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Digest of Education Statistics: 2017
Digest of Education Statistics: 2017

NCES 2018-070
January 2018


Table 233.12. Percentage of public schools that took a serious disciplinary action in response to specific offenses, by type of offense and selected school characteristics: 2015-16
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
School characteristic Total, at least one action1 Type of offense
Physical attacks or fights Distribution, possession, or use of alcohol Distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs Use or possession of a firearm or explosive device Use or possession of a weapon other than a firearm or explosive device
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Total 37.2 (1.06) 26.9 (1.06) 8.1 (0.40) 18.6 (0.59) 2.0   (0.29) 10.4   (0.61)
                             
School level2                            
Primary 17.5 (1.81) 13.1 (1.79) (†) 2.2 (0.66) 0.8 ! (0.39) 3.8   (0.71)
Middle 60.9 (1.43) 43.9 (1.57) 10.4 (1.06) 30.9 (1.46) 2.6   (0.65) 19.3   (1.31)
High school 77.6 (1.80) 56.6 (1.92) 31.8 (1.32) 61.8 (1.84) 6.0   (1.06) 22.5   (1.52)
Combined 50.3 (5.06) 32.4 (4.66) 14.9 (3.70) 28.5 (4.52)   (†) 14.6   (3.39)
                             
Enrollment size                            
Less than 300 25.1 (2.80) 16.9 (2.28) 2.9 (0.82) 8.4 (1.98)   (†) 2.8 ! (0.87)
300 to 499 25.7 (1.89) 17.2 (1.79) 4.2 (0.75) 11.6 (1.01) 1.4 ! (0.50) 5.9   (1.19)
500 to 999 41.8 (1.96) 31.0 (1.74) 7.5 (0.75) 18.2 (0.98) 1.6   (0.45) 11.9   (1.00)
1,000 or more 79.0 (1.97) 60.7 (1.93) 31.8 (2.00) 61.9 (2.03) 6.4   (1.37) 33.3   (2.54)
                             
Locale                            
City 40.0 (2.69) 30.7 (2.48) 6.1 (0.61) 19.2 (1.48) 2.1   (0.59) 11.0   (1.33)
Suburban 35.7 (1.93) 26.0 (1.82) 7.7 (0.67) 18.2 (0.87) 2.1   (0.58) 12.4   (1.36)
Town 50.0 (3.58) 33.0 (3.08) 10.1 (1.35) 26.5 (2.48) 2.7 ! (1.19) 11.5   (2.76)
Rural 30.0 (1.96) 21.1 (1.62) 9.4 (1.01) 14.6 (1.03) 1.6 ! (0.53) 6.6   (0.90)
                             
Percent combined enrollment of Black,
      Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islander,
      and American Indian/Alaska Native
      students, and students of Two or
      more races
                           
Less than 5 percent 30.7 (5.08) 15.7 (3.02) 10.3 (2.78) 16.9 (3.60)   (†) 8.9 ! (2.77)
5 percent to less than 20 percent 31.9 (2.55) 22.3 (2.08) 8.9 (1.05) 17.0 (1.48) 1.5 ! (0.65) 7.5   (1.01)
20 percent to less than 50 percent 36.5 (2.49) 26.1 (2.00) 8.3 (0.74) 19.2 (2.05) 1.8 ! (0.60) 9.5   (1.26)
50 percent or more 41.9 (2.01) 31.8 (1.80) 7.1 (0.76) 19.4 (1.10) 2.4   (0.52) 12.8   (1.29)
                             
Percent of students eligible for
      free or reduced-price lunch
                           
0 to 25 percent 24.6 (2.20) 17.2 (2.05) 8.6 (1.09) 14.3 (1.44) 0.5 ! (0.25) 6.2   (0.84)
26 to 50 percent 34.4 (1.82) 22.7 (1.41) 8.6 (0.74) 20.0 (1.40) 0.8 ! (0.26) 9.2   (1.05)
51 to 75 percent 41.3 (2.39) 31.1 (2.22) 9.2 (1.11) 19.1 (1.34) 3.7   (0.91) 12.3   (1.32)
76 to 100 percent 43.5 (2.54) 32.7 (2.48) 6.1 (0.95) 19.4 (1.73) 2.6   (0.67) 12.1   (1.61)
                             
Student/teacher ratio3                            
Less than 12 31.6 (3.19) 21.4 (3.01) 6.9 (1.63) 7.0 (1.42) 2.8 ! (1.22) 9.3   (2.03)
12 to 16 38.6 (2.02) 27.1 (1.75) 7.9 (0.81) 21.4 (1.62) 1.3 ! (0.48) 9.7   (1.08)
More than 16 37.7 (1.85) 28.2 (1.79) 8.5 (0.55) 19.8 (1.04) 2.3   (0.41) 11.0   (0.96)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Schools that took serious disciplinary actions in response to more than one type of offense were counted only once in the total.
2 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K-12 schools.
3 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school, as reported on the School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), by the total number of full-time-equivalent (FTE) teachers. Information regarding the total number of FTE teachers was obtained from the Common Core of Data (CCD), the sampling frame for SSOCS.
NOTE: Serious disciplinary actions include out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days, but less than the remainder of the school year; removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year; and transfers to specialized schools for disciplinary reasons. Percentages of schools taking such actions are based on all public schools, rather than only those at which offenses occurred. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2015-16 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2016. (This table was prepared September 2017.)