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Digest of Education Statistics: 2017
Digest of Education Statistics: 2017

NCES 2018-070
January 2018


Table 221.10. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale score, by sex, race/ethnicity, and grade: Selected years, 1992 through 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Grade and year All students Sex Race/ethnicity
Average reading scale score Gap between female and male score Average reading scale score Gap between White and Black score Gap between White and Hispanic score
White Black Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander American Indian/Alaska Native Two or more races1
Male Female Total Asian1 Pacific Islander1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Grade 4                                                        
19922 217 (0.9) 213 (1.2) 221 (1.0) 8 (1.6) 224 (1.2) 192 (1.7) 197 (2.6) 216 (2.9) (†) (†) (†) (†) 32 (2.1) 27 (2.9)
19942 214 (1.0) 209 (1.3) 220 (1.1) 10 (1.7) 224 (1.3) 185 (1.8) 188 (3.4) 220 (3.8) (†) (†) 211 (6.6) (†) 38 (2.2) 35 (3.6)
1998 215 (1.1) 212 (1.3) 217 (1.3) 5 (1.8) 225 (1.0) 193 (1.9) 193 (3.2) 215 (5.6) (†) (†) (†) (†) 32 (2.2) 32 (3.3)
2000 213 (1.3) 208 (1.3) 219 (1.4) 11 (1.9) 224 (1.1) 190 (1.8) 190 (2.9) 225 (5.2) (†) (†) 214 (6.0) (†) 34 (2.1) 35 (3.1)
2002 219 (0.4) 215 (0.4) 222 (0.5) 6 (0.7) 229 (0.3) 199 (0.5) 201 (1.3) 224 (1.6) (†) (†) 207 (2.0) (†) 30 (0.6) 28 (1.4)
                                                         
2003 218 (0.3) 215 (0.3) 222 (0.3) 7 (0.5) 229 (0.2) 198 (0.4) 200 (0.6) 226 (1.2) (†) (†) 202 (1.4) (†) 31 (0.5) 28 (0.6)
2005 219 (0.2) 216 (0.2) 222 (0.3) 6 (0.4) 229 (0.2) 200 (0.3) 203 (0.5) 229 (0.7) (†) (†) 204 (1.3) (†) 29 (0.4) 26 (0.5)
2007 221 (0.3) 218 (0.3) 224 (0.3) 7 (0.4) 231 (0.2) 203 (0.4) 205 (0.5) 232 (1.0) (†) (†) 203 (1.2) (†) 27 (0.5) 26 (0.6)
2009 221 (0.3) 218 (0.3) 224 (0.3) 7 (0.4) 230 (0.3) 205 (0.5) 205 (0.5) 235 (1.0) (†) (†) 204 (1.3) (†) 26 (0.6) 25 (0.6)
2011 221 (0.3) 218 (0.3) 225 (0.3) 7 (0.5) 231 (0.2) 205 (0.5) 206 (0.5) 235 (1.2) 236 (1.3) 216 (1.9) 202 (1.3) 227 (1.2) 25 (0.5) 24 (0.6)
                                                         
2013 222 (0.3) 219 (0.3) 225 (0.3) 7 (0.5) 232 (0.3) 206 (0.5) 207 (0.5) 235 (1.1) 237 (1.1) 212 (2.5) 205 (1.3) 227 (1.0) 26 (0.6) 25 (0.6)
2015 223 (0.4) 219 (0.4) 226 (0.4) 7 (0.6) 232 (0.3) 206 (0.5) 208 (0.8) 239 (1.4) 241 (1.6) 215 (2.9) 205 (1.5) 227 (1.2) 26 (0.6) 24 (0.9)
2017 222 (0.3) 219 (0.3) 225 (0.3) 6 (0.4) 232 (0.3) 206 (0.5) 209 (0.5) 239 (0.9) 241 (1.0) 212 (2.7) 202 (1.8) 227 (0.9) 26 (0.6) 23 (0.5)
                                                         
Grade 8                                                        
19922 260 (0.9) 254 (1.1) 267 (1.0) 13 (1.5) 267 (1.1) 237 (1.7) 241 (1.6) 268 (3.9) (†) (†) (†) (†) 30 (2.0) 26 (2.0)
19942 260 (0.8) 252 (1.0) 267 (1.0) 15 (1.4) 267 (1.0) 236 (1.8) 243 (1.2) 265 (3.0) (†) (†) 248 (4.7) (†) 30 (2.1) 24 (1.5)
1998 263 (0.8) 256 (1.0) 270 (0.8) 14 (1.3) 270 (0.9) 244 (1.2) 243 (1.7) 264 (7.1) (†) (†) (†) (†) 26 (1.5) 27 (1.9)
2000 (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
2002 264 (0.4) 260 (0.5) 269 (0.5) 9 (0.7) 272 (0.4) 245 (0.7) 247 (0.8) 267 (1.7) (†) (†) 250 (3.5) (†) 27 (0.9) 26 (0.9)
                                                         
2003 263 (0.3) 258 (0.3) 269 (0.3) 11 (0.4) 272 (0.2) 244 (0.5) 245 (0.7) 270 (1.1) (†) (†) 246 (3.0) (†) 28 (0.5) 27 (0.7)
2005 262 (0.2) 257 (0.2) 267 (0.2) 10 (0.3) 271 (0.2) 243 (0.4) 246 (0.4) 271 (0.8) (†) (†) 249 (1.4) (†) 28 (0.5) 25 (0.5)
2007 263 (0.2) 258 (0.3) 268 (0.3) 10 (0.4) 272 (0.2) 245 (0.4) 247 (0.4) 271 (1.1) (†) (†) 247 (1.2) (†) 27 (0.4) 25 (0.5)
2009 264 (0.3) 259 (0.3) 269 (0.3) 9 (0.5) 273 (0.2) 246 (0.4) 249 (0.6) 274 (1.1) (†) (†) 251 (1.2) (†) 26 (0.5) 24 (0.7)
2011 265 (0.2) 261 (0.3) 270 (0.2) 9 (0.4) 274 (0.2) 249 (0.5) 252 (0.5) 275 (1.0) 277 (1.0) 254 (2.2) 252 (1.2) 269 (1.2) 25 (0.5) 22 (0.5)
                                                         
2013 268 (0.3) 263 (0.3) 273 (0.3) 10 (0.4) 276 (0.3) 250 (0.4) 256 (0.5) 280 (0.9) 282 (0.9) 259 (2.6) 251 (1.0) 271 (0.9) 26 (0.5) 21 (0.5)
2015 265 (0.2) 261 (0.2) 270 (0.3) 10 (0.4) 274 (0.2) 248 (0.5) 253 (0.4) 280 (1.3) 281 (1.3) 255 (2.4) 252 (1.7) 269 (1.1) 26 (0.5) 21 (0.5)
2017 267 (0.3) 262 (0.3) 272 (0.4) 10 (0.5) 275 (0.3) 249 (0.5) 255 (0.5) 282 (1.0) 284 (1.0) 255 (2.5) 253 (1.3) 272 (1.1) 25 (0.6) 19 (0.6)
                                                         
Grade 12                                                        
19922 292 (0.6) 287 (0.7) 297 (0.7) 10 (1.0) 297 (0.6) 273 (1.4) 279 (2.7) 290 (3.2) (†) (†) (†) (†) 24 (1.5) 19 (2.7)
19942 287 (0.7) 280 (0.8) 294 (0.8) 14 (1.2) 293 (0.7) 265 (1.6) 270 (1.7) 278 (2.4) (†) (†) 274 (5.8) (†) 29 (1.8) 23 (1.9)
1998 290 (0.6) 282 (0.8) 298 (0.8) 16 (1.1) 297 (0.7) 269 (1.4) 275 (1.5) 287 (2.7) (†) (†) (†) (†) 27 (1.6) 22 (1.6)
2000 (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
2002 287 (0.7) 279 (0.9) 295 (0.7) 16 (1.1) 292 (0.7) 267 (1.3) 273 (1.5) 286 (2.0) (†) (†) (†) (†) 25 (1.5) 20 (1.6)
                                                         
2003 (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
2005 286 (0.6) 279 (0.8) 292 (0.7) 13 (1.1) 293 (0.7) 267 (1.2) 272 (1.2) 287 (1.9) (†) (†) 279 (6.3) (†) 26 (1.4) 21 (1.4)
2007 (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
2009 288 (0.7) 282 (0.7) 294 (0.8) 12 (1.1) 296 (0.6) 269 (1.1) 274 (1.0) 298 (2.4) (†) (†) 283 (3.7) (†) 27 (1.3) 22 (1.2)
2011 (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
                                                         
2013 288 (0.6) 284 (0.6) 293 (0.7) 10 (0.9) 297 (0.6) 268 (0.9) 276 (0.9) 296 (1.9) 296 (2.0) 289 (6.0) 277 (3.5) 291 (2.5) 30 (1.0) 22 (1.0)
2015 287 (0.5) 282 (0.6) 292 (0.7) 10 (1.0) 295 (0.7) 266 (1.1) 276 (0.9) 297 (2.1) 297 (2.1) (†) 279 (6.2) 295 (2.9) 30 (1.3) 20 (1.1)
2017 (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Prior to 2011, separate data for Asian students, Pacific Islander students, and students of Two or more races were not collected.
2 Accommodations were not permitted for this assessment.
NOTE: Scale ranges from 0 to 500. Includes public and private schools. For 1998 and later years, includes students tested with accommodations (1 to 13 percent of all students, depending on grade level and year); excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (2 to 6 percent of all students). Data on race/ethnicity are based on school reports. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1992, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, and 2017 Reading Assessments, retrieved March 13, 2018, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared March 2018.)