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Digest of Education Statistics
2017 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 236.60. Total and current expenditures per pupil in fall enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by function and subfunction: Selected years, 1990-91 through 2014-15
Function and subfunction Expenditures per pupil in current dollars Expenditures per pupil in constant 2016-17 dollars1
1990-91 2000-01 2004-05 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-142 2014-15 1990-91 2000-01 2004-05 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-142 2014-15
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
Total expenditures $5,484   $8,572 $10,078 $12,133 $12,054 $11,991 $12,033 $12,335 $12,796 $9,936   $11,879 $12,758 $13,584 $13,230 $12,786 $12,621 $12,739 $13,119
                                         
Current expenditures for
      public schools
4,902   7,380 8,711 10,636 10,663 10,648 10,771 11,066 11,445 8,882   10,228 11,027 11,908 11,703 11,354 11,297 11,429 11,734
                                         
Salaries 3,220 3  4,752 5,361 6,366 6,300 6,233 6,265 6,372 6,530 5,835 3  6,586 6,786 7,127 6,914 6,646 6,571 6,581 6,695
Employee benefits 824 3  1,228 1,679 2,199 2,260 2,309 2,372 2,472 2,603 1,493 3  1,702 2,125 2,462 2,480 2,462 2,487 2,553 2,669
Purchased services 397 3  673 817 1,053 1,082 1,097 1,121 1,163 1,216 720 3  933 1,034 1,179 1,187 1,170 1,176 1,201 1,247
Tuition 29 3  52 74 96 101 101 102 106 111 52 3  72 94 108 111 108 107 109 114
Supplies 359 3  599 694 818 817 809 817 858 871 651 3  830 879 915 897 863 857 886 893
Other 72 3  76 86 104 103 98 93 95 114 131 3  105 109 117 113 105 97 99 117
                                         
Instruction 2,965   4,541 5,329 6,511 6,522 6,483 6,547 6,726 6,951 5,373   6,293 6,746 7,290 7,158 6,913 6,867 6,946 7,127
Salaries 2,202   3,273 3,671 4,347 4,307 4,256 4,273 4,344 4,437 3,989   4,536 4,647 4,867 4,727 4,538 4,482 4,486 4,549
Employee benefits 542   837 1,127 1,481 1,522 1,554 1,598 1,678 1,767 982   1,160 1,427 1,658 1,670 1,657 1,676 1,733 1,812
Purchased services 66   136 185 281 297 294 297 303 329 120   189 234 314 326 313 311 313 338
Tuition 29   52 74 96 101 101 102 106 111 52   72 94 108 111 108 107 109 114
Supplies 111   220 249 277 266 251 250 267 280 202   305 316 311 292 268 262 276 287
Textbooks   52 47 44 43 46 49   58 52 47 45 48 50
Other 15   22 23 29 30 27 27 28 27 28   30 29 33 33 29 28 29 28
                                         
Student support4 217   366 453 591 594 589 601 615 644 392   508 574 661 652 628 631 635 660
Salaries 159   262 311 393 392 383 389 396 411 289   363 394 440 430 409 408 409 421
Employee benefits 40   64 92 128 132 137 142 146 157 73   89 116 144 145 146 149 151 161
Purchased services 11   28 37 50 52 54 56 57 60 20   39 47 57 57 58 59 59 62
Supplies 5   9 10 11 11 10 11 11 12 8   12 13 12 12 11 11 12 12
Other 1   3 4 7 7 4 4 4 4 2   4 5 8 8 4 4 4 4
                                         
Instructional staff                                        
services5 205   337 418 509 503 498 501 507 536 372   468 529 570 552 531 526 524 550
Salaries 135   207 248 301 293 289 291 294 308 244   287 314 337 322 309 305 303 316
Employee benefits 34   50 73 98 100 100 102 105 112 62   69 92 110 109 107 107 108 115
Purchased services 15   42 56 69 70 69 70 69 73 27   59 71 77 76 74 73 71 75
Supplies 19   33 37 37 37 35 33 36 39 34   46 46 42 40 37 35 37 40
Other 2   4 4 5 4 4 4 4 4 4   6 5 5 5 5 4 4 4
                                         
General administration 141   151 174 211 212 213 218 222 229 255   209 221 237 233 228 228 230 235
Salaries 63   71 76 90 89 88 90 92 94 114   98 97 101 98 94 94 95 97
Employee benefits 19   21 28 37 38 39 39 38 41 34   29 36 41 41 41 41 40 42
Purchased services 36   44 54 64 65 67 69 72 74 65   62 68 71 72 71 73 74 76
Supplies 4   4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 8   6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5
Other 18   10 11 16 16 15 14 15 15 33   13 14 18 17 16 15 16 16
                                         
School administration 284   415 495 579 580 584 593 608 632 514   575 627 648 636 623 622 628 648
Salaries 217   314 358 413 408 408 414 423 436 393   435 453 462 448 435 434 436 447
Employee benefits 55   78 107 136 141 145 149 154 163 99   108 135 153 155 154 157 159 167
Purchased services 6   13 18 19 19 20 19 19 21 11   18 23 21 21 21 20 20 22
Supplies 5   8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 8   11 11 10 9 9 9 9 9
Other 2   2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3   3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
                                         
Operation and maintenance 517   721 839 1,014 1,015 1,006 1,019 1,061 1,078 936   999 1,062 1,135 1,114 1,073 1,068 1,095 1,105
Salaries 215   285 314 364 356 352 351 357 362 389   395 398 408 391 375 368 368 371
Employee benefits 64   80 112 143 146 148 150 154 160 116   111 142 160 160 158 158 159 164
Purchased services 139   204 224 265 270 271 282 300 309 252   283 283 297 296 289 296 310 316
Supplies 91   146 181 233 235 227 228 241 240 165   202 229 261 258 242 239 249 246
Other 8   6 7 9 9 8 7 8 8 14   8 9 10 9 8 8 8 8
                                         
Student transportation 211   298 358 442 452 463 467 477 477 382   413 453 495 497 494 490 492 489
Salaries 80   115 131 155 152 151 151 154 157 144   159 166 173 167 161 159 159 161
Employee benefits 22   34 48 62 63 64 65 66 68 39   47 61 69 69 69 69 68 70
Purchased services 81   122 145 182 185 190 193 198 200 147   169 183 204 203 203 202 205 205
Supplies 23   25 31 40 48 53 53 54 47 42   34 39 45 53 57 56 56 48
Other 5   3 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 9   4 5 4 4 5 5 5 5
                                         
Other support services6 136   242 288 348 349 361 363 381 415 246   336 365 390 383 384 381 393 426
Salaries 70   117 132 165 165 165 167 172 181 128   162 167 185 181 176 175 178 186
Employee benefits 24   34 51 64 67 69 70 74 78 43   47 65 71 73 73 74 76 80
Purchased services 19   59 67 79 78 85 87 93 97 35   82 85 89 86 91 91 96 99
Supplies 7   13 16 17 18 19 19 22 23 13   18 20 19 19 20 20 23 24
Other 15   19 22 23 21 23 19 19 37 27   27 28 25 24 25 20 20 38
                                         
Food services 205   293 337 405 412 428 439 447 459 371   406 426 454 453 457 460 461 470
Salaries   105 115 131 131 133 133 134 137   146 145 147 144 141 139 138 140
Employee benefits   29 40 49 50 51 52 55 56   41 50 55 55 54 55 56 57
Purchased services   20 27 39 42 44 46 47 49   27 35 44 46 47 48 48 50
Supplies   136 151 181 184 196 203 207 211   188 192 203 202 209 213 213 217
Other   3 3 5 5 5 5 5 6   4 4 5 5 5 5 5 6
                                         
Enterprise operations7 23   16 20 25 22 22 22 23 22 42   23 25 29 25 23 23 24 23
Salaries   3 4 7 7 6 6 6 6   4 5 8 8 6 6 7 6
Employee benefits   1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2   1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Purchased services   4 4 5 3 4 4 4 4   6 5 6 4 4 4 4 4
Supplies   5 6 7 6 6 6 6 6   7 7 8 6 6 6 7 6
Other   4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4   6 5 5 5 5 5 5 4
                                         
Capital outlay8 477   976 1,095 1,148 1,029 984 916 926 1,004 864   1,353 1,386 1,285 1,129 1,049 961 956 1,029
                                         
Interest on school debt 105   215 273 349 363 360 347 343 348 190   298 345 391 398 383 364 354 356
—Not available.
1 Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to a school-year basis.
2 Data have been revised from previously published figures.
3 Includes estimated data for subfunctions of food services and enterprise operations.
4 Includes expenditures for guidance, health, attendance, and speech pathology services.
5 Includes expenditures for curriculum development, staff training, libraries, and media and computer centers.
6 Includes business support services concerned with paying, transporting, exchanging, and maintaining goods and services for local education agencies; central support services, including planning, research, evaluation, information, staff, and data processing services; and other support services.
7 Includes expenditures for operations funded by sales of products or services (e.g., school bookstore or computer time).
8 Includes expenditures for property and for buildings and alterations completed by school district staff or contractors.
NOTE: Excludes expenditures for state education agencies. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "National Public Education Financial Survey," 1990-91 through 2014-15. (This table was prepared October 2017.)

2017 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest