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Digest of Education Statistics
2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 224.74d. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) technology and engineering literacy (TEL) scale score and percentage distribution of 8th-graders, by frequency of using a computer or other digital technology to perform various activities for school work and selected student and school characteristics: 2014
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected student or school characteristic Frequency of using computer or other digital technology to perform activity for school work1
To create, edit, or organize digital media To create a presentation To create a spreadsheet2
Never or almost never A few times a year Once or twice a month Once or twice a week Every day or almost every day Never or almost never A few times a year Once or twice a month Once or twice a week Every day or almost every day Never or almost never A few times a year Once or twice a month Once or twice a week Every day or almost every day
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
  Average TEL scale score3
All students 144 (0.7) 150 (0.9) 155 (0.8) 153 (0.8) 154 (1.3) 131 (1.1) 151 (0.8) 155 (0.7) 150 (1.1) 148 (1.8) 150 (0.6) 155 (0.8) 151 (1.0) 143 (1.1) 137 (1.5)
Sex                                                            
Male 142 (0.9) 149 (1.3) 153 (1.0) 152 (1.0) 153 (1.5) 130 (1.3) 149 (0.9) 155 (0.8) 149 (1.5) 146 (2.4) 147 (0.7) 154 (0.9) 150 (1.3) 142 (1.4) 137 (1.7)
Female 145 (0.9) 151 (0.9) 156 (0.9) 154 (1.0) 154 (1.6) 133 (1.4) 153 (0.8) 155 (0.9) 151 (1.1) 149 (2.3) 152 (0.7) 156 (0.8) 153 (1.1) 143 (1.3) 137 (1.9)
                                                             
Race/ethnicity                                                            
White 153 (1.0) 160 (1.2) 164 (0.9) 165 (1.1) 164 (1.6) 140 (1.6) 160 (1.0) 165 (0.9) 162 (1.4) 161 (2.6) 159 (0.8) 164 (0.9) 162 (1.2) 154 (1.7) 148 (2.6)
Black 126 (1.5) 127 (1.8) 133 (1.6) 129 (1.5) 129 (1.9) 114 (1.7) 130 (1.4) 133 (1.5) 127 (1.5) 128 (2.0) 130 (1.3) 132 (1.7) 130 (1.8) 124 (1.9) 121 (1.7)
Hispanic 134 (1.0) 139 (1.1) 141 (1.2) 139 (1.5) 141 (2.3) 127 (1.5) 139 (0.8) 142 (0.9) 138 (1.8) 136 (3.0) 139 (0.8) 142 (1.1) 138 (1.2) 132 (1.6) 132 (2.7)
Asian 150 (3.2) 159 (2.6) 166 (2.7) 162 (2.6) 165 (2.6) 146 (6.0) 159 (2.5) 164 (2.4) 160 (3.5) 160 (5.5) 160 (3.7) 163 (1.9) 160 (3.0) 155 (3.9) (†)
Pacific Islander (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Two or more races 145 (4.1) 153 (3.8) 160 (4.1) 158 (5.3) (†) (†) 153 (4.1) 162 (2.9) (†) (†) 153 (4.0) 160 (3.3) 153 (3.9) (†) (†)
                                                             
English language learner (ELL) status                                                            
ELL 105 (2.1) 108 (2.3) 112 (3.2) 112 (2.7) 107 (4.0) 99 (2.6) 112 (1.8) 113 (2.0) 106 (2.9) (†) 107 (2.2) 114 (2.0) 109 (2.5) 105 (3.1) 103 (5.0)
Non-ELL 146 (0.7) 152 (0.9) 157 (0.8) 155 (0.8) 155 (1.3) 134 (1.1) 153 (0.8) 157 (0.7) 153 (1.1) 150 (1.7) 152 (0.6) 157 (0.8) 153 (1.0) 145 (1.2) 139 (1.4)
                                                             
Disability status4                                                            
Identified as student with disability (SD) 114 (1.8) 113 (1.8) 124 (2.7) 119 (2.4) 118 (2.6) 105 (1.9) 121 (1.9) 122 (1.7) 118 (2.5) 111 (3.7) 116 (1.4) 121 (2.1) 120 (2.0) 112 (2.3) 106 (2.9)
Not identified as SD 149 (0.7) 154 (0.9) 158 (0.8) 157 (0.8) 159 (1.2) 140 (1.1) 154 (0.7) 158 (0.7) 155 (1.1) 154 (1.7) 154 (0.6) 159 (0.7) 155 (1.1) 147 (1.1) 144 (1.4)
                                                             
Highest education level of either parent5                                                            
Did not finish high school 132 (1.8) 132 (2.0) 136 (2.1) 130 (2.4) 134 (2.8) 125 (2.3) 135 (1.3) 136 (1.6) 128 (3.5) (†) 134 (1.5) 134 (1.8) 133 (2.0) 129 (2.6) 127 (3.4)
Graduated high school 134 (1.2) 139 (1.5) 142 (1.7) 139 (1.9) 133 (2.6) 123 (2.3) 141 (1.2) 141 (1.5) 137 (2.2) 132 (3.8) 140 (1.1) 140 (1.4) 139 (2.0) 130 (2.1) 121 (3.2)
Some education after high school 148 (1.1) 153 (1.7) 156 (1.4) 153 (1.7) 152 (1.8) 141 (2.1) 154 (1.3) 154 (1.1) 150 (1.8) 147 (3.3) 154 (1.1) 155 (1.2) 151 (1.5) 145 (2.2) 143 (3.1)
Graduated college 153 (0.9) 159 (1.1) 163 (0.9) 162 (1.0) 164 (1.5) 140 (1.2) 159 (0.9) 164 (0.8) 161 (1.4) 156 (1.9) 159 (0.8) 164 (0.8) 160 (1.2) 152 (1.6) 146 (1.8)
                                                             
Percent of students in school eligible for
      free or reduced-price lunch
                                                           
0 to 25 percent eligible 161 (1.7) 164 (1.6) 171 (1.5) 171 (1.8) 171 (1.9) 146 (3.1) 166 (1.7) 170 (1.4) 171 (2.0) 165 (2.8) 167 (1.7) 171 (1.1) 168 (1.8) 159 (2.8) 157 (3.3)
26 to 50 percent eligible 149 (1.3) 155 (2.1) 159 (1.1) 157 (1.4) 157 (1.7) 137 (2.2) 155 (1.5) 159 (1.1) 154 (1.7) 153 (3.6) 156 (1.0) 159 (1.5) 155 (1.7) 148 (1.8) 141 (3.0)
51 to 75 percent eligible 139 (1.3) 144 (1.3) 148 (1.3) 144 (1.4) 142 (2.0) 132 (1.7) 145 (1.2) 146 (1.2) 143 (2.4) 141 (3.3) 144 (1.1) 146 (1.2) 146 (1.7) 135 (2.2) 132 (4.2)
76 to 100 percent eligible 130 (1.6) 133 (1.6) 135 (1.9) 132 (1.8) 130 (1.8) 122 (2.3) 135 (1.2) 135 (1.4) 131 (2.2) 123 (3.5) 135 (1.6) 135 (1.8) 132 (1.5) 127 (1.8) 122 (2.2)
                                                             
School control                                                            
Public 143 (0.8) 149 (1.0) 154 (0.9) 152 (0.8) 151 (1.4) 131 (1.2) 150 (0.8) 154 (0.8) 149 (1.1) 146 (1.9) 149 (0.6) 154 (0.8) 150 (1.1) 141 (1.2) 135 (1.7)
Private 160 (1.9) 162 (1.8) 165 (2.1) 165 (2.1) 168 (3.7) 143 (5.1) 162 (1.7) 167 (1.7) 166 (2.5) 162 (4.9) 161 (1.9) 166 (1.6) 165 (2.2) 163 (3.1) 156 (5.7)
                                                             
School locale                                                            
City 139 (1.1) 144 (1.1) 149 (1.2) 147 (1.6) 148 (2.1) 127 (1.6) 147 (1.1) 149 (1.3) 144 (1.9) 138 (2.6) 144 (1.1) 150 (1.1) 146 (1.5) 137 (1.6) 131 (2.4)
Suburb 146 (1.2) 153 (1.3) 158 (1.3) 158 (1.4) 160 (1.9) 132 (1.6) 154 (1.1) 159 (1.2) 155 (2.0) 156 (2.7) 152 (1.0) 159 (1.3) 154 (1.6) 148 (2.2) 144 (2.4)
Town 142 (2.2) 149 (2.8) 156 (1.9) 152 (2.5) 148 (3.9) 132 (2.9) 150 (2.4) 155 (2.2) 146 (2.2) 145 (4.9) 150 (1.7) 153 (2.2) 150 (2.7) 137 (2.8) 138 (5.0)
Rural 146 (1.6) 152 (2.0) 156 (2.2) 153 (2.0) 152 (2.5) 135 (2.6) 152 (1.3) 156 (1.7) 153 (2.0) 149 (4.1) 152 (1.2) 155 (1.9) 154 (1.9) 145 (2.5) 136 (3.2)
  Percentage distribution of students
All students 24 (0.6) 26 (0.4) 22 (0.4) 17 (0.4) 12 (0.4) 10 (0.5) 37 (0.6) 37 (0.6) 12 (0.4) 4 (0.2) 30 (0.7) 33 (0.6) 21 (0.4) 11 (0.3) 5 (0.2)
Sex                                                            
Male 25 (0.6) 25 (0.5) 21 (0.5) 17 (0.5) 12 (0.5) 10 (0.5) 38 (0.7) 36 (0.7) 11 (0.4) 4 (0.2) 29 (0.8) 33 (0.6) 21 (0.6) 11 (0.4) 5 (0.3)
Female 23 (0.6) 27 (0.5) 22 (0.5) 17 (0.4) 11 (0.4) 9 (0.5) 36 (0.7) 38 (0.6) 13 (0.5) 4 (0.3) 30 (0.7) 33 (0.7) 21 (0.4) 11 (0.4) 5 (0.3)
                                                             
Race/ethnicity                                                            
White 24 (0.8) 25 (0.7) 22 (0.6) 16 (0.5) 12 (0.6) 8 (0.7) 38 (1.0) 38 (0.9) 12 (0.6) 4 (0.3) 30 (0.9) 35 (0.8) 21 (0.6) 10 (0.4) 4 (0.3)
Black 25 (0.9) 26 (0.9) 20 (0.8) 17 (0.5) 13 (0.5) 12 (0.8) 32 (0.8) 37 (0.8) 13 (0.7) 7 (0.5) 28 (0.8) 28 (1.0) 21 (0.7) 14 (0.6) 9 (0.5)
Hispanic 25 (0.8) 28 (0.7) 21 (0.6) 16 (0.6) 9 (0.5) 12 (0.6) 37 (0.9) 35 (0.7) 11 (0.7) 4 (0.2) 31 (0.8) 30 (0.6) 22 (0.7) 13 (0.6) 5 (0.3)
Asian 18 (1.2) 23 (1.4) 26 (1.2) 20 (1.0) 13 (1.1) 7 (0.8) 35 (2.1) 40 (1.7) 13 (1.1) 5 (0.7) 24 (1.6) 37 (1.8) 23 (1.3) 10 (1.1) 5 (0.5)
Pacific Islander 16 (4.6) 19 (6.2) 28 (5.5) 27 (5.0) 9 (3.5) 6 (2.7) 35 (6.2) 35 (5.9) 21 (5.4) 2 (†) 27 (5.8) 41 (6.3) 17 (5.2) 11 (4.0) 3 (2.1)
American Indian/Alaska Native 34 (4.2) 24 (3.4) 20 (4.3) 8 (2.6) 14 (3.5) 15 (2.8) 37 (5.7) 33 (4.3) 9 (3.1) 6 (2.4) 32 (4.5) 35 (5.6) 15 (4.7) 11 (3.1) 7 (3.0)
Two or more races 23 (2.1) 25 (1.8) 21 (1.9) 18 (2.4) 13 (1.4) 8 (1.7) 35 (2.5) 39 (3.2) 14 (1.7) 4 (0.8) 26 (2.1) 33 (2.3) 24 (1.8) 12 (1.8) 5 (1.3)
                                                             
English language learner (ELL) status                                                            
ELL 26 (1.2) 25 (1.3) 22 (1.8) 18 (1.4) 9 (1.3) 15 (1.4) 34 (1.4) 33 (1.5) 13 (1.0) 5 (0.7) 26 (1.4) 29 (1.5) 22 (1.4) 16 (1.4) 7 (0.9)
Non-ELL 24 (0.6) 26 (0.4) 22 (0.4) 17 (0.4) 12 (0.4) 9 (0.5) 37 (0.6) 37 (0.6) 12 (0.4) 4 (0.2) 30 (0.7) 33 (0.6) 21 (0.4) 11 (0.3) 5 (0.2)
                                                             
Disability status4                                                            
Identified as student with disability (SD) 31 (1.1) 23 (0.9) 19 (0.9) 14 (0.8) 13 (0.8) 20 (0.9) 34 (1.1) 28 (1.1) 12 (0.6) 6 (0.5) 30 (1.2) 29 (1.3) 20 (1.1) 13 (0.9) 8 (0.6)
Not identified as SD 23 (0.6) 26 (0.4) 22 (0.4) 17 (0.4) 11 (0.4) 8 (0.5) 37 (0.7) 38 (0.6) 12 (0.4) 4 (0.2) 30 (0.7) 34 (0.6) 21 (0.4) 11 (0.3) 5 (0.2)
                                                             
Highest education level of either parent5                                                            
Did not finish high school 30 (1.2) 27 (1.3) 20 (1.0) 14 (0.9) 9 (0.8) 14 (1.1) 39 (1.4) 33 (1.5) 11 (1.0) 3 (0.4) 30 (1.2) 31 (1.2) 21 (0.9) 13 (0.9) 6 (0.6)
Graduated high school 27 (1.0) 27 (0.9) 20 (0.9) 15 (0.8) 11 (0.5) 13 (0.9) 37 (1.1) 35 (1.0) 12 (0.8) 4 (0.3) 33 (1.2) 30 (1.0) 20 (0.8) 12 (0.7) 5 (0.5)
Some education after high school 25 (1.1) 27 (1.1) 23 (0.9) 16 (0.7) 10 (0.7) 9 (0.7) 39 (1.2) 37 (1.1) 11 (0.8) 4 (0.4) 31 (1.2) 33 (1.1) 20 (1.0) 10 (0.6) 5 (0.5)
Graduated college 21 (0.6) 25 (0.6) 23 (0.5) 18 (0.5) 13 (0.6) 7 (0.5) 35 (0.8) 40 (0.7) 13 (0.4) 5 (0.3) 27 (0.7) 35 (0.6) 22 (0.5) 11 (0.5) 5 (0.2)
                                                             
Percent of students in school eligible for
      free or reduced-price lunch
                                                           
0-25 percent eligible 19 (0.9) 24 (1.1) 25 (0.9) 19 (0.9) 14 (1.2) 5 (0.4) 34 (1.6) 44 (1.3) 13 (0.9) 5 (0.5) 27 (1.2) 37 (1.0) 22 (0.9) 10 (0.7) 4 (0.4)
26-50 percent eligible 22 (0.9) 27 (0.9) 23 (0.7) 17 (0.9) 11 (0.8) 7 (0.7) 38 (1.3) 39 (1.2) 13 (0.8) 4 (0.3) 31 (1.1) 33 (1.2) 21 (0.7) 10 (0.7) 4 (0.3)
51-75 percent eligible 28 (1.0) 26 (0.7) 22 (0.8) 14 (0.6) 10 (0.6) 14 (0.9) 40 (1.3) 32 (1.1) 10 (0.7) 4 (0.5) 32 (1.5) 32 (1.2) 20 (0.8) 11 (0.6) 5 (0.4)
76-100 percent eligible 27 (1.0) 26 (0.8) 20 (0.7) 17 (0.7) 10 (0.7) 14 (1.1) 34 (1.2) 34 (1.2) 13 (1.1) 4 (0.5) 30 (1.1) 27 (0.9) 21 (0.8) 14 (0.6) 7 (0.5)
                                                             
School control                                                            
Public 24 (0.6) 26 (0.5) 22 (0.4) 16 (0.4) 11 (0.4) 10 (0.5) 37 (0.6) 36 (0.6) 12 (0.4) 4 (0.2) 30 (0.7) 32 (0.6) 21 (0.4) 11 (0.3) 5 (0.2)
Private 20 (1.3) 23 (1.3) 20 (1.1) 20 (1.0) 17 (1.9) 5 (0.8) 31 (2.1) 44 (1.8) 14 (1.2) 6 (0.8) 24 (2.0) 39 (1.3) 23 (1.5) 9 (0.9) 5 (0.6)
                                                             
School locale                                                            
City 24 (0.9) 26 (0.7) 22 (0.7) 17 (0.6) 11 (0.6) 10 (0.6) 36 (0.9) 37 (0.9) 12 (0.6) 5 (0.3) 28 (1.0) 32 (0.8) 22 (0.7) 12 (0.4) 6 (0.4)
Suburb 23 (0.6) 26 (0.8) 22 (0.6) 17 (0.6) 12 (0.8) 9 (0.5) 37 (1.2) 39 (0.9) 11 (0.6) 4 (0.3) 30 (1.0) 34 (0.7) 21 (0.6) 11 (0.5) 4 (0.3)
Town 25 (2.3) 27 (0.8) 20 (1.3) 18 (1.6) 11 (1.1) 11 (1.4) 36 (1.9) 36 (2.0) 13 (1.4) 5 (0.9) 32 (1.5) 34 (2.1) 19 (1.2) 10 (0.9) 5 (0.9)
Rural 26 (1.2) 25 (0.8) 22 (0.9) 16 (0.5) 12 (0.7) 10 (1.3) 37 (1.4) 35 (1.6) 13 (0.8) 5 (0.5) 30 (1.2) 33 (1.0) 22 (0.8) 11 (0.9) 5 (0.4)
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Based on student reports.
2 A spreadsheet is a table or grid that displays data into columns and rows and may be used to create charts and graphs.
3 Scale ranges from 0 to 300.
4 The student with disability (SD) variable used in this table includes students who have a 504 plan, even if they do not have an Individualized Education Plan (IEP).
5 These data are based on students’ responses to questions about their parents’ education level. Data for students whose parents have an unknown level of education are included in table totals, but not shown separately.
NOTE: Includes students tested with accommodations (10 percent of all 8th-graders); excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (1 percent of all 8th-graders). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2014 Technology and Engineering Literacy (TEL) Assessment, retrieved September 29, 2016, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared September 2016.)

2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest