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Digest of Education Statistics
2017 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 204.75c. Number and percentage of homeless students enrolled in public elementary and secondary schools, by state or jurisdiction: 2009-10 through 2015-16
State or jurisdiction Number of homeless students1 Homeless students as percent of total public school enrollment2
2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
United States 910,439 1,047,397 1,128,503 1,216,117 1,285,641 1,260,721 1,301,238 1.8 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.5 2.6
Alabama 16,254 18,910 17,670 29,749 19,266 19,373 14,112 2.2 2.5 2.4 4.0 2.6 2.6 1.9
Alaska 3,804 4,451 4,459 3,972 3,934 4,018 3,784 2.9 3.4 3.4 3.0 3.0 3.1 2.9
Arizona 30,223 23,399 30,091 29,895 28,777 28,393 24,770 2.8 2.2 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.2
Arkansas 8,130 9,160 9,550 10,851 11,180 10,756 11,984 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.4
California3 193,818 220,708 239,061 251,984 284,086 235,983 246,296 3.1 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.5 3.7 3.9
                             
Colorado 18,408 20,624 23,680 22,958 23,681 24,146 23,014 2.2 2.4 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Connecticut 2,371 2,440 2,805 2,826 2,964 3,192 3,759 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7
Delaware 3,224 3,556 3,729 3,857 4,351 3,098 3,227 2.5 2.7 2.9 3.0 3.3 2.3 2.4
District of Columbia 2,477 3,059 2,947 3,756 3,772 3,551 6,260 3.6 4.3 4.0 4.9 4.8 4.4 7.5
Florida 48,695 55,953 63,414 69,956 67,402 73,117 72,042 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.6
                             
Georgia 26,338 29,922 33,234 35,922 36,845 37,791 38,474 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2
Hawaii 2,966 2,320 2,465 2,312 2,634 3,526 3,790 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.9 2.1
Idaho 4,342 4,774 6,076 6,118 6,447 7,162 7,143 1.6 1.7 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.5 2.4
Illinois 33,367 38,900 43,032 49,623 54,452 52,333 50,949 1.6 1.9 2.1 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.5
Indiana 12,124 13,313 14,654 15,777 17,926 19,205 17,863 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.8 1.7
                             
Iowa 6,628 7,046 7,242 6,809 6,828 6,936 6,774 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Kansas 8,452 8,995 8,904 9,330 10,378 9,715 9,265 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.0 1.9
Kentucky 23,075 33,194 35,658 31,179 27,227 27,836 27,603 3.4 4.9 5.2 4.6 4.0 4.0 4.0
Louisiana 24,891 23,211 20,762 20,476 20,402 20,277 20,254 3.6 3.3 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Maine 1,248 1,594 2,070 1,986 1,934 2,271 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.3
                             
Maryland 13,140 13,920 14,468 15,663 16,239 16,096 16,267 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8
Massachusetts 13,090 14,247 15,066 15,774 17,538 19,353 20,929 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.2
Michigan 22,180 30,671 36,571 37,738 38,117 40,861 39,092 1.3 1.9 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.5
Minnesota 9,366 11,076 11,567 11,874 14,343 15,196 16,550 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.7 1.8 1.9
Mississippi 7,324 8,848 11,448 12,845 9,680 10,309 9,284 1.5 1.8 2.3 2.6 2.0 2.1 1.9
                             
Missouri 15,466 19,719 24,549 26,506 29,784 30,650 32,133 1.7 2.1 2.7 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.5
Montana 1,445 1,490 1,762 2,551 2,640 3,075 3,003 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.8 1.8 2.1 2.1
Nebraska 2,188 2,674 3,057 3,247 3,449 3,317 3,422 0.7 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Nevada 8,841 9,321 10,363 12,054 14,865 17,178 20,696 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.7 3.3 3.7 4.4
New Hampshire 2,573 3,164 3,304 3,319 3,276 3,335 3,349 1.3 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
                             
New Jersey 6,637 4,444 4,897 8,660 10,303 10,150 10,391 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7
New Mexico 9,432 11,449 12,681 11,661 11,949 10,279 10,071 2.8 3.4 3.8 3.4 3.5 3.0 3.0
New York 82,446 115,238 96,881 108,603 116,700 118,435 140,373 3.0 4.2 3.6 4.0 4.3 4.3 5.2
North Carolina 20,925 24,974 27,233 27,050 24,509 26,636 26,361 1.4 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.7
North Dakota 740 870 2,713 2,122 2,395 2,715 2,230 0.8 0.9 2.8 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.1
                             
Ohio 19,113 21,849 24,236 23,748 28,632 27,939 29,403 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.7 1.6 1.7
Oklahoma 21,337 22,805 25,008 26,979 26,268 3.2 3.4 3.7 3.9 3.8
Oregon 19,040 21,632 21,345 19,189 21,058 22,637 22,958 3.3 3.8 3.8 3.3 3.6 3.8 3.8
Pennsylvania 18,206 18,531 18,050 19,349 21,309 22,014 23,164 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3
Rhode Island 996 977 961 907 997 1,004 1,049 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7
                             
South Carolina 10,820 10,530 10,495 11,436 12,809 13,353 14,140 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9
South Dakota 1,512 1,883 2,450 1,839 1,835 2,156 1,958 1.2 1.5 1.9 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.5
Tennessee 11,458 13,958 14,586 14,319 17,272 13,259 15,404 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.7 1.3 1.5
Texas 74,664 83,626 83,626 101,088 111,759 113,063 115,676 1.5 1.7 1.7 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2
Utah 15,203 13,473 13,597 15,321 14,579 14,999 15,094 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.3
                             
Vermont 784 915 1,202 1,055 1,145 1,124 1,098 0.9 0.9 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.2
Virginia 13,883 16,081 17,518 17,538 18,026 17,876 18,577 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Washington 21,826 26,048 27,390 30,609 32,539 35,511 39,127 2.1 2.5 2.6 2.9 3.1 3.3 3.6
West Virginia 4,506 6,399 7,459 8,168 7,430 8,958 9,320 1.6 2.3 2.6 2.9 2.6 3.2 3.4
Wisconsin 12,027 13,370 15,491 18,637 19,471 18,366 18,592 1.4 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1
Wyoming 1,021 837 1,173 1,022 1,447 1,556 1,625 1.2 0.9 1.3 1.1 1.6 1.7 1.7
                             
Bureau of Indian
    Education
1,867 1,857 2,015 2,853 4.5 4.4
Puerto Rico 4,533 4,727 4,350 3,701 3,224 3,628 4,001 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.1
—Not available.
1 Represents the sum of counts by grade.
2 Total percentages for the United States were computed based on total public school enrollment in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
3 California's 2014-15 homeless count decreased in part because of changes to the state's data collection systems. For more information, see section 1.9.1.1 of California's 2014-15 Consolidated State Performance Report, available at https://www2.ed.gov/admins/lead/account/consolidated/sy14-15part1/ca.pdf.
NOTE: Homeless students are defined as children/youth who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence. For more information, see "C118 - Homeless Students Enrolled" at https://www2.ed.gov/about/inits/ed/EDFacts/sy-15-16-nonxml.html. Data are reported at the state level and include all homeless students enrolled at any time during the school year.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, EDFacts file 118, Data Group 655, extracted June 21, 2018, from the EDFacts Data Warehouse (internal U.S. Department of Education Source); and Common Core of Data (CCD), "State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary and Secondary Education," 2009-10 through 2015-16. (This table was prepared June 2018.)

2017 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest