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Digest of Education Statistics
2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 229.10. Percentage of public schools recording incidents of crime at school and reporting incidents to police, number of incidents, and rate per 1,000 students, by type of crime: Selected years, 1999-2000 through 2013-14
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Type of crime recorded or reported to police Percent of schools 2013-141
1999-2000 2003-04 2005-06 2007-08 2009-10 Percent
of schools
Number
of incidents
Rate per
1,000
students2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Recorded incidents                                      
Total3 86.4   (1.23) 88.5 (0.85) 85.7 (1.07) 85.5   (0.87) 85.0 (1.07)   (†) (†) (†)
                                       
Violent incidents 71.4   (1.37) 81.4 (1.05) 77.7 (1.11) 75.5   (1.09) 73.8 (1.07) 65.0   (1.46) 757,000 (48,540) 15.4 (1.04)
Serious violent incidents 19.7   (0.98) 18.3 (0.99) 17.1 (0.91) 17.2   (1.06) 16.4 (0.94) 13.1   (1.00) 25,700 (2,730) 0.5 (0.06)
Rape or attempted rape 0.7   (0.10) 0.8 (0.17) 0.3 (0.07) 0.8   (0.17) 0.5 (0.10) 0.2 ! (0.10) (†) # (†)
Sexual battery other than rape 2.5   (0.33) 3.0 (0.32) 2.8 (0.24) 2.5   (0.33) 2.3 (0.34) 1.7   (0.37) 1,800 (480) # (†)
Physical attack or fight with a weapon 5.2   (0.60) 4.0 (0.46) 3.0 (0.38) 3.0   (0.33) 3.9 (0.48) 1.8   (0.34) 2,900 (700) 0.1 (0.01)
Threat of physical attack with a weapon 11.1   (0.70) 8.6 (0.71) 8.8 (0.66) 9.3   (0.77) 7.7 (0.72) 8.7   (0.78) 15,100 (1,820) 0.3 (0.04)
Robbery with a weapon 0.5 ! (0.15) 0.6 (0.15) 0.4 (0.12) 0.4 ! (0.14) 0.2 (0.05)   (†) (†) (†)
Robbery without a weapon 5.3   (0.56) 6.3 (0.60) 6.4 (0.59) 5.2   (0.56) 4.4 (0.49) 2.5   (0.42) 5,200 (920) 0.1 (0.02)
Physical attack or fight without a weapon 63.7   (1.52) 76.7 (1.21) 74.3 (1.20) 72.7   (1.07) 70.5 (1.11) 57.5   (1.43) 453,100 (41,330) 9.1 (0.87)
Threat of physical attack without a weapon 52.2   (1.47) 53.0 (1.34) 52.2 (1.27) 47.8   (1.19) 46.4 (1.33) 47.1   (1.50) 278,100 (13,820) 5.7 (0.30)
                                       
Theft4 45.6   (1.37) 46.0 (1.29) 46.0 (1.07) 47.3   (1.29) 44.1 (1.31)   (†) (†) (†)
                                       
Other incidents5 72.7   (1.30) 64.0 (1.27) 68.2 (1.07) 67.4   (1.13) 68.1 (1.12)   (†) (†) (†)
Possession of a firearm/explosive device 5.5   (0.44) 6.1 (0.49) 7.2 (0.60) 4.7   (0.38) 4.7 (0.52)   (†) (†) (†)
Possession of a knife or sharp object 42.6   (1.28) (†) 42.8 (1.23) 40.6   (1.10) 39.7 (1.06)   (†) (†) (†)
Distribution of illegal drugs6 12.3   (0.50) 12.9 (0.55) (†)   (†) (†)   (†) (†) (†)
Possession or use of alcohol or illegal drugs6 26.6   (0.72) 29.3 (0.87) (†)   (†) (†)   (†) (†) (†)
Distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs7   (†) (†) 25.9 (0.68) 23.2   (0.68) 24.6 (0.57)   (†) (†) (†)
Inappropriate distribution, possession, or use
      of prescription drugs8
  (†) (†) (†)   (†) 12.1 (0.47)   (†) (†) (†)
Distribution, possession, or use of alcohol7   (†) (†) 16.2 (0.68) 14.9   (0.57) 14.1 (0.50)   (†) (†) (†)
Sexual harassment 36.3   (1.26) (†) (†)   (†) (†)   (†) (†) (†)
Vandalism 51.4   (1.61) 51.4 (1.17) 50.5 (1.17) 49.3   (1.16) 45.8 (1.12)   (†) (†) (†)
                                       
Reported incidents to police                                      
Total 62.5   (1.37) 65.2 (1.35) 60.9 (1.15) 62.0   (1.24) 60.0 (1.58)   (†) (†) (†)
                                       
Violent incidents 36.0   (1.26) 43.6 (1.15) 37.7 (1.09) 37.8   (1.16) 39.9 (1.13)   (†) (†) (†)
Serious violent incidents 14.8   (0.82) 13.3 (0.88) 12.6 (0.70) 12.6   (0.86) 10.4 (0.62)   (†) (†) (†)
Rape or attempted rape 0.6   (0.10) 0.8 (0.17) 0.3 (0.07) 0.8   (0.17) 0.5 (0.10)   (†) (†) (†)
Sexual battery other than rape 2.3   (0.34) 2.6 (0.28) 2.6 (0.26) 2.1   (0.29) 1.4 (0.20)   (†) (†) (†)
Physical attack or fight with a weapon 3.9   (0.50) 2.8 (0.38) 2.2 (0.27) 2.1   (0.27) 2.2 (0.32)   (†) (†) (†)
Threat of physical attack with a weapon 8.5   (0.59) 6.0 (0.55) 5.9 (0.49) 5.7   (0.59) 4.5 (0.43)   (†) (†) (†)
Robbery with a weapon 0.3 ! (0.09) 0.6 (0.15) 0.4 (0.12) 0.4 ! (0.14) 0.2 (0.05)   (†) (†) (†)
Robbery without a weapon 3.4   (0.41) 4.2 (0.51) 4.9 (0.48) 4.1   (0.42) 3.5 (0.40)   (†) (†) (†)
Physical attack or fight without a weapon 25.8   (0.91) 35.6 (0.98) 29.2 (1.00) 28.2   (0.90) 34.3 (0.90)   (†) (†) (†)
Threat of physical attack without a weapon 18.9   (0.94) 21.0 (0.82) 19.7 (0.69) 19.5   (0.76) 15.2 (0.79)   (†) (†) (†)
                                       
Theft4 28.5   (1.04) 30.5 (1.17) 27.9 (0.97) 31.0   (1.12) 25.4 (1.01)   (†) (†) (†)
                                       
Other incidents5 52.0   (1.14) 50.0 (1.18) 50.6 (1.00) 48.7   (1.17) 46.3 (1.23)   (†) (†) (†)
Possession of a firearm/explosive device 4.5   (0.41) 4.9 (0.44) 5.5 (0.51) 3.6   (0.32) 3.1 (0.39)   (†) (†) (†)
Possession of a knife or sharp object 23.0   (0.84) (†) 25.0 (1.00) 23.3   (0.69) 20.0 (0.88)   (†) (†) (†)
Distribution of illegal drugs6 11.4   (0.48) 12.4 (0.57) (†)   (†) (†)   (†) (†) (†)
Possession or use of alcohol or illegal drugs6 22.2   (0.67) 26.0 (0.76) (†)   (†) (†)   (†) (†) (†)
Distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs7   (†) (†) 22.8 (0.62) 20.7   (0.60) 21.4 (0.57)   (†) (†) (†)
Inappropriate distribution, possession, or use
      of prescription drugs8
  (†) (†) (†)   (†) 9.6 (0.42)   (†) (†) (†)
Distribution, possession, or use of alcohol7   (†) (†) 11.6 (0.61) 10.6   (0.55) 10.0 (0.41)   (†) (†) (†)
Sexual harassment 14.7   (0.78) (†) (†)   (†) (†)   (†) (†) (†)
Vandalism 32.7   (1.10) 34.3 (1.06) 31.9 (1.02) 30.8   (1.18) 26.8 (1.09)   (†) (†) (†)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Data for 2013-14 were collected using the Fast Response Survey System, while data for earlier years were collected using the School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS). The 2013-14 survey was designed to allow comparisons with SSOCS data. However, respondents to the 2013-14 survey could choose either to complete the survey on paper (and mail it back) or to complete the survey online, whereas respondents to SSOCS did not have the option of completing the survey online. The 2013-14 survey also relied on a smaller sample. The smaller sample size and change in survey administration may have impacted 2013-14 results.
2 Because the 2013-14 survey did not collect school enrollment counts, the rate per 1,000 students was calculated by dividing the number of incidents by the total number of students obtained from the Common Core of Data.
3 Total not presented for 2013-14 because the survey did not collect information regarding theft and other incidents. Therefore, the total incident rate is not comparable with earlier years.
4 Theft/larceny (taking things worth over $10 without personal confrontation) was defined for respondents as "the unlawful taking of another person's property without personal confrontation, threat, violence, or bodily harm." This includes pocket picking, stealing a purse or backpack (if left unattended or no force was used to take it from owner), theft from a building, theft from a motor vehicle or motor vehicle parts or accessories, theft of a bicycle, theft from a vending machine, and all other types of thefts.
5 Caution should be used when making direct comparisons of "Other incidents" between years because the survey questions about alcohol and drugs changed, as outlined in footnotes 6, 7, and 8.
6 The survey items "Distribution of illegal drugs" and "Possession or use of alcohol or illegal drugs" appear only on the 1999-2000 and 2003-04 questionnaires. Different alcohol- and drug-related survey items were used on the questionnaires for later years.
7 The survey items "Distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs" and "Distribution, possession, or use of alcohol" appear only on the questionnaires for 2005-06 and later years.
8 The 2009-10 questionnaire was the first to include the survey item "Inappropriate distribution, possession, or use of prescription drugs."
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. "At school" was defined to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to include incidents that occurred before, during, and after normal school hours or when school activities or events were in session. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and because schools that recorded or reported more than one type of crime incident were counted only once in the total percentage of schools recording or reporting incidents.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 1999-2000, 2003-04, 2005-06, 2007-08, and 2009-10 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000, 2004, 2006, 2008, and 2010; Fast Response Survey System (FRSS), "School Safety and Discipline: 2013-14," FRSS 106, 2014; and Common Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey," 2013-14. (This table was prepared September 2015.)

2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest