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Digest of Education Statistics
2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 224.74e. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) technology and engineering literacy (TEL) scale score and percentage distribution of 8th-graders, by frequency of using a computer or other digital technology to perform various activities not related to school work and selected student and school characteristics: 2014
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected student or school characteristic Frequency of using computer or other digital technology to perform activity not related to school work1
To create, edit, or organize digital media To create a presentation To create a spreadsheet2
Never or almost never A few times a year Once or twice a month Once or twice a week Every day or almost every day Never or almost never A few times a year Once or twice a month Once or twice a week Every day or almost every day Never or almost never A few times a year Once or twice a month Once or twice a week Every day or almost every day
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
  Average TEL scale score3
All students 148 (0.6) 149 (0.8) 152 (1.1) 154 (0.9) 155 (1.0) 155 (0.6) 151 (0.8) 145 (1.0) 139 (1.2) 137 (1.6) 155 (0.5) 150 (0.8) 142 (1.1) 135 (1.5) 128 (1.8)
Sex                                                            
Male 147 (0.8) 148 (1.0) 149 (1.2) 154 (1.0) 153 (1.4) 154 (0.7) 149 (0.9) 144 (1.1) 137 (1.4) 136 (2.7) 153 (0.7) 150 (1.1) 140 (1.5) 136 (1.5) 130 (2.3)
Female 149 (0.6) 151 (1.0) 154 (1.4) 155 (1.2) 156 (1.1) 156 (0.6) 153 (1.0) 146 (1.2) 141 (1.5) 138 (2.0) 157 (0.5) 151 (1.0) 144 (1.2) 135 (2.6) 125 (2.5)
                                                             
Race/ethnicity                                                            
White 156 (0.8) 160 (1.0) 164 (1.1) 166 (1.3) 163 (1.4) 163 (0.9) 161 (0.9) 157 (1.3) 152 (1.7) 149 (2.8) 163 (0.9) 161 (1.0) 156 (1.2) 149 (2.1) 139 (3.1)
Black 129 (1.1) 126 (1.7) 128 (2.4) 131 (1.9) 130 (2.1) 135 (1.1) 129 (1.9) 123 (2.1) 121 (1.5) 122 (2.8) 136 (1.0) 127 (1.8) 120 (2.6) 117 (2.0) 112 (2.2)
Hispanic 138 (0.9) 136 (1.2) 138 (1.6) 139 (1.6) 146 (1.8) 144 (0.9) 138 (1.0) 134 (1.3) 127 (1.6) 130 (3.1) 145 (0.7) 135 (1.2) 130 (1.4) 126 (1.9) 125 (3.2)
Asian 155 (2.8) 156 (2.8) 162 (3.0) 163 (3.0) 172 (2.7) 166 (2.6) 161 (2.7) 153 (3.0) 150 (4.8) (†) 164 (2.0) 161 (2.7) 153 (4.1) 149 (4.5) (†)
Pacific Islander (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 148 (5.8) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Two or more races 148 (4.0) 157 (3.9) 156 (4.0) 166 (5.6) (†) 156 (3.4) 156 (4.3) 155 (4.8) (†) (†) 156 (2.5) 156 (5.7) (†) (†) (†)
                                                             
English language learner (ELL) status                                                            
ELL 108 (2.1) 107 (2.2) 109 (3.3) 109 (2.4) 113 (4.1) 114 (2.4) 109 (2.0) 106 (2.3) 103 (2.7) (†) 115 (2.0) 108 (2.0) 104 (2.4) 104 (3.3) (†)
Non-ELL 149 (0.6) 152 (0.8) 154 (1.1) 157 (0.9) 156 (1.0) 156 (0.6) 153 (0.8) 147 (0.9) 142 (1.2) 140 (1.7) 156 (0.6) 153 (0.8) 145 (1.1) 139 (1.4) 130 (1.8)
                                                             
Disability status4                                                            
Identified as student with disability (SD) 115 (1.3) 115 (2.3) 120 (3.3) 119 (2.4) 121 (3.0) 123 (1.3) 117 (2.5) 113 (2.0) 107 (2.6) 108 (3.4) 123 (1.2) 118 (2.0) 112 (3.0) 104 (2.8) 100 (3.1)
Not identified as SD 152 (0.6) 153 (0.9) 156 (1.1) 158 (0.9) 159 (0.9) 159 (0.5) 155 (0.8) 149 (1.0) 144 (1.2) 144 (1.6) 159 (0.5) 155 (0.9) 147 (1.1) 141 (1.4) 136 (1.8)
                                                             
Highest education level of either parent5                                                            
Did not finish high school 134 (1.2) 131 (2.1) 134 (2.2) 132 (2.6) 135 (2.8) 139 (1.4) 131 (1.8) 125 (2.7) 125 (3.3) (†) 139 (1.2) 129 (2.0) 127 (2.5) 119 (2.9) 121 (4.6)
Graduated high school 139 (1.3) 134 (1.9) 134 (2.4) 141 (2.4) 139 (2.9) 143 (1.0) 136 (1.6) 132 (1.8) 127 (3.4) 125 (4.2) 144 (0.9) 133 (1.6) 130 (2.1) 125 (2.9) 115 (4.5)
Some education after high school 151 (0.9) 151 (1.6) 152 (1.7) 156 (1.8) 155 (2.1) 157 (0.9) 151 (1.3) 147 (1.6) 140 (2.4) 144 (4.2) 156 (0.9) 153 (1.6) 144 (1.9) 136 (2.6) 132 (3.8)
Graduated college 156 (0.8) 159 (1.1) 162 (1.3) 163 (1.1) 163 (1.1) 164 (0.7) 161 (1.0) 154 (1.2) 149 (1.8) 145 (2.2) 164 (0.7) 161 (1.0) 152 (1.3) 146 (1.8) 137 (2.1)
                                                             
Percent of students in school eligible for
      free or reduced-price lunch
                                                           
0 to 25 percent eligible 164 (1.4) 167 (1.4) 170 (1.9) 169 (1.9) 172 (1.8) 170 (1.4) 169 (1.5) 162 (2.0) 159 (2.5) 158 (4.2) 170 (1.2) 168 (1.7) 161 (2.2) 153 (3.7) 151 (4.1)
26 to 50 percent eligible 154 (1.1) 155 (1.7) 156 (1.7) 159 (1.4) 158 (1.7) 160 (1.0) 155 (1.7) 150 (1.7) 143 (2.0) 143 (2.8) 159 (0.9) 154 (2.0) 148 (1.8) 141 (2.8) 130 (4.3)
51 to 75 percent eligible 142 (1.0) 140 (1.6) 145 (1.7) 149 (1.7) 145 (2.5) 148 (1.1) 142 (1.3) 139 (1.6) 134 (2.6) 136 (4.3) 148 (0.9) 141 (1.2) 136 (2.2) 130 (2.1) 121 (4.0)
76 to 100 percent eligible 132 (1.1) 130 (1.7) 132 (1.6) 134 (2.0) 135 (1.7) 138 (1.1) 131 (1.7) 128 (1.9) 122 (1.7) 121 (2.8) 139 (1.1) 131 (1.8) 124 (1.8) 121 (1.9) 116 (2.6)
                                                             
School control                                                            
Public 147 (0.6) 148 (0.8) 150 (1.2) 153 (0.9) 153 (1.1) 154 (0.6) 149 (0.8) 144 (1.0) 137 (1.2) 137 (1.7) 154 (0.5) 149 (0.8) 141 (1.2) 134 (1.5) 127 (1.8)
Private 161 (1.7) 164 (1.9) 166 (2.5) 164 (2.4) 169 (3.2) 168 (1.6) 167 (1.9) 157 (2.7) 157 (3.2) 142 (6.3) 167 (1.5) 166 (2.0) 158 (3.0) 154 (4.0) 144 (8.2)
                                                             
School locale                                                            
City 143 (1.1) 143 (1.5) 145 (1.5) 148 (1.7) 151 (1.6) 151 (1.1) 146 (1.4) 137 (1.3) 134 (1.7) 130 (2.7) 151 (0.9) 145 (1.4) 136 (1.4) 130 (2.0) 123 (2.8)
Suburb 151 (1.0) 153 (1.4) 155 (1.5) 159 (1.6) 160 (1.4) 159 (1.1) 154 (1.2) 150 (1.5) 142 (1.6) 146 (2.7) 158 (0.9) 155 (1.4) 146 (1.9) 142 (2.3) 134 (2.8)
Town 147 (1.7) 148 (2.5) 152 (4.6) 153 (3.1) 151 (2.7) 154 (1.9) 150 (2.4) 144 (2.5) 135 (3.5) (†) 154 (1.3) 148 (2.1) 141 (2.9) 127 (5.2) (†)
Rural 149 (1.3) 152 (2.0) 154 (2.4) 157 (1.7) 153 (2.6) 155 (1.3) 152 (1.8) 147 (2.4) 144 (2.7) 140 (3.7) 156 (1.3) 152 (2.0) 145 (2.2) 138 (3.1) 125 (3.9)
  Percentage distribution of students
All students 38 (0.4) 21 (0.3) 16 (0.2) 13 (0.3) 12 (0.2) 45 (0.5) 27 (0.3) 18 (0.4) 7 (0.2) 3 (0.1) 57 (0.5) 22 (0.3) 12 (0.3) 6 (0.2) 3 (0.2)
Sex                                                            
Male 39 (0.5) 21 (0.5) 16 (0.3) 13 (0.3) 11 (0.3) 45 (0.6) 27 (0.5) 18 (0.4) 7 (0.3) 3 (0.2) 54 (0.7) 22 (0.4) 13 (0.4) 7 (0.2) 3 (0.2)
Female 36 (0.5) 21 (0.4) 15 (0.3) 14 (0.4) 13 (0.3) 45 (0.7) 28 (0.4) 18 (0.5) 7 (0.2) 3 (0.2) 59 (0.6) 21 (0.5) 11 (0.4) 6 (0.2) 3 (0.2)
                                                             
Race/ethnicity                                                            
White 39 (0.6) 21 (0.5) 15 (0.3) 13 (0.4) 13 (0.3) 48 (0.7) 28 (0.4) 16 (0.7) 6 (0.3) 2 (0.2) 60 (0.6) 22 (0.5) 11 (0.5) 5 (0.2) 2 (0.2)
Black 38 (0.8) 20 (0.7) 16 (0.6) 13 (0.5) 14 (0.7) 37 (1.1) 26 (0.8) 22 (0.7) 10 (0.6) 5 (0.4) 50 (1.1) 20 (0.8) 14 (0.7) 9 (0.7) 6 (0.4)
Hispanic 38 (0.6) 22 (0.6) 17 (0.6) 13 (0.4) 10 (0.4) 43 (0.8) 27 (0.6) 19 (0.6) 8 (0.4) 3 (0.2) 54 (0.8) 21 (0.6) 15 (0.6) 8 (0.6) 3 (0.2)
Asian 29 (1.7) 20 (1.3) 16 (1.0) 18 (1.2) 17 (1.1) 41 (1.8) 28 (1.5) 18 (1.3) 7 (0.7) 4 (0.5) 51 (1.6) 26 (1.4) 13 (1.1) 7 (0.7) 4 (0.5)
Pacific Islander 26 (6.0) 23 (4.4) 16 (4.8) 21 (4.1) 14 (3.5) 31 (5.4) 20 (4.1) 28 (4.7) 16 (3.7) 5 (2.3) 49 (4.2) 25 (5.4) 17 (4.6) 4 (2.5) 5 (2.5)
American Indian/Alaska Native 39 (4.5) 28 (4.3) 10 (3.2) 8 (2.6) 13 (2.7) 41 (4.8) 31 (3.6) 18 (4.0) 7 (2.7) 3 (2.3) 55 (5.2) 21 (4.7) 11 (2.6) 7 (2.2) 6 (3.0)
Two or more races 36 (2.8) 21 (2.0) 18 (2.6) 15 (1.9) 11 (1.6) 46 (2.3) 28 (2.1) 16 (2.4) 8 (1.5) 2 (0.6) 58 (2.6) 21 (2.6) 11 (1.4) 8 (1.4) 2 (0.5)
                                                             
English language learner (ELL) status                                                            
ELL 36 (1.3) 25 (1.4) 17 (1.1) 15 (1.1) 7 (1.0) 31 (1.4) 28 (1.4) 24 (1.2) 13 (0.9) 4 (0.7) 37 (1.5) 25 (1.4) 20 (1.3) 13 (1.0) 5 (0.6)
Non-ELL 38 (0.4) 21 (0.3) 16 (0.2) 13 (0.3) 13 (0.2) 46 (0.5) 27 (0.3) 17 (0.4) 7 (0.2) 3 (0.1) 58 (0.5) 21 (0.4) 12 (0.3) 6 (0.2) 3 (0.2)
                                                             
Disability status4                                                            
Identified as student with disability (SD) 40 (1.0) 20 (0.9) 16 (0.8) 12 (0.7) 12 (0.6) 40 (1.0) 26 (1.0) 20 (0.9) 9 (0.6) 5 (0.5) 48 (1.1) 23 (1.2) 14 (0.7) 9 (0.6) 6 (0.5)
Not identified as SD 37 (0.4) 21 (0.4) 16 (0.2) 14 (0.3) 12 (0.2) 45 (0.6) 28 (0.3) 18 (0.4) 7 (0.2) 3 (0.1) 58 (0.5) 21 (0.3) 12 (0.3) 6 (0.2) 3 (0.2)
                                                             
Highest education level of either parent5                                                            
Did not finish high school 42 (1.3) 21 (1.3) 15 (0.9) 12 (0.9) 9 (0.7) 46 (1.2) 25 (0.9) 18 (1.3) 8 (0.6) 3 (0.5) 55 (1.4) 21 (1.2) 13 (1.1) 7 (0.6) 4 (0.5)
Graduated high school 42 (1.0) 20 (0.8) 14 (0.6) 12 (0.6) 11 (0.5) 46 (1.2) 25 (0.8) 18 (0.7) 7 (0.5) 3 (0.3) 57 (1.3) 20 (0.8) 13 (0.8) 7 (0.5) 3 (0.3)
Some education after high school 38 (0.9) 22 (0.8) 16 (0.8) 13 (0.7) 11 (0.8) 46 (1.1) 28 (0.8) 17 (0.6) 6 (0.4) 2 (0.3) 60 (1.1) 20 (0.8) 12 (0.7) 5 (0.4) 3 (0.4)
Graduated college 34 (0.6) 21 (0.4) 16 (0.4) 14 (0.4) 14 (0.3) 44 (0.5) 28 (0.4) 18 (0.5) 7 (0.3) 3 (0.2) 56 (0.6) 23 (0.5) 12 (0.3) 6 (0.2) 3 (0.2)
                                                             
Percent of students in school eligible for
      free or reduced-price lunch
                                                           
0-25 percent eligible 32 (1.0) 22 (0.9) 18 (0.8) 15 (0.6) 13 (0.7) 45 (0.9) 30 (0.9) 17 (0.8) 6 (0.5) 2 (0.3) 57 (0.8) 24 (0.7) 11 (0.5) 5 (0.4) 2 (0.4)
26-50 percent eligible 39 (0.7) 20 (0.8) 15 (0.4) 13 (0.7) 12 (0.4) 49 (0.7) 26 (0.5) 17 (0.7) 7 (0.4) 2 (0.2) 61 (0.8) 20 (0.6) 11 (0.7) 5 (0.4) 2 (0.2)
51-75 percent eligible 40 (0.8) 21 (0.8) 16 (0.5) 12 (0.6) 11 (0.7) 45 (1.1) 28 (0.7) 18 (0.8) 7 (0.5) 3 (0.3) 57 (1.1) 21 (0.8) 12 (0.7) 6 (0.4) 3 (0.3)
76-100 percent eligible 39 (0.8) 21 (0.5) 16 (0.6) 13 (0.7) 11 (0.4) 41 (1.0) 25 (0.8) 21 (0.6) 9 (0.5) 4 (0.4) 51 (0.9) 21 (0.6) 15 (0.6) 9 (0.4) 5 (0.4)
                                                             
School control                                                            
Public 38 (0.4) 21 (0.3) 16 (0.3) 13 (0.3) 12 (0.2) 45 (0.5) 27 (0.3) 18 (0.4) 7 (0.2) 3 (0.1) 57 (0.5) 21 (0.3) 12 (0.4) 6 (0.2) 3 (0.2)
Private 33 (1.3) 21 (1.0) 16 (0.9) 14 (1.0) 15 (1.0) 43 (1.3) 30 (1.2) 17 (0.7) 7 (0.6) 3 (0.5) 57 (1.4) 24 (1.0) 12 (0.8) 5 (0.5) 3 (0.5)
                                                             
School locale                                                            
City 37 (0.6) 20 (0.6) 16 (0.4) 14 (0.5) 13 (0.4) 43 (0.6) 27 (0.5) 19 (0.5) 8 (0.4) 4 (0.2) 54 (0.6) 22 (0.6) 13 (0.5) 7 (0.3) 4 (0.2)
Suburb 36 (0.6) 22 (0.5) 16 (0.5) 13 (0.5) 13 (0.5) 45 (0.6) 28 (0.5) 18 (0.5) 7 (0.4) 2 (0.2) 57 (0.6) 22 (0.5) 12 (0.4) 6 (0.3) 3 (0.2)
Town 38 (2.0) 23 (1.3) 13 (0.9) 15 (1.4) 11 (0.7) 45 (2.3) 28 (1.1) 17 (1.4) 8 (0.6) 2 (0.5) 58 (2.6) 22 (1.3) 11 (1.0) 6 (0.7) 2 (0.5)
Rural 40 (1.0) 19 (0.6) 16 (0.5) 13 (0.5) 12 (0.5) 47 (1.2) 26 (0.7) 17 (1.0) 7 (0.4) 3 (0.3) 59 (0.9) 21 (0.6) 11 (0.7) 6 (0.3) 3 (0.3)
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standard not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Based on student reports.
2 A spreadsheet is a table or grid that displays data into columns and rows and may be used to create charts and graphs.
3 Scale ranges from 0 to 300.
4 The student with disability (SD) variable used in this table includes students who have a 504 plan, even if they do not have an Individualized Education Plan (IEP).
5 These data are based on students’ responses to questions about their parents’ education level. Data for students whose parents have an unknown level of education are included in table totals, but not shown separately.
NOTE: Includes students tested with accommodations (10 percent of all 8th-graders); excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (1 percent of all 8th-graders). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2014 Technology and Engineering Literacy (TEL) Assessment, retrieved September 29, 2016, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared September 2016.)

2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest