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Digest of Education Statistics
2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 221.65. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale score of 8th-grade public school students, by race/ethnicity, parent's highest level of education, and state: 2015
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
State Race/ethnicity Highest level of education attained by either parent1
White Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander American Indian/ Alaska Native Two or more races Did not finish high school Graduated high school Some education after high school Graduated college
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
United States 273 (0.2) 247 (0.5) 253 (0.4) 280 (1.4) 254 (2.4) 253 (1.7) 267 (1.0) 249 (0.6) 253 (0.4) 267 (0.5) 274 (0.3)
                                             
Alabama 267 (1.0) 243 (2.0) 252 (3.9) (†) (†) (†) (†) 250 (2.9) 246 (2.0) 265 (2.2) 268 (1.4)
Alaska 276 (1.3) 248 (4.1) 263 (3.0) 260 (3.0) 242 (4.0) 231 (2.3) 270 (3.1) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Arizona 276 (1.4) 249 (4.0) 254 (1.3) (†) (†) 244 (4.4) (†) 254 (2.4) 254 (1.9) 267 (1.8) 274 (1.5)
Arkansas 266 (1.6) 238 (1.9) 255 (2.7) (†) (†) (†) (†) 252 (2.4) 249 (2.0) 262 (2.0) 268 (1.9)
California 274 (1.6) 248 (2.6) 249 (1.2) 279 (3.5) (†) (†) 263 (6.4) 246 (2.3) 249 (1.8) 266 (2.4) 273 (1.5)
                                             
Colorado 277 (1.7) 255 (3.8) 253 (1.7) 290 (4.0) (†) (†) 272 (5.1) 244 (2.7) 254 (2.4) 269 (2.4) 280 (1.5)
Connecticut 282 (1.3) 251 (2.5) 256 (2.6) 282 (3.9) (†) (†) (†) 249 (4.1) 260 (2.4) 271 (2.5) 282 (1.1)
Delaware 273 (1.1) 249 (1.4) 253 (2.3) 284 (5.3) (†) (†) (†) 249 (2.6) 248 (2.2) 272 (2.0) 271 (1.3)
District of Columbia 299 (3.2) 242 (1.1) 249 (2.9) (†) (†) (†) (†) 238 (3.4) 236 (1.9) 253 (2.6) 259 (1.6)
Florida 272 (1.1) 251 (1.8) 260 (1.3) 283 (4.9) (†) (†) 261 (5.3) 255 (2.4) 257 (1.7) 265 (1.5) 271 (1.2)
                                             
Georgia 273 (1.7) 248 (1.7) 257 (2.1) 281 (5.4) (†) (†) 279 (6.0) 249 (3.0) 255 (1.6) 269 (2.0) 269 (2.0)
Hawaii 270 (2.3) 258 (4.2) 258 (3.1) 263 (1.2) 245 (1.3) (†) 264 (3.1) 249 (4.8) 244 (1.6) 260 (1.6) 266 (1.3)
Idaho 273 (1.0) (†) 253 (2.3) (†) (†) (†) (†) 253 (3.3) 254 (1.9) 274 (2.0) 277 (1.1)
Illinois 276 (1.3) 247 (1.5) 257 (1.8) 290 (3.4) (†) (†) (†) 253 (3.2) 256 (1.8) 269 (1.8) 276 (1.3)
Indiana 272 (1.3) 252 (2.5) 257 (3.0) (†) (†) (†) 260 (4.7) 255 (3.1) 258 (1.9) 272 (1.9) 277 (1.5)
                                             
Iowa 271 (1.1) 245 (3.1) 256 (2.7) (†) (†) (†) (†) 250 (3.6) 254 (1.8) 270 (2.4) 275 (1.3)
Kansas 272 (1.2) 246 (3.8) 254 (2.6) (†) (†) (†) 258 (4.0) 255 (3.1) 255 (2.9) 267 (1.9) 276 (1.2)
Kentucky 271 (1.2) 247 (2.0) 266 (3.0) 275 (7.7) (†) (†) 261 (5.6) 251 (2.4) 260 (1.7) 270 (1.8) 277 (1.4)
Louisiana 266 (1.5) 243 (1.6) 258 (3.6) (†) (†) (†) (†) 245 (3.0) 248 (2.1) 263 (1.8) 261 (1.4)
Maine 269 (0.9) 246 (4.7) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 257 (2.0) 271 (1.8) 275 (0.9)
                                             
Maryland 279 (1.4) 251 (1.5) 258 (2.3) 292 (4.3) (†) (†) 275 (4.2) 251 (3.6) 255 (2.1) 264 (2.0) 277 (1.3)
Massachusetts 281 (0.9) 252 (2.6) 249 (2.3) 290 (3.3) (†) (†) 279 (5.0) 248 (2.9) 260 (2.4) 272 (1.9) 284 (1.2)
Michigan 270 (1.1) 243 (1.8) 263 (3.7) 282 (3.6) (†) (†) (†) 249 (4.5) 252 (1.7) 263 (1.7) 272 (1.3)
Minnesota 276 (1.2) 247 (3.0) 260 (3.3) 264 (3.8) (†) 250 (5.9) 260 (5.1) 242 (4.2) 253 (2.7) 271 (2.0) 279 (1.2)
Mississippi 266 (1.0) 240 (1.4) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 243 (3.1) 244 (1.8) 258 (2.0) 258 (1.6)
                                             
Missouri 271 (1.1) 246 (2.0) 258 (4.8) (†) (†) (†) (†) 254 (3.5) 258 (2.1) 272 (2.2) 274 (1.3)
Montana 273 (0.9) (†) 257 (3.9) (†) (†) 249 (2.2) (†) 256 (3.1) 260 (1.7) 269 (1.9) 278 (1.0)
Nebraska 275 (1.0) 245 (3.5) 257 (1.9) (†) (†) (†) (†) 257 (2.9) 253 (2.5) 269 (2.4) 278 (1.2)
Nevada 270 (1.6) 249 (2.4) 250 (1.1) 276 (3.1) (†) (†) 265 (4.0) 247 (2.2) 254 (1.9) 269 (1.9) 270 (1.4)
New Hampshire 275 (0.8) (†) 262 (4.6) 290 (6.5) (†) (†) (†) 252 (4.2) 264 (2.3) 276 (2.1) 281 (1.1)
                                             
New Jersey 278 (1.3) 253 (2.3) 254 (2.0) 294 (2.5) (†) (†) (†) 253 (4.7) 256 (2.5) 272 (2.1) 279 (1.3)
New Mexico 268 (1.5) (†) 249 (1.0) (†) (†) 243 (3.1) (†) 241 (2.4) 245 (1.8) 259 (1.9) 263 (1.3)
New York 273 (1.6) 248 (2.1) 254 (2.0) 272 (3.0) (†) (†) (†) 247 (3.2) 251 (2.1) 264 (2.2) 274 (1.6)
North Carolina 271 (1.6) 243 (2.0) 252 (1.9) 279 (4.8) (†) 250 (6.4) 269 (4.5) 245 (2.6) 249 (2.1) 263 (2.4) 272 (1.6)
North Dakota 270 (0.6) 255 (2.9) 261 (3.4) (†) (†) 245 (3.0) (†) 249 (3.8) 257 (1.9) 266 (2.2) 273 (0.8)
                                             
Ohio 271 (1.2) 245 (3.2) 255 (6.0) 272 (19.6) (†) (†) 260 (4.9) 244 (5.2) 253 (2.0) 265 (2.1) 277 (1.4)
Oklahoma 268 (1.3) 244 (3.2) 257 (1.9) (†) (†) 261 (2.4) 263 (4.0) 248 (3.3) 255 (1.9) 268 (1.6) 270 (1.5)
Oregon 274 (1.4) (†) 252 (1.9) 274 (4.8) (†) (†) 272 (3.7) 252 (2.5) 259 (2.5) 272 (2.2) 278 (1.5)
Pennsylvania 276 (1.3) 245 (2.7) 250 (4.2) 291 (5.3) (†) (†) 260 (4.5) 250 (3.8) 257 (1.9) 267 (2.4) 279 (1.5)
Rhode Island 275 (1.0) 248 (3.0) 245 (1.5) 279 (5.9) (†) (†) 266 (4.8) 247 (3.0) 253 (2.0) 268 (1.9) 277 (1.0)
                                             
South Carolina 271 (1.6) 244 (1.6) 249 (3.6) (†) (†) (†) 267 (4.8) 248 (3.0) 252 (2.0) 263 (2.1) 268 (1.5)
South Dakota 271 (0.9) 259 (3.7) 260 (3.1) (†) (†) 247 (2.2) (†) 254 (3.2) 257 (2.2) 269 (2.4) 273 (1.1)
Tennessee 270 (1.5) 247 (2.3) 257 (3.2) (†) (†) (†) (†) 247 (2.9) 254 (1.7) 267 (1.6) 275 (1.7)
Texas 274 (1.7) 251 (2.2) 252 (1.2) 284 (3.9) (†) (†) 274 (5.2) 251 (2.0) 252 (1.9) 265 (1.7) 271 (1.3)
Utah 274 (1.1) (†) 252 (2.4) (†) (†) 247 (7.1) 270 (4.9) (†) (†) (†) (†)
                                             
Vermont 275 (0.8) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 255 (2.3) 277 (2.2) 284 (1.0)
Virginia 274 (1.6) 249 (2.1) 257 (2.7) 287 (3.1) (†) (†) 267 (3.1) 249 (3.0) 252 (1.9) 265 (2.2) 278 (1.5)
Washington 275 (1.2) 250 (4.6) 250 (2.1) 282 (2.8) (†) 251 (4.5) 262 (3.2) 252 (2.6) 257 (2.5) 271 (1.7) 279 (1.4)
West Virginia 261 (1.0) 250 (3.1) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 248 (3.4) 248 (1.6) 264 (1.9) 269 (1.2)
Wisconsin 275 (1.2) 241 (2.6) 255 (2.4) 271 (6.0) (†) 253 (6.8) (†) 243 (4.4) 253 (2.2) 269 (2.1) 278 (1.4)
Wyoming 272 (0.7) (†) 258 (2.2) (†) (†) (†) (†) 252 (2.6) 257 (1.9) 269 (1.9) 278 (1.1)
Department of Defense
      dependents schools
281 (1.4) 273 (1.9) 273 (1.8) 274 (3.7) (†) (†) 279 (2.6) (†) 268 (2.4) 279 (2.1) 281 (1.0)
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or item response rates fell below the required standards for reporting.
1 Excludes students who responded "I don't know" to the question about educational level of parents.
NOTE: Scale ranges from 0 to 500. Includes public school students who were tested with accommodations; excludes only those students with disabilities (SD) and English language learners (ELL) who were unable to be tested even with accommodations. SD and ELL populations, accommodation rates, and exclusion rates vary from state to state. Race/ethnicity based on school records. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2015 Reading Assessment, retrieved November 13, 2015, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared November 2015.)

2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest