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Digest of Education Statistics
2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 220.56. Percentage of fall 2010 first-time kindergartners, by type of victimization their teacher reported that they perpetrated against peers in third grade, frequency with which the teacher reported that they victimized their peers, and selected child, family, and school characteristics: Spring 2014
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Frequency of child victimizing peers and selected child, family, or school characteristic Type of victimization perpetrated against peers
Any type of victimization1 Teased, made fun of, or called other students names Told lies or untrue stories about other students Pushed, shoved, slapped, hit, or kicked other students Excluded other students from play on purpose
1 2 3 4 5 6
Percentage distribution of children, by how frequently
      their teacher reported they victimized their peers
                             
                               
Total 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†)
Never 48.6   (0.81) 57.1   (0.78) 69.0   (0.72) 76.8   (0.82) 64.9   (0.75)
Rarely 28.4   (0.64) 25.0   (0.63) 18.8   (0.48) 14.4   (0.56) 23.1   (0.70)
Sometimes 16.8   (0.59) 13.2   (0.41) 9.2   (0.54) 6.5   (0.42) 9.6   (0.38)
Often or very often 6.1   (0.43) 4.8   (0.39) 3.0   (0.32) 2.3   (0.24) 2.4   (0.26)
Often 4.4   (0.30) 3.6   (0.31) 2.2   (0.25) 1.6   (0.17) 1.8   (0.20)
Very often 1.8   (0.21) 1.1   (0.17) 0.8   (0.13) 0.7   (0.18) 0.6   (0.11)
                               
Among children with each characteristic, percent whose
      teacher reported that they perpetrated specific types of
      victimization against their peers "Often" or "Very often"
                             
                               
Total 6.1   (0.43) 4.8   (0.39) 3.0   (0.32) 2.3   (0.24) 2.4   (0.26)
Sex of child                              
Male 8.4   (0.66) 6.8   (0.61) 3.8   (0.50) 3.4   (0.37) 2.7   (0.38)
Female 3.8   (0.41) 2.7   (0.36) 2.2   (0.28) 1.1   (0.26) 2.1   (0.32)
                               
Age of child at kindergarten entry                              
Less than 5 years old 4.4 ! (1.86)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
5 years old to 5 1/2 years old 6.2   (0.52) 4.7   (0.45) 3.1   (0.37) 2.4   (0.35) 2.5   (0.36)
More than 5 1/2 years old to 6 years old 6.2   (0.71) 5.0   (0.65) 3.0   (0.50) 2.4   (0.31) 2.3   (0.41)
More than 6 years old 6.0   (1.23) 5.2   (1.06) 2.5 ! (0.81) 1.7 ! (0.64) 2.7   (0.67)
                               
Race/ethnicity of child                              
White 4.6   (0.48) 3.3   (0.41) 2.2   (0.33) 1.2   (0.22) 1.8   (0.28)
Black 14.8   (1.71) 13.0   (1.77) 7.4   (1.19) 7.9   (1.05) 6.1   (1.18)
Hispanic 5.5   (0.57) 4.2   (0.53) 2.7   (0.43) 2.2   (0.34) 2.0   (0.55)
Asian 1.7 ! (0.59) 1.1 ! (0.51)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Pacific Islander 13.6 ! (6.52)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 6.4 ! (2.68) 5.7 ! (2.29) 5.1 ! (2.25) 2.0 ! (0.78)   (†)
                               
Frequency with which child reported experiencing different
      types of victimization by peers, spring 2014
                             
Teased, made fun of, or called names                              
Sometimes, rarely, or never 4.8   (0.40) 3.8   (0.37) 2.2   (0.28) 1.5   (0.20) 2.0   (0.26)
Often or very often 11.7   (1.31) 8.6   (1.04) 6.5   (0.86) 5.5   (0.86) 4.0   (0.68)
                               
Subject of lies or untrue stories                              
Sometimes, rarely, or never 4.3   (0.34) 3.3   (0.28) 2.0   (0.23) 1.5   (0.17) 1.8   (0.25)
Often or very often 12.3   (1.21) 10.0   (1.14) 6.6   (0.87) 4.9   (0.77) 4.4   (0.60)
                               
Pushed, shoved, slapped, hit, or kicked                              
Sometimes, rarely, or never 5.1   (0.44) 4.0   (0.39) 2.4   (0.34) 1.8   (0.22) 2.1   (0.28)
Often or very often 11.9   (1.26) 9.3   (1.14) 6.7   (1.02) 5.1   (0.82) 3.9   (0.70)
                               
Excluded from play on purpose                              
Sometimes, rarely, or never 5.2   (0.43) 4.2   (0.39) 2.5   (0.31) 1.8   (0.22) 2.1   (0.27)
Often or very often 10.9   (1.39) 7.9   (1.16) 5.7   (0.81) 4.9   (0.86) 4.0   (0.63)
                               
Parents’ highest level of education, spring 20142                              
Less than high school 9.0   (1.35) 6.4   (1.34) 3.2   (0.75) 5.6   (1.07) 3.2   (0.85)
High school completion 7.8   (1.15) 6.0   (1.08) 4.5   (0.80) 3.2   (0.61) 3.4   (0.63)
Some college/vocational 6.8   (0.61) 5.7   (0.60) 3.6   (0.49) 2.2   (0.35) 2.9   (0.49)
Bachelor’s degree 4.3   (0.61) 3.2   (0.48) 1.9   (0.44) 1.3 ! (0.43) 1.3   (0.34)
Any graduate education 3.7   (0.50) 2.6   (0.43) 1.4   (0.38) 1.1   (0.31) 1.3 ! (0.40)
                               
Poverty status, spring 20143                              
Below poverty threshold 9.0   (0.80) 7.1   (0.86) 4.9   (0.67) 4.5   (0.59) 3.7   (0.69)
100 to 199 percent of poverty threshold 7.8   (0.82) 6.7   (0.74) 4.4   (0.76) 2.6   (0.49) 3.0   (0.53)
200 percent or more of poverty threshold 4.2   (0.38) 2.9   (0.32) 1.6   (0.23) 1.2   (0.16) 1.6   (0.31)
                               
School locale, spring 2014                              
City 7.5   (0.68) 5.8   (0.59) 3.8   (0.50) 3.3   (0.44) 3.0   (0.40)
Suburb 5.2   (0.50) 4.1   (0.42) 2.6   (0.32) 1.9   (0.32) 1.9   (0.27)
Town 4.6   (1.23) 3.6 ! (1.17) 2.4 ! (0.75) 2.2   (0.67)   (†)
Rural 5.6   (0.83) 4.1   (0.75) 2.7   (0.73) 1.6   (0.41) 2.4   (0.59)
                               
School control, spring 2014                              
Public 6.3   (0.45) 4.9   (0.43) 3.2   (0.34) 2.4   (0.25) 2.5   (0.28)
Private 4.8   (1.03) 3.4   (0.81) 1.4 ! (0.44) 1.4   (0.42) 1.3 ! (0.59)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Children whose teachers reported that they perpetrated more than one type of victimization are counted only once in the total percentage of children who perpetrated any type of victimization.
2 Parents’ highest level of education is the highest level of education achieved by either of the parents or guardians in a two-parent household, by the only parent in a single-parent household, or by any guardian in a household with no parents.
3 Poverty status is based on U.S. Census weighted average income thresholds for 2013, which identify incomes determined to meet household needs, given family size and composition. For example, a family of three with one child was below the poverty threshold if its income was less than $18,552 in 2013.
NOTE: Estimates weighted by W7C27P_7T70. Estimates pertain to a sample of children who were enrolled in kindergarten for the first time in the 2010-11 school year. In 2013-14, most of the children were in third grade, but 6 percent were in second grade or other grades (e.g., fourth grade, ungraded classrooms). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and survey item nonresponse.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11 (ECLS-K:2011), Kindergarten–Third Grade Restricted-Use Data File. (This table was prepared October 2016.)

2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest