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Digest of Education Statistics
2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 701.10. Selected statistics on public school libraries/media centers, by level of school: Selected years, 1999-2000 through 2011-12
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected statistic 1999-2000 2003-04 2007-08 2011-12
Total Elementary Secondary Combined elementary/ secondary Total Elementary Secondary Combined elementary/ secondary
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Number of schools with libraries/media centers 77,300 (421) 78,300 (548) 81,900 (634) 59,700 (492) 17,800 (414) 4,400 (239) 81,200 (510) 58,000 (418) 17,100 (357) 6,100   (373)
                                           
Average number of staff per library/media
      center
1.89 (0.018) 1.76 (0.014) 1.72 (0.017) 1.65 (0.019) 2.04 (0.039) 1.42 (0.057) 1.77 (0.017) 1.72 (0.020) 1.93 (0.027) 1.76   (0.056)
Certified library/media specialists 0.81 (0.007) 0.79 (0.009) 0.78 (0.011) 0.73 (0.013) 0.98 (0.019) 0.66 (0.033) 0.90 (0.012) 0.88 (0.014) 0.99 (0.017) 0.88   (0.031)
Full-time 0.65 (0.007) 0.65 (0.009) 0.66 (0.010) 0.61 (0.012) 0.88 (0.018) 0.49 (0.032) 0.71 (0.010) 0.67 (0.012) 0.84 (0.017) 0.69   (0.029)
Part-time 0.16 (0.006) 0.14 (0.007) 0.13 (0.007) 0.13 (0.010) 0.10 (0.009) 0.18 (0.020) 0.20 (0.008) 0.21 (0.010) 0.15 (0.010) 0.19   (0.020)
Other professional staff 0.17 (0.007) 0.19 (0.008) 0.22 (0.010) 0.22 (0.013) 0.21 (0.021) 0.24 (0.027) 0.19 (0.007) 0.18 (0.009) 0.17 (0.014) 0.27   (0.026)
Full-time 0.12 (0.005) 0.13 (0.007) 0.13 (0.008) 0.13 (0.010) 0.14 (0.017) 0.15 (0.022) 0.12 (0.006) 0.11 (0.007) 0.13 (0.013) 0.16   (0.022)
Part-time 0.06 (0.004) 0.05 (0.005) 0.08 (0.007) 0.08 (0.009) 0.07 (0.013) 0.08 (0.017) 0.07 (0.005) 0.07 (0.007) 0.05 (0.005) 0.11   (0.014)
Other paid employees 0.91 (0.014) 0.78 (0.011) 0.72 (0.013) 0.70 (0.016) 0.86 (0.027) 0.51 (0.036) 0.68 (0.011) 0.66 (0.012) 0.76 (0.021) 0.61   (0.040)
Full-time 0.49 (0.008) 0.46 (0.009) 0.43 (0.013) 0.39 (0.016) 0.60 (0.022) 0.27 (0.028) 0.40 (0.008) 0.37 (0.009) 0.52 (0.017) 0.39   (0.031)
Part-time 0.41 (0.014) 0.33 (0.012) 0.29 (0.011) 0.31 (0.014) 0.26 (0.018) 0.24 (0.028) 0.28 (0.009) 0.29 (0.012) 0.24 (0.012) 0.22   (0.027)
                                           
Percent of libraries/media centers with
      certain media equipment
                                         
Automated catalog 72.8 (0.69) 82.7 (0.66) 87.2 (0.71) 87.5 (0.94) 90.6 (1.08) 69.8 (2.88) 88.3 (0.49) 89.1 (0.60) 90.3 (0.78) 74.4   (2.16)
Automated circulation system 74.4 (0.65) 86.9 (0.61) 89.5 (0.68) 89.9 (0.87) 92.6 (0.98) 72.4 (3.15) 90.3 (0.47) 91.7 (0.59) 90.1 (0.75) 77.8   (2.17)
Media retrieval system1 (†) (†) 34.9 (1.05) 35.9 (1.33) 35.1 (1.66) 20.6 (2.32) 32.5 (0.76) 33.6 (0.99) 32.3 (0.91) 22.4   (1.92)
Connection to Internet 90.1 (0.57) 95.1 (0.35) 96.7 (0.40) 96.5 (0.51) 98.6 (0.51) 91.6 (1.90) 95.9 (0.34) 96.2 (0.46) 97.3 (0.49) 89.6   (1.82)
Digital video disc (DVD) player/video
      cassette recorder (VCR)
(†) 87.8 (0.60) 87.2 (0.77) 86.7 (1.02) 89.6 (1.00) 84.5 (2.20) 83.2 (0.76) 82.8 (0.98) 86.7 (0.76) 77.7   (2.00)
Disability assistance technologies,
      such as TDD
(†) 11.9 (0.50) 23.9 (1.05) 23.0 (1.33) 26.4 (1.34) 25.9 (2.76) 31.0 (0.75) 29.9 (0.94) 34.3 (1.02) 31.9   (1.95)
                                           
Percent of libraries/media centers with
      certain services
                                         
Students permitted to check out laptops (†) (†) 27.5 (1.02) 26.9 (1.27) 29.8 (1.34) 26.1 (2.57) 40.2 (0.69) 39.3 (0.85) 42.4 (1.08) 41.8   (2.67)
Staff permitted to check out laptops (†) (†) 45.9 (1.07) 45.2 (1.35) 50.1 (1.50) 38.5 (2.85) 54.3 (0.85) 53.9 (0.99) 55.5 (1.23) 54.2   (2.43)
                                           
Number of library computer workstations per
      100 students
(†) 2.3 (0.04) 2.6 (0.05) 2.5 (0.07) 2.9 (0.06) 3.0 (0.17) 3.1 (0.05) 2.8 (0.06) 3.6 (0.08) 3.3   (0.23)
                                           
Number of holdings per 100 students at the
      end of the school year2
                                         
Books (number of volumes) 1,803 (19.7) 1,891 (45.1) 2,015 (30.5) 2,316 (40.2) 1,432 (36.6) 2,439 (132.3) 2,188 (42.4) 2,570 (58.5) 1,474 (24.7) 2,066   (87.3)
Audio and video materials 59 (0.9) 80 (3.7) 90 (3.8) 93 (5.6) 81 (5.2) 107 (13.3) 81 (2.4) 85 (3.3) 71 (2.9) 97   (8.3)
                                           
Number of additions per 100 students during
      the school year2
                                         
Books (number of volumes) (†) 99.3 (2.08) 95.3 (2.21) 113.3 (3.26) 62.1 (2.67) 103.4 (7.41) 89.4 (3.47) 104.8 (5.45) 58.9 (2.08) 92.5   (6.54)
Audio and video materials (†) 5.1 (0.19) 5.4 (0.49) 5.9 (0.77) 4.5 (0.41) 5.7 (0.84) 4.3 (0.37) 3.8 (0.32) 4.2 (0.70) 8.2 ! (3.28)
                                           
Expenditures for library/media materials
      per pupil2 in current dollars
                                         
Total3 $23.37 (0.438) $16.24 (0.322) $16.11 (0.461) $16.18 (0.591) $15.90 (0.647) $17.00 (1.216) $16.00 (0.691) $16.48 (1.099) $14.80 (0.584) $17.26   (1.215)
Books 9.97 (0.153) 10.99 (0.299) 11.40 (0.291) 11.99 (0.389) 10.26 (0.504) 12.10 (1.094) 10.28 (0.343) 10.73 (0.480) 9.41 (0.526) 10.27   (0.830)
Audio and video materials 1.66 (0.032) 1.14 (0.045) 1.08 (0.055) 1.06 (0.088) 1.11 (0.054) 1.16 (0.152) 0.84 (0.072) 0.80 (0.113) 0.89 (0.062) 0.89   (0.131)
Current serial subscriptions 1.26 (0.016) 1.38 (0.025) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)   (†)
Electronic subscriptions 0.81 (0.018) 0.88 (0.033) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)   (†)
                                           
Expenditures for library/media materials
      per pupil2  in constant 2015–16 dollars4
                                         
Total3 $32.89 (0.616) $20.79 (0.412) $18.13 (0.518) $18.21 (0.665) $17.90 (0.729) $19.13 (1.369) $16.75 (0.724) $17.26 (1.151) $15.49 (0.611) $18.07   (1.272)
Books 14.03 (0.215) 14.07 (0.383) 12.83 (0.328) 13.50 (0.438) 11.55 (0.567) 13.62 (1.232) 10.77 (0.359) 11.24 (0.502) 9.86 (0.550) 10.76   (0.869)
Audio and video materials 2.34 (0.045) 1.46 (0.057) 1.22 (0.062) 1.19 (0.099) 1.25 (0.061) 1.31 (0.171) 0.88 (0.076) 0.84 (0.118) 0.93 (0.065) 0.94   (0.137)
Current serial subscriptions 1.77 (0.023) 1.77 (0.032) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)   (†)
Electronic subscriptions 1.14 (0.025) 1.13 (0.043) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)   (†)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
1 Centralized video distribution equipment with a scheduling and control server that telecasts video to classrooms.
2 Holdings, additions, and expenditures are from the prior school year, while enrollment counts are from the current school year.
3 Includes other expenditures not separately shown.
4 Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to a school-year basis.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School Library Media Center Questionnaire," 1999-2000, 2003-04, 2007-08, and 2011-12; and "Charter School Questionnaire," 1999-2000. (This table was prepared September 2016.)

2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest