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Digest of Education Statistics
2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 233.60. Percentage of public schools with various safety and security measures, by selected school characteristics: 2013-14
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
School characteristic Total schools Percent of schools with safety and security measures
Controlled access Student dress, IDs, and school supplies Metal detectors, dogs, and sweeps Used security cameras to monitor the school
Number Percentage distribution School buildings1 School grounds2 School uniforms required Strict dress code enforced Student badges or picture IDs required Faculty/staff badges or picture IDs required Bookbags must be clear or are banned Random metal detector checks Daily metal detector checks3 Random dog sniffs for drugs Random sweeps for contraband4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Total 84,100 (840) 100.0 (†) 93.3 (0.95) 42.7 (1.53) 20.4   (1.27) 58.5 (1.60) 8.9   (0.81) 68.0   (1.65) 6.3   (0.81) 4.2   (0.48) 2.0   (0.40) 24.1   (0.97) 11.4   (0.86) 75.1   (1.31)
                                                                           
School level5                                                                          
Primary 49,700 (800) 59.1 (0.47) 94.5 (1.27) 47.3 (2.36) 22.7   (1.99) 52.6 (2.49) 4.1   (0.98) 72.8   (2.35) 4.5   (1.20) 1.4 ! (0.52) 1.0 ! (0.45) 5.5   (1.17) 3.3   (0.95) 67.2   (2.07)
Middle 16,100 (250) 19.1 (0.33) 94.9 (1.21) 36.2 (2.43) 19.7   (2.03) 70.5 (2.61) 16.0   (1.96) 68.5   (2.61) 9.9   (1.58) 7.6   (1.23) 2.4 ! (0.76) 44.2   (2.46) 19.9   (2.05) 83.7   (1.96)
High school/combined 18,400 (330) 21.8 (0.40) 88.8 (1.60) 35.9 (2.47) 14.8   (1.66) 63.8 (2.55) 15.6   (1.72) 54.4   (2.55) 8.1   (1.53) 8.7   (1.48) 4.3   (0.96) 57.0   (2.39) 26.1   (2.36) 89.2   (1.65)
                                                                           
Enrollment size                                                                          
Less than 300 19,500 (1,540) 23.2 (1.63) 87.1 (2.98) 24.9 (3.65) 14.8   (2.54) 56.3 (3.96) 5.6 ! (1.95) 46.1   (4.25) 8.5   (2.04) 2.0 ! (0.88)   (†) 28.8   (3.39) 14.3   (2.40) 73.2   (3.57)
300-499 25,400 (1,250) 30.1 (1.62) 96.9 (0.96) 43.5 (2.95) 20.3   (2.26) 56.6 (2.97) 8.0   (1.65) 71.0   (2.75) 5.4   (1.24) 4.6   (1.14) 2.1 ! (0.78) 15.1   (1.50) 8.3   (1.34) 74.8   (2.50)
500-999 30,700 (950) 36.5 (1.22) 94.7 (1.04) 50.4 (2.46) 25.1   (2.23) 59.8 (2.30) 7.9   (1.08) 76.6   (2.06) 5.6   (0.97) 3.7   (0.71) 2.1 ! (0.66) 22.1   (1.31) 10.1   (1.02) 72.8   (2.04)
1,000 or more 8,500 (300) 10.1 (0.38) 92.1 (1.38) 53.2 (2.92) 16.3   (2.39) 64.3 (3.03) 22.6   (2.46) 78.2   (2.43) 6.5   (1.35) 9.6   (1.55) 3.8   (1.05) 47.5   (3.06) 19.2   (2.27) 89.1   (2.11)
                                                                           
Locale                                                                          
City 21,100 (570) 25.1 (0.56) 94.0 (1.30) 56.0 (3.14) 41.2   (3.24) 66.1 (2.99) 13.0   (1.73) 66.9   (3.06) 8.8   (1.78) 9.9   (1.48) 5.0   (1.14) 10.7   (1.01) 10.8   (1.28) 68.4   (3.07)
Suburban 23,500 (630) 28.0 (0.86) 96.6 (1.05) 44.9 (3.30) 17.0   (2.57) 56.2 (2.95) 9.9   (1.52) 79.1   (2.43) 3.1 ! (1.20) 2.5 ! (0.77)   (†) 18.9   (1.72) 8.3   (1.52) 78.3   (2.37)
Town 10,800 (750) 12.9 (0.93) 95.8 (1.45) 40.0 (4.37) 13.9   (2.92) 53.1 (4.39) 4.3 ! (1.54) 67.4   (4.02) 9.5   (2.18) 3.9 ! (1.47)   (†) 31.9   (2.56) 14.0   (2.36) 75.8   (3.88)
Rural 28,600 (1,030) 34.1 (0.97) 89.3 (2.18) 32.1 (2.87) 10.3   (1.63) 56.8 (2.80) 6.8   (1.40) 59.9   (3.17) 5.9   (1.13) 1.4 ! (0.43)   (†) 35.4   (2.19) 13.5   (1.75) 77.3   (2.87)
                                                                           
Percent combined enrollment
      of Black, Hispanic,
      Asian/Pacific Islander,
      and American Indian/
      Alaska Native students
                                                                         
Less than 5 percent 7,300 (920) 8.7 (1.07) 91.3 (3.88) 22.2 (5.42)   (†) 46.3 (5.44)   (†) 63.8   (5.81)   (†)   (†)   (†) 26.2   (4.19) 12.1 ! (4.21) 77.0   (5.80)
5 percent to less than
      20 percent
22,800 (1,130) 27.1 (1.32) 93.8 (1.76) 25.3 (2.72) 2.5 ! (0.82) 48.4 (3.38) 3.7 ! (1.15) 68.8   (3.23) 5.6   (1.16)   (†)   (†) 33.3   (2.85) 9.7   (1.49) 81.1   (2.58)
20 percent to less than
      50 percent
22,700 (1,290) 27.0 (1.51) 93.6 (1.59) 41.3 (3.19) 12.3   (2.30) 56.9 (3.33) 6.2   (1.19) 73.2   (2.96) 4.8   (1.30) 2.9   (0.86)   (†) 24.9   (1.89) 10.2   (1.58) 75.9   (2.72)
50 percent or more 31,300 (1,120) 37.2 (1.35) 93.4 (1.43) 61.0 (2.75) 43.8   (2.84) 69.8 (2.18) 16.0   (1.80) 64.6   (2.60) 8.1   (1.45) 8.2   (1.05) 3.8   (0.82) 16.4   (1.32) 13.5   (1.45) 69.9   (2.14)
                                                                           
Percent of students
      eligible for free or
      reduced-price lunch6
                                                                         
0-25 15,100 (1,090) 18.0 (1.30) 93.7 (1.97) 38.4 (3.25) 4.1 ! (1.80) 40.8 (3.59) 6.2 ! (1.89) 81.9   2.5 2.9 ! 1.2   (†)   (†) 22.9   (2.97) 4.5   (1.26) 73.9   (3.45)
26-50 22,900 (1,290) 27.3 (1.48) 91.6 (2.13) 34.4 (2.92) 5.6   (1.19) 52.9 (3.46) 6.1   (1.33) 69.2   (3.13) 3.2   (0.84) 2.3 ! (0.71)   (†) 28.2   (2.11) 10.9   (1.46) 76.8   (2.57)
51-75 23,200 (1,200) 27.6 (1.43) 91.7 (1.89) 39.6 (3.19) 17.7   (2.24) 63.0 (3.30) 9.2   (1.41) 60.4   (3.09) 7.0   1.5 4.1   1.0 2.0 ! 0.7 30.5   (2.19) 14.5   (2.15) 78.2   (2.68)
76-100 19,800 (1,100) 23.5 (1.28) 95.9 (1.34) 59.1 (3.66) 53.2   (3.12) 74.4 (2.63) 14.7   (1.89) 65.3   (3.10) 10.9   (2.09) 8.3   1.3 4.3   (1.17) 14.0   (1.91) 14.1   (1.95) 71.0   (3.04)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Access to buildings is controlled during school hours (e.g., by locked or monitored doors).
2 Access to grounds is controlled during school hours (e.g., by locked or monitored gates).
3 All students must pass through a metal detector each day.
4 Examples of contraband include drugs and weapons. The "sweeps" category does not include dog sniffs.
5 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K-12 schools. Separate data on high schools and combined schools are not available.
6 The classification of schools by the percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch was computed based on data obtained from the Common Core of Data.
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Fast Response Survey System (FRSS), "School Safety and Discipline: 2013-14," FRSS 106, 2014; and Common Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey," 2013-14. (This table was prepared September 2015.)

2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest