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Digest of Education Statistics
2017 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 305.30. Number and percentage of degree-granting postsecondary institutions with first-year undergraduates using various selection criteria for admission, by control and level of institution: Selected years, 2000-01 through 2016-17
Selection criteria All institutions Public institutions Private institutions
Total 4-year 2-year Total 4-year 2-year Total 4-year 2-year Nonprofit For-profit
Total 4- year 2- year Total 4- year 2- year
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
  Number of institutions with first-year undergraduates
2000-01 3,717 2,034 1,683 1,647 580 1,067 2,070 1,454 616 1,383 1,247 136 687 207 480
2010-11 4,208 2,487 1,721 1,614 637 977 2,594 1,850 744 1,320 1,238 82 1,274 612 662
2015-16 4,147 2,584 1,563 1,578 669 909 2,569 1,915 654 1,400 1,298 102 1,169 617 552
2016-17 3,895 2,395 1,500 1,583 698 885 2,312 1,697 615 1,392 1,295 97 920 402 518
  Percent of institutions
Open admissions                              
2000-01 40.2 12.9 73.2 63.8 12.1 91.9 21.4 13.3 40.7 14.0 11.7 34.6 36.5 22.7 42.5
2010-11 47.2 22.5 83.0 65.6 17.6 96.9 35.8 24.2 64.7 15.5 13.0 52.4 56.9 46.9 66.2
2015-16 51.0 27.5 89.8 64.3 19.0 97.7 42.8 30.4 78.9 18.4 15.1 60.8 71.9 62.7 82.2
2016-17 51.7 26.9 91.2 64.8 22.1 98.4 42.7 28.9 80.8 18.5 15.1 63.9 79.2 73.1 84.0
                               
Some admission requirements1                               
2000-01 58.4 85.8 25.1 35.4 87.4 7.1 76.6 85.2 56.3 84.5 86.8 63.2 60.7 75.4 54.4
2010-11 50.1 75.6 13.2 34.4 82.4 3.1 59.9 73.3 26.6 84.2 86.7 47.6 34.7 46.2 24.0
2015-16 47.8 71.6 8.4 35.4 81.0 1.9 55.4 68.3 17.6 79.4 83.5 26.5 26.6 36.1 15.9
2016-17 47.4 72.4 7.6 35.2 77.9 1.6 55.8 70.1 16.3 79.9 83.9 26.8 19.3 25.9 14.3
                               
Secondary grades                              
2000-01 34.6 58.7 5.5 23.9 63.4 2.4 43.0 56.7 10.7 60.1 64.1 23.5 8.7 12.6 7.1
2010-11 33.3 54.2 3.2 27.8 67.8 1.7 36.7 49.5 5.1 66.1 68.7 26.8 6.4 10.6 2.4
2015-16 35.4 55.3 2.4 30.4 69.8 1.3 38.5 50.2 4.0 64.9 68.8 14.7 6.8 11.2 2.0
2016-17 37.8 60.0 2.4 30.8 68.2 1.2 42.7 56.7 4.1 65.5 69.3 15.5 8.2 16.2 1.9
                               
Secondary class rank                              
2000-01 13.7 24.3 1.0 10.9 30.3 0.3 16.0 21.9 2.3 23.2 25.1 5.9 1.6 2.4 1.3
2010-11 8.4 13.9 0.4 9.2 22.9 0.3 7.8 10.8 0.5 15.0 15.8 3.7 0.4 0.7 0.2
2015-16 6.0 9.5 0.3 7.8 18.2 0.1 4.9 6.4 0.6 8.8 9.3 2.0 0.3 0.3 0.4
2016-17 5.8 9.3 0.3 7.5 16.9 0.0 4.7 6.1 0.7 7.5 7.9 2.1 0.4 0.5 0.4
                               
Secondary school record                              
2000-01 45.8 70.3 16.2 29.4 72.9 5.8 58.7 69.2 34.1 73.2 75.5 52.2 29.5 30.9 29.0
2010-11 45.9 70.1 10.8 33.0 78.8 3.1 53.9 67.1 21.0 77.1 79.4 42.7 29.8 42.3 18.3
2015-16 44.0 65.9 7.8 34.0 77.9 1.8 50.1 61.7 16.2 71.7 75.4 24.5 24.3 32.9 14.7
2016-17 43.3 66.1 7.0 33.9 74.8 1.6 49.8 62.5 14.8 71.8 75.4 24.7 16.4 20.9 12.9
                               
College preparatory program                              
2000-01 15.5 27.3 1.2 16.2 44.0 1.1 14.9 20.7 1.3 22.1 24.1 4.4 0.4 0.5 0.4
2010-11 14.7 24.4 0.6 18.3 45.4 0.7 12.4 17.1 0.5 24.0 25.4 2.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
2015-16 14.7 23.3 0.5 19.3 44.4 0.8 12.0 16.0 0.2 21.9 23.6 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
2016-17 15.8 25.4 0.4 19.5 43.6 0.6 13.2 18.0 0.2 22.0 23.6 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
                               
Recommendations                              
2000-01 20.4 34.4 3.5 2.7 7.4 0.2 34.4 45.1 9.3 46.6 49.2 22.8 10.0 20.8 5.4
2010-11 18.1 29.2 2.1 3.3 8.3 0.1 27.3 36.3 4.7 51.6 53.3 25.6 2.0 2.0 2.1
2015-16 17.9 27.8 1.7 4.5 10.5 0.1 26.2 33.8 3.8 46.1 48.6 13.7 2.4 2.8 2.0
2016-17 18.8 29.5 1.7 4.2 9.5 0.1 28.8 37.7 4.1 45.7 48.1 13.4 3.2 4.2 2.3
                               
Demonstration of competencies2                               
2000-01 8.0 12.1 3.0 2.2 5.0 0.7 12.7 15.0 7.1 12.1 12.7 7.4 13.7 29.0 7.1
2010-11 5.8 8.0 2.5 1.8 4.6 0.0 8.2 9.2 5.8 8.9 8.8 9.8 7.6 10.1 5.3
2015-16 4.1 5.7 1.3 1.6 3.9 0.0 5.6 6.4 3.2 7.6 7.8 5.9 3.1 3.4 2.7
2016-17 4.2 6.1 1.3 1.5 3.3 0.0 6.1 7.2 3.1 7.7 7.9 5.2 3.8 5.2 2.7
                               
Test scores3                               
2000-01 47.2 72.5 16.7 33.2 83.4 5.8 58.5 68.2 35.6 70.3 73.4 41.9 34.6 36.7 33.8
2010-11 31.3 51.6 1.9 30.4 73.9 1.9 31.8 43.9 1.7 61.7 64.9 13.4 0.9 1.6 0.3
2015-16 30.7 48.6 1.2 32.3 74.7 1.1 29.8 39.5 1.2 54.1 57.8 7.8 0.6 1.1 0.0
2016-17 31.7 50.9 1.1 32.0 71.2 1.0 31.5 42.5 1.1 51.9 55.2 7.2 0.8 1.7 0.0
                               
TOEFL4                               
2000-01 43.4 71.2 9.9 30.2 77.4 4.6 54.0 68.7 19.2 66.2 70.1 30.9 29.3 60.4 15.8
2010-11 38.7 61.9 5.1 29.9 71.6 2.7 44.1 58.6 8.2 66.3 69.1 24.4 21.2 37.4 6.2
2015-16 35.7 55.7 2.8 30.1 69.2 1.3 39.2 50.9 4.7 59.6 63.5 10.8 14.6 24.5 3.6
2016-17 34.4 54.8 1.8 30.0 66.5 1.2 37.4 50.0 2.6 59.5 63.1 11.3 4.0 8.0 1.0
                               
No admission requirements, only
      recommendations for admission
                             
2000-01 1.4 1.2 1.7 0.8 0.5 0.9 1.9 1.5 2.9 1.5 1.4 2.2 2.8 1.9 3.1
2010-11 2.6 1.8 3.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.3 2.5 8.7 0.3 0.3 0.0 8.4 6.9 9.8
2015-16 1.3 1.0 1.7 0.3 0.0 0.4 1.9 1.3 3.5 2.2 1.4 12.7 1.5 1.1 1.8
2016-17 0.9 0.8 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.6 1.1 2.9 1.7 1.2 9.3 1.4 1.0 1.7
1 Many institutions have more than one admission requirement.
2 Formal demonstration of competencies (e.g., portfolios, certificates of mastery, assessment instruments).
3 Includes SAT, ACT, or other admission tests.
4 Test of English as a Foreign Language.
NOTE: Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. Excludes institutions not enrolling any first-time degree/certificate-seeking undergraduates. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Fall 2000 and Fall 2010, Institutional Characteristics component; and Winter 2015-16 and 2016-17, Admissions component. (This table was prepared November 2017.)

2017 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest