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Digest of Education Statistics: 2016
Digest of Education Statistics: 2016

NCES 2017-094
February 2018


Table 222.45. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale score and percentage distribution of 4th- and 8th-graders, by computer use and internet access at home and other selected characteristics: 2015
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected characteristic Percent of all students Average mathematics scale score1 Percentage distribution of students
All students Student uses a computer at home Student has access to Internet at home2 Student uses a computer at home Student has access to Internet at home2
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Grade 4                                        
All 4th-graders 100 (†) 240 (0.3) 243 (0.3) 230 (0.4) 244 (0.3) 222 (0.5) 83 (0.2) 17 (0.2) 82 (0.2) 18 (0.2)
Sex                                        
Male 51 (0.2) 241 (0.3) 244 (0.3) 231 (0.5) 245 (0.3) 223 (0.6) 82 (0.3) 18 (0.3) 82 (0.3) 18 (0.3)
Female 49 (0.2) 239 (0.3) 242 (0.3) 229 (0.5) 243 (0.3) 221 (0.5) 84 (0.3) 16 (0.3) 82 (0.3) 18 (0.3)
                                         
Race/ethnicity                                        
White 51 (0.3) 248 (0.3) 250 (0.3) 239 (0.5) 251 (0.3) 232 (0.4) 87 (0.2) 13 (0.2) 86 (0.3) 14 (0.3)
Black 15 (0.3) 224 (0.4) 226 (0.4) 218 (0.7) 228 (0.4) 210 (0.7) 80 (0.4) 20 (0.4) 78 (0.5) 22 (0.5)
Hispanic 25 (0.3) 230 (0.5) 232 (0.5) 225 (0.8) 235 (0.5) 218 (0.8) 77 (0.5) 23 (0.5) 74 (0.5) 26 (0.5)
Asian 5 (0.2) 259 (1.2) 260 (1.2) 248 (2.3) 262 (1.1) 228 (2.7) 93 (0.7) 7 (0.7) 91 (0.7) 9 (0.7)
Pacific Islander # (†) 231 (2.3) 235 (2.5) 218 (3.6) 237 (2.7) 213 (3.4) 81 (3.1) 19 (3.1) 74 (2.4) 26 (2.4)
American Indian/Alaska Native 1 (#) 227 (1.0) 230 (1.0) 222 (1.8) 233 (1.0) 217 (1.6) 69 (1.4) 31 (1.4) 65 (1.2) 35 (1.2)
Two or more races 3 (0.1) 245 (0.8) 247 (0.9) 234 (1.4) 248 (0.9) 228 (1.9) 84 (0.9) 16 (0.9) 84 (1.0) 16 (1.0)
                                         
English language learner (ELL) status                                        
ELL 11 (0.3) 218 (0.7) 220 (0.8) 214 (1.0) 224 (0.7) 209 (1.1) 74 (0.8) 26 (0.8) 66 (0.8) 34 (0.8)
Non-ELL 89 (0.3) 243 (0.3) 245 (0.3) 233 (0.4) 246 (0.3) 226 (0.4) 84 (0.2) 16 (0.2) 84 (0.3) 16 (0.3)
                                         
Disability status3                                        
Identified as student with disability (SD) 13 (0.1) 218 (0.5) 220 (0.5) 210 (0.9) 223 (0.5) 203 (0.9) 79 (0.5) 21 (0.5) 74 (0.6) 26 (0.6)
Not identified as SD 87 (0.1) 244 (0.3) 246 (0.3) 234 (0.4) 247 (0.3) 227 (0.4) 84 (0.2) 16 (0.2) 83 (0.3) 17 (0.3)
                                         
Percent of students in school eligible for
      free or reduced-price lunch
                                       
0-25 percent eligible 19 (0.8) 257 (0.7) 258 (0.7) 247 (1.4) 258 (0.6) 239 (1.4) 93 (0.3) 7 (0.3) 91 (0.4) 9 (0.4)
26-50 percent eligible 25 (1.0) 245 (0.5) 247 (0.5) 237 (1.1) 248 (0.5) 229 (0.8) 87 (0.3) 13 (0.3) 85 (0.5) 15 (0.5)
51-75 percent eligible 26 (1.0) 237 (0.5) 239 (0.5) 230 (0.8) 240 (0.5) 224 (1.0) 80 (0.5) 20 (0.5) 79 (0.7) 21 (0.7)
76-100 percent eligible 30 (0.8) 226 (0.5) 228 (0.5) 223 (0.6) 230 (0.4) 215 (0.7) 74 (0.4) 26 (0.4) 73 (0.5) 27 (0.5)
                                         
School control4                                        
Public 92 (0.2) 240 (0.3) 242 (0.3) 230 (0.4) 244 (0.3) 222 (0.4) 82 (0.2) 18 (0.2) 81 (0.2) 19 (0.2)
Private (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
                                         
School locale                                        
City 31 (0.4) 237 (0.5) 240 (0.5) 227 (0.6) 242 (0.5) 218 (0.6) 82 (0.4) 18 (0.4) 80 (0.4) 20 (0.4)
Large 17 (0.3) 235 (0.6) 237 (0.7) 225 (0.8) 240 (0.7) 216 (0.7) 81 (0.5) 19 (0.5) 79 (0.5) 21 (0.5)
Midsize 7 (0.4) 238 (1.3) 240 (1.4) 230 (1.6) 243 (1.3) 219 (1.6) 82 (1.3) 18 (1.3) 81 (1.1) 19 (1.1)
Small 7 (0.5) 241 (1.5) 244 (1.5) 230 (1.6) 246 (1.5) 221 (1.7) 83 (0.8) 17 (0.8) 82 (1.0) 18 (1.0)
Suburb 41 (0.4) 243 (0.5) 246 (0.5) 231 (0.8) 247 (0.5) 223 (0.8) 86 (0.4) 14 (0.4) 85 (0.5) 15 (0.5)
Large 34 (0.6) 244 (0.6) 246 (0.6) 231 (0.9) 248 (0.6) 224 (0.8) 87 (0.4) 13 (0.4) 85 (0.5) 15 (0.5)
Midsize 4 (0.4) 242 (1.3) 244 (1.4) 232 (1.6) 246 (1.1) 222 (2.2) 85 (1.2) 15 (1.2) 83 (1.4) 17 (1.4)
Small 2 (0.3) 234 (2.8) 236 (2.8) 226 (3.4) 238 (2.4) 218 (3.7) 81 (1.8) 19 (1.8) 79 (2.4) 21 (2.4)
Town 11 (0.4) 238 (0.8) 240 (0.8) 231 (1.2) 241 (0.6) 224 (1.5) 80 (0.5) 20 (0.5) 79 (1.0) 21 (1.0)
Fringe 3 (0.3) 237 (2.5) 239 (2.2) 228 (4.4) 242 (1.4) 219 (5.4) 83 (1.5) 17 (1.5) 80 (2.7) 20 (2.7)
Distant 5 (0.3) 238 (0.9) 240 (1.0) 232 (1.2) 241 (0.9) 226 (1.5) 79 (0.8) 21 (0.8) 79 (0.8) 21 (0.8)
Remote 3 (0.2) 238 (1.1) 240 (1.3) 232 (1.3) 242 (1.4) 225 (1.3) 78 (1.0) 22 (1.0) 78 (1.8) 22 (1.8)
Rural 17 (0.3) 241 (0.6) 243 (0.6) 234 (0.8) 244 (0.6) 228 (0.8) 81 (0.6) 19 (0.6) 81 (0.4) 19 (0.4)
Fringe 9 (0.3) 243 (1.0) 245 (0.9) 234 (1.3) 246 (1.0) 228 (1.3) 83 (0.8) 17 (0.8) 84 (0.6) 16 (0.6)
Distant 6 (0.3) 239 (0.6) 241 (0.7) 234 (1.1) 242 (0.7) 228 (1.2) 78 (1.0) 22 (1.0) 79 (0.8) 21 (0.8)
Remote 2 (0.1) 237 (0.8) 239 (0.9) 232 (1.3) 241 (0.9) 226 (1.3) 76 (1.1) 24 (1.1) 72 (1.5) 28 (1.5)
                                         
Grade 8                                        
All 8th-graders 100 (†) 282 (0.3) 285 (0.3) 262 (0.5) 284 (0.3) 261 (0.6) 88 (0.2) 12 (0.2) 92 (0.1) 8 (0.1)
                                         
Sex                                        
Male 51 (0.1) 282 (0.3) 285 (0.4) 263 (0.6) 284 (0.4) 260 (0.9) 88 (0.3) 12 (0.3) 92 (0.2) 8 (0.2)
Female 49 (0.1) 282 (0.4) 285 (0.4) 262 (0.7) 284 (0.4) 262 (0.8) 88 (0.2) 12 (0.2) 92 (0.2) 8 (0.2)
                                         
Race/ethnicity                                        
White 52 (0.4) 292 (0.3) 294 (0.3) 272 (0.7) 293 (0.3) 275 (0.7) 92 (0.2) 8 (0.2) 93 (0.1) 7 (0.1)
Black 15 (0.3) 260 (0.5) 262 (0.6) 252 (0.8) 262 (0.5) 242 (1.3) 83 (0.4) 17 (0.4) 91 (0.3) 9 (0.3)
Hispanic 24 (0.4) 270 (0.5) 273 (0.6) 259 (0.8) 272 (0.6) 251 (1.1) 82 (0.5) 18 (0.5) 89 (0.4) 11 (0.4)
Asian 5 (0.2) 307 (1.5) 309 (1.5) 277 (4.3) 309 (1.5) 264 (5.0) 96 (0.5) 4 (0.5) 97 (0.4) 3 (0.4)
Pacific Islander # (†) 276 (2.9) 280 (3.2) 256 (5.4) 279 (3.2) 255 (3.9) 87 (2.0) 13 (2.0) 89 (1.3) 11 (1.3)
American Indian/Alaska Native 1 (#) 267 (1.3) 271 (1.6) 258 (2.5) 270 (1.5) 257 (2.5) 75 (1.6) 25 (1.6) 78 (1.5) 22 (1.5)
Two or more races 2 (0.1) 285 (1.1) 288 (1.1) 264 (1.9) 286 (1.1) 271 (2.4) 89 (0.6) 11 (0.6) 93 (0.4) 7 (0.4)
                                         
English language learner (ELL) status                                        
ELL 6 (0.1) 246 (0.8) 249 (0.9) 239 (1.4) 249 (0.9) 233 (1.7) 77 (0.9) 23 (0.9) 81 (0.7) 19 (0.7)
Non-ELL 94 (0.1) 284 (0.3) 287 (0.3) 265 (0.5) 286 (0.3) 265 (0.6) 89 (0.2) 11 (0.2) 93 (0.1) 7 (0.1)
                                         
Disability status3                                        
Identified as student with disability (SD) 12 (0.1) 247 (0.5) 250 (0.6) 235 (1.0) 250 (0.6) 230 (1.1) 82 (0.5) 18 (0.5) 85 (0.4) 15 (0.4)
Not identified as SD 88 (0.1) 287 (0.3) 289 (0.3) 268 (0.5) 288 (0.3) 269 (0.6) 89 (0.2) 11 (0.2) 93 (0.1) 7 (0.1)
                                         
Percent of students in school eligible for
      free or reduced-price lunch
                                       
0-25 percent eligible 21 (0.8) 301 (0.6) 302 (0.6) 275 (2.0) 302 (0.6) 283 (1.6) 96 (0.3) 4 (0.3) 95 (0.2) 5 (0.2)
26-50 percent eligible 29 (0.9) 287 (0.5) 289 (0.5) 268 (0.9) 288 (0.5) 269 (1.0) 91 (0.3) 9 (0.3) 92 (0.3) 8 (0.3)
51-75 percent eligible 25 (1.0) 276 (0.7) 279 (0.7) 265 (0.9) 278 (0.7) 261 (1.1) 84 (0.4) 16 (0.4) 91 (0.3) 9 (0.3)
76-100 percent eligible 25 (0.8) 264 (0.7) 266 (0.8) 256 (1.0) 266 (0.7) 248 (1.3) 79 (0.5) 21 (0.5) 88 (0.4) 12 (0.4)
                                         
School control4                                        
Public 92 (0.2) 281 (0.3) 284 (0.3) 262 (0.5) 283 (0.3) 261 (0.6) 87 (0.2) 13 (0.2) 92 (0.2) 8 (0.2)
Private (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
                                         
School locale                                        
City 31 (0.4) 278 (0.7) 282 (0.7) 259 (0.9) 281 (0.7) 252 (1.0) 86 (0.4) 14 (0.4) 92 (0.3) 8 (0.3)
Large 16 (0.4) 276 (1.0) 279 (1.1) 257 (1.2) 278 (1.0) 248 (1.5) 85 (0.6) 15 (0.6) 92 (0.4) 8 (0.4)
Midsize 7 (0.4) 277 (1.7) 281 (1.7) 258 (1.9) 279 (1.7) 253 (2.7) 85 (1.1) 15 (1.1) 92 (0.5) 8 (0.5)
Small 8 (0.4) 286 (1.3) 289 (1.3) 264 (1.8) 287 (1.4) 261 (2.0) 89 (1.0) 11 (1.0) 93 (0.4) 7 (0.4)
Suburb 41 (0.4) 286 (0.5) 288 (0.5) 262 (0.9) 288 (0.5) 263 (1.1) 91 (0.2) 9 (0.2) 93 (0.2) 7 (0.2)
Large 35 (0.5) 287 (0.5) 289 (0.6) 262 (1.1) 288 (0.5) 264 (1.3) 92 (0.2) 8 (0.2) 93 (0.2) 7 (0.2)
Midsize 4 (0.3) 282 (1.6) 284 (1.7) 266 (2.0) 283 (1.6) 260 (2.8) 89 (0.9) 11 (0.9) 94 (0.6) 6 (0.6)
Small 2 (0.3) 283 (3.2) 286 (3.0) 259 (3.7) 284 (3.4) 263 (3.8) 88 (1.7) 12 (1.7) 92 (0.8) 8 (0.8)
Town 11 (0.3) 279 (0.7) 281 (0.8) 266 (1.1) 280 (0.7) 267 (1.6) 84 (0.6) 16 (0.6) 89 (0.4) 11 (0.4)
Fringe 3 (0.3) 282 (2.0) 284 (1.8) 265 (3.8) 283 (1.9) 270 (5.5) 86 (1.0) 14 (1.0) 92 (0.9) 8 (0.9)
Distant 5 (0.4) 278 (1.0) 280 (1.1) 267 (1.7) 279 (1.0) 267 (2.2) 83 (0.9) 17 (0.9) 88 (0.8) 12 (0.8)
Remote 3 (0.2) 278 (1.5) 281 (1.8) 265 (1.9) 280 (1.5) 264 (1.9) 83 (1.2) 17 (1.2) 88 (0.8) 12 (0.8)
Rural 18 (0.4) 282 (0.6) 285 (0.6) 267 (0.7) 284 (0.6) 265 (1.1) 86 (0.4) 14 (0.4) 90 (0.3) 10 (0.3)
Fringe 10 (0.5) 284 (0.9) 286 (0.9) 266 (1.4) 285 (0.9) 265 (2.0) 88 (0.6) 12 (0.6) 92 (0.5) 8 (0.5)
Distant 6 (0.3) 281 (0.7) 283 (0.8) 268 (1.1) 282 (0.7) 267 (1.6) 83 (0.7) 17 (0.7) 89 (0.7) 11 (0.7)
Remote 2 (0.1) 278 (1.1) 281 (1.1) 266 (1.8) 281 (1.1) 263 (2.2) 83 (1.1) 17 (1.1) 85 (0.8) 15 (0.8)
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Scale ranges from 0 to 500.
2 “Access to the Internet” was one item on a list preceded by the question “Do you have the following in your home?” For each item, students could either select “Yes” or leave the item blank. Students who left “Access to the Internet” blank are counted as having no internet access at home.
3 The student with disability (SD) variable used in this table includes students who have a 504 plan, even if they do not have an Individualized Education Plan (IEP).
4 Based on a variable that includes five categories: Public, Other private, Catholic, Bureau of Indian Education, and Department of Defense. Bureau of Indian Education and Department of Defense were omitted from this table, and Other private and Catholic were collapsed to create the Private category.
NOTE: Includes students tested with accommodations (14 percent of all 4th-graders and 12 percent of all 8th-graders); excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (2 percent of all students at both grades). Includes public and private schools. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2015 Mathematics Assessment, retrieved September 23, 2016, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared October 2016.)