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Digest of Education Statistics: 2017
Digest of Education Statistics: 2017

NCES 2018-070
January 2018


Table 221.32. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale score and percentage distribution of 4th- and 8th-graders in traditional public, public charter, and private schools, by selected characteristics: 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected characteristic Public schools, grade 4 Public schools, grade 8 Private
schools,
grade 41
Private
schools,
grade 81
Total Traditional public Public charter Total Traditional public Public charter
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
  Average scale score2
All students 221 (0.2) 221 (0.3) 222 (1.8) 265 (0.3) 265 (0.3) 266 (1.7) 235 (1.1) 281 (1.2)
Sex                                
Male 218 (0.3) 218 (0.4) 220 (1.9) 260 (0.3) 260 (0.3) 261 (1.9) 232 (1.4) 277 (1.4)
Female 224 (0.3) 224 (0.3) 223 (2.1) 270 (0.3) 270 (0.4) 271 (1.7) 237 (1.4) 285 (1.4)
                                 
Race/ethnicity                                
White 231 (0.3) 231 (0.3) 236 (1.9) 274 (0.3) 274 (0.3) 281 (1.7) 238 (1.2) 284 (1.3)
Black 205 (0.5) 205 (0.5) 208 (2.1) 248 (0.5) 248 (0.5) 252 (1.5) 220 (3.3) 265 (2.2)
Hispanic 208 (0.5) 208 (0.5) 216 (4.5) 255 (0.5) 254 (0.5) 262 (2.4) 224 (2.8) 273 (2.0)
Asian 241 (1.0) 241 (1.1) 240 (4.6) 283 (1.0) 283 (1.1) 280 (3.4) 244 (2.2) 289 (2.5)
Pacific Islander 210 (2.7) 210 (2.8) (†) 254 (2.6) 254 (2.6) 251 (11.4) (†) (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 203 (2.0) 203 (2.1) (†) 253 (1.3) 252 (1.3) (†) (†) (†)
Two or more races 226 (0.9) 226 (0.9) 231 (5.4) 270 (0.9) 270 (0.9) 276 (4.6) 239 (4.0) 288 (5.4)
                                 
English language learner (ELL) status                                
ELL 189 (0.9) 188 (0.9) 200 (8.2) 226 (0.8) 225 (0.8) 235 (4.0) 200 (4.9) (†)
Non-ELL 225 (0.2) 225 (0.3) 224 (1.6) 268 (0.3) 268 (0.3) 269 (1.7) 235 (1.1) 281 (1.2)
                                 
Disability status3                                
Identified as student with disability (SD) 186 (0.5) 186 (0.6) 188 (3.0) 231 (0.5) 231 (0.5) 236 (2.5) 205 (4.8) 260 (5.9)
Not identified as SD 226 (0.2) 226 (0.3) 226 (1.8) 270 (0.3) 270 (0.3) 270 (1.8) 236 (1.2) 282 (1.0)
                                 
Percent of students in school eligible for
free or reduced-price lunch
                               
0 to 25 percent eligible 240 (0.6) 240 (0.6) 240 (2.3) 281 (0.5) 281 (0.5) 289 (2.7) 236 (2.5) 283 (1.8)
26 to 50 percent eligible 228 (0.6) 228 (0.6) 232 (2.8) 270 (0.4) 270 (0.5) 275 (4.0) 223 (3.3) 273 (3.4)
51 to 75 percent eligible 218 (0.6) 218 (0.6) 219 (2.9) 261 (0.5) 260 (0.5) 264 (2.3) (†) (†)
76 to 100 percent eligible 205 (0.5) 205 (0.5) 207 (3.0) 249 (0.5) 249 (0.5) 253 (1.9) 206 (3.7) 266 (3.8)
                                 
School locale                                
City 215 (0.5) 215 (0.5) 216 (2.0) 260 (0.5) 260 (0.5) 259 (1.6) 234 (1.7) 280 (1.7)
Suburban 226 (0.4) 226 (0.4) 225 (4.2) 270 (0.4) 270 (0.4) 274 (2.5) 238 (1.7) 286 (1.7)
Town 216 (0.9) 216 (0.9) 218 (5.2) 262 (0.6) 261 (0.5) 283 (6.2) 229 (2.4) 267 (4.2)
Rural 222 (0.7) 221 (0.7) 236 (3.6) 265 (0.6) 265 (0.6) 269 (3.1) 227 (5.6) 277 (2.5)
  Percentage distribution
All students 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†)
                                 
Sex                                
Male 51 (0.1) 51 (0.1) 51 (1.0) 51 (0.1) 51 (0.1) 50 (0.8) 49 (1.3) 49 (1.1)
Female 49 (0.1) 49 (0.1) 49 (1.0) 49 (0.1) 49 (0.1) 50 (0.8) 51 (1.3) 51 (1.1)
                                 
Race/ethnicity                                
White 47 (0.3) 48 (0.3) 34 (2.8) 50 (0.3) 51 (0.3) 30 (2.5) 63 (1.8) 66 (1.9)
Black 15 (0.2) 15 (0.2) 32 (2.7) 15 (0.3) 14 (0.3) 29 (2.5) 12 (1.1) 10 (1.2)
Hispanic 27 (0.3) 27 (0.3) 26 (3.5) 25 (0.3) 25 (0.4) 32 (2.9) 13 (1.3) 12 (1.2)
Asian 5 (0.3) 5 (0.3) 4 (0.7) 6 (0.2) 6 (0.2) 5 (0.6) 7 (0.8) 6 (0.7)
Pacific Islander # (†) # (†) 1 (0.2) # (†) # (†) 1 (0.2) # (†) # (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 1 (0.2) 1 (#) 1 (#) 1 (0.2) # (†) 1 (0.3)
Two or more races 4 (0.1) 4 (0.1) 3 (0.4) 3 (0.1) 3 (0.1) 3 (0.3) 4 (0.5) 4 (0.5)
                                 
English language learner (ELL) status                                
ELL 12 (0.2) 12 (0.2) 10 (2.4) 6 (0.1) 6 (0.2) 8 (0.9) 3 (0.6) 1 (0.4)
Non-ELL 88 (0.2) 88 (0.2) 90 (2.4) 94 (0.1) 94 (0.2) 92 (0.9) 97 (0.6) 99 (0.4)
                                 
Disability status3                                
Identified as student with disability (SD) 13 (0.1) 13 (0.1) 11 (1.0) 13 (0.1) 13 (0.1) 11 (0.7) 6 (0.8) 6 (0.6)
Not identified as SD 87 (0.1) 87 (0.1) 89 (1.0) 87 (0.1) 87 (0.1) 89 (0.7) 94 (0.8) 94 (0.6)
                                 
Percent of students in school eligible for
free or reduced-price lunch
                               
0 to 25 percent eligible 19 (0.7) 20 (0.7) 13 (2.5) 22 (0.8) 22 (0.8) 16 (4.3) 55 (5.2) 67 (5.7)
26 to 50 percent eligible 24 (0.9) 24 (0.9) 20 (5.4) 30 (0.8) 30 (0.9) 24 (4.8) 24 (4.7) 15 (4.5)
51 to 75 percent eligible 24 (0.8) 24 (0.8) 19 (3.8) 24 (0.8) 24 (0.8) 15 (3.0) 6 (2.7) 2 (1.5)
76 to 100 percent eligible 33 (0.8) 33 (0.8) 48 (5.3) 25 (0.7) 24 (0.7) 45 (5.0) 15 (4.2) 16 (4.2)
                                 
School locale                                
City 30 (0.3) 29 (0.4) 52 (4.5) 29 (0.3) 27 (0.4) 52 (4.1) 42 (1.9) 41 (1.7)
Suburban 40 (0.4) 40 (0.4) 34 (4.2) 40 (0.3) 41 (0.4) 32 (3.9) 42 (2.0) 41 (2.1)
Town 11 (0.3) 11 (0.3) 3 (1.0) 11 (0.4) 12 (0.3) 6 (2.8) 8 (1.0) 8 (1.4)
Rural 19 (0.3) 19 (0.4) 11 (2.4) 19 (0.3) 20 (0.3) 10 (2.2) 9 (1.1) 10 (1.1)
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Results are for private schools overall, including Catholic and other (non-Catholic) private schools. In the 2017 NAEP Nations Report Card, results for private schools overall and for non-Catholic private schools were suppressed because these schools did not meet NAEP statistical and reporting standards requiring a school response rate of at least 70 percent. Response rates for private schools overall were 61 percent at grade 4 and 60 percent at grade 8. (Within the private school sector, response rates for Catholic schools were 89 percent at grade 4 and 86 percent at grade 8, while response rates for non-Catholic private schools were 41 percent at grade 4 and 39 percent at grade 8.) Please interpret these data with caution.
2 Scale ranges from 0 to 500.
3 The student with disability (SD) variable used in this table includes students who have a 504 plan, even if they do not have an Individualized Education Plan (IEP).
NOTE: Includes students tested with accommodations (12 percent of all 4th-graders and 11 percent of all 8th-graders); excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (2 percent of all students at both grades). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2017 Reading Assessment, retrieved January 8, 2018, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/); and unpublished tabulations. (This table was prepared May 2018.)