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Digest of Education Statistics
2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 602.45. Average reading literacy, mathematics literacy, and science literacy scores of 15-year-old students, by computer and internet access at home and country or other education system: 2015
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Country or other education system Reading literacy Mathematics literacy Science literacy
Access to a computer at home for schoolwork Access to the Internet at home Access to a computer at home for schoolwork Access to the Internet at home Access to a computer at home for schoolwork Access to the Internet at home
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
OECD average1  499 (0.5) 436 (1.3) 497 (0.5) 415 (2.1) 496 (0.4) 440 (1.2) 494 (0.4) 420 (1.9) 499 (0.4) 441 (1.1) 498 (0.4) 424 (1.8)
                                                 
Australia. 509 (1.7) 426 (6.0) 508 (1.7) 428 (7.4) 500 (1.6) 429 (3.9) 499 (1.6) 428 (6.7) 516 (1.5) 437 (4.0) 515 (1.5) 433 (5.8)
Austria 487 (2.8) 420 (8.5) 487 (2.7) 383 (12.4) 499 (2.8) 432 (8.3) 499 (2.8) 395 (13.0) 497 (2.4) 431 (7.8) 497 (2.4) 406 (10.5)
Belgium 504 (2.3) 417 (6.7) 502 (2.3) 401 (10.9) 512 (2.3) 434 (6.0) 510 (2.3) 425 (10.4) 507 (2.2) 425 (5.7) 505 (2.2) 410 (9.3)
Canada 532 (2.2) 464 (4.8) 530 (2.2) 455 (10.6) 520 (2.3) 457 (5.2) 518 (2.3) 454 (8.5) 532 (2.1) 471 (4.4) 531 (2.1) 470 (8.4)
Chile 468 (2.6) 417 (4.1) 468 (2.7) 421 (4.6) 431 (2.7) 387 (4.3) 431 (2.6) 389 (4.0) 455 (2.5) 412 (3.8) 456 (2.5) 412 (3.8)
                                                 
Czech Republic 494 (2.4) 412 (8.3) 491 (2.4) 414 (14.1) 498 (2.2) 414 (7.9) 496 (2.2) 408 (12.2) 499 (2.1) 417 (6.4) 496 (2.1) 423 (10.2)
Denmark 502 (2.5) 439 (10.3) 501 (2.5) 413 (20.3) 513 (2.2) 450 (8.8) 512 (2.2) 434 (14.3) 504 (2.4) 426 (8.5) 503 (2.4) 417 (18.8)
Estonia 520 (2.3) 519 (5.3) 520 (2.2) 456 (15.6) 522 (2.0) 512 (4.9) 521 (2.0) 456 (14.0) 536 (2.1) 530 (5.1) 535 (2.1) 481 (17.0)
Finland 530 (2.4) 474 (9.7) 528 (2.5) 353 (29.4) 514 (2.3) 470 (8.6) 512 (2.3) 383 (27.8) 534 (2.3) 481 (8.7) 532 (2.3) 407 (22.8)
France 507 (2.3) 424 (7.2) 503 (2.3) 413 (15.3) 499 (2.0) 431 (5.8) 496 (2.0) 410 (11.3) 502 (1.9) 429 (6.1) 498 (1.9) 417 (12.7)
                                                 
Germany 521 (3.0) 427 (7.8) 518 (3.0) 413 (10.7) 514 (2.9) 440 (7.6) 512 (2.9) 432 (9.5) 519 (2.7) 442 (6.5) 517 (2.7) 437 (8.8)
Greece 474 (3.9) 406 (7.5) 473 (4.1) 398 (8.4) 459 (3.5) 409 (6.7) 458 (3.6) 412 (8.7) 462 (3.6) 400 (7.0) 460 (3.7) 401 (8.4)
Hungary 476 (2.6) 392 (6.7) 473 (2.7) 396 (9.5) 483 (2.5) 409 (6.8) 480 (2.6) 413 (9.7) 483 (2.4) 403 (6.6) 480 (2.5) 407 (9.4)
Iceland 484 (2.0) 428 (16.4) 484 (2.0) (†) 490 (2.1) 444 (13.1) 489 (2.1) (†) 475 (1.7) 432 (12.5) 475 (1.7) (†)
Ireland 527 (2.4) 487 (4.3) 524 (2.4) 447 (8.9) 509 (2.0) 471 (4.0) 506 (2.0) 453 (10.7) 508 (2.3) 469 (4.4) 505 (2.3) 435 (9.9)
                                                 
Israel 487 (3.9) 395 (7.8) 487 (4.0) 376 (9.8) 477 (3.7) 396 (7.7) 477 (3.9) 384 (8.6) 476 (3.5) 395 (7.1) 476 (3.7) 380 (7.9)
Italy 490 (2.6) 443 (8.2) 488 (2.7) 433 (8.5) 494 (2.9) 458 (5.7) 493 (2.9) 444 (7.0) 485 (2.5) 443 (5.9) 484 (2.5) 434 (6.4)
Japan 529 (3.2) 496 (3.6) 521 (3.1) 468 (5.4) 544 (3.1) 516 (3.4) 538 (3.0) 485 (5.1) 550 (3.1) 521 (3.4) 544 (2.9) 492 (4.6)
Korea, Republic of 523 (3.4) 471 (6.5) 522 (3.4) 422 (9.8) 528 (3.7) 485 (6.2) 528 (3.7) 427 (9.2) 520 (3.1) 478 (5.4) 519 (3.1) 428 (7.5)
Latvia 490 (1.7) 445 (10.5) 490 (1.7) 423 (15.4) 485 (1.9) 429 (9.3) 484 (1.9) 404 (13.3) 493 (1.6) 451 (8.0) 492 (1.5) 430 (13.0)
                                                 
Luxembourg 486 (1.5) 418 (6.3) 485 (1.5) 396 (8.3) 490 (1.4) 430 (5.8) 489 (1.3) 411 (7.5) 487 (1.2) 424 (5.3) 486 (1.2) 405 (6.9)
Mexico 446 (2.9) 397 (2.9) 443 (3.1) 402 (2.9) 426 (2.7) 388 (2.5) 423 (2.7) 393 (2.4) 435 (2.5) 394 (2.2) 432 (2.7) 399 (2.2)            
Netherlands 507 (2.5) 427 (9.0) 505 (2.4) 400 (15.4) 515 (2.2) 445 (8.5) 514 (2.2) 408 (13.4) 512 (2.3) 440 (8.6) 511 (2.2) 414 (12.4)            
New Zealand 518 (2.6) 436 (6.5) 515 (2.5) 437 (9.8) 502 (2.3) 435 (5.7) 500 (2.3) 428 (7.8) 521 (2.4) 443 (5.9) 519 (2.4) 440 (7.5)            
Norway 517 (2.4) 456 (11.0) 516 (2.4) 466 (17.0) 505 (2.2) 442 (8.3) 504 (2.2) 435 (15.0) 502 (2.1) 434 (9.8) 501 (2.1) 437 (13.3)
                                                 
Poland. 507 (2.5) 468 (10.6) 507 (2.5) 452 (12.5) 506 (2.4) 469 (9.4) 506 (2.4) 450 (12.2) 503 (2.5) 472 (10.5) 503 (2.5) 458 (13.0)
Portugal 502 (2.7) 429 (7.0) 502 (2.6) 409 (9.2) 495 (2.5) 428 (7.6) 495 (2.4) 409 (8.7) 505 (2.4) 436 (5.5) 504 (2.4) 426 (8.2)
Slovak Republic 465 (2.7) 351 (6.6) 462 (2.7) 320 (7.8) 486 (2.6) 385 (6.2) 483 (2.6) 365 (7.6) 471 (2.5) 373 (6.4) 468 (2.5) 354 (7.4)
Slovenia 508 (1.5) 456 (8.9) 507 (1.5) 433 (15.2) 512 (1.3) 464 (7.6) 511 (1.3) 459 (15.2) 516 (1.3) 463 (7.6) 514 (1.3) 448 (11.8)
Spain 500 (2.3) 446 (5.4) 499 (2.3) 438 (6.3) 491 (2.1) 434 (5.6) 489 (2.2) 428 (6.6) 498 (2.0) 441 (5.3) 496 (2.0) 433 (5.6)            
                                                             
Sweden 505 (3.4) 447 (8.2) 504 (3.3) 413 (14.5) 497 (3.1) 445 (6.4) 497 (3.0) 424 (10.9) 497 (3.6) 445 (6.4) 497 (3.5) 429 (11.5)
Switzerland 495 (3.0) 438 (9.9) 494 (3.0) 380 (15.4) 524 (2.9) 471 (8.7) 523 (2.9) 416 (15.8) 508 (2.9) 460 (9.2) 507 (2.8) 408 (15.5)
Turkey 445 (4.2) 398 (4.3) 445 (4.1) 403 (4.6) 436 (4.4) 394 (4.5) 437 (4.4) 397 (4.6) 441 (4.1) 398 (4.3) 441 (4.0) 402 (4.6)
United Kingdom 504 (2.8) 451 (5.8) 501 (2.8) 414 (13.5) 498 (2.5) 451 (6.1) 496 (2.5) 421 (13.5) 515 (2.6) 457 (5.1) 513 (2.5) 423 (13.2)            
United States 505 (3.3) 454 (5.5) 503 (3.2) 431 (7.7) 477 (3.2) 433 (4.4) 475 (3.1) 413 (5.1) 504 (3.1) 454 (4.6) 503 (3.0) 430 (5.2)            
                                                             
Non-OECD education systems                                                            
Albania (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Algeria 359 (3.8) 342 (3.1) 358 (4.3) 347 (3.0) 371 (3.9) 351 (2.9) 372 (4.6) 355 (3.0) 386 (3.4) 367 (2.6) 386 (4.0) 372 (2.6)
Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu,
       Guangdong (China)
526 (5.4) 449 (6.1) 529 (4.6) 423 (5.7) 558 (5.7) 495 (5.3) 561 (4.9) 470 (5.2) 546 (5.2) 479 (5.3) 549 (4.4) 454 (5.0)
Brazil 430 (3.1) 372 (3.0) 420 (2.9) 370 (3.7) 397 (3.1) 345 (2.8) 388 (3.0) 343 (4.0) 422 (2.7) 367 (2.0) 411 (2.5) 368 (2.9)
Buenos Aires (Argentina) 481 (7.3) 420 (11.1) 482 (7.4) 412 (12.4) 462 (7.1) 405 (9.9) 462 (7.0) 394 (10.7) 481 (6.5) 423 (8.2) 481 (6.5) 414 (9.4)
                                                 
Bulgaria 441 (4.6) 340 (9.4) 440 (4.6) 311 (11.0) 448 (3.8) 376 (8.5) 447 (3.8) 349 (10.0) 454 (4.1) 369 (8.0) 453 (4.0) 343 (9.2)
Chinese Taipei 504 (2.6) 454 (4.6) 499 (2.5) 449 (7.3) 550 (3.1) 494 (5.2) 546 (3.0) 479 (8.3) 540 (2.8) 487 (4.4) 535 (2.7) 480 (6.9)
Colombia 449 (2.7) 388 (3.9) 446 (2.8) 394 (3.7) 407 (2.4) 363 (3.0) 405 (2.4) 368 (3.0) 436 (2.4) 385 (3.0) 433 (2.4) 391 (3.0)
Costa Rica 444 (2.6) 386 (3.4) 441 (2.8) 394 (3.1) 412 (2.7) 369 (2.7) 411 (2.8) 374 (2.8) 432 (2.2) 387 (2.9) 431 (2.3) 392 (2.6)
Croatia 491 (2.7) 452 (5.6) 489 (2.7) 433 (11.9) 468 (2.8) 424 (5.1) 466 (2.8) 412 (12.0) 479 (2.5) 440 (5.0) 477 (2.5) 433 (10.2)
                                                 
Cyprus 450 (1.8) 382 (5.7) 448 (1.8) 372 (7.7) 444 (1.6) 385 (5.1) 442 (1.6) 365 (7.7) 439 (1.4) 379 (4.6) 437 (1.4) 369 (6.3)            
Dominican Republic 379 (3.9) 337 (3.2) 373 (3.5) 333 (3.5) 344 (3.6) 315 (3.1) 340 (3.2) 313 (3.5) 350 (3.5) 316 (2.4) 346 (3.1) 311 (2.8)            
Georgia 417 (2.9) 353 (4.8) 412 (3.0) 352 (5.3) 416 (2.8) 369 (4.1) 413 (2.8) 368 (5.1) 422 (2.5) 380 (3.4) 418 (2.5) 382 (4.2)            
Hong Kong (China) 531 (2.7) 469 (6.1) 530 (2.6) 422 (11.8) 551 (2.9) 502 (6.3) 550 (2.9) 462 (10.6) 527 (2.5) 480 (5.3) 526 (2.5) 441 (9.7)            
Indonesia 436 (4.0) 383 (3.1) 426 (3.2) 384 (3.2) 433 (4.7) 369 (3.1) 419 (4.0) 372 (3.0) 439 (4.4) 390 (2.6) 429 (3.4) 391 (2.6)            
                                                             
Jordan 422 (3.0) 370 (4.6) 423 (2.9) 370 (4.4) 394 (2.6) 348 (4.3) 393 (2.7) 352 (4.5) 422 (2.6) 373 (4.0) 422 (2.6) 376 (3.9)
Kosovo 353 (1.5) 328 (5.6) 353 (1.5) 317 (5.5) 367 (1.7) 344 (4.4) 368 (1.7) 325 (5.8) 383 (1.8) 363 (4.1) 384 (1.8) 351 (4.8)
Lebanon 366 (4.8) 293 (4.8) 362 (4.8) 296 (5.7) 412 (3.9) 354 (4.9) 409 (3.8) 356 (5.6) 400 (3.7) 351 (4.0) 398 (3.6) 351 (4.5)            
Lithuania 476 (2.7) 405 (7.5) 476 (2.7) 402 (8.7) 482 (2.3) 416 (8.4) 482 (2.3) 413 (7.4) 479 (2.6) 415 (8.1) 479 (2.6) 415 (8.2)            
Macao (China) 511 (1.3) 469 (5.5) 510 (1.3) 454 (10.7) 546 (1.2) 502 (5.2) 545 (1.1) 490 (11.5) 531 (1.1) 485 (4.6) 530 (1.1) 466 (9.9)            
                                                             
Macedonia, Republic of 359 (1.4) 292 (5.9) 358 (1.4) 290 (7.0) 379 (1.3) 310 (7.1) 378 (1.3) 309 (8.5) 390 (1.3) 338 (5.0) 389 (1.3) 335 (6.5)            
Malta 453 (1.9) 363 (9.8) 453 (1.8) 300 (15.0) 485 (1.9) 401 (8.9) 484 (1.8) 338 (13.9) 471 (1.8) 389 (8.7) 470 (1.7) 328 (12.8)            
Massachusetts2 (USA) 534 (5.8) 459 (10.6) 531 (6.0) 460 (19.0) 507 (5.4) 435 (10.1) 504 (5.4) 440 (13.8) 536 (6.6) 458 (9.1) 533 (6.6) 456 (14.4)            
Moldova, Republic of f 429 (2.6) 371 (4.5) 428 (2.7) 363 (4.5) 431 (2.5) 379 (5.4) 430 (2.5) 370 (6.4) 439 (2.0) 392 (4.1) 438 (2.0) 381 (4.5)            
Montenegro, Republic of 433 (1.8) 396 (4.7) 433 (1.8) 396 (4.7) 423 (1.6) 392 (4.3) 422 (1.6) 392 (5.1) 417 (1.2) 383 (4.1) 416 (1.2) 386 (4.6)            
                                                             
North Carolina2 (USA) 507 (5.4) 443 (9.4) 503 (5.4) 453 (10.5) 478 (4.3) 421 (7.5) 474 (4.5) 429 (7.4) 509 (4.9) 451 (9.0) 506 (4.9) 459 (9.8)
Peru 433 (3.4) 358 (2.4) 435 (3.7) 367 (2.8) 414 (3.3) 356 (2.4) 415 (3.5) 363 (2.7) 424 (2.8) 366 (2.0) 424 (3.0) 374 (2.3)
Puerto Rico (USA) 421 (7.5) 387 (6.6) 416 (7.1) 385 (11.2) 388 (6.4) 355 (4.8) 382 (5.8) 361 (8.7) 413 (6.6) 374 (5.8) 406 (6.2) 382 (9.6)
Qatar 415 (1.2) 336 (2.9) 412 (1.1) 311 (4.2) 413 (1.3) 352 (3.8) 410 (1.4) 332 (4.0) 428 (1.1) 366 (2.8) 426 (1.1) 345 (3.3)
Romania 442 (3.9) 383 (6.2) 442 (4.0) 387 (5.8) 451 (3.8) 401 (6.0) 450 (3.8) 405 (6.2) 442 (3.2) 393 (5.0) 442 (3.2) 396 (5.0)
                                                 
Russian Federation 500 (3.0) 455 (7.6) 499 (3.1) 449 (11.3) 498 (3.1) 468 (9.7) 497 (3.1) 467 (10.8) 491 (2.8) 457 (8.5) 490 (2.9) 455 (8.4)
Singapore 544 (1.9) 464 (4.5) 539 (1.6) 421 (9.3) 572 (1.7) 495 (3.9) 567 (1.4) 462 (9.3) 565 (1.5) 479 (4.4) 559 (1.2) 438 (8.4)
Thailand 427 (4.0) 383 (2.8) 421 (3.9) 384 (3.3) 428 (3.8) 395 (3.1) 424 (3.6) 395 (3.6) 438 (3.6) 398 (2.4) 433 (3.4) 397 (3.0)
Trinidad and Tobago 438 (1.9) 385 (4.2) 438 (1.8) 376 (4.4) 427 (1.6) 378 (4.3) 427 (1.7) 372 (4.2) 434 (1.6) 386 (3.8) 434 (1.6) 382 (4.5)
Tunisia 377 (3.3) 335 (4.0) 374 (3.3) 338 (3.9) 383 (3.5) 340 (3.5) 380 (3.4) 342 (3.5) 399 (2.6) 368 (2.3) 396 (2.5) 369 (2.5)
                                                 
United Arab Emirates 442 (2.7) 380 (5.2) 440 (2.8) 355 (5.6) 435 (2.3) 383 (5.1) 433 (2.3) 365 (5.6) 444 (2.3) 393 (4.5) 443 (2.3) 367 (4.2)
Uruguay 446 (2.6) 402 (5.0) 447 (2.5) 385 (4.8) 426 (2.5) 392 (5.5) 426 (2.5) 382 (5.6) 443 (2.2) 405 (4.3) 444 (2.2) 393 (3.9)
Vietnam 509 (4.4) 470 (3.5) 510 (4.7) 468 (3.7) 519 (5.4) 476 (4.4) 519 (5.5) 474 (4.4) 545 (5.0) 509 (3.5) 545 (5.1) 508 (3.6)
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Refers to the mean of the data values for all Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, to which each country contributes equally, regardless of the absolute size of the student population of each country.
2 Results are for public school students only.
NOTE: Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2015. (This table was prepared January 2017.)

2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest