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Digest of Education Statistics: 2016
Digest of Education Statistics: 2016

NCES 2017-094
February 2018


Table 220.55. Percentage of fall 2010 first-time kindergartners, by type of peer victimization reported by child in third grade, frequency with which child reported being victimized in third grade, and selected child, family, and school characteristics: Spring 2014
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Frequency of victimization and selected child, family, or school characteristic Type of peer victimization reported by child
Any type of peer victimization1 Teased, made fun of, or called names Subject of lies or untrue stories Pushed, shoved, slapped, hit, or kicked Excluded from play on purpose
1 2 3 4 5 6
Percentage distribution of all children, by reported
      frequency of being victimized by their peers
                             
                               
Total 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†)
                               
Never 11.1   (0.47) 34.0   (0.72) 33.8   (0.63) 45.5   (0.79) 44.4   (0.72)
Rarely 18.5   (0.69) 22.8   (0.65) 19.9   (0.54) 22.2   (0.75) 22.0   (0.57)
Sometimes 33.0   (0.76) 27.7   (0.70) 24.1   (0.57) 18.6   (0.54) 18.5   (0.57)
Often or very often 37.5   (0.80) 15.4   (0.52) 22.2   (0.72) 13.7   (0.47) 15.1   (0.56)
Often 15.3   (0.41) 6.5   (0.39) 9.9   (0.45) 6.5   (0.33) 7.4   (0.36)
Very often 22.2   (0.71) 8.9   (0.41) 12.3   (0.60) 7.2   (0.36) 7.8   (0.44)
                               
Among children with each characteristic, percent reporting
      that they experienced specific types of peer victimization
      "Often" or "Very often"
                             
                               
Total 37.5   (0.80) 15.4   (0.52) 22.2   (0.72) 13.7   (0.47) 15.1   (0.56)
                               
Sex of child                              
Male 39.3   (1.37) 15.7   (0.85) 23.6   (1.10) 16.2   (0.78) 14.3   (0.83)
Female 35.5   (0.80) 15.2   (0.55) 20.8   (0.82) 11.1   (0.58) 15.9   (0.71)
                               
Age of child at kindergarten entry                              
Less than 5 years old 40.0   (2.99) 18.2   (2.55) 20.5   (2.51) 14.9   (2.52) 12.8   (2.88)
5 years old to 5 1/2 years old 39.2   (1.03) 16.5   (0.83) 23.7   (0.85) 14.0   (0.62) 16.6   (0.81)
More than 5 1/2 years old to 6 years old 36.1   (1.03) 14.5   (0.72) 21.5   (0.99) 13.7   (0.63) 14.2   (0.71)
More than 6 years old 35.0   (2.31) 14.0   (1.24) 19.4   (1.78) 12.0   (1.34) 13.1   (1.41)
                               
Race/ethnicity of child                              
White 35.9   (0.89) 15.2   (0.58) 20.6   (0.80) 12.7   (0.59) 15.2   (0.67)
Black 47.7   (3.75) 19.9   (2.14) 32.2   (2.65) 20.0   (1.71) 18.3   (2.22)
Hispanic 35.5   (1.03) 13.7   (1.03) 20.6   (1.10) 12.3   (0.64) 13.3   (0.87)
Asian 28.6   (2.33) 11.3   (2.37) 12.5   (1.37) 9.8   (2.21) 12.2   (1.98)
Pacific Islander 19.0 ! (6.99) 7.7 ! (2.96) 16.0 ! (6.89)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 47.2   (3.94) 18.3   (3.10) 27.1   (2.59) 24.8   (4.14) 17.8   (2.31)
Two or more races 43.9   (3.27) 18.6   (2.51) 29.1   (2.96) 16.6   (2.52) 16.9   (2.38)
                               
Frequency with which child victimized his/her peers
      (reported by teacher), spring 2014
                             
Teased, made fun of, or called other students names                              
Sometimes, rarely, or never 36.1   (0.76) 14.7   (0.49) 20.9   (0.70) 13.0   (0.46) 14.6   (0.50)
Often or very often 62.4   (3.35) 29.2   (3.14) 46.4   (3.06) 27.0   (3.06) 25.1   (3.48)
                               
Told lies or untrue stories about other students                              
Sometimes, rarely, or never 36.5   (0.75) 14.8   (0.47) 21.3   (0.70) 13.1   (0.45) 14.7   (0.51)
Often or very often 66.3   (3.85) 35.1   (3.76) 48.0   (3.42) 31.0   (4.63) 28.8   (3.76)
                               
Pushed, shoved, slapped, hit, or kicked other students                              
Sometimes, rarely, or never 36.7   (0.75) 14.9   (0.50) 21.6   (0.69) 13.3   (0.45) 14.7   (0.53)
Often or very often 65.3   (6.04) 39.3   (4.56) 47.8   (4.66) 31.1   (4.26) 32.7   (4.73)
                               
Excluded other students from play on purpose                              
Sometimes, rarely, or never 36.8   (0.75) 15.1   (0.52) 21.7   (0.70) 13.5   (0.45) 14.9   (0.53)
Often or very often 58.6   (5.78) 26.3   (4.34) 41.4   (4.64) 22.5   (4.25) 25.5   (4.07)
                               
Parents’ highest level of education, spring 20142                              
Less than high school 37.1   (2.24) 13.6   (1.90) 22.6   (1.75) 15.5   (1.52) 14.3   (1.55)
High school completion 45.0   (1.67) 18.7   (1.45) 28.0   (1.68) 15.4   (1.07) 18.4   (1.40)
Some college/vocational 40.3   (0.98) 18.0   (1.01) 24.7   (1.08) 15.5   (0.85) 17.2   (0.83)
Bachelor’s degree 32.9   (1.29) 13.1   (0.88) 17.6   (1.08) 11.6   (1.00) 12.5   (0.91)
Any graduate education 28.2   (1.17) 10.1   (0.85) 15.7   (0.96) 9.9   (0.95) 10.4   (0.85)
                               
Poverty status, spring 20143                              
Below poverty threshold 42.9   (1.43) 17.6   (1.23) 26.6   (1.47) 16.6   (1.10) 19.5   (1.07)
100 to 199 percent of poverty threshold 42.9   (1.59) 19.1   (1.28) 24.7   (1.28) 16.8   (1.08) 17.1   (1.34)
200 percent or more of poverty threshold 32.7   (0.83) 12.9   (0.54) 19.2   (0.74) 11.1   (0.50) 12.3   (0.55)
                               
School locale, spring 2014                              
City 37.4   (1.44) 16.9   (0.94) 22.7   (1.10) 14.1   (0.91) 14.6   (0.80)
Suburb 33.5   (1.17) 14.0   (0.70) 18.7   (0.85) 11.6   (0.76) 12.8   (0.77)
Town 37.6   (3.35) 13.6   (1.54) 24.1   (2.59) 14.2   (1.64) 14.9   (2.18)
Rural 42.6   (1.82) 16.7   (1.31) 24.7   (1.64) 15.1   (1.40) 18.4   (1.42)
                               
School control, spring 2014                              
Public 37.8   (0.83) 15.5   (0.58) 22.7   (0.77) 13.8   (0.50) 15.4   (0.58)
Private 34.3   (2.03) 14.2   (1.46) 17.5   (1.83) 12.6   (1.48) 11.8   (1.32)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Children who reported experiencing more than one type of victimization are counted only once in the total percentage of children who experienced any type of victimization.
2 Parents’ highest level of education is the highest level of education achieved by either of the parents or guardians in a two-parent household, by the only parent in a single-parent household, or by any guardian in a household with no parents.
3 Poverty status is based on U.S. Census weighted average income thresholds for 2013, which identify incomes determined to meet household needs, given family size and composition. For example, a family of three with one child was below the poverty threshold if its income was less than $18,552 in 2013.
NOTE: Estimates weighted by W7C27P_7T70. Estimates pertain to a sample of children who were enrolled in kindergarten for the first time in the 2010-11 school year. In 2013-14, most of the children were in third grade, but 6 percent were in second grade or other grades (e.g., fourth grade, ungraded classrooms). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and survey item nonresponse.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11 (ECLS-K:2011), Kindergarten–Third Grade Restricted-Use Data File. (This table was prepared October 2016.)