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Digest of Education Statistics
2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 227.40. Percentage of elementary and secondary school students who do homework, average time spent, percentage whose parents check that homework is done, and percentage whose parents help with homework, by frequency and selected characteristics: 2007 and 2012
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Year and selected characteristic Percent of students who do homework outside of school Students who do homework outside of school
Average hours spent per week doing homework Percentage distribution by how
frequently they do homework
Percent whose parents1 check that homework is done2 Percentage distribution by how frequently their
parents1 help with homework
Less than once per week 1 to 2 days per week 3 to 4 days per week 5 or more days per week No help given Less than once per week 1 to 2 days per week 3 to 4 days per week 5 or more days per week
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
2007                                                                  
All students 94.4 (0.30) 5.4 (0.06) 3.1   (0.34) 13.1   (0.47) 43.6   (0.62) 40.2   (0.60) 85.4 (0.46) 10.2   (0.41) 20.3   (0.51) 31.7   (0.64) 25.3   (0.59) 12.4   (0.41)
                                                                   
All elementary school
      students (kindergarten
      through grade 8)
95.0 (0.37) 4.7 (0.07) 2.1   (0.23) 12.3   (0.56) 46.2   (0.73) 39.4   (0.68) 95.0 (0.34) 4.3   (0.34) 13.1   (0.52) 32.6   (0.77) 32.9   (0.76) 17.0   (0.56)
Sex                                                                  
Male 94.6 (0.51) 4.6 (0.09) 2.1   (0.31) 12.4   (0.71) 47.9   (1.19) 37.6   (1.09) 95.3 (0.47) 4.3   (0.39) 12.9   (0.63) 32.3   (1.02) 32.7   (1.28) 17.8   (0.85)
Female 95.4 (0.53) 4.9 (0.10) 2.1   (0.31) 12.2   (0.96) 44.4   (1.13) 41.3   (1.08) 94.6 (0.48) 4.3   (0.56) 13.4   (0.76) 32.9   (1.17) 33.2   (1.17) 16.1   (0.79)
                                                                   
Race/ethnicity                                                                  
White 94.7 (0.48) 4.4 (0.07) 2.7   (0.36) 13.7   (0.74) 48.3   (1.05) 35.3   (0.99) 94.0 (0.42) 3.8   (0.37) 15.7   (0.74) 34.9   (0.94) 31.3   (0.92) 14.3   (0.63)
Black 95.5 (1.07) 5.6 (0.27) 1.3 ! (0.53) 7.0   (1.19) 44.4   (3.40) 47.2   (3.11) 98.1 (0.63) 3.5   (1.03) 7.4   (1.14) 25.2   (2.22) 38.3   (3.36) 25.5   (2.38)
Hispanic 94.8 (0.85) 4.7 (0.11) 1.3   (0.33) 13.5   (1.39) 40.7   (1.94) 44.4   (1.74) 96.1 (0.70) 7.1   (0.95) 10.3   (0.91) 30.1   (1.79) 34.0   (1.78) 18.6   (1.52)
Asian/Pacific Islander 95.9 (2.14) 5.7 (0.36)   (†) 4.7   (1.35) 40.1   (4.35) 54.3   (4.73) 89.4 (3.22) 3.7 ! (1.35) 15.4   (4.07) 34.7   (4.39) 29.3   (4.03) 17.0   (2.54)
Asian 97.7 (0.97) 5.7 (0.39)   (†) 5.1 ! (1.53) 39.1   (4.31) 54.8   (4.48) 88.5 (3.44) 3.1 ! (1.36) 12.8   (2.84) 37.5   (4.52) 30.7   (4.22) 15.9   (2.56)
Pacific Islander (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Other 96.7 (1.24) 4.8 (0.25) 1.2 ! (0.56) 8.5   (1.73) 57.1   (3.81) 33.1   (3.69) 95.1 (1.81)   (†) 12.3   (2.30) 35.5   (3.99) 33.8   (3.81) 16.1   (2.71)
                                                                   
School control                                                                  
Public 95.1 (0.38) 4.7 (0.08) 2.0   (0.25) 12.4   (0.62) 46.1   (0.76) 39.4   (0.73) 95.4 (0.36) 4.4   (0.38) 13.1   (0.55) 32.4   (0.86) 32.9   (0.81) 17.2   (0.64)
Private 94.0 (1.01) 4.8 (0.19) 2.7   (0.63) 11.4   (1.96) 46.7   (2.64) 39.2   (2.46) 91.5 (1.19) 3.6   (0.85) 13.6   (1.48) 34.3   (2.10) 33.5   (2.36) 15.2   (1.68)
                                                                   
Poverty status3                                                                  
Poor 94.2 (0.99) 4.7 (0.20) 2.9   (0.72) 16.3   (2.18) 39.0   (2.53) 41.7   (2.21) 97.9 (0.55) 6.1   (1.01) 8.8   (1.29) 28.5   (2.44) 35.2   (2.41) 21.3   (1.90)
Near-poor 93.1 (1.03) 4.7 (0.16) 2.2   (0.49) 13.4   (1.37) 47.0   (1.89) 37.5   (1.91) 95.8 (1.05) 5.2   (0.92) 11.5   (1.13) 31.8   (1.79) 33.3   (1.63) 18.2   (1.60)
Nonpoor 95.9 (0.38) 4.8 (0.08) 1.8   (0.24) 10.7   (0.59) 48.3   (0.94) 39.2   (0.89) 93.7 (0.48) 3.5   (0.32) 15.1   (0.68) 34.2   (0.85) 32.1   (0.79) 15.2   (0.59)
                                                                   
Locale                                                                  
City 95.2 (0.65) 5.1 (0.13) 1.5   (0.31) 9.1   (0.91) 43.4   (1.58) 46.0   (1.43) 95.4 (0.54) 4.8   (0.67) 11.3   (1.02) 29.1   (1.39) 36.0   (1.41) 18.7   (1.15)
Suburb 95.4 (0.51) 4.9 (0.11) 1.9   (0.37) 9.3   (0.71) 46.1   (1.24) 42.7   (1.19) 93.5 (0.67) 4.4   (0.55) 14.5   (0.85) 33.1   (1.05) 30.8   (1.14) 17.1   (0.91)
Town 93.0 (1.50) 4.1 (0.14) 2.7   (0.79) 18.8   (1.98) 46.4   (2.29) 32.2   (2.08) 96.0 (1.04) 3.2   (0.80) 14.2   (1.62) 35.7   (2.68) 31.1   (2.31) 15.7   (1.62)
Rural 95.0 (0.85) 4.2 (0.15) 3.2   (0.69) 19.5   (1.79) 50.6   (1.90) 26.8   (1.63) 96.3 (0.72) 4.1   (0.94) 13.1   (1.30) 35.5   (2.29) 32.8   (2.23) 14.6   (1.37)
                                                                   
All secondary school students
      (grades 9 through 12)
93.0 (0.55) 6.8 (0.11) 5.4   (0.85) 14.8   (0.96) 38.0   (1.15) 41.9   (1.18) 64.6 (1.21) 23.1   (1.08) 35.9   (1.26) 29.7   (1.19) 8.8   (0.81) 2.5   (0.34)
Sex                                                                  
Male 91.2 (0.80) 6.0 (0.19) 7.4   (1.53) 18.3   (1.59) 38.2   (1.78) 36.0   (1.64) 67.8 (1.88) 24.1   (1.56) 36.9   (1.97) 29.1   (1.84) 8.2   (1.11) 1.8   (0.41)
Female 94.9 (0.79) 7.5 (0.16) 3.3   (0.72) 11.2   (1.10) 37.7   (1.79) 47.9   (1.85) 61.4 (1.78) 22.0   (1.32) 35.0   (1.44) 30.4   (1.35) 9.3   (1.11) 3.3   (0.60)
                                                                   
Race/ethnicity                                                                  
White 94.5 (0.52) 6.8 (0.13) 4.2   (0.58) 12.9   (0.91) 38.6   (1.51) 44.3   (1.42) 57.2 (1.54) 22.5   (1.28) 41.1   (1.36) 27.7   (1.43) 6.3   (0.66) 2.3   (0.42)
Black 91.8 (1.98) 6.3 (0.38)   (†) 20.1   (3.86) 41.0   (4.72) 29.7   (3.43) 83.1 (2.84) 19.5   (2.97) 26.5   (4.77) 34.4   (4.03) 16.7   (4.45) 2.9 ! (1.13)
Hispanic 90.7 (2.11) 6.4 (0.34) 5.9   (1.29) 17.7   (3.55) 36.6   (2.93) 39.9   (3.03) 75.6 (2.71) 26.2   (2.94) 25.8   (2.38) 33.8   (3.49) 11.0   (1.76) 3.3 ! (1.00)
Asian/Pacific Islander 94.2 (4.66) 10.9 (1.22)   (†) 12.2 ! (4.84) 22.3   (6.26) 63.6   (7.16) 65.0 (7.41) 27.1   (7.15) 34.0   (6.73) 27.0   (6.87) 9.2 ! (3.24)   (†)
Asian 93.6 (5.45) 10.3 (1.37) #   (†) 13.8 ! (5.51) 18.5 ! (6.12) 67.7   (7.18) 59.0 (7.69) 26.4   (7.58) 36.1   (7.55) 26.8   (7.61) 7.6 ! (3.11)   (†)
Pacific Islander (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Other 86.7 (4.90) 7.2 (0.72)   (†) 9.9   (2.55) 34.1   (4.90) 50.2   (5.29) 64.4 (6.36) 27.2   (6.80) 35.6   (5.57) 27.8   (5.30) 7.9 ! (2.41)   (†)
                                                                   
School control                                                                  
Public 92.3 (0.60) 6.5 (0.11) 5.9   (0.96) 15.9   (1.06) 39.7   (1.26) 38.5   (1.17) 66.1 (1.24) 22.8   (1.16) 35.4   (1.29) 30.0   (1.26) 9.1   (0.87) 2.7   (0.37)
Private 98.5 (0.54) 9.3 (0.39) 0.8 ! (0.35) 5.9   (1.34) 24.0   (2.72) 69.4   (2.89) 53.1 (3.98) 25.0   (2.64) 40.1   (3.68) 27.5   (4.07) 6.1   (1.36) 1.4 ! (0.61)
                                                                   
Poverty status3                                                                  
Poor 89.5 (2.21) 5.5 (0.32)   (†) 19.2   (3.62) 38.7   (4.32) 33.7   (3.69) 81.0 (3.03) 24.2   (3.80) 24.0   (4.21) 36.1   (3.76) 14.0   (3.21) 1.7 ! (0.63)
Near-poor 89.5 (1.86) 6.4 (0.35) 6.6   (1.58) 20.5   (3.32) 44.2   (3.43) 28.7   (3.10) 70.8 (3.38) 22.9   (2.90) 32.4   (2.97) 28.7   (3.42) 13.0   (2.22) 3.0 ! (1.02)
Nonpoor 94.9 (0.57) 7.2 (0.13) 4.3   (0.54) 12.1   (0.74) 36.1   (1.41) 47.5   (1.34) 58.9 (1.28) 22.8   (1.11) 39.9   (1.29) 28.4   (1.17) 6.3   (0.68) 2.6   (0.45)
                                                                   
Coursework                                                                  
Enrolled in AP classes 96.9 (0.59) 8.5 (0.22) 2.4   (0.70) 7.5   (0.93) 31.9   (1.81) 58.2   (1.97) 56.3 (2.06) 27.4   (1.90) 36.3   (1.69) 28.3   (1.74) 6.0   (0.99) 1.9   (0.43)
Not enrolled in AP classes 90.6 (0.81) 5.7 (0.13) 7.3   (1.31) 19.5   (1.40) 41.9   (1.56) 31.2   (1.42) 70.1 (1.46) 20.2   (1.14) 35.7   (1.70) 30.7   (1.59) 10.5   (1.23) 2.9   (0.51)
                                                                   
Locale                                                                  
City 92.8 (1.01) 6.8 (0.22) 6.3 ! (2.46) 14.1   (1.90) 35.9   (2.32) 43.7   (2.53) 71.5 (1.89) 22.6   (1.88) 33.4   (2.64) 29.3   (2.00) 12.0   (1.80) 2.7   (0.55)
Suburb 93.6 (0.95) 7.5 (0.17) 4.8   (0.86) 11.4   (1.27) 36.5   (1.71) 47.4   (2.07) 58.9 (2.00) 23.6   (1.74) 39.1   (1.79) 27.8   (1.68) 7.5   (1.01) 2.0   (0.47)
Town 89.7 (2.16) 6.4 (0.27) 5.4   (1.48) 13.2   (1.74) 45.9   (3.46) 35.5   (3.17) 64.8 (3.12) 24.3   (2.81) 34.4   (2.96) 27.9   (3.41) 9.3   (1.80) 4.2 ! (1.54)
Rural 93.9 (1.23) 5.6 (0.29) 5.1   (1.20) 22.7   (2.76) 39.6   (3.04) 32.6   (2.79) 65.5 (2.94) 22.1   (2.69) 34.4   (2.71) 34.8   (3.43) 6.2   (1.53) 2.5 ! (0.88)
                                                                   
2012                                                                  
All students 96.0 (0.27) 5.2 (0.05) 5.3   (0.22) 15.3   (0.46) 43.5   (0.58) 35.9   (0.59) 96.6 (0.18) 8.5   (0.24) 22.0   (0.43) 26.5   (0.43) 26.5   (0.52) 16.6   (0.41)
                                                                   
All elementary school
      students (kindergarten
      through grade 8)
96.3 (0.29) 4.7 (0.06) 4.1   (0.27) 12.8   (0.50) 46.7   (0.74) 36.3   (0.68) 99.0 (0.12) 3.0   (0.24) 14.5   (0.40) 27.0   (0.54) 33.7   (0.64) 21.9   (0.57)
Sex                                                                  
Male 96.2 (0.37) 4.5 (0.09) 4.7   (0.41) 13.5   (0.64) 46.7   (0.91) 35.1   (0.90) 99.1 (0.18) 3.3   (0.35) 14.7   (0.60) 26.0   (0.73) 34.5   (0.88) 21.5   (0.83)
Female 96.5 (0.46) 4.8 (0.09) 3.4   (0.37) 12.1   (0.69) 46.8   (1.21) 37.7   (1.04) 98.9 (0.15) 2.7   (0.31) 14.3   (0.59) 28.0   (0.90) 32.7   (1.03) 22.3   (0.88)
                                                                   
Race/ethnicity                                                                  
White 95.4 (0.54) 4.4 (0.07) 5.3   (0.40) 14.3   (0.69) 47.4   (0.95) 33.0   (0.91) 98.8 (0.16) 2.5   (0.27) 17.7   (0.61) 27.5   (0.68) 33.4   (0.92) 18.9   (0.82)
Black 96.2 (0.83) 5.5 (0.19) 3.5   (0.86) 14.0   (1.63) 47.9   (2.16) 34.7   (1.75) 99.1 (0.37) 3.7   (0.92) 9.8   (1.62) 24.3   (1.80) 37.0   (2.40) 25.1   (1.80)
Hispanic 98.1 (0.40) 4.7 (0.12) 3.0   (0.57) 10.0   (0.82) 44.7   (1.65) 42.3   (1.53) 99.6 (0.13) 3.8   (0.46) 11.0   (0.96) 28.1   (1.25) 32.7   (1.58) 24.4   (1.34)
Asian/Pacific Islander 97.3 (0.85) 5.6 (0.27) 1.0 ! (0.39) 11.1   (2.03) 39.1   (3.03) 48.7   (3.11) 98.4 (0.64) 4.1   (0.91) 14.0   (1.64) 25.7   (2.60) 26.9   (2.49) 29.3   (3.15)
Asian 97.0 (0.93) 5.7 (0.29) 1.1 ! (0.42) 11.6   (1.98) 37.2   (2.71) 50.1   (2.96) 98.2 (0.70) 3.9   (0.99) 14.9   (1.73) 27.4   (2.55) 26.5   (2.54) 27.3   (3.10)
Pacific Islander (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 97.9 (2.15) 4.5 (0.41)   (†) 8.1 ! (3.18) 71.2   (7.78) 14.5 ! (4.82) 100.0 (†)   (†) 9.3 ! (3.95) 18.8 ! (6.52) 48.0   (11.41) 23.2 ! (10.28)
Other 96.9 (0.79) 4.6 (0.25) 2.3 ! (0.73) 11.2   (1.97) 51.7   (2.94) 34.7   (2.48) 99.1 (0.42) 1.8 ! (0.58) 14.3   (2.12) 26.8   (2.95) 35.9   (2.76) 21.2   (2.40)
                                                                   
School control                                                                  
Public 96.7 (0.30) 4.7 (0.06) 4.1   (0.26) 13.3   (0.54) 47.0   (0.78) 35.7   (0.72) 99.1 (0.12) 3.0   (0.25) 14.5   (0.45) 27.4   (0.57) 33.5   (0.69) 21.6   (0.60)
Private 92.5 (1.23) 4.8 (0.15) 4.0   (1.15) 8.5   (1.19) 43.9   (1.77) 43.5   (1.95) 98.7 (0.49) 3.0   (0.78) 14.2   (1.41) 23.0   (1.83) 35.5   (1.88) 24.3   (1.70)
                                                                   
Poverty status3                                                                  
Poor 94.9 (1.00) 4.7 (0.16) 4.2   (0.64) 13.7   (1.15) 42.2   (1.87) 39.9   (1.68) 99.2 (0.33) 4.7   (0.74) 10.0   (0.87) 24.9   (1.50) 31.9   (1.83) 28.5   (1.49)
Near-poor 95.4 (0.71) 4.6 (0.14) 4.4   (0.56) 14.6   (1.10) 46.9   (1.51) 34.1   (1.44) 99.1 (0.26) 3.6   (0.57) 12.5   (1.12) 27.2   (1.58) 35.3   (1.61) 21.4   (1.38)
Nonpoor 97.2 (0.30) 4.7 (0.07) 3.9   (0.36) 11.9   (0.60) 48.3   (1.00) 35.9   (0.88) 99.0 (0.14) 2.2   (0.25) 16.8   (0.56) 27.7   (0.68) 33.7   (0.79) 19.7   (0.72)
                                                                   
Locale                                                                  
City 96.0 (0.49) 5.0 (0.12) 3.3   (0.51) 11.4   (0.90) 43.7   (1.47) 41.5   (1.39) 98.9 (0.21) 4.0   (0.60) 12.3   (0.77) 26.8   (1.21) 32.0   (1.17) 24.9   (1.21)
Suburb 96.8 (0.64) 4.8 (0.08) 2.9   (0.34) 11.0   (0.84) 46.2   (1.25) 39.9   (1.19) 99.1 (0.18) 2.7   (0.26) 15.6   (0.84) 27.2   (0.93) 32.6   (1.22) 21.9   (0.92)
Town 97.1 (0.65) 4.2 (0.21) 6.2   (1.25) 15.5   (1.52) 49.9   (2.66) 28.3   (2.44) 99.2 (0.36) 2.0   (0.53) 13.7   (1.95) 25.4   (2.12) 35.8   (2.64) 23.1   (2.25)
Rural 95.6 (0.62) 4.3 (0.14) 6.1   (0.73) 16.5   (1.15) 50.2   (1.31) 27.2   (1.35) 99.0 (0.22) 2.7   (0.48) 15.9   (1.03) 27.5   (1.34) 36.6   (1.35) 17.2   (1.08)
                                                                   
All secondary school students
      (grades 9 through 12)
95.1 (0.58) 6.6 (0.10) 8.4   (0.48) 21.8   (0.92) 35.0   (0.91) 34.9   (0.97) 90.4 (0.55) 22.7   (0.70) 41.5   (1.00) 25.3   (0.84) 7.8   (0.63) 2.8   (0.28)
Sex                                                                  
Male 93.4 (1.02) 5.7 (0.15) 10.8   (0.73) 24.7   (1.28) 35.2   (1.24) 29.3   (1.19) 92.5 (0.59) 22.4   (0.92) 41.7   (1.25) 23.9   (1.01) 8.7   (1.07) 3.3   (0.41)
Female 97.0 (0.42) 7.5 (0.15) 5.8   (0.64) 18.7   (1.15) 34.7   (1.19) 40.7   (1.42) 88.2 (0.92) 23.0   (1.13) 41.3   (1.59) 26.6   (1.43) 6.8   (0.62) 2.2   (0.42)
                                                                   
Race/ethnicity                                                                  
White 94.9 (1.01) 6.5 (0.10) 8.6   (0.59) 21.2   (0.88) 34.6   (1.04) 35.6   (1.22) 89.0 (0.85) 20.1   (0.85) 48.1   (1.21) 24.2   (1.07) 5.8   (0.49) 1.8   (0.32)
Black 94.5 (0.94) 6.3 (0.24) 7.7   (1.28) 27.2   (2.52) 34.4   (2.51) 30.7   (2.31) 95.2 (0.93) 20.5   (2.12) 32.0   (3.05) 28.7   (2.51) 12.1   (2.23) 6.7   (1.23)
Hispanic 95.3 (0.86) 6.1 (0.22) 8.9   (1.32) 22.3   (2.29) 36.4   (2.72) 32.4   (2.10) 91.7 (1.27) 27.9   (2.10) 33.7   (1.80) 27.6   (1.80) 7.6   (1.54) 3.2   (0.59)
Asian/Pacific Islander 98.4 (0.59) 10.5 (0.76) 5.5 ! (1.78) 10.0 ! (3.24) 30.6   (3.66) 53.9   (3.64) 87.3 (3.15) 38.4   (3.90) 33.4   (3.72) 14.8   (2.49) 11.5   (2.25)   (†)
Asian 98.6 (0.61) 10.9 (0.82) 5.0 ! (1.85) 10.4 ! (3.58) 31.0   (3.96) 53.7   (3.83) 87.0 (3.44) 40.8   (4.08) 34.7   (3.97) 14.4   (2.52) 9.2   (1.78)   (†)
Pacific Islander (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 99.7 (0.33) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Other 93.9 (2.11) 6.6 (0.63) 6.8   (1.84) 24.6   (6.65) 37.7   (5.27) 31.0   (4.48) 90.2 (3.09) 17.5   (3.71) 38.7   (4.64) 27.0   (4.28) 15.9 ! (6.95)   (†)
                                                                   
School control                                                                  
Public 94.9 (0.63) 6.3 (0.11) 8.9   (0.52) 22.9   (1.00) 35.8   (0.95) 32.4   (1.04) 90.8 (0.56) 22.7   (0.77) 41.0   (1.07) 25.6   (0.91) 7.9   (0.67) 2.8   (0.31)
Private 97.5 (0.88) 9.4 (0.28) 1.9 ! (0.69) 8.7   (1.32) 25.4   (2.07) 64.0   (2.52) 85.8 (1.87) 22.4   (2.41) 47.4   (2.70) 21.5   (1.94) 6.5   (1.37) 2.2 ! (0.76)
                                                                   
Poverty status3                                                                  
Poor 90.8 (1.20) 5.5 (0.26) 14.3   (1.36) 24.1   (2.02) 33.8   (1.96) 27.8   (2.37) 90.1 (1.87) 28.2   (2.12) 28.8   (2.12) 27.7   (2.18) 11.3   (1.36) 4.1   (0.91)
Near-poor 94.9 (0.73) 5.8 (0.23) 9.6   (1.05) 26.9   (2.04) 36.6   (2.14) 26.8   (1.58) 90.7 (1.32) 25.8   (2.19) 35.4   (2.36) 27.5   (2.24) 7.1   (1.33) 4.2   (0.84)
Nonpoor 96.3 (0.83) 7.1 (0.12) 6.4   (0.55) 19.2   (0.88) 34.6   (1.12) 39.8   (1.15) 90.4 (0.56) 20.1   (0.82) 47.1   (1.27) 23.8   (0.97) 7.1   (0.86) 1.9   (0.26)
                                                                   
Coursework                                                                  
Enrolled in AP classes 98.7 (0.32) 8.3 (0.16) 4.6   (0.50) 13.6   (0.93) 34.3   (1.35) 47.5   (1.30) 88.1 (0.81) 26.5   (1.23) 45.2   (1.44) 21.6   (1.08) 4.6   (0.60) 2.2   (0.39)
Not enrolled in AP classes 92.9 (0.95) 5.4 (0.14) 11.0   (0.79) 27.6   (1.27) 35.5   (1.12) 25.9   (1.18) 92.2 (0.73) 19.9   (1.05) 39.0   (1.34) 28.0   (1.21) 9.9   (0.98) 3.2   (0.39)
                                                                   
Locale                                                                  
City 95.1 (0.66) 7.1 (0.21) 7.3   (0.78) 20.0   (1.54) 33.7   (1.85) 39.0   (1.61) 92.8 (0.78) 24.4   (1.49) 37.8   (1.96) 25.4   (1.51) 9.1   (1.23) 3.2   (0.57)
Suburb 96.4 (0.43) 7.0 (0.16) 5.8   (0.66) 19.9   (1.62) 34.9   (1.31) 39.4   (1.42) 89.7 (1.05) 23.4   (1.25) 41.4   (1.48) 24.0   (1.33) 8.1   (1.24) 3.0   (0.51)
Town 94.9 (1.13) 5.1 (0.21) 14.1   (2.02) 26.9   (2.75) 36.5   (2.99) 22.5   (2.89) 89.0 (2.16) 19.7   (2.21) 41.3   (3.45) 28.8   (2.72) 7.3   (1.56) 2.9 ! (0.98)
Rural 93.1 (2.06) 5.8 (0.20) 11.7   (1.13) 25.1   (1.89) 35.9   (1.92) 27.3   (1.55) 89.3 (1.09) 20.5   (1.41) 46.2   (2.07) 25.9   (1.77) 5.7   (0.70) 1.8   (0.49)
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Refers to one or more parent or other household adult.
2 The wording of the questionnaire item changed from 2007 to 2012. In 2007, parents responded “yes” or “no” to an item asking whether they check that homework is done. In 2012, parents responded to a multiple-choice question asking how often they check that homework is done, and the 2012 estimates include all parents who “rarely,” “sometimes,” or “always” check. Therefore, the 2007 and 2012 estimates are not comparable.
3 Poor children are those whose family incomes were below the Census Bureau's poverty threshold in the year prior to data collection; near-poor children are those whose family incomes ranged from the poverty threshold to 199 percent of the poverty threshold; and nonpoor children are those whose family incomes were at or above 200 percent of the poverty threshold. The poverty threshold is a dollar amount that varies depending on a family's size and composition and is updated annually to account for inflation. In 2011, for example, the poverty threshold for a family of four with two children was $22,811. Survey respondents are asked to select the range within which their income falls, rather than giving the exact amount of their income; therefore, the measure of poverty status is an approximation.
NOTE: While National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES) administrations prior to 2012 were administered via telephone with an interviewer, NHES:2012 used self-administered paper-and-pencil questionnaires that were mailed to respondents. Measurable differences in estimates between 2012 and prior years could reflect actual changes in the population, or the changes could be due to the mode change from telephone to mail. Includes children enrolled in kindergarten through grade 12 and ungraded students. Excludes homeschooled students. Data based on responses of the parent most knowledgeable about the student's education. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (PFI-NHES:2007 and 2012). (This table was prepared May 2015.)

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