14,087.6 14,793.6 15,423.7 15,783.4 16,211.9 2.7
Industrial firms 7,082.2 7,356.1 6,549.7 8,289.4 7,733.8 8,332.4 8,335.9 9,504.4 9,119.5 -4.0
FFRDCs administered by industrial firms 3,462.6 3,286.5 3,237.6 2,849.0 2,849.5 3,327.3 3,184.1 3,732.2 3,529.6 -5.4
Universities and colleges 34,021.4 32,872.6 28,480.7 27,961.1 26,010.3 27,000.8 26,683.8 27,778.0 28,236.9 1.7
FFRDCs administered by universities and colleges 2,422.4 2,388.9 2,413.1 3,038.5 3,244.2 3,196.3 3,316.5 3,556.2 3,778.5 6.3
Other nonprofit institutions 7,330.8 7,424.4 6,249.6 6,182.4 5,717.8 5,841.1 5,869.3 5,945.6 5,961.2 0.3
FFRDCs administered by nonprofit institutions 1,648.7 1,813.7 1,570.5 1,549.6 1,771.1 1,784.6 1,661.8 1,829.2 2,028.5 10.9
State and local governments 387.5 391.7 306.1 374.6 329.2 408.2 432.0 433.1 385.0 -11.1
Foreign 450.3 475.9 401.6 436.4 414.5 370.7 507.4 496.9 492.7 -0.9
Field                    
Engineering 11,598.4 12,303.1 10,910.5 12,128.3 11,495.6 12,293.0 12,287.9 13,365.0 13,691.4 2.4
Environmental sciences 4,230.1 3,707.1 3,479.3 4,131.2 4,243.1 4,514.7 4,536.4 4,767.4 4,911.0 3.0
Life sciences 37,515.3 37,648.2 31,903.9 32,935.2 30,794.8 31,714.4 31,320.1 32,655.5 32,766.6 0.3
Mathematics and computer sciences 4,073.0 3,788.0 3,660.6 3,751.7 3,598.4 4,015.7 3,970.1 4,288.9 4,426.6 3.2
Physical sciences 6,564.5 6,518.2 5,887.0 6,814.8 6,596.0 6,704.3 6,691.3 6,886.8 6,934.1 0.7
Psychology 2,352.7 2,393.3 2,046.9 2,219.2 2,032.0 2,035.1 2,050.4 2,160.1 2,161.9 0.1
Social sciences 1,307.2 1,329.3 1,369.5 1,196.0 1,299.2 1,484.1 1,167.9 1,312.0 1,239.8 -5.5
Other sciences 4,186.8 3,067.9 3,689.0 2,708.2 2,099.3 2,293.6 3,390.5 3,623.2 3,612.4 -0.3
                     
Development obligations 87,282.0 85,076.0 84,040.1 81,403.6 69,497.2 69,668.1 66,732.7 73,694.5 72,864.5 -1.1
Performer                    
Federal intramural1 20,552.6 19,575.0 24,388.8 21,348.8 20,523.6 21,127.4 20,472.2 22,861.3 22,030.0 -3.6
Industrial firms 60,294.7 59,113.3 51,544.2 54,365.4 44,281.2 43,617.9 40,438.6 45,252.9 45,022.6 -0.5
FFRDCs administered by industrial firms 1,123.9 1,094.8 1,562.3 992.3 1,136.4 1,023.8 861.1 830.8 975.8 17.5
Universities and colleges 1,566.4 1,759.2 1,548.2 1,297.1 1,050.2 1,364.2 1,493.0 1,658.6 1,685.3 1.6
FFRDCs administered by universities and colleges 1,414.8 1,353.3 1,316.2 890.5 653.2 734.1 703.9 762.7 829.6 8.8
Other nonprofit institutions 619.1 619.9 950.1 568.1 493.0 503.1 437.4 521.6 528.8 1.4
FFRDCs administered by nonprofit institutions 1,430.7 1,277.3 1,601.2 1,377.5 929.4 859.9 1,700.5 1,137.1 1,257.3 10.6
State and local governments 54.6 82.0 470.8 107.4 75.7 53.4 68.6 145.4 89.0 -38.8
Foreign 222.8 201.3 658.1 456.5 354.5 384.3 557.4 524.1 446.1 -14.9
                     
R&D plant obligations 4,136.4 7,342.5 4,524.6 2,287.4 2,000.4 2,293.2 2,903.6 2,532.8 2,799.4 10.5
Performer                    
Federal intramural1 907.5 2,168.7 918.3 517.1 707.0 664.4 1,456.6 877.0 1,088.6 24.1
Industrial firms 446.9 1,944.3 2,202.2 489.8 243.1 334.3 283.3 275.4 328.2 19.2
FFRDCs administered by industrial firms 144.0 186.2 128.3 55.1 83.5 94.3 104.5 90.5 90.7 0.2
Universities and colleges 684.5 1,701.6 310.3 396.2 248.4 336.9 300.3 360.9 368.4 2.1
FFRDCs administered by universities and colleges 796.7 545.6 263.5 263.9 258.5 319.0 386.8 556.4 544.7 -2.1
Other nonprofit institutions 174.1 273.0 153.3 213.6 193.3 220.1 155.5 203.9 216.6 6.2
FFRDCs administered by nonprofit institutions 979.1 516.6 532.7 343.6 262.3 320.4 216.5 168.6 162.0 -3.9
State and local governments 1.4 2.2 0.2 # 0.2 0.3 # # # #
Foreign 2.3 4.4 15.8 8.1 4.1 3.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 -1.9
# Rounds to zero.
1 Includes costs associated with the administration of intramural and extramural programs by federal personnel as well as actual intramural performance.
2 Data adjusted by the federal budget composite deflator reported in U.S. Office of Management and Budget, Budget of the U.S. Government, Historical Tables, Fiscal Year 2018.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Totals do not include the Central Intelligence Agency.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development, 2009 through 2017, retrieved April 5, 2018, from https://ncsesdata.nsf.gov/fedfunds/2015/. (This table was prepared April 2018.)

2017 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest