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Digest of Education Statistics
2017 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 311.80. Number and percentage distribution of course enrollments in languages other than English at degree-granting postsecondary institutions, by language and enrollment level: Selected years, 2002 through 2013
Enrollment level and year Total,
all lan-guages
American Sign Language Arabic Chinese1 French German Greek, Ancient2 Hebrew3 Italian Japanese Korean Latin Portu-guese Russian Spanish Other languages
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
All levels                                
                                 
Number of enrollments                                
2002 1,395,807 60,781 10,584 34,333 201,985 91,100 20,376 22,774 63,899 52,238 5,211 29,841 8,385 23,921 745,215 25,164
2006 1,575,715 79,708 23,987 51,559 206,014 94,147 22,831 23,739 78,176 65,403 7,146 32,164 10,310 24,770 822,094 33,667
2009 1,673,543 92,072 34,908 61,797 215,244 95,628 20,040 22,656 80,322 72,359 8,449 32,444 11,273 26,753 861,008 38,590
2013 1,562,179 109,577 32,859 62,251 197,757 86,700 12,917 19,824 71,285 66,740 12,229 27,192 12,415 21,962 790,756 37,715
                                 
Percent change in
      enrollments, 2009 to 2013
-6.7 19.0 -5.9 0.7 -8.1 -9.3 -35.5 -12.5 -11.3 -7.8 44.7 -16.2 10.1 -17.9 -8.2 -2.3
                                 
Percentage distribution of
      enrollments
                               
2002 100.0 4.4 0.8 2.5 14.5 6.5 1.5 1.6 4.6 3.7 0.4 2.1 0.6 1.7 53.4 1.8
2006 100.0 5.1 1.5 3.3 13.1 6.0 1.4 1.5 5.0 4.2 0.5 2.0 0.7 1.6 52.2 2.1
2009 100.0 5.5 2.1 3.7 12.9 5.7 1.2 1.4 4.8 4.3 0.5 1.9 0.7 1.6 51.4 2.3
2013 100.0 7.0 2.1 4.0 12.7 5.5 0.8 1.3 4.6 4.3 0.8 1.7 0.8 1.4 50.6 2.4
                                 
Undergraduate level                                
                                 
Number of enrollments                                
2002 1,359,145 60,660 10,053 33,394 197,385 88,301 14,343 17,245 62,860 51,308 5,100 28,796 7,898 23,151 735,265 23,386
2006 1,534,590 78,940 23,044 50,355 201,304 91,079 16,408 17,473 77,182 64,561 6,909 31,125 9,833 24,016 811,134 31,227
2009 1,636,016 91,237 34,131 60,632 211,077 93,162 15,401 17,053 79,567 71,696 8,097 31,397 10,839 26,149 849,540 36,038
2013 1,527,415 106,936 32,217 60,968 194,620 84,841 9,994 14,816 70,640 66,180 11,572 26,255 11,901 21,353 781,634 33,488
Introductory courses4 1,272,928 95,908 28,036 47,692 159,603 70,076 8,033 9,044 64,609 54,646 9,388 23,009 9,200 15,909 649,225 28,550
Advanced courses4 254,487 11,028 4,181 13,276 35,017 14,765 1,961 5,772 6,031 11,534 2,184 3,246 2,701 5,444 132,409 4,938
                                 
Percent change in
      enrollments, 2009 to 2013
-6.6 17.2 -5.6 0.6 -7.8 -8.9 -35.1 -13.1 -11.2 -7.7 42.9 -16.4 9.8 -18.3 -8.0 -7.1
                                 
Percentage distribution of
      enrollments
                               
2002 100.0 4.5 0.7 2.5 14.5 6.5 1.1 1.3 4.6 3.8 0.4 2.1 0.6 1.7 54.1 1.7
2006 100.0 5.1 1.5 3.3 13.1 5.9 1.1 1.1 5.0 4.2 0.5 2.0 0.6 1.6 52.9 2.0
2009 100.0 5.6 2.1 3.7 12.9 5.7 0.9 1.0 4.9 4.4 0.5 1.9 0.7 1.6 51.9 2.2
2013 100.0 7.0 2.1 4.0 12.7 5.6 0.7 1.0 4.6 4.3 0.8 1.7 0.8 1.4 51.2 2.2
                                 
Graduate level                                
                                 
Number of enrollments                                
2002 36,662 121 531 939 4,600 2,799 6,033 5,529 1,039 930 111 1,045 487 770 9,950 1,778
2006 41,125 768 943 1,204 4,710 3,068 6,423 6,266 994 842 237 1,039 477 754 10,960 2,440
2009 37,527 835 777 1,165 4,167 2,466 4,639 5,603 755 663 352 1,047 434 604 11,468 2,552
2013 34,764 2,641 642 1,283 3,137 1,859 2,923 5,008 645 560 657 937 514 609 9,122 4,227
                                 
Percent change in
      enrollments, 2009 to 2013
-7.4 216.3 -17.4 10.1 -24.7 -24.6 -37.0 -10.6 -14.6 -15.5 86.6 -10.5 18.4 0.8 -20.5 65.6
                                 
Percentage distribution of
      enrollments
                               
2002 100.0 0.3 1.4 2.6 12.5 7.6 16.5 15.1 2.8 2.5 0.3 2.9 1.3 2.1 27.1 4.8
2006 100.0 1.9 2.3 2.9 11.5 7.5 15.6 15.2 2.4 2.0 0.6 2.5 1.2 1.8 26.7 5.9
2009 100.0 2.2 2.1 3.1 11.1 6.6 12.4 14.9 2.0 1.8 0.9 2.8 1.2 1.6 30.6 6.8
2013 100.0 7.6 1.8 3.7 9.0 5.3 8.4 14.4 1.9 1.6 1.9 2.7 1.5 1.8 26.2 12.2
1 Includes Cantonese and Mandarin.
2 The apparent drop in Ancient Greek from 2006 to 2009 may be attributed to changes in reporting. Some premodern Greek language categories, such as Koine Greek and Old Testament Greek, were reported for the first time in 2009. In previous surveys, these languages may have been reported under the category Ancient Greek.
3 Includes Hebrew, Modern Hebrew, and Biblical Hebrew; other reported categories of Hebrew courses are excluded.
4 Introductory courses are first- and second-year courses. Advanced courses are third- and fourth-year courses.
NOTE: This table shows course enrollments, not the number of students studying a given language; a single student majoring in a language may be enrolled in more than one class in that language. Unless otherwise indicated, totals for specific languages do not include classical, religious, or regional dialects. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: The Modern Language Association of America, MLA historical enrollment data, selected years, 2002 through 2013, retrieved April 4, 2016, from http://www.mla.org/about_search_flsurvey. (This table was prepared April 2016.)

2017 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest