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Digest of Education Statistics: 2016
Digest of Education Statistics: 2016

NCES 2017-094
February 2018


Table 601.30. School-age populations as a percentage of total population, by age group and country: Selected years, 1985 through 2013
Country 5- to 14-year-olds as a percent of total population 15- to 19-year-olds as a percent of total population
19851 19901 19951 2005 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 19852 19902 19952 2005 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23
OECD average3    12.7 12.3 12.0 11.9 11.8 11.7 11.5 11.5   6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.0
Australia 14.5   13.1 12.9 13.4 13.0 12.8 12.6 12.4 12.3 12.3 12.3 6.6   6.4 5.6 6.8 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.3
Austria   11.3 10.8 10.6 10.4 10.2 10.0 9.8 9.7   5.9 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Belgium 11.4   10.9 10.7 11.7 11.4 11.2 11.1 11.1 11.7 11.1 11.1 5.8   5.1 4.9 5.9 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.2 5.8 5.7
Canada 12.8   12.4 12.2 12.6 12.1 11.7 11.4 11.5 11.1 10.8 10.6 6.1   5.5 5.4 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.3 6.2
Chile   17.9 15.9 15.5 15.5 15.0 14.8 14.6 13.8   8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.4 8.2 7.8
                                                 
Czech Republic (4 )   (4 ) 11.6 10.4 9.6 9.3 8.9 8.8 8.9 9.0 9.3 (4 )   (4 ) 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.5 5.2 4.9
Denmark 12.0   10.1 9.7 12.8 12.7 12.5 12.4 12.2 12.0 12.0 11.9 5.8   5.7 4.7 5.6 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.4
Estonia (4 )   (4 ) 10.6 9.9 9.6 9.4 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.8 (4 )   (4 ) 8.0 7.7 7.4 6.9 6.3 5.7 5.3 5.0
Finland 11.5   11.8 11.4 12.0 11.6 11.4 11.2 11.0 10.9 10.8 10.8 5.6   4.9 5.1 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.9
France 12.8   12.1 12.0 12.3 12.2 12.2 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.4 12.5 6.2   5.8 5.3 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
                                                 
Germany 9.1 5  8.7 10.0 10.0 9.6 9.5 9.4 9.3 9.2 9.1 8.9 6.1 5  4.1 4.3 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.0
Greece   10.7 9.7 9.5 9.4 9.4 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.7   5.5 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.9 5.0
Hungary   10.9 10.4 10.2 10.0 9.9 9.8 9.8 9.8   6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.7
Iceland 15.7   15.0 14.3 15.2 14.3 13.9 13.7 13.6 13.5 13.4 13.4 6.7   6.8 6.4 7.3 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.1
Ireland 17.9   17.5 15.2 13.5 13.3 13.2 13.3 13.5 13.5 13.7 13.8 7.7   8.0 7.8 7.2 6.8 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.0 6.0
                                                 
Israel   18.1 18.2 18.2 18.2 17.9 18.0 17.9 17.9   8.3 8.1 8.1 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.7
Italy 12.7   10.3 9.1 9.4 9.4 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.4 9.4 6.5   6.0 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
Japan 14.0   11.8 10.2 9.4 9.3 9.3 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.8 6.2   6.5 5.4 5.3 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7
Korea, Republic of   14.5 13.9 13.3 12.8 12.2 11.7 10.9 10.5 10.1   7.1 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.9 7.0 7.0 6.8 6.7
Latvia   9.2 9.4   5.4 4.9
                                                 
Luxembourg 10.2   10.1 10.5 12.6 12.5 12.4 12.2 12.0 11.9 11.5 11.4 5.5   4.4 4.4 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 6.0 6.0
Mexico   21.4 21.0 20.7 20.3 19.8 19.4 19.6 19.3   10.1 10.0 9.9 9.8 9.7 9.6 9.6 9.5
Netherlands 12.0   10.7 10.8 12.3 12.2 12.1 12.1 12.0 11.9 11.8 11.7 6.8   5.4 4.8 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.9
New Zealand 15.3   13.5 13.5 14.6 14.1 13.8 13.6 13.3 13.2 13.1 13.1 7.5   6.7 5.7 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.2 7.0 6.9
Norway 12.5   11.0 11.2 13.5 13.2 13.0 12.8 12.6 12.5 12.3 12.2 6.4   5.8 4.9 6.3 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5
                                                 
Poland   12.0 11.1 10.7 10.3 10.0 9.8 9.7 9.7   7.8 7.3 7.1 6.9 6.6 6.3 6.0 5.8
Portugal   10.4 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.2   5.7 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.3
Slovak Republic (4 )   (4 ) 12.2 11.3 10.8 10.4 10.2 10.0 10.0 10.0 (4 )   (4 ) 7.8 7.4 7.2 7.0 6.8 6.4 6.1 5.9
Slovenia (4 )   (4 ) 9.9 9.5 9.3 9.1 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.1 (4 )   (4 ) 6.3 5.9 5.7 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.8
Spain 15.0   12.9 10.2 9.5 9.4 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 10.0 6.8   6.8 6.2 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6
                                                 
Sweden 11.3   10.2 10.8 12.2 11.4 11.1 10.9 10.7 10.7 10.7 10.9 5.4   5.2 4.6 6.4 6.8 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.2 5.9
Switzerland 10.6   10.1 10.4 11.3 10.9 10.6 10.4 10.3 10.2 10.0 9.9 5.8   4.8 4.5 5.8 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Turkey 20.6   20.6 19.7 19.3 19.2 18.2 17.9 17.5 17.2 17.0 16.7 8.7   8.9 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.6 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.5
United Kingdom 11.4   11.1 11.6 12.4 11.8 11.6 11.4 11.3 11.2 11.2 11.4 6.3   5.2 4.8 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1
United States 12.6   12.8 13.0 13.8 13.4 13.2 13.3 13.2 13.2 13.2 13.1 6.2   5.4 5.5 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.1 6.9 6.8
                                                 
Other reporting countries                                                
Argentina   16.6 16.6 16.3 16.1   8.5 8.5 8.3 8.2
Brazil   19.1 18.2 17.8 17.2 16.8 16.5 16.1 15.8   9.6 9.1 8.9 8.8 8.9 8.7 8.7 8.6
China   13.4 12.7 11.5 11.5   7.9 7.4 7.0 6.6
Colombia   18.8 20.7   9.6 10.4
Costa Rica   15.2   9.1
India   24.6 20.1 19.7 19.9 19.4   9.7 9.8 9.6 9.6 9.4
Indonesia   17.1 17.8 19.3 19.3   9.3 8.7 8.7 8.7
Lithuania   9.6   6.3
Russian Federation (4 )   (4 ) 14.3 10.5 9.6 9.4 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.9 (4 )   (4 ) 8.5 7.8 7.2 6.5 6.0 5.9 5.3 5.0
Saudi Arabia   21.2 20.4 19.5 19.5   9.3 9.2 8.6 8.6
South Africa   20.1 19.9 19.0 19.2   10.0 9.7 9.2 9.0
—Not available.
1 Data are for the 5- to 13-year-old population.
2 Data are for the 14- to 17-year-old population.
3 Refers to the mean of the data values for all reporting Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, to which each country reporting data contributes equally. The average includes all current OECD countries for which a given year's data are available, even if they were not members of OECD in that year. However, if data were reported for less than 75 percent of the countries, the average for that year is omitted.
4 Country did not exist in its current form in the given year.
5 Data for 1985 are for the former West Germany.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Education at a Glance, selected years, 1987 through 2001; and Online Education Database, retrieved May 16, 2017, from http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx; and unpublished tabulations. (This table was prepared May 2017.)