Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics: 2016
Digest of Education Statistics: 2016

NCES 2017-094
February 2018


Table 503.40. Percentage of 16- to 64-year-old undergraduate students who were employed, by attendance status, hours worked per week, and selected characteristics: 2005, 2010, and 2015
[Standard errors appear in parentheses)
Year and selected characteristic Full-time undergraduates Part-time undergraduates
Percent of all full-time undergraduates Percent employed Percent of all part-time undergraduates Percent employed
Total employed1 Hours worked per week2 Total employed1 Hours worked per week2
Less than 10 10 to 19 20 to 34 35 or more Less than 10 10 to 19 20 to 34 35 or more
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
2005                                                                        
Total 100.0   (†) 50.1   (0.71) 7.2   (0.37) 9.3   (0.41) 20.2   (0.57) 11.9   (0.46) 100.0   (†) 86.2   (0.85) 2.5   (0.39) 4.6   (0.52) 22.4   (1.04) 55.4   (1.23)
Sex                                                                        
Male 45.3   (0.71) 48.4   (1.06) 6.4   (0.52) 8.9   (0.60) 19.2   (0.83) 12.5   (0.70) 39.5   (1.21) 88.9   (1.24) 1.3 ! (0.45) 4.4   (0.81) 18.9   (1.55) 63.3   (1.90)
Female 54.7   (0.71) 51.6   (0.96) 7.9   (0.52) 9.7   (0.57) 21.0   (0.78) 11.4   (0.61) 60.5   (1.21) 84.5   (1.15) 3.3   (0.57) 4.8   (0.68) 24.8   (1.38) 50.3   (1.59)
                                                                         
Race/ethnicity                                                                        
White 68.1   (0.66) 53.7   (0.86) 9.2   (0.50) 10.6   (0.53) 20.8   (0.70) 11.6   (0.55) 62.3   (1.20) 87.1   (1.05) 2.9   (0.53) 4.7   (0.66) 21.9   (1.30) 56.4   (1.56)
Black 12.6   (0.50) 40.2   (2.09) 1.4 ! (0.51) 6.2   (1.03) 18.4   (1.65) 13.3   (1.45) 15.9   (0.96) 84.0   (2.43) 1.8 ! (0.89) 3.2 ! (1.16) 20.2   (2.66) 56.7   (3.28)
Hispanic 10.5   (0.50) 44.0   (2.47) 2.5 ! (0.78) 6.1   (1.19) 19.6   (1.98) 13.5   (1.70) 15.3   (1.01) 85.6   (2.53)   (†) 3.3 ! (1.30) 26.8   (3.19) 53.0   (3.60)
Asian 6.1   (0.36) 38.3   (2.98) 4.7   (1.29) 6.4   (1.50) 18.1   (2.36) 8.5   (1.71) 3.4   (0.48) 83.4   (5.32)   (†) 16.7 ! (5.34) 26.4   (6.30) 40.3   (7.01)
Pacific Islander 0.3 ! (0.08)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 0.6   (0.12) 66.5   (9.16)   (†)   (†) 32.8   (9.12) 16.9 ! (7.28) 1.0   (0.26)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 1.8   (0.20) 55.4   (5.64) 9.7 ! (3.36) 9.4 ! (3.30) 15.9   (4.15) 17.0   (4.26) 2.0   (0.37) 90.4   (5.43)   (†)   (†) 18.7 ! (7.20) 59.0   (9.07)
                                                                         
Age                                                                        
16 to 24 83.3   (0.53) 49.2   (0.78) 7.9   (0.42) 10.1   (0.47) 21.3   (0.64) 8.9   (0.44) 40.9   (1.22) 85.6   (1.36) 4.0   (0.76) 6.7   (0.97) 28.9   (1.76) 45.2   (1.93)
25 to 29 7.3   (0.37) 54.3   (2.62) 4.2   (1.06) 5.3   (1.18) 16.3   (1.94) 23.8   (2.24) 18.0   (0.95) 84.5   (2.12) 1.9 ! (0.79) 2.8 ! (0.97) 18.2   (2.26) 61.0   (2.86)
30 to 39 5.6   (0.33) 56.2   (2.97) 4.5   (1.24) 7.4   (1.57) 13.3   (2.04) 28.7   (2.71) 21.2   (1.02) 87.0   (1.81)   (†) 5.0   (1.18) 20.4   (2.17) 59.4   (2.64)
40 to 49 2.8   (0.24) 55.5   (4.21) 3.0 ! (1.44) 4.6 ! (1.78) 13.1   (2.86) 32.9   (3.98) 13.0   (0.84) 89.0   (2.16)   (†)   (†) 15.0   (2.46) 68.8   (3.19)
50 to 64 0.9   (0.13) 48.0   (7.51)   (†)   (†) 16.9 ! (5.63) 25.7   (6.57) 6.8   (0.63) 87.3   (3.16)   (†)   (†) 15.6   (3.44) 64.0   (4.56)
                                                                         
Level of institution                                                                        
2-year 24.7   (0.61) 53.8   (1.43) 5.3   (0.64) 9.2   (0.83) 22.1   (1.19) 15.7   (1.04) 47.7   (1.24) 84.8   (1.29) 2.0   (0.51) 5.4   (0.81) 21.6   (1.48) 54.8   (1.79)
4-year 75.3   (0.61) 48.9   (0.82) 7.9   (0.44) 9.4   (0.48) 19.6   (0.65) 10.7   (0.51) 52.3   (1.24) 87.6   (1.13) 2.9   (0.58) 4.0   (0.67) 23.2   (1.45) 56.0   (1.70)
                                                                         
Householder status3                                                                        
Non-householder 73.2   (0.63) 48.0   (0.83) 7.8   (0.45) 10.1   (0.50) 20.5   (0.67) 8.4   (0.46) 40.0   (1.22) 85.1   (1.40) 3.6   (0.73) 5.9   (0.93) 30.6   (1.81) 44.0   (1.95)
Householder 26.8   (0.63) 56.1   (1.37) 5.8   (0.64) 7.2   (0.71) 19.4   (1.09) 21.5   (1.13) 60.0   (1.22) 87.0   (1.08) 1.8   (0.43) 3.8   (0.61) 17.0   (1.20) 63.1   (1.55)
                                                                         
Presence of own children under 18
      in household4
                                                                       
Child or children present 10.6   (0.44) 55.3   (2.17) 3.7   (0.82) 7.7   (1.16) 15.7   (1.59) 25.4   (1.90) 31.8   (1.16) 83.7   (1.62) 2.6   (0.70) 4.4   (0.90) 16.7   (1.64) 57.9   (2.17)
No children present 89.4   (0.44) 49.5   (0.75) 7.7   (0.40) 9.5   (0.44) 20.7   (0.61) 10.3   (0.46) 68.2   (1.16) 87.4   (1.00) 2.5   (0.46) 4.7   (0.64) 25.1   (1.30) 54.3   (1.50)
Presence of spouse in household                                                                        
Spouse present 10.0   (0.43) 57.1   (2.23) 3.9   (0.87) 5.9   (1.06) 16.4   (1.66) 27.8   (2.02) 35.8   (1.19) 86.4   (1.42) 2.4   (0.64) 3.3   (0.74) 15.1   (1.49) 63.4   (2.00)
No spouse present5  90.0   (0.43) 49.4   (0.75) 7.6   (0.40) 9.7   (0.44) 20.6   (0.61) 10.1   (0.45) 64.2   (1.19) 86.2   (1.07) 2.5   (0.49) 5.4   (0.70) 26.5   (1.37) 51.0   (1.55)
Presence of spouse and own children
      under 18
                                                                       
Spouse and children both present 5.8   (0.33) 53.7   (2.95) 3.5 ! (1.08) 4.5   (1.23) 13.3   (2.01) 28.3   (2.66) 20.7   (1.00) 83.8   (2.01) 2.6 ! (0.87) 3.8   (1.04) 12.7   (1.82) 62.0   (2.65)
Spouse only, no children present 4.2   (0.29) 61.8   (3.37) 4.5 ! (1.44) 7.7   (1.85) 20.6   (2.80) 27.1   (3.08) 15.2   (0.89) 89.8   (1.93) 2.2 ! (0.93) 2.7 ! (1.03) 18.4   (2.47) 65.2   (3.04)
Children only, no spouse present 4.8   (0.31) 57.3   (3.21) 3.9 ! (1.26) 11.5   (2.07) 18.5   (2.52) 21.9   (2.68) 11.1   (0.78) 83.5   (2.76) 2.6 ! (1.19) 5.6 ! (1.71) 24.1   (3.19) 50.1   (3.72)
Neither spouse nor children present 85.2   (0.51) 48.9   (0.77) 7.8   (0.41) 9.6   (0.46) 20.7   (0.63) 9.5   (0.45) 53.1   (1.24) 86.7   (1.16) 2.5   (0.53) 5.3   (0.77) 27.0   (1.51) 51.2   (1.70)
                                                                         
2010                                                                        
Total 100.0   (†) 41.3   (0.91) 6.1   (0.39) 7.7   (0.40) 16.4   (0.65) 10.0   (0.49) 100.0   (†) 74.8   (1.40) 2.5   (0.40) 4.4   (0.60) 22.2   (1.19) 43.1   (1.54)
Sex                                                                        
Male 45.3   (0.77) 39.9   (1.25) 4.9   (0.55) 7.5   (0.59) 16.7   (0.94) 9.9   (0.69) 42.6   (1.27) 77.6   (1.89) 2.7   (0.63) 2.9   (0.67) 21.8   (1.76) 47.4   (2.37)
Female 54.7   (0.77) 42.5   (1.18) 7.2   (0.53) 7.8   (0.56) 16.2   (0.84) 10.2   (0.70) 57.4   (1.27) 72.6   (1.80) 2.4   (0.55) 5.6   (0.86) 22.5   (1.72) 40.0   (1.90)
                                                                         
Race/ethnicity                                                                        
White 62.3   (0.79) 44.2   (1.16) 7.8   (0.58) 8.5   (0.54) 17.2   (0.89) 9.5   (0.59) 57.5   (1.53) 75.8   (1.71) 2.4   (0.52) 5.1   (0.84) 21.1   (1.59) 44.3   (1.98)
Black 15.0   (0.65) 36.8   (2.46) 2.2 ! (0.79) 6.4   (1.15) 13.7   (1.60) 12.9   (1.53) 16.4   (1.18) 75.7   (2.91) 1.7 ! (0.79) 3.5 ! (1.55) 21.9   (3.19) 45.6   (3.46)
Hispanic 13.5   (0.51) 39.3   (2.19) 2.9   (0.72) 5.9   (1.08) 18.6   (1.83) 11.6   (1.48) 20.8   (1.23) 73.7   (3.00) 3.3 ! (1.06) 2.8 ! (0.94) 25.7   (3.19) 40.6   (3.34)
Asian 6.5   (0.34) 31.4   (2.98) 6.1   (1.35) 6.2   (1.46) 12.4   (1.95) 6.1 ! (1.88) 2.9   (0.50) 70.6   (8.38)   (†)   (†) 26.7   (6.60) 36.7   (7.74)
Pacific Islander 0.4 ! (0.13)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 0.8   (0.17) 23.0 ! (7.60)   (†)   (†)   (†) 15.4 ! (7.37) 0.7 ! (0.20)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 1.6   (0.22) 40.3   (7.04) 8.1 ! (3.71) 10.4 ! (3.92) 16.0 ! (4.85)   (†) 1.6   (0.41) 65.9   (9.24)   (†)   (†) 23.6 ! (9.38) 26.7 ! (10.90)
                                                                         
Age                                                                        
16 to 24 78.7   (0.67) 40.1   (1.05) 6.8   (0.48) 8.6   (0.49) 17.5   (0.80) 6.2   (0.47) 41.9   (1.25) 72.5   (2.14) 3.5   (0.81) 7.4   (1.16) 29.9   (2.11) 29.9   (2.24)
25 to 29 8.8   (0.46) 47.0   (2.66) 4.0   (1.00) 6.5   (1.49) 13.8   (1.78) 21.8   (2.09) 19.9   (1.06) 79.2   (2.51) 2.4 ! (0.78) 2.3 ! (1.02) 20.0   (2.49) 51.7   (3.39)
30 to 39 7.7   (0.40) 45.4   (3.16) 2.8 ! (0.96) 2.3 ! (0.76) 12.8   (1.91) 25.7   (2.64) 20.1   (1.06) 76.0   (2.82) 1.5 ! (0.73) 2.5 ! (0.95) 15.6   (2.16) 54.4   (3.10)
40 to 49 3.3   (0.30) 43.6   (4.43) 4.5 ! (1.63) 2.6 ! (1.31) 10.8   (2.61) 25.7   (4.05) 12.0   (0.86) 72.6   (3.52)   (†) 2.3 ! (0.99) 11.3   (2.36) 53.7   (3.88)
50 to 64 1.5   (0.19) 43.7   (5.89)   (†)   (†)   (†) 28.3   (4.96) 6.2   (0.63) 76.6   (4.43)   (†)   (†) 20.6   (4.73) 48.0   (5.95)
                                                                         
Level of institution                                                                        
2-year 31.2   (0.82) 39.1   (1.48) 4.1   (0.64) 8.0   (0.73) 16.4   (1.16) 10.1   (0.80) 50.6   (1.44) 73.2   (1.76) 3.2   (0.67) 4.7   (0.87) 23.6   (1.77) 39.3   (2.18)
4-year 68.8   (0.82) 42.3   (1.10) 7.0   (0.54) 7.5   (0.49) 16.4   (0.71) 10.0   (0.64) 49.4   (1.44) 76.4   (1.87) 1.9   (0.46) 4.2   (0.87) 20.8   (1.50) 47.0   (2.23)
                                                                         
Householder status3                                                                        
Non-householder 73.3   (0.72) 38.4   (1.05) 6.7   (0.48) 7.8   (0.45) 16.3   (0.75) 6.6   (0.46) 46.1   (1.38) 72.1   (2.01) 3.5   (0.74) 5.1   (0.96) 29.7   (1.90) 32.0   (2.05)
Householder 26.7   (0.72) 49.3   (1.60) 4.6   (0.61) 7.3   (0.85) 16.6   (1.14) 19.4   (1.25) 53.9   (1.38) 77.1   (1.68) 1.7   (0.45) 3.8   (0.82) 15.9   (1.33) 52.6   (2.01)
                                                                         
Presence of own children under 18
      in household4
                                                                       
Child or children present 12.8   (0.56) 38.4   (2.13) 3.2   (0.77) 4.8   (0.89) 10.9   (1.40) 18.2   (1.71) 29.8   (1.33) 73.0   (2.49) 2.5   (0.73) 3.9   (0.92) 14.4   (1.72) 49.8   (2.59)
No children present 87.2   (0.56) 41.8   (0.95) 6.6   (0.44) 8.1   (0.43) 17.2   (0.70) 8.8   (0.47) 70.2   (1.33) 75.5   (1.48) 2.6   (0.51) 4.7   (0.71) 25.5   (1.50) 40.3   (1.78)
Presence of spouse in household                                                                        
Spouse present 10.8   (0.48) 44.7   (2.47) 3.3   (0.79) 4.2   (1.07) 14.4   (1.71) 21.4   (1.97) 31.5   (1.45) 73.6   (2.46) 1.9 ! (0.61) 3.0   (0.87) 13.9   (1.53) 52.1   (2.69)
No spouse present5  89.2   (0.48) 40.9   (0.95) 6.5   (0.43) 8.1   (0.44) 16.7   (0.69) 8.6   (0.47) 68.5   (1.45) 75.3   (1.47) 2.8   (0.53) 5.1   (0.75) 26.1   (1.43) 39.0   (1.68)
Presence of spouse and own children
      under 18
                                                                       
Spouse and children both present 6.6   (0.39) 38.6   (2.83) 2.3 ! (0.79) 3.4   (1.02) 11.6   (2.11) 20.0   (2.16) 19.1   (1.14) 71.5   (3.26) 2.2 ! (0.82) 3.6 ! (1.11) 12.1   (1.87) 51.9   (3.27)
Spouse only, no children present 4.2   (0.31) 54.1   (3.63) 4.8 ! (1.61) 5.4 ! (1.95) 18.7   (2.84) 23.7   (3.53) 12.4   (1.01) 76.8   (3.29)   (†)   (†) 16.6   (2.93) 52.2   (4.33)
Children only, no spouse present 6.2   (0.41) 38.3   (3.22) 4.1 ! (1.36) 6.2   (1.44) 10.2   (1.83) 16.3   (2.45) 10.7   (0.88) 75.7   (3.32) 2.9 ! (1.45) 4.3 ! (1.57) 18.5   (3.10) 46.1   (3.91)
Neither spouse nor children present 83.0   (0.63) 41.1   (0.97) 6.7   (0.46) 8.2   (0.45) 17.2   (0.73) 8.1   (0.45) 57.8   (1.51) 75.2   (1.60) 2.8   (0.60) 5.2   (0.82) 27.5   (1.56) 37.7   (1.91)
                                                                         
2015                                                                        
Total 100.0   (†) 43.0   (0.92) 6.6   (0.51) 8.0   (0.49) 16.5   (0.68) 10.4   (0.58) 100.0   (†) 78.3   (1.34) 2.3   (0.49) 5.5   (0.72) 24.6   (1.52) 44.6   (1.73)
Sex                                                                        
Male 45.9   (0.81) 40.6   (1.35) 5.5   (0.64) 7.5   (0.69) 15.5   (0.98) 11.0   (0.94) 43.5   (1.63) 79.0   (2.03) 2.5 ! (0.80) 4.0   (0.89) 25.0   (2.18) 46.7   (2.47)
Female 54.1   (0.81) 45.1   (1.24) 7.5   (0.68) 8.5   (0.64) 17.4   (0.91) 9.9   (0.75) 56.5   (1.63) 77.7   (1.81) 2.0   (0.57) 6.7   (1.10) 24.3   (1.79) 42.9   (2.19)
                                                                         
Race/ethnicity                                                                        
White 57.8   (0.80) 45.9   (1.18) 7.5   (0.64) 8.5   (0.64) 18.1   (0.95) 10.5   (0.70) 51.6   (1.49) 80.3   (1.68) 2.4   (0.63) 6.6   (1.07) 22.5   (1.80) 47.2   (2.19)
Black 13.9   (0.60) 43.0   (2.73) 5.0   (1.10) 6.8   (1.29) 14.6   (1.82) 14.3   (1.76) 16.4   (1.10) 69.8   (4.44)   (†)   (†) 20.2   (3.60) 44.8   (4.06)
Hispanic 17.4   (0.67) 40.7   (2.19) 4.9   (0.86) 7.7   (1.20) 16.7   (1.84) 10.1   (1.37) 25.3   (1.23) 80.1   (2.89)   (†) 6.7   (1.58) 32.6   (3.50) 38.5   (3.34)
Asian 7.7   (0.43) 25.9   (2.95) 6.9   (1.79) 7.1   (1.51) 6.7   (1.50) 4.7   (1.29) 3.9   (0.63) 79.2   (6.85)   (†)   (†) 24.6   (6.57) 46.3   (8.37)
Pacific Islander 0.3   (0.09)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 0.6 ! (0.24)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 0.6   (0.16) 51.6   (10.87)   (†)   (†) 39.0   (10.16)   (†) 0.7   (0.18)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 2.2   (0.28) 43.1   (7.27) 8.9   (0.71) 12.1   (2.34) 11.3 ! (3.66) 9.3 ! (3.37) 1.5   (0.30)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
Age                                                                        
16 to 24 81.8   (0.63) 39.7   (1.04) 7.2   (0.59) 8.6   (0.58) 16.5   (0.81) 6.1   (0.54) 44.0   (1.58) 74.7   (2.45) 3.1   (0.88) 7.9   (1.29) 32.8   (2.79) 29.9   (2.28)
25 to 29 8.3   (0.44) 58.7   (3.15) 4.6   (1.23) 6.8   (1.46) 17.8   (2.33) 26.7   (2.78) 21.0   (1.36) 80.2   (2.92)   (†) 3.5 ! (1.32) 17.7   (2.59) 56.9   (3.22)
30 to 39 6.2   (0.39) 59.5   (2.87) 4.1 ! (1.27) 4.3   (1.25) 16.8   (2.72) 30.2   (3.09) 19.1   (1.16) 84.5   (2.47) 1.9 ! (0.96) 4.9   (1.35) 18.8   (2.96) 56.7   (3.52)
40 to 49 2.3   (0.23) 56.8   (5.22)   (†) 4.8 ! (2.16) 13.1   (3.47) 37.2   (4.94) 10.5   (0.84) 81.9   (3.45)   (†) 3.4 ! (1.53) 19.1   (3.70) 58.0   (4.27)
50 to 64 1.4   (0.18) 49.9   (7.04)   (†)   (†) 15.0 ! (4.96) 30.8   (6.43) 5.4   (0.71) 70.8   (6.06)   (†)   (†) 15.9   (4.67) 47.0   (6.74)
                                                                         
Level of institution                                                                        
2-year 25.3   (0.80) 46.4   (1.78) 4.1   (0.72) 9.5   (1.00) 21.2   (1.36) 10.9   (1.14) 47.2   (1.62) 76.0   (1.78) 2.3 ! (0.74) 6.7   (1.25) 26.9   (2.27) 39.5   (2.37)
4-year 74.7   (0.80) 41.9   (1.06) 7.5   (0.60) 7.5   (0.57) 15.0   (0.80) 10.3   (0.64) 52.8   (1.62) 80.3   (1.87) 2.2   (0.58) 4.5   (0.81) 22.6   (1.82) 49.1   (2.14)
                                                                         
Householder status3                                                                        
Non-householder 74.0   (0.71) 38.7   (1.10) 7.1   (0.61) 8.0   (0.61) 15.7   (0.78) 6.6   (0.57) 52.1   (1.71) 74.5   (2.14) 2.6   (0.72) 6.8   (1.07) 29.2   (2.17) 34.9   (2.21)
Householder 26.0   (0.71) 55.4   (1.71) 5.2   (0.67) 8.2   (0.89) 18.8   (1.42) 21.4   (1.41) 47.9   (1.71) 82.4   (1.72) 1.8 ! (0.63) 4.1   (0.90) 19.5   (2.00) 55.1   (2.54)
                                                                         
Presence of own children under 18
      in household4
                                                                       
Child or children present 10.0   (0.50) 55.2   (2.74) 3.7   (0.96) 6.1   (1.24) 15.6   (2.00) 27.3   (2.34) 26.6   (1.36) 80.0   (2.43) 1.7 ! (0.77) 3.4 ! (1.03) 18.5   (2.51) 54.5   (3.19)
No children present 90.0   (0.50) 41.7   (1.00) 6.9   (0.55) 8.2   (0.52) 16.6   (0.74) 8.5   (0.59) 73.4   (1.36) 77.6   (1.62) 2.5   (0.62) 6.3   (0.86) 26.8   (1.81) 41.0   (1.93)
Presence of spouse in household                                                                        
Spouse present 8.9   (0.54) 59.5   (2.87) 3.5   (0.98) 3.5   (1.02) 15.4   (2.00) 33.5   (2.84) 28.0   (1.40) 83.2   (2.17) 1.9 ! (0.77) 4.2   (1.12) 17.0   (2.53) 57.7   (3.43)
No spouse present5  91.1   (0.54) 41.4   (0.98) 6.9   (0.54) 8.5   (0.54) 16.6   (0.72) 8.2   (0.56) 72.0   (1.40) 76.3   (1.67) 2.4   (0.60) 6.0   (0.89) 27.6   (1.81) 39.5   (1.95)
Presence of spouse and own children
      under 18
                                                                       
Spouse and children both present 5.4   (0.40) 55.4   (3.59) 2.4 ! (0.97) 2.8 ! (1.16) 12.4   (2.30) 33.2   (3.43) 16.9   (1.17) 81.1   (2.83)   (†) 3.3 ! (1.26) 16.4   (3.01) 57.1   (4.00)
Spouse only, no children present 3.4   (0.34) 65.8   (4.49) 5.3 ! (2.06) 4.5 ! (1.77) 20.0   (3.85) 34.0   (4.48) 11.1   (1.02) 86.5   (3.10)   (†) 5.6 ! (1.90) 17.8   (3.59) 58.4   (4.91)
Children only, no spouse present 4.6   (0.34) 55.0   (4.05) 5.1 ! (1.70) 10.1   (2.26) 19.3   (3.17) 20.3   (3.17) 9.7   (0.93) 78.3   (4.48)   (†) 3.6 ! (1.79) 22.2   (4.48) 50.0   (5.11)
Neither spouse nor children present 86.6   (0.59) 40.7   (1.01) 7.0   (0.56) 8.4   (0.55) 16.5   (0.75) 7.5   (0.56) 62.3   (1.59) 76.0   (1.83) 2.5   (0.66) 6.4   (0.97) 28.4   (1.98) 37.8   (2.07)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Includes those who were employed but not at work during the survey week.
2 Excludes those who were employed but not at work during the survey week; therefore, detail may not sum to total percentage employed. "Hours worked per week" refers to the number of hours worked at all jobs during the survey week.
3 Householders are persons in whose name the housing unit is owned or rented. Never-married students living away from home in college dormitories are not considered householders.
4 Own children are never-married sons and daughters of the student, including stepchildren and adopted children.
5 Refers to all students who do not live with a spouse, including students who are single, divorced, separated, or widowed.
NOTE: Students were classified as full time if they were taking at least 12 hours of classes during an average school week and as part time if they were taking fewer hours. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Data are based on sample surveys of the civilian noninstitutionalized population, which excludes persons in the military and persons living in institutions (e.g., prisons or nursing facilities).
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), October, 2005, 2010, and 2015. (This table was prepared October 2016.)