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Digest of Education Statistics
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Table 224.73. Average scale score of 8th-graders on the information and communication technology (ICT) content area of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) technology and engineering literacy (TEL) assessment and percentage distribution of 8th-graders, by computer use and internet access at home and other selected characteristics: 2014
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected characteristic Percent of all students Average ICT scale score1 Percentage distribution of students
All students Student uses a computer at home Student has access to Internet at home2 Student uses a computer at home Student has access to Internet at home2
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Total 100 (†) 150 (0.6) 152 (0.7) 128 (1.2) 152 (0.6) 124 (1.7) 91 (0.3) 9 (0.3) 94 (0.2) 6 (0.2)
Sex                                        
Male 51 (0.3) 147 (0.7) 150 (0.8) 124 (1.6) 149 (0.7) 121 (2.1) 91 (0.3) 9 (0.3) 94 (0.2) 6 (0.2)
Female 49 (0.3) 153 (0.7) 155 (0.7) 131 (1.5) 155 (0.6) 127 (2.4) 91 (0.3) 9 (0.3) 93 (0.3) 7 (0.3)
                                         
Race/ethnicity                                        
White 54 (1.4) 159 (0.8) 161 (0.9) 138 (2.3) 160 (0.8) 136 (2.4) 94 (0.3) 6 (0.3) 95 (0.4) 5 (0.4)
Black 16 (0.8) 130 (1.2) 133 (1.2) 117 (1.8) 132 (1.1) 110 (3.1) 87 (0.6) 13 (0.6) 92 (0.4) 8 (0.4)
Hispanic 22 (1.2) 138 (1.0) 141 (1.0) 124 (1.5) 140 (1.0) 120 (2.2) 85 (0.7) 15 (0.7) 90 (0.5) 10 (0.5)
Asian 5 (0.4) 163 (1.9) 165 (1.7) (†) 166 (1.7) (†) 97 (0.6) 3 (0.6) 96 (0.7) 4 (0.7)
Pacific Islander # (†) 137 (4.5) 140 (5.5) (†) 139 (5.2) (†) 84 (4.9) 16 (4.9) 94 (2.6) 6 (2.6)
American Indian/Alaska Native 1 (0.1) 147 (4.3) 150 (4.7) (†) 151 (4.4) (†) 85 (3.7) 15 (3.7) 88 (4.7) 12 (4.7)
Two or more races 2 (0.2) 152 (2.8) 155 (2.7) (†) 154 (2.8) (†) 90 (2.0) 10 (2.0) 94 (1.2) 6 (1.2)
                                         
English language learner (ELL) status                                        
ELL 5 (0.3) 107 (1.7) 109 (1.9) 99 (2.7) 110 (1.7) 95 (3.4) 80 (1.2) 20 (1.2) 82 (1.1) 18 (1.1)
Non-ELL 95 (0.3) 152 (0.6) 154 (0.7) 131 (1.2) 154 (0.6) 129 (1.7) 91 (0.2) 9 (0.2) 94 (0.2) 6 (0.2)
                                         
Disability status3                                        
Identified as student with disability (SD) 12 (0.3) 115 (1.3) 118 (1.4) 98 (2.0) 118 (1.2) 95 (2.6) 86 (0.7) 14 (0.7) 86 (0.9) 14 (0.9)
Not identified as SD 88 (0.3) 155 (0.6) 157 (0.6) 134 (1.3) 156 (0.6) 134 (1.6) 92 (0.3) 8 (0.3) 95 (0.2) 5 (0.2)
                                         
Percent of students in school eligible for
      free or reduced-price lunch
                                       
0 to 25 percent eligible 20 (1.5) 167 (1.2) 168 (1.2) 141 (4.7) 168 (1.2) (†) 97 (0.4) 3 (0.4) 98 (0.3) 2 (0.3)
26 to 50 percent eligible 32 (2.3) 155 (1.1) 157 (1.2) 138 (2.3) 156 (1.1) 134 (3.6) 93 (0.5) 7 (0.5) 94 (0.4) 6 (0.4)
51 to 75 percent eligible 26 (2.0) 142 (1.0) 145 (1.1) 125 (1.9) 144 (1.0) 123 (2.3) 89 (0.6) 11 (0.6) 92 (0.4) 8 (0.4)
76 to 100 percent eligible 21 (1.6) 132 (1.2) 135 (1.3) 123 (1.6) 135 (1.1) 117 (2.9) 82 (0.8) 18 (0.8) 88 (0.7) 12 (0.7)
                                         
School control                                        
Public 92 (0.5) 149 (0.6) 151 (0.7) 127 (1.2) 151 (0.6) 124 (1.7) 90 (0.3) 10 (0.3) 93 (0.2) 7 (0.2)
Private 8 (0.5) 163 (1.4) 164 (1.4) (†) 164 (1.4) (†) 98 (0.4) 2 (0.4) 99 (0.4) 1 (0.4)
                                         
School locale                                        
City 29 (1.2) 145 (1.0) 148 (1.1) 124 (1.3) 147 (1.0) 120 (2.3) 89 (0.6) 11 (0.6) 92 (0.4) 8 (0.4)
Large 14 (1.3) 142 (1.2) 145 (1.2) 123 (1.7) 144 (1.2) 118 (2.4) 88 (0.8) 12 (0.8) 92 (0.5) 8 (0.5)
Midsize 10 (1.6) 146 (2.2) 149 (2.3) 123 (2.8) 148 (2.1) 122 (5.1) 89 (1.0) 11 (1.0) 91 (1.0) 9 (1.0)
Small 5 (1.0) 149 (3.5) 152 (3.2) 129 (4.9) 151 (3.3) 124 (5.0) 91 (1.3) 9 (1.3) 95 (1.1) 5 (1.1)
Suburb 35 (1.3) 154 (1.0) 156 (1.0) 128 (2.0) 156 (1.0) 122 (2.8) 93 (0.4) 7 (0.4) 95 (0.3) 5 (0.3)
Large 29 (1.4) 155 (1.1) 157 (1.1) 128 (2.3) 156 (1.1) 121 (3.2) 93 (0.5) 7 (0.5) 95 (0.4) 5 (0.4)
Midsize 3 (1.2) 158 (2.6) 159 (2.4) (†) 158 (2.6) (†) 97 (0.9) 3 (0.9) 98 (0.4) 2 (0.4)
Small 3 (0.9) 145 (5.2) 147 (5.7) (†) 147 (4.9) (†) 91 (2.5) 9 (2.5) 93 (1.7) 7 (1.7)
Town 11 (1.6) 148 (1.8) 151 (1.9) 123 (2.5) 150 (1.6) 124 (4.8) 89 (0.7) 11 (0.7) 92 (0.5) 8 (0.5)
Fringe 1 (0.4) 164 (4.6) 164 (4.6) (†) 164 (4.7) (†) 96 (1.8) 4 (1.8) 97 (1.3) 3 (1.3)
Distant 5 (1.5) 145 (1.7) 148 (1.9) 123 (3.4) 147 (1.7) 121 (3.6) 89 (1.2) 11 (1.2) 92 (0.9) 8 (0.9)
Remote 4 (1.5) 148 (4.6) 151 (4.8) (†) 150 (3.8) (†) 89 (1.6) 11 (1.6) 91 (1.5) 9 (1.5)
Rural 25 (1.4) 151 (1.4) 153 (1.4) 134 (2.3) 152 (1.4) 130 (2.6) 91 (0.6) 9 (0.6) 93 (0.6) 7 (0.6)
Fringe 15 (1.0) 152 (1.6) 154 (1.6) 132 (2.7) 153 (1.7) 127 (2.7) 92 (0.7) 8 (0.7) 94 (0.5) 6 (0.5)
Distant 9 (1.1) 149 (2.0) 151 (2.1) 134 (3.1) 151 (1.9) 134 (4.9) 89 (1.0) 11 (1.0) 92 (1.3) 8 (1.3)
Remote 2 (0.7) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Scale ranges from 0 to 300. Information and communication technology (ICT) is one of three content areas on the TEL assessment. The ICT content area covers software and systems used for accessing, creating, and communicating information, and for facilitating creative expression.
2 “Access to the Internet” was one item on a list preceded by the question “Do you have the following in your home?” For each item, students could either select “Yes” or leave the item blank. Students who left “Access to the Internet” blank are counted as having no internet access at home.
3 The student with disability (SD) variable used in this table includes students who have a 504 plan, even if they do not have an Individualized Education Plan (IEP).
NOTE: Includes students tested with accommodations (10 percent of all 8th-graders); excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (1 percent of all 8th-graders). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2014 Technology and Engineering Literacy (TEL) Assessment, retrieved August 18, 2016, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared August 2016.)

2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest