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Digest of Education Statistics
2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 224.10. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) music and visual arts scale scores of 8th-graders, percentage distribution by frequency of instruction at their school, and percentage participating in selected musical activities in school, by selected characteristics: 2016
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected characteristic Average scale score1 Percentage distribution of students by school-reported frequency of instruction2 Percent of students reporting participation in musical activities in school
Music3 Visual arts4 Music Visual arts
Subject not offered Less than once a week Once or twice a week 3 or 4 times a week Every day Subject not offered Less than once a week Once or twice a week 3 or 4 times a week Every day Play in band Play in orchestra Sing in chorus or choir
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
All students 147 (1.0) 149 (0.9) 8 (1.7) 5 (1.4) 23 (3.0) 19 (3.0) 45 (3.4) 14 (3.0) 7 (1.8) 24 (3.1) 18 (2.9) 37 (3.5) 17 (0.8) 5 (0.6) 16 (1.0)
Sex                                                            
Male 140 (1.1) 142 (1.1) 7 (1.6) 5 (1.4) 24 (3.2) 19 (3.0) 45 (3.3) 14 (3.0) 7 (1.8) 24 (3.2) 18 (2.8) 37 (3.4) 18 (1.0) 5 (0.7) 8 (0.9)
Female 155 (1.1) 156 (1.0) 9 (1.9) 5 (1.3) 22 (2.8) 19 (3.1) 45 (3.5) 14 (3.0) 7 (1.8) 23 (3.1) 19 (2.9) 37 (3.7) 16 (1.2) 6 (0.7) 24 (1.3)
                                                             
Race/ethnicity                                                            
White 158 (1.2) 158 (1.1) 8 (2.2) 4 (1.6) 27 (4.2) 19 (4.2) 42 (4.2) 13 (3.9) 8 (2.6) 28 (4.2) 17 (3.5) 34 (4.4) 19 (1.3) 5 (0.9) 19 (1.5)
Black 129 (2.0) 128 (2.0) 9 (3.8) 10 (3.7) 21 (4.2) 16 (4.2) 43 (5.0) 20 (5.5) 7 (2.9) 17 (3.7) 19 (4.5) 37 (4.9) 12 (1.6) 4 (1.0) 16 (1.5)
Hispanic 135 (1.2) 139 (1.3) 9 (2.5) 4 (1.6) 17 (3.0) 17 (3.3) 53 (3.8) 15 (3.5) 5 (1.7) 18 (3.1) 17 (3.3) 44 (3.9) 15 (1.2) 5 (0.8) 10 (1.1)
Asian 163 (2.5) 167 (2.6) 2 (1.2) 4 (2.4) 22 (5.4) 34 (6.2) 38 (6.2) 4 (1.7) 6 (2.5) 26 (5.6) 32 (5.8) 32 (5.5) 17 (2.5) 15 (2.5) 13 (2.3)
Pacific Islander (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
American Indian/Alaska
       Native
(†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Two or more races 149 (3.3) 155 (4.5) 4 (2.1) 6 (2.2) 14 (3.0) 20 (4.4) 56 (5.9) 9 (3.2) 3 (1.9) 26 (4.8) 25 (7.0) 37 (6.6) 21 (4.1) 3 (1.9) 24 (3.6)
                                                             
Free or reduced-price lunch
      eligibility
                                                           
Eligible 134 (1.1) 137 (1.2) 9 (2.1) 5 (1.7) 20 (3.3) 17 (3.2) 48 (4.0) 18 (3.8) 5 (1.6) 18 (3.4) 17 (3.1) 42 (4.5) 15 (1.0) 4 (0.7) 14 (1.2)
Not eligible 160 (1.1) 159 (1.2) 6 (1.8) 4 (1.7) 22 (3.5) 22 (4.3) 47 (4.2) 12 (3.9) 9 (2.8) 24 (4.0) 20 (3.9) 36 (3.8) 19 (1.4) 7 (1.1) 18 (1.5)
Unknown 157 (3.1) 161 (3.7) 13 (8.0) 8 (†) 49 (11.1) 12 (6.3) 17 (7.9) 2 (†) 12 (7.0) 57 (10.0) 16 (7.3) 12 (7.8) 16 (2.7) 4 (0.9) 18 (3.4)
                                                             
Control of school                                                            
Public 146 (1.0) 148 (0.9) 8 (1.7) 5 (1.4) 20 (3.1) 20 (3.2) 48 (3.6) 15 (3.2) 6 (1.9) 21 (3.4) 19 (3.0) 39 (3.7) 17 (0.9) 6 (0.7) 15 (1.0)
Private 160 (2.6) 164 (3.2) 14 (8.5) 8 (†) 59 (10.8) 8 (4.5) 10 (†) 5 (†) 17 (8.2) 61 (10.2) 11 (5.8) 6 (1.3) 16 (2.9) 3 (0.8) 23 (4.3)
                                                             
School location                                                            
City 140 (1.9) 145 (1.8) 7 (2.8) 6 (2.8) 25 (4.4) 18 (4.7) 43 (5.1) 13 (3.6) 2 (1.7) 29 (4.1) 19 (4.6) 36 (4.6) 13 (1.1) 6 (0.9) 14 (1.4)
Suburban 153 (1.5) 152 (1.6) 4 (1.7) 3 (1.7) 26 (4.2) 18 (4.2) 49 (5.1) 11 (2.0) 9 (2.9) 21 (3.9) 21 (4.8) 38 (5.3) 16 (1.3) 7 (1.1) 16 (1.3)
Town 143 (4.4) 147 (3.6) 25 (11.3) 4 (0.7) 8 (1.8) 31 (12.1) 32 (9.2) 26 (12.9) 8 (5.2) 19 (9.4) 12 (7.8) 34 (9.0) 22 (5.2) 1 (0.4) 19 (4.2)
Rural 149 (2.1) 148 (2.0) 14 (5.7) 7 (3.6) 18 (4.8) 18 (6.7) 43 (7.6) 17 (8.5) 9 (5.6) 24 (7.8) 13 (5.7) 37 (8.3) 21 (2.0) 2 (0.8) 19 (2.8)
                                                             
Region                                                            
Northeast 152 (2.3) 160 (1.4) 3 (0.4) 9 (5.4) 61 (11.2) 25 (8.3) 2 (1.1) 8 (1.0) 11 (5.9) 54 (8.8) 22 (6.1) 4 (†) 17 (1.8) 8 (2.8) 24 (2.7)
Midwest 152 (2.2) 148 (2.2) 9 (4.3) 4 (†) 23 (5.1) 27 (8.9) 37 (9.4) 11 (3.6) 11 (5.2) 31 (7.9) 19 (6.3) 29 (8.8) 20 (2.5) 6 (1.3) 20 (3.7)
South 146 (1.6) 146 (1.7) 10 (3.6) 6 (1.9) 15 (4.4) 11 (3.5) 58 (5.8) 16 (6.6) 6 (2.7) 14 (5.2) 12 (4.0) 52 (6.1) 17 (1.3) 5 (0.5) 14 (0.9)
West 143 (1.6) 148 (1.4) 7 (2.3) 2 (0.1) 11 (3.4) 23 (5.2) 57 (5.1) 17 (5.1) 3 (†) 12 (3.0) 27 (6.3) 42 (5.5) 14 (1.2) 5 (0.8) 11 (1.4)
                                                             
Frequency of instruction2,5                                                            
Subject not offered 133 (3.3) 139 (2.6) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 13 (2.9) # (†) 13 (3.4)
Less than once a week 145 (5.9) 153 (5.5) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 14 (2.7) 3 (1.2) 19 (5.0)
Once or twice a week 151 (2.1) 155 (2.5) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 18 (1.7) 6 (1.7) 20 (2.2)
3 or 4 times a week 152 (3.4) 150 (2.5) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 18 (3.0) 8 (1.3) 16 (2.0)
Every day 147 (1.7) 149 (1.7) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 17 (1.2) 5 (0.6) 14 (1.1)
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Scale ranges from 0 to 300 for both music and visual arts.
2 Based on principals' responses to the following question: "How often does a typical eighth-grade student in your school receive instruction in each of the following subjects?"
3 Students were asked to analyze, interpret, or critique a piece of music that they listened to or to describe the social, historical, or cultural context of a piece of music.
4 Students were asked to analyze, describe, or judge works of art and design to show understanding of form, aesthetics, and cultural or historical context.
5 For columns 2, 14, 15, and 16, refers to music instruction. For column 3, refers to visual arts instruction.
NOTE: Includes students tested with accommodations (10 percent of all 8th-graders for visual arts and 11 percent for music); excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (2 percent of all 8th-graders both for visual arts and for music). Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2016 Arts Assessment, retrieved May 11, 2017, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared May 2017.)

2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest