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Digest of Education Statistics
2017 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 204.75b. Number and percentage of homeless students enrolled in public elementary and secondary schools, by school district locale, primary nighttime residence, and selected student characteristics: 2015-16
Primary nighttime residence or selected
student characteristic
Total, all
City Suburban Town Rural
1 2 3 4 5 6
Total public school enrollment 47,793,456 15,552,603 20,556,828 5,255,783 6,428,242
Total number of homeless students1  1,358,985  623,271  432,580  142,956  160,178 
Number of homeless students, by primary
      nighttime residence2
Doubled-up or shared housing3 1,011,844 432,828 336,756 113,721 128,539
Hotels or motels 87,458 35,071 36,850 8,236 7,301
Shelters, transitional housing, or
      awaiting foster care placement
209,782 131,367 48,419 14,573 15,423
Unsheltered4 45,494 21,537 9,784 5,813 8,360
Number of homeless students with selected
Unaccompanied homeless youth5 113,874 48,248 33,704 13,894 18,028
English language learners6 207,349 112,280 69,769 14,895 10,405
Migrant students7 16,973 6,119 3,823 4,482 2,549
Students with disabilities8 247,810 114,483 76,105 26,059 31,163
Homeless students as a percent of total
      public school enrollment
2.8 4.0 2.1 2.7 2.5
Percentage distribution of homeless
      students, by primary nighttime residence
Doubled-up or shared housing3 74.5 69.4 77.8 79.5 80.2
Hotels or motels 6.4 5.6 8.5 5.8 4.6
Shelters, transitional housing, or
    awaiting foster care placement
15.4 21.1 11.2 10.2 9.6
Unsheltered4 3.3 3.5 2.3 4.1 5.2
Percent of homeless students with selected
Unaccompanied homeless youth5 8.4 7.7 7.8 9.7 11.3
English language learners6 15.3 18.0 16.1 10.4 6.5
Migrant students7 1.2 1.0 0.9 3.1 1.6
Students with disabilities8 18.2 18.4 17.6 18.2 19.5
1 Represents the sum of counts by grade.
2 Does not sum to the total number of homeless students because of missing data on primary nighttime residence. (These data are missing for less than 1 percent of homeless students.)
3 Refers to temporarily sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or other reasons (such as domestic violence).
4 Includes living in cars, parks, campgrounds, temporary trailers--including Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) trailers--or abandoned buildings.
5 Youth who are not in the physical custody of a parent or guardian. Includes youth living on their own and youth living with a caregiver who is not their legal guardian.
6 Students who met the definition of limited English proficient students as outlined in the EDFacts workbook. For more information, see
7 Students who met the definition of eligible migrant children as outlined in the EDFacts workbook. Such students are either migratory workers or the children or spouses of migratory workers and have moved within the preceding 36 months in order to obtain, or to accompany parents or spouses who moved in order to obtain, temporary or seasonal employment in agricultural or fishing work. For more information, see Connecticut, the District of Columbia, Rhode Island, and West Virginia did not operate a migrant education program during the 2015-16 school year and therefore had no data to provide on migrant homeless students.
8 Includes only students with disabilities who were served under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
NOTE: Homeless students are defined as children/youth who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence. For more information, see "C118 - Homeless Students Enrolled" at Data include all homeless students enrolled at any time during the school year. Data exclude Puerto Rico and the Bureau of Indian Education. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and missing data on primary nighttime residence. Because this table is based on data reported at the school district level, counts and percentages of homeless students may differ from those shown in tables based on state-level data.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, EDFacts file 118, Data Group 655, extracted August 18, 2018, from the EDFacts Data Warehouse (internal U.S. Department of Education source); and Common Core of Data (CCD), "Local Education Agency Universe Survey," 2015-16. (This table was prepared August 2018.)

2017 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest