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Digest of Education Statistics
2017 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 209.24. Number and percentage distribution of teachers in public elementary and secondary schools, by whether they entered teaching through an alternative route to certification program and selected teacher and school characteristics: 2015-16
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected teacher or school characteristic Number of teachers
(in thousands)
Percentage distribution of teachers,
by teacher or school characteristic
Percentage distribution of teachers,
by alternative route status
Total Entered through alternative
route program?
Total Entered through alternative
route program?
Total Entered through alternative
route program?
Yes No Yes No Yes No
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Total 3,827   (49.5) 676   (14.8) 3,151   (40.5) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0 (†) 17.7   (0.28) 82.3   (0.28)
Sex                                                    
Male 897   (18.1) 215   (6.8) 682   (14.0) 23.5   (0.34) 31.8   (0.74) 21.7   (0.34) 100.0 (†) 24.0   (0.53) 76.0   (0.53)
Female 2,930   (39.1) 461   (11.4) 2,468   (33.1) 76.6   (0.34) 68.2   (0.74) 78.4   (0.34) 100.0 (†) 15.8   (0.30) 84.3   (0.30)
                                                     
Race/ethnicity                                                    
White 3,067   (41.9) 450   (10.8) 2,617   (36.1) 80.1   (0.34) 66.5   (0.83) 83.1   (0.32) 100.0 (†) 14.7   (0.28) 85.3   (0.28)
Black 256   (8.8) 89   (4.4) 166   (6.4) 6.7   (0.21) 13.2   (0.55) 5.3   (0.20) 100.0 (†) 34.9   (1.18) 65.1   (1.18)
Hispanic 338   (9.2) 99   (4.4) 239   (7.2) 8.8   (0.22) 14.6   (0.57) 7.6   (0.21) 100.0 (†) 29.2   (1.00) 70.8   (1.00)
Asian 86   (3.9) 17   (1.6) 69   (3.3) 2.3   (0.09) 2.6   (0.24) 2.2   (0.10) 100.0 (†) 20.0   (1.57) 80.0   (1.57)
Pacific Islander 9   (1.1)   (†) 7   (0.9) 0.2   (0.03) 0.3   (0.09) 0.2   (0.03) 100.0 (†) 23.7   (5.72) 76.3   (5.72)
American Indian/Alaska
       Native
17   (1.5) 5   (0.8) 12   (1.2) 0.4   (0.04) 0.8   (0.11) 0.4   (0.04) 100.0 (†) 30.7   (3.87) 69.3   (3.87)
Two or more races 54   (2.8) 14   (1.5) 40   (2.4) 1.4   (0.07) 2.1   (0.22) 1.3   (0.07) 100.0 (†) 26.2   (2.44) 73.8   (2.44)
                                                     
Main activity the year prior
      to first year of teaching1
                                                   
Student at a college or
       university
369   (8.6) 42   (2.5) 327   (7.7) 49.0   (0.66) 23.6   (1.07) 56.9   (0.80) 100.0 (†) 11.5   (0.61) 88.6   (0.61)
Working as a substitute
       teacher
111   (4.0) 23   (1.9) 88   (3.6) 14.8   (0.47) 13.0   (0.92) 15.3   (0.56) 100.0 (†) 20.9   (1.48) 79.1   (1.48)
Teaching in a preschool 19   (1.7) 4   (0.8) 15   (1.4) 2.6   (0.22) 2.5   (0.45) 2.6   (0.23) 100.0 (†) 23.0   (3.38) 77.0   (3.38)
Teaching at a college or
       university
10   (1.1) 5   (0.8) 5   (0.8) 1.3   (0.15) 2.8   (0.42) 0.8   (0.15) 100.0 (†) 52.5   (5.88) 47.6   (5.88)
Working in a position in the
       field of education, but
       not as a teacher
112   (3.9) 40   (2.3) 72   (3.1) 14.9   (0.45) 22.6   (1.15) 12.5   (0.49) 100.0 (†) 36.0   (1.64) 64.0   (1.64)
Working in an occupation
       outside the field of
       education
109   (4.3) 54   (2.9) 55   (3.0) 14.4   (0.51) 30.3   (1.24) 9.5   (0.50) 100.0 (†) 49.9   (1.83) 50.1   (1.83)
Caring for family members 10   (1.3)   (†) 7   (1.0) 1.4   (0.17) 1.8   (0.36) 1.3   (0.17) 100.0 (†) 30.7   (5.02) 69.3   (5.02)
Military service 4   (0.7)   (†)   (†) 0.5   (0.09) 1.2   (0.32) 0.3   (0.07) 100.0 (†) 56.4   (8.99) 43.6   (8.99)
Unemployed and seeking work 7   (0.9)   (†) 4   (0.7) 0.9   (0.12) 1.5   (0.32) 0.8   (0.13) 100.0 (†) 37.6   (6.62) 62.4   (6.62)
Retired from another job   (†)   (†)   (†) 0.3   (0.08) 0.8 ! (0.28) 0.1 ! (0.05) 100.0 (†) 69.7   (12.80) 30.3 ! (12.80)
                                                     
Main teaching assignment                                                    
Elementary education 1,209   (27.1) 131   (5.3) 1,078   (25.3) 31.6   (0.64) 19.3   (0.71) 34.2   (0.69) 100.0 (†) 10.8   (0.41) 89.2   (0.41)
Special education 454   (8.7) 90   (3.7) 363   (7.5) 11.9   (0.17) 13.4   (0.51) 11.5   (0.18) 100.0 (†) 19.9   (0.70) 80.1   (0.70)
Arts and music 258   (6.8) 35   (2.2) 224   (6.2) 6.8   (0.15) 5.1   (0.31) 7.1   (0.17) 100.0 (†) 13.4   (0.80) 86.6   (0.80)
English and language arts 476   (9.8) 87   (4.1) 390   (8.3) 12.5   (0.18) 12.8   (0.52) 12.4   (0.22) 100.0 (†) 18.2   (0.73) 81.8   (0.73)
English as a second language 79   (3.6) 19   (1.8) 59   (3.1) 2.1   (0.09) 2.8   (0.26) 1.9   (0.10) 100.0 (†) 24.4   (1.96) 75.6   (1.96)
Foreign languages 106   (4.2) 27   (2.1) 79   (3.4) 2.8   (0.10) 4.0   (0.29) 2.5   (0.10) 100.0 (†) 25.6   (1.63) 74.4   (1.63)
Health education 178   (4.6) 19   (1.4) 159   (4.2) 4.6   (0.11) 2.8   (0.20) 5.0   (0.12) 100.0 (†) 10.7   (0.73) 89.3   (0.73)
Mathematics and computer
       science
323   (8.7) 72   (3.4) 251   (7.0) 8.4   (0.18) 10.7   (0.43) 8.0   (0.19) 100.0 (†) 22.3   (0.81) 77.7   (0.81)
Natural sciences 257   (6.6) 72   (3.3) 184   (5.3) 6.7   (0.15) 10.7   (0.42) 5.9   (0.15) 100.0 (†) 28.2   (1.01) 71.8   (1.01)
Social sciences 242   (7.7) 44   (2.6) 198   (6.4) 6.3   (0.17) 6.5   (0.35) 6.3   (0.18) 100.0 (†) 18.1   (0.87) 81.9   (0.87)
Career or technical education 179   (6.5) 67   (3.3) 112   (4.7) 4.7   (0.15) 9.9   (0.43) 3.6   (0.14) 100.0 (†) 37.4   (1.30) 62.6   (1.30)
All others 67   (3.1) 14   (1.4) 54   (2.8) 1.8   (0.08) 2.0   (0.20) 1.7   (0.08) 100.0 (†) 20.1   (1.83) 79.9   (1.83)
                                                     
School classification                                                    
Traditional public 3,609   (46.9) 622   (13.9) 2,986   (38.7) 94.3   (0.24) 92.0   (0.43) 94.8   (0.24) 100.0 (†) 17.2   (0.28) 82.8   (0.28)
Charter school 218   (9.9) 54   (3.1) 164   (7.8) 5.7   (0.24) 8.0   (0.43) 5.2   (0.24) 100.0 (†) 24.8   (0.95) 75.2   (0.95)
                                                     
School level                                                    
Elementary 1,820   (43.4) 228   (8.2) 1,592   (38.8) 47.6   (1.03) 33.7   (1.15) 50.5   (1.05) 100.0 (†) 12.5   (0.35) 87.5   (0.35)
Middle 681   (28.9) 132   (7.1) 549   (24.1) 17.8   (0.74) 19.5   (1.00) 17.4   (0.75) 100.0 (†) 19.4   (0.68) 80.7   (0.68)
High 1,098   (40.8) 271   (11.8) 827   (31.6) 28.7   (0.92) 40.0   (1.27) 26.3   (0.89) 100.0 (†) 24.7   (0.59) 75.3   (0.59)
Combined 228   (10.3) 46   (3.1) 182   (8.4) 6.0   (0.27) 6.8   (0.44) 5.8   (0.27) 100.0 (†) 20.1   (0.92) 79.9   (0.92)
                                                     
Percent of minority students in
      school2
                                                   
Less than 10 percent 456   (13.8) 43   (2.8) 413   (12.9) 12.8   (0.40) 6.9   (0.06) 14.1   (0.03) 100.0 (†) 9.4   (0.56) 90.6   (0.56)
10 to 24 percent 668   (21.6) 78   (4.3) 589   (19.2) 18.8   (0.56) 12.6   (0.05) 20.1   (0.03) 100.0 (†) 11.7   (0.50) 88.3   (0.50)
25 to 49 percent 836   (25.4) 133   (6.1) 704   (21.9) 23.5   (0.60) 21.3   (0.04) 24.0   (0.03) 100.0 (†) 15.8   (0.55) 84.2   (0.55)
50 to 74 percent 630   (22.7) 119   (6.2) 511   (18.8) 17.7   (0.59) 19.2   (0.05) 17.4   (0.03) 100.0 (†) 18.9   (0.69) 81.1   (0.69)
75 to 89 percent 337   (16.1) 77   (4.8) 260   (13.4) 9.5   (0.46) 12.3   (0.06) 8.9   (0.05) 100.0 (†) 22.8   (1.06) 77.2   (1.06)
90 percent or more 628   (24.6) 172   (8.7) 457   (18.4) 17.7   (0.63) 27.6   (0.04) 15.6   (0.04) 100.0 (†) 27.3   (0.83) 72.7   (0.83)
                                                     
School locale                                                    
City   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
Suburban 1,513   (41.6) 246   (9.4) 1,267   (35.4) 39.5   (0.90) 36.4   (1.17) 40.2   (0.90) 100.0 (†) 16.3   (0.43) 83.7   (0.43)
Town 416   (13.6) 60   (3.3) 356   (11.9) 10.9   (0.37) 8.9   (0.50) 11.3   (0.39) 100.0 (†) 14.5   (0.62) 85.5   (0.62)
Rural 718   (21.4) 109   (5.2) 609   (17.9) 18.8   (0.55) 16.1   (0.73) 19.3   (0.56) 100.0 (†) 15.2   (0.51) 84.8   (0.51)
                                                     
Percent of students eligible for
      free or reduced-price lunch
                                                   
0 to 25 881   (29.0) 120   (6.7) 761   (25.1) 23.0   (0.68) 17.7   (0.87) 24.2   (0.72) 100.0 (†) 13.6   (0.57) 86.4   (0.57)
26 to 50 934   (32.0) 160   (8.2) 774   (26.9) 24.4   (0.74) 23.7   (1.04) 24.6   (0.76) 100.0 (†) 17.1   (0.63) 82.9   (0.63)
51 to 75 836   (26.2) 148   (6.8) 688   (21.9) 21.9   (0.62) 21.9   (0.95) 21.9   (0.62) 100.0 (†) 17.7   (0.57) 82.3   (0.57)
76 to 100 1,051   (29.4) 218   (8.4) 833   (24.2) 27.5   (0.72) 32.3   (1.02) 26.4   (0.74) 100.0 (†) 20.8   (0.57) 79.2   (0.57)
School does not participate 125   (8.7) 30   (2.5) 94   (7.1) 3.3   (0.23) 4.5   (0.37) 3.0   (0.23) 100.0 (†) 24.2   (1.37) 75.8   (1.37)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. There are too few cases for a reliable estimate, the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater, or the response rate is below 50 percent.
1 Includes only those teachers whose first year of teaching was between 2011-12 and 2015-16.
2 Excludes the 7 percent of teachers for whom the percentage of minority enrollment in the school was not available. Minority enrollment is the combined enrollment of students who are Black, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islander, American Indian/Alaska Native, and of Two or more races.
NOTE: Teachers were asked whether they entered teaching through an alternative route to certification program, which is a program that was designed to expedite the transition of nonteachers to a teaching career (for example, a state, district, or university alternative route to certification program). Data are based on a head count of full-time and part-time teachers rather than on the number of full-time-equivalent teachers reported in other tables. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education, National Teacher and Principal Survey (NTPS), "Public School Teacher Data File," 2015-16. (This table was prepared January 2018.)

2017 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest