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Digest of Education Statistics: 2016
Digest of Education Statistics: 2016

NCES 2017-094
February 2018


Table 602.33a. Average science score and percentage of eighth-graders, by access to the Internet at home, access to a computer or tablet at home or other place outside of school, frequency of computer or tablet use for schoolwork outside of school, and country or other education system: 2015
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Country or other education system1 Total, all eighth-graders Access to the Internet at home Access to a computer or tablet outside of school Frequency of computer or tablet use for schoolwork outside of school
Access at home For students with no access at home, access at some other place outside of school At home At some other place than home or school
Yes, has internet connection at home No internet connection at home Yes, has own or shared computer or tablet at home No access to computer or tablet at home Yes, has access only at some other place2 No access outside of school Every day or almost every day Once or twice a week Once or twice a month Never or almost never Every day or almost every day Once or twice a week Once or twice a month Never or almost never
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
  Average science score3
International average4 492 (0.6) 498 (0.6) 445 (2.1) 496 (0.6) 444 (1.7) 443 (2.6) 451 (2.3) 491 (0.7) 502 (0.7) 499 (0.9) 468 (1.1) 478 (0.8) 494 (0.8) 501 (0.8) 500 (0.7)
                                                             
Australia 512 (2.7) 516 (2.5) 452 (6.9) 514 (2.6) 448 (9.1) 438 (11.8) 466 (14.2) 517 (2.9) 518 (3.0) 497 (4.9) 474 (6.7) 500 (4.9) 509 (2.8) 519 (3.8) 523 (3.2)
Bahrain 466 (2.2) 471 (2.2) 398 (11.0) 471 (2.1) 413 (9.0) 405 (11.7) 438 (11.8) 462 (2.6) 483 (3.6) 485 (8.9) 444 (7.9) 451 (3.4) 473 (4.1) 483 (5.6) 486 (3.4)
Canada5,6,7 526 (2.2) 528 (2.1) 487 (7.2) 528 (2.0) 497 (8.5) 498 (13.0) 500 (13.7) 529 (2.1) 530 (2.5) 528 (3.7) 512 (5.8) 517 (2.9) 525 (2.9) 533 (2.6) 536 (2.6)
Chile 454 (3.1) 458 (3.1) 437 (5.2) 456 (3.1) 421 (7.2) 418 (9.3) 428 (9.2) 449 (3.8) 470 (3.7) 466 (4.3) 428 (5.0) 431 (4.8) 456 (3.9) 462 (3.8) 464 (3.9)
Chinese Taipei 569 (2.1) 573 (2.1) 541 (5.1) 572 (2.1) 507 (8.9) 517 (14.0) 501 (10.1) 554 (3.3) 587 (2.8) 586 (2.6) 543 (3.7) 525 (5.5) 566 (3.7) 587 (3.3) 571 (2.2)
                                                             
Egypt 371 (4.3) 394 (4.4) 347 (5.3) 382 (4.0) 338 (6.6) 334 (7.7) 361 (6.3) 370 (4.1) 388 (6.1) 391 (5.9) 369 (6.7) 376 (5.2) 380 (5.2) 382 (6.7) 379 (4.2)
England (United Kingdom) 537 (3.8) 538 (3.8) 490 (13.7) 538 (3.8) 480 (16.6) (†) (†) 543 (4.1) 544 (4.7) 504 (6.5) 486 (7.5) 519 (5.1) 530 (4.5) 549 (4.4) 545 (4.4)
Georgia6,8 443 (3.1) 451 (3.0) 416 (6.1) 449 (3.2) 410 (5.8) 421 (6.9) 423 (12.7) 439 (4.0) 456 (4.2) 466 (5.8) 436 (7.9) 433 (5.0) 455 (3.5) 451 (4.4) 460 (4.1)
Hong Kong (China) 546 (3.9) 548 (3.8) 504 (9.3) 546 (3.9) 520 (10.6) 517 (15.2) 523 (12.3) 550 (5.1) 549 (4.3) 549 (3.9) 522 (6.0) 522 (7.3) 548 (5.3) 550 (4.9) 549 (3.6)
Hungary 527 (3.4) 530 (3.3) 443 (12.4) 530 (3.2) 429 (13.3) 432 (15.3) 439 (17.9) 519 (3.5) 542 (4.0) 545 (4.5) 506 (9.6) 501 (4.7) 522 (4.1) 528 (4.5) 548 (3.5)
                                                             
Iran, Islamic Republic of 456 (4.0) 478 (4.9) 430 (3.7) 469 (4.4) 413 (4.1) 424 (4.4) 403 (6.0) 460 (5.2) 470 (4.5) 472 (5.2) 426 (5.4) 444 (5.1) 461 (4.8) 469 (4.2) 453 (5.4)
Ireland 530 (2.8) 530 (2.8) 513 (15.8) 531 (2.8) 505 (9.7) 490 (13.2) 519 (13.5) 518 (3.4) 544 (3.1) 546 (4.0) 527 (5.5) 495 (5.1) 524 (3.9) 532 (3.6) 547 (2.9)
Israel9 507 (3.9) 515 (3.7) 412 (10.7) 511 (3.8) 424 (9.9) 432 (16.8) 433 (12.9) 497 (5.6) 521 (4.7) 530 (4.1) 490 (6.0) 482 (6.8) 501 (5.2) 517 (4.5) 522 (3.9)
Italy8 499 (2.4) 501 (2.3) 466 (8.6) 499 (2.4) 462 (13.3) 469 (18.5) 464 (18.2) 485 (3.3) 509 (2.9) 512 (4.4) 494 (5.1) 470 (5.2) 494 (3.2) 511 (3.0) 508 (2.9)
Japan 571 (1.8) 574 (1.8) 546 (4.1) 574 (1.8) 547 (4.3) 528 (8.5) 553 (4.5) 549 (2.6) 582 (2.6) 582 (2.7) 569 (3.1) 526 (4.5) 562 (3.6) 570 (3.4) 579 (2.1)
                                                             
Jordan 426 (3.4) 443 (3.1) 385 (4.6) 435 (3.3) 375 (5.9) 379 (8.7) 385 (7.4) 434 (3.6) 440 (3.7) 436 (7.3) 398 (6.0) 439 (4.4) 437 (4.8) 437 (5.0) 426 (3.8)
Kazakhstan 533 (4.4) 539 (4.5) 515 (8.0) 537 (4.3) 507 (9.2) 515 (8.1) 503 (12.3) 533 (4.7) 535 (5.2) 543 (6.4) 520 (8.6) 521 (5.6) 531 (5.0) 538 (6.0) 543 (5.7)
Korea, Republic of 556 (2.2) 557 (2.2) 512 (8.8) 557 (2.2) 508 (9.1) 515 (12.8) 504 (10.6) 554 (3.8) 566 (2.6) 557 (2.6) 539 (3.8) 536 (4.7) 555 (4.2) 559 (2.9) 560 (2.6)
Kuwait 411 (5.2) 414 (5.5) 371 (8.7) 416 (5.5) 338 (7.5) 344 (10.1) 344 (14.2) 407 (6.5) 424 (6.1) 420 (8.4) 395 (8.8) 394 (6.3) 432 (7.2) 431 (8.2) 418 (5.9)
Lebanon 398 (5.3) 408 (5.9) 369 (6.4) 403 (5.5) 355 (7.3) 363 (13.0) 352 (9.7) 401 (6.7) 405 (6.8) 409 (8.1) 370 (9.7) 410 (5.7) 406 (7.8) 402 (7.3) 393 (7.0)
                                                             
Lithuania8 519 (2.8) 523 (2.7) 459 (9.2) 521 (2.7) 457 (11.4) 466 (13.9) 457 (26.1) 522 (3.2) 521 (3.5) 519 (5.5) 489 (8.8) 508 (5.0) 521 (4.3) 522 (3.8) 525 (3.2)
Malaysia 471 (4.1) 484 (4.2) 449 (5.0) 478 (4.0) 436 (5.6) 443 (6.1) 431 (6.7) 480 (4.4) 472 (4.5) 473 (5.3) 440 (5.9) 469 (4.4) 476 (4.5) 481 (4.8) 464 (4.9)
Malta 481 (1.6) 484 (1.6) 342 (23.1) 483 (1.6) 394 (22.1) (†) (†) 479 (2.1) 507 (4.0) 496 (4.6) 426 (10.1) 453 (3.9) 482 (3.4) 500 (4.5) 506 (2.9)
Morocco 393 (2.5) 409 (3.2) 384 (2.4) 400 (2.6) 379 (3.0) 380 (3.2) 388 (3.9) 396 (3.2) 399 (3.3) 400 (3.3) 389 (3.2) 393 (3.1) 403 (3.3) 396 (3.1) 398 (3.4)
New Zealand7 513 (3.1) 518 (3.0) 447 (5.8) 515 (3.1) 467 (7.6) 464 (8.0) 482 (11.3) 515 (3.1) 522 (4.3) 506 (5.9) 473 (7.9) 487 (4.2) 513 (3.0) 528 (4.4) 526 (4.5)
                                                             
Norway10 509 (2.8) 510 (2.7) (†) 510 (2.7) 442 (16.2) (†) (†) 509 (3.8) 514 (2.9) 508 (4.5) 479 (7.6) 490 (5.7) 502 (5.1) 508 (3.1) 519 (3.0)
Oman 455 (2.7) 461 (2.7) 443 (4.0) 460 (2.5) 427 (5.4) 437 (5.9) 433 (6.2) 456 (3.3) 463 (3.6) 462 (4.0) 444 (4.5) 453 (3.5) 471 (3.6) 463 (2.8) 456 (3.7)
Qatar 457 (3.0) 464 (2.7) 345 (11.3) 462 (2.9) 355 (9.0) 342 (14.5) 374 (12.8) 466 (3.6) 459 (3.8) 454 (5.1) 413 (7.3) 447 (4.8) 462 (4.6) 462 (5.5) 467 (3.9)
Russian Federation 544 (4.2) 545 (4.2) 523 (12.6) 545 (4.0) 519 (15.9) 501 (20.8) 541 (16.0) 544 (4.4) 548 (5.2) 551 (5.8) 530 (9.2) 532 (4.9) 547 (5.8) 551 (5.1) 553 (4.1)
Saudi Arabia 396 (4.5) 404 (4.3) 339 (8.3) 402 (4.4) 345 (7.9) 361 (12.4) 348 (10.6) 401 (5.2) 404 (5.7) 413 (6.9) 351 (8.3) 404 (5.2) 408 (7.5) 409 (6.0) 398 (5.7)
                                                             
Singapore8 597 (3.2) 599 (3.1) 498 (10.3) 599 (3.0) 510 (9.5) 494 (13.1) 522 (11.8) 603 (3.2) 602 (3.9) 594 (3.8) 566 (5.9) 582 (4.6) 595 (3.7) 597 (4.0) 603 (3.5)
Slovenia 551 (2.4) 551 (2.3) 541 (17.9) 551 (2.4) 539 (12.1) 530 (14.9) 559 (17.4) 541 (2.5) 568 (3.8) 578 (5.3) 552 (8.5) 522 (3.8) 540 (3.1) 557 (3.8) 567 (3.3)
Sweden 522 (3.4) 524 (3.4) 453 (17.8) 524 (3.4) 471 (21.0) (†) (†) 519 (5.0) 532 (3.5) 533 (4.7) 500 (6.8) 512 (5.4) 524 (5.3) 534 (4.0) 525 (4.1)
Thailand 456 (4.2) 470 (5.0) 432 (4.3) 463 (4.6) 429 (4.9) 434 (5.7) 426 (5.5) 467 (5.1) 457 (4.6) 452 (5.9) 428 (5.7) 455 (5.6) 466 (5.1) 462 (4.6) 452 (4.6)
Turkey 493 (4.0) 512 (4.4) 466 (4.4) 506 (4.2) 448 (4.5) 457 (4.8) 457 (6.4) 492 (4.4) 509 (4.4) 505 (6.0) 475 (5.6) 496 (5.0) 501 (5.0) 505 (5.0) 500 (5.3)
                                                             
United Arab Emirates 477 (2.3) 481 (2.3) 406 (5.0) 479 (2.3) 405 (6.0) 404 (7.4) 412 (10.3) 479 (2.2) 489 (3.8) 466 (6.0) 407 (7.1) 453 (2.3) 488 (3.1) 495 (3.8) 494 (3.3)
United States7 530 (2.8) 533 (2.8) 488 (6.0) 532 (2.8) 491 (5.6) 484 (9.0) 500 (6.4) 530 (3.3) 537 (3.3) 534 (3.4) 513 (3.8) 515 (3.3) 528 (3.3) 536 (3.5) 539 (3.2)
                                                             
Benchmarking education systems                                                            
Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) 454 (5.6) 459 (5.6) 373 (10.0) 457 (5.6) 388 (11.6) 395 (13.1) 380 (18.3) 457 (4.9) 469 (9.9) 449 (13.7) 384 (11.1) 438 (4.2) 466 (7.2) 476 (8.5) 464 (9.2)
Buenos Aires7 (Argentina) 386 (4.2) 389 (4.4) 354 (8.2) 388 (4.5) 338 (12.5) (†) 340 (19.7) 378 (5.0) 398 (5.6) 412 (7.3) 369 (10.9) 367 (7.8) 396 (6.8) 407 (6.1) 393 (5.3)
Dubai (United Arab Emirates) 525 (2.0) 526 (2.0) 472 (10.1) 526 (2.0) 435 (14.3) 424 (17.4) 453 (24.4) 527 (2.3) 528 (3.6) 509 (7.1) 467 (14.8) 494 (3.5) 531 (2.5) 537 (4.8) 541 (4.2)
Florida6,11 (United States) 508 (6.0) 511 (6.0) 462 (10.9) 511 (5.9) 447 (12.9) (†) 454 (15.9) 513 (6.8) 510 (7.1) 499 (8.7) 495 (7.8) 503 (8.5) 505 (5.9) 519 (7.5) 513 (5.9)
Ontario (Canada) 524 (2.5) 526 (2.3) 474 (9.2) 526 (2.3) 476 (10.3) (†) (†) 528 (2.6) 527 (3.1) 517 (4.0) 502 (6.4) 517 (3.8) 522 (4.0) 529 (3.0) 533 (3.3)
Quebec12 (Canada) 530 (4.4) 532 (4.1) 517 (11.8) 532 (4.0) 518 (14.4) (†) 527 (15.3) 531 (3.3) 537 (5.2) 541 (7.8) 518 (11.1) 517 (3.6) 533 (4.1) 545 (5.6) 539 (4.6)
  Percent of students
International average4 100.0 (†) 86.6 (0.12) 13.4 (0.12) 92.4 (0.10) 7.6 (0.10) 47.3 (0.85) 52.7 (0.85) 48.5 (0.18) 27.5 (0.13) 13.1 (0.11) 10.9 (0.12) 20.2 (0.13) 20.3 (0.12) 20.2 (0.12) 39.2 (0.16)
                                                             
Australia 100.0 (†) 95.1 (0.36) 4.9 (0.36) 98.3 (0.17) 1.7 (0.17) 50.4 (5.97) 49.6 (5.97) 59.1 (1.16) 27.4 (0.82) 8.4 (0.52) 5.1 (0.38) 16.5 (0.73) 26.2 (0.67) 22.2 (0.60) 35.0 (0.77)
Bahrain 100.0 (†) 95.3 (0.32) 4.7 (0.32) 94.3 (0.38) 5.7 (0.38) 55.8 (3.41) 44.2 (3.41) 59.4 (1.03) 24.1 (0.73) 10.4 (0.68) 6.2 (0.40) 35.3 (0.89) 21.9 (0.60) 18.3 (0.60) 24.4 (0.80)
Canada5,6,7 100.0 (†) 98.2 (0.22) 1.8 (0.22) 98.4 (0.17) 1.6 (0.17) 42.7 (6.16) 57.3 (6.16) 59.4 (1.02) 23.9 (0.74) 10.1 (0.62) 6.6 (0.40) 21.4 (0.73) 22.3 (0.72) 17.9 (0.54) 38.4 (0.99)
Chile 100.0 (†) 82.9 (0.89) 17.1 (0.89) 95.2 (0.39) 4.8 (0.39) 54.0 (3.65) 46.0 (3.65) 48.5 (0.92) 28.9 (0.82) 12.3 (0.51) 10.3 (0.68) 19.6 (0.81) 20.9 (0.76) 20.7 (0.61) 38.7 (0.79)
Chinese Taipei 100.0 (†) 90.4 (0.48) 9.6 (0.48) 96.7 (0.27) 3.3 (0.27) 33.7 (3.42) 66.3 (3.42) 23.4 (0.69) 26.4 (0.75) 29.3 (0.83) 20.9 (0.84) 8.1 (0.40) 10.8 (0.49) 18.8 (0.60) 62.3 (0.69)
                                                             
Egypt 100.0 (†) 58.1 (1.18) 41.9 (1.18) 79.1 (1.01) 20.9 (1.01) 46.7 (2.06) 53.3 (2.06) 47.9 (1.01) 25.0 (0.69) 8.4 (0.45) 18.8 (0.93) 22.0 (0.78) 19.7 (0.81) 19.6 (0.75) 38.7 (1.21)
England (United Kingdom) 100.0 (†) 98.9 (0.21) 1.1 (0.21) 99.3 (0.14) 0.7 (0.14) (†) 66.5 (9.66) 60.0 (1.10) 29.1 (1.00) 6.9 (0.48) 4.0 (0.32) 14.0 (0.67) 22.2 (0.77) 23.0 (0.73) 40.7 (0.93)
Georgia6,8 100.0 (†) 81.6 (1.28) 18.4 (1.28) 87.1 (1.16) 12.9 (1.16) 65.5 (3.58) 34.5 (3.58) 53.4 (1.13) 24.8 (0.90) 11.8 (0.70) 10.0 (0.86) 24.4 (0.88) 23.2 (1.00) 20.4 (0.81) 32.1 (1.11)
Hong Kong (China) 100.0 (†) 95.9 (0.40) 4.1 (0.40) 97.6 (0.30) 2.4 (0.30) 30.7 (4.97) 69.3 (4.97) 41.0 (1.26) 25.8 (0.93) 19.6 (0.98) 13.6 (0.94) 10.6 (0.56) 12.2 (0.56) 16.2 (0.57) 61.1 (0.98)
Hungary 100.0 (†) 96.9 (0.42) 3.1 (0.42) 97.5 (0.37) 2.5 (0.37) 58.1 (6.49) 41.9 (6.49) 53.1 (1.13) 25.8 (0.73) 15.0 (0.69) 6.1 (0.67) 18.6 (0.82) 18.7 (0.71) 21.2 (0.63) 41.5 (1.01)
                                                             
Iran, Islamic Republic of 100.0 (†) 56.9 (1.33) 43.1 (1.33) 78.3 (1.19) 21.7 (1.19) 50.6 (2.41) 49.4 (2.41) 36.2 (1.04) 28.1 (0.84) 14.7 (0.56) 21.0 (1.20) 12.4 (0.74) 21.6 (0.83) 30.4 (0.77) 35.6 (1.31)
Ireland 100.0 (†) 98.3 (0.22) 1.7 (0.22) 98.0 (0.35) 2.0 (0.35) 42.8 (6.16) 57.2 (6.16) 46.0 (1.32) 28.6 (1.00) 15.7 (0.74) 9.7 (0.59) 16.3 (0.64) 17.9 (0.75) 17.2 (0.64) 48.6 (0.87)
Israel9 100.0 (†) 93.7 (0.53) 6.3 (0.53) 96.3 (0.31) 3.7 (0.31) 40.8 (4.36) 59.2 (4.36) 41.6 (0.89) 24.6 (0.73) 20.9 (0.64) 12.9 (0.61) 18.5 (0.70) 15.8 (0.54) 19.0 (0.58) 46.7 (0.94)
Italy8 100.0 (†) 95.3 (0.38) 4.7 (0.38) 98.1 (0.27) 1.9 (0.27) 38.7 (5.88) 61.3 (5.88) 35.0 (1.16) 36.0 (0.93) 16.6 (0.78) 12.4 (0.73) 14.3 (0.69) 19.6 (0.71) 19.9 (0.72) 46.2 (0.96)
Japan 100.0 (†) 88.6 (0.55) 11.4 (0.55) 90.2 (0.56) 9.8 (0.56) 20.3 (2.16) 79.7 (2.16) 20.2 (0.79) 22.8 (0.76) 26.9 (0.58) 30.2 (0.99) 8.2 (0.51) 10.6 (0.52) 13.4 (0.57) 67.9 (1.07)
                                                             
Jordan 100.0 (†) 76.0 (1.01) 24.0 (1.01) 86.9 (0.77) 13.1 (0.77) 43.5 (2.60) 56.5 (2.60) 56.1 (1.01) 24.3 (0.60) 8.2 (0.36) 11.4 (0.77) 26.6 (0.74) 20.4 (0.57) 21.9 (0.60) 31.2 (0.96)
Kazakhstan 100.0 (†) 75.7 (1.52) 24.3 (1.52) 85.8 (1.00) 14.2 (1.00) 56.3 (2.34) 43.7 (2.34) 42.2 (1.24) 32.8 (0.93) 12.1 (0.63) 12.9 (0.82) 21.7 (1.05) 20.2 (0.79) 23.6 (0.99) 34.6 (1.27)
Korea, Republic of 100.0 (†) 97.2 (0.28) 2.8 (0.28) 97.1 (0.26) 2.9 (0.26) 47.4 (4.62) 52.6 (4.62) 25.8 (0.76) 30.9 (0.91) 25.5 (0.76) 17.8 (0.77) 12.0 (0.50) 17.8 (0.60) 19.7 (0.60) 50.6 (0.78)
Kuwait 100.0 (†) 93.2 (0.61) 6.8 (0.61) 92.9 (0.56) 7.1 (0.56) 65.7 (2.91) 34.3 (2.91) 56.3 (1.33) 27.4 (0.83) 9.7 (0.79) 6.6 (0.61) 38.4 (1.50) 21.2 (0.89) 13.1 (0.69) 27.4 (1.41)
Lebanon 100.0 (†) 78.5 (0.94) 21.5 (0.94) 92.5 (0.65) 7.5 (0.65) 60.6 (4.77) 39.4 (4.77) 55.7 (1.49) 24.6 (1.00) 11.8 (0.97) 7.9 (1.07) 32.3 (1.24) 21.0 (0.87) 19.8 (1.03) 26.9 (1.20)
                                                             
Lithuania8 100.0 (†) 94.9 (0.53) 5.1 (0.53) 97.6 (0.27) 2.4 (0.27) 63.4 (7.19) 36.6 (7.19) 55.1 (1.16) 28.0 (0.94) 10.8 (0.62) 6.2 (0.52) 13.2 (0.75) 18.0 (0.66) 23.4 (0.93) 45.5 (1.09)
Malaysia 100.0 (†) 64.8 (1.20) 35.2 (1.20) 82.3 (0.83) 17.7 (0.83) 57.8 (1.57) 42.2 (1.57) 47.9 (0.98) 26.2 (0.63) 12.8 (0.39) 13.1 (0.69) 23.7 (0.69) 22.4 (0.66) 24.3 (0.64) 29.5 (0.89)
Malta 100.0 (†) 99.0 (0.14) 1.0 (0.14) 99.2 (0.16) 0.8 (0.16) (†) 66.4 (10.45) 67.9 (0.78) 20.8 (0.70) 8.0 (0.38) 3.3 (0.26) 25.0 (0.64) 24.4 (0.61) 19.2 (0.57) 31.4 (0.75)
Morocco 100.0 (†) 43.9 (0.84) 56.1 (0.84) 69.8 (0.84) 30.2 (0.84) 48.5 (1.53) 51.5 (1.53) 37.1 (1.00) 26.2 (0.59) 9.7 (0.38) 27.1 (1.09) 21.6 (0.68) 24.4 (0.65) 21.6 (0.52) 32.4 (0.94)
New Zealand7 100.0 (†) 93.0 (0.38) 7.0 (0.38) 96.5 (0.22) 3.5 (0.22) 60.0 (2.91) 40.0 (2.91) 63.4 (0.95) 23.5 (0.74) 7.9 (0.52) 5.2 (0.38) 20.0 (0.70) 29.8 (0.97) 22.8 (0.81) 27.4 (0.91)
                                                             
Norway10 100.0 (†) 99.4 (0.09) 0.6 (0.09) 99.1 (0.16) 0.9 (0.16) 38.8 (9.41) 61.2 (9.41) 37.9 (1.60) 40.6 (0.91) 17.0 (1.07) 4.4 (0.57) 10.0 (0.72) 18.6 (0.73) 27.0 (0.84) 44.3 (1.00)
Oman 100.0 (†) 71.4 (1.03) 28.6 (1.03) 85.3 (0.65) 14.7 (0.65) 42.8 (1.60) 57.2 (1.60) 40.8 (1.04) 32.9 (0.86) 12.3 (0.44) 14.1 (0.58) 22.3 (0.74) 20.8 (0.46) 22.1 (0.62) 34.8 (0.88)
Qatar 100.0 (†) 94.6 (0.47) 5.4 (0.47) 96.4 (0.28) 3.6 (0.28) 38.4 (3.92) 61.6 (3.92) 51.6 (1.04) 29.5 (0.64) 12.8 (0.59) 6.1 (0.45) 22.3 (0.68) 21.1 (0.73) 19.7 (0.74) 36.8 (1.04)
Russian Federation 100.0 (†) 96.2 (0.44) 3.8 (0.44) 97.5 (0.26) 2.5 (0.26) 48.3 (5.61) 51.7 (5.61) 67.9 (0.82) 21.0 (0.73) 6.4 (0.44) 4.8 (0.44) 29.8 (0.93) 19.6 (0.70) 14.8 (0.80) 35.8 (0.96)
Saudi Arabia 100.0 (†) 91.0 (0.69) 9.0 (0.69) 91.1 (0.71) 8.9 (0.71) 45.8 (4.45) 54.2 (4.45) 53.2 (1.27) 26.7 (0.99) 12.1 (0.54) 8.0 (0.73) 28.5 (1.04) 17.4 (0.76) 17.7 (0.91) 36.4 (1.28)
                                                             
Singapore8 100.0 (†) 97.5 (0.23) 2.5 (0.23) 97.3 (0.27) 2.7 (0.27) 36.9 (4.14) 63.1 (4.14) 41.7 (0.69) 27.6 (0.67) 21.2 (0.56) 9.5 (0.44) 14.4 (0.51) 15.2 (0.47) 18.9 (0.55) 51.4 (0.73)
Slovenia 100.0 (†) 99.0 (0.18) 1.0 (0.18) 98.2 (0.23) 1.8 (0.23) 50.5 (5.80) 49.5 (5.80) 61.6 (1.11) 25.1 (0.87) 10.1 (0.55) 3.3 (0.28) 15.3 (0.66) 21.2 (0.87) 21.5 (0.70) 42.0 (0.97)
Sweden 100.0 (†) 98.9 (0.18) 1.1 (0.18) 99.2 (0.17) 0.8 (0.17) (†) 52.9 (10.73) 43.0 (1.99) 36.4 (0.96) 13.8 (1.07) 6.8 (0.73) 16.1 (0.92) 20.5 (0.74) 23.3 (0.87) 40.0 (1.34)
Thailand 100.0 (†) 64.0 (1.37) 36.0 (1.37) 79.3 (1.02) 20.7 (1.02) 54.7 (2.49) 45.3 (2.49) 48.2 (1.13) 27.5 (0.74) 8.8 (0.46) 15.6 (0.81) 20.0 (0.69) 25.2 (0.77) 19.6 (0.81) 35.2 (1.00)
Turkey 100.0 (†) 61.1 (1.41) 38.9 (1.41) 78.3 (1.40) 21.7 (1.40) 50.6 (2.18) 49.4 (2.18) 35.3 (0.86) 36.1 (1.01) 11.8 (0.49) 16.8 (0.97) 19.8 (1.01) 26.9 (0.85) 19.8 (0.74) 33.5 (1.05)
                                                             
United Arab Emirates 100.0 (†) 94.9 (0.24) 5.1 (0.24) 97.2 (0.17) 2.8 (0.17) 56.4 (2.93) 43.6 (2.93) 70.8 (0.70) 21.9 (0.61) 4.0 (0.19) 3.3 (0.18) 33.4 (0.56) 23.9 (0.43) 17.2 (0.43) 25.4 (0.51)
United States7 100.0 (†) 95.0 (0.29) 5.0 (0.29) 96.6 (0.22) 3.4 (0.22) 39.7 (2.45) 60.3 (2.45) 51.0 (1.04) 26.4 (0.68) 12.1 (0.55) 10.5 (0.56) 22.0 (0.57) 18.2 (0.38) 18.2 (0.50) 41.6 (0.86)
                                                             
Benchmarking education systems                                                            
Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) 100.0 (†) 95.2 (0.41) 4.8 (0.41) 96.9 (0.37) 3.1 (0.37) 53.8 (4.48) 46.2 (4.48) 71.9 (1.48) 20.2 (1.20) 3.9 (0.41) 3.9 (0.36) 36.6 (1.15) 23.8 (0.84) 16.0 (0.71) 23.6 (1.10)
Buenos Aires7 (Argentina) 100.0 (†) 90.4 (0.75) 9.6 (0.75) 96.2 (0.47) 3.8 (0.47) 45.2 (5.39) 54.8 (5.39) 50.0 (1.38) 28.6 (1.00) 11.9 (0.85) 9.5 (0.76) 16.4 (0.89) 17.1 (0.74) 19.6 (0.85) 47.0 (1.07)
Dubai (United Arab Emirates) 100.0 (†) 97.5 (0.23) 2.5 (0.23) 98.9 (0.15) 1.1 (0.15) 60.4 (7.06) 39.6 (7.06) 72.7 (0.74) 22.2 (0.68) 3.4 (0.24) 1.6 (0.20) 25.8 (0.71) 26.2 (0.58) 20.1 (0.66) 27.9 (0.92)
Florida6,11 (United States) 100.0 (†) 95.7 (0.68) 4.3 (0.68) 96.8 (0.53) 3.2 (0.53) 41.6 (5.58) 58.4 (5.58) 58.6 (2.38) 22.1 (1.19) 11.0 (0.93) 8.2 (0.87) 24.3 (1.41) 18.6 (0.70) 18.2 (0.96) 38.9 (1.18)
Ontario (Canada) 100.0 (†) 98.1 (0.28) 1.9 (0.28) 98.7 (0.22) 1.3 (0.22) 53.7 (8.84) 46.3 (8.84) 61.9 (1.39) 24.1 (1.04) 8.7 (0.66) 5.4 (0.53) 21.7 (1.04) 23.2 (0.93) 19.1 (0.67) 35.9 (1.29)
Quebec12 (Canada) 100.0 (†) 98.7 (0.21) 1.3 (0.21) 98.3 (0.31) 1.7 (0.31) 39.9 (7.89) 60.1 (7.89) 58.8 (1.35) 21.5 (1.16) 12.0 (1.02) 7.7 (0.72) 22.1 (0.91) 21.1 (1.02) 14.7 (1.04) 42.1 (1.32)
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Most of the education systems represent complete countries, but some represent subnational entities; examples include two Canadian provinces (Ontario and Quebec), a component of the United Kingdom (England), the U.S. state of Florida, and a few individual cities (such as Abu Dhabi within the United Arab Emirates).
2 Students were asked how often they used a computer or tablet to do schoolwork "(including classroom tasks, homework, studying outside of class)" in each of the following three places: "at home," "at school," and "some other place." The frequency choices were "Every day or almost every day," "Once or twice a week," "Once or twice a month," and "Never or almost never." If students had no access to a computer or tablet at home, and their frequency at "some other place" was at least "once or twice a month," they are classified as having access to a computer or tablet outside of school only at some other place.
3 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000, with the scale centerpoint set at 500 and the standard deviation set at 100.
4 The international average includes only education systems that are members of the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), which develops and implements TIMSS at the international level. "Benchmarking" education systems are not members of the IEA and are therefore not included in the average.
5 Data for Canada include only students from the provinces of Manitoba, Newfoundland, Ontario, and Quebec.
6 National Target Population does not include all of the International Target Population.
7 Met guidelines for sample participation rates only after replacement schools were included.
8 National Defined Population covers 90 to 95 percent of National Target Population.
9 National Defined Population covers less than 90 percent of the National Target Population (but at least 77 percent).
10 Norway collected data from students in their ninth year of schooling rather than in grade 8 because year 1 in Norway is considered the equivalent of kindergarten rather than the first year of primary school.
11 U.S. state-level data are based on public school students only.
12 Did not satisfy guidelines for sample participation rates.
NOTE: Countries and other education systems were required to draw probability samples of students who were nearing the end of their eighth year of formal schooling (counting the first year of primary school as year 1), provided that the mean age at the time of testing was at least 13.5 years. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2015. (This table was prepared January 2017.)