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Digest of Education Statistics
2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 217.10. Functional age of public schools' main instructional buildings and percentage of schools with permanent and portable (temporary) buildings, by selected school characteristics and condition of permanent and portable buildings: 2012
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Functional age of main instructional building; presence and condition of permanent and portable buildings All public schools1 Instructional level Community type Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch
Elementary Secondary Combined City Suburban Town Rural Less than 35 percent 35 to 49 percent 50 to 74 percent 75 percent or more
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Estimated number of schools 84,000   (†) 62,600   (†) 18,900   (†) 2,400   (†) 21,200   (†) 23,500   (†) 10,900   (†) 28,400   (†) 31   (†) 18   (†) 27   (†) 23   (†)
                                                                         
Main instructional building                                                                        
Percent of schools, by functional
     age2
                                                                       
Less than 5 years old 21   (1.1) 19   (1.2) 25   (2.2) 27   (6.8) 24   (2.6) 23   (2.2) 19   (2.9) 17   (1.9) 20   (2.1) 23   (2.9) 18   (2.0) 24   (2.5)
5 to 14 years old 38   (1.2) 37   (1.4) 39   (2.3) 34   (7.2) 33   (2.5) 39   (2.7) 37   (4.1) 40   (2.3) 40   (2.2) 34   (3.3) 39   (2.6) 35   (3.0)
15 to 34 years old 23   (1.2) 25   (1.6) 17   (1.8) 28   (7.5) 20   (2.3) 20   (1.8) 27   (3.6) 28   (2.3) 25   (2.1) 22   (2.9) 25   (2.3) 20   (2.7)
35 or more years old 18   (1.2) 19   (1.4) 18   (1.7) 11 ! (4.3) 22   (2.4) 19   (2.2) 17   (3.0) 15   (1.9) 15   (2.0) 21   (2.9) 17   (2.1) 21   (2.8)
Average years                                                                        
Since construction 44   (0.7) 45   (0.9) 43   (1.2) 50   (4.2) 50   (1.7) 43   (1.2) 48   (1.8) 40   (1.2) 42   (1.3) 46   (1.8) 43   (1.4) 48   (1.9)
Since major renovation3 12   (0.4) 12   (0.5) 11   (0.7) 12   (2.0) 11   (0.7) 11   (0.7) 14   (1.2) 12   (0.8) 11   (0.6) 12   (1.1) 12   (0.8) 11   (0.8)
                                                                         
Permanent buildings
     (percent of schools)
                                                                       
School has permanent buildings 99   (0.2) 99   (0.3) 100   (0.3) 100   (#) 99   (0.7) 100   (0.4) 99   (0.6) 100   (0.3) 100   (0.4) 99   (0.6) 100   (#) 98   (0.8)
Overall condition of buildings4                                                                        
Excellent 20   (1.1) 20   (1.4) 20   (1.5) 15 ! (5.5) 17   (2.0) 23   (2.2) 18   (3.3) 20   (1.8) 24   (2.0) 18   (2.3) 20   (2.1) 16   (2.0)
Good 56   (1.4) 57   (1.7) 57   (2.2) 44   (7.0) 55   (2.6) 56   (2.6) 57   (3.8) 57   (2.5) 56   (2.3) 63   (3.5) 56   (2.7) 52   (3.2)
Fair 21   (1.0) 21   (1.3) 20   (2.0) 38   (7.4) 23   (2.3) 20   (2.1) 23   (3.2) 20   (2.0) 18   (1.9) 17   (2.5) 22   (2.0) 28   (2.7)
Poor 3   (0.5) 3   (0.6) 2 ! (0.7)   (†) 5   (1.3)   (†)   (†) 2 ! (0.8) 2 ! (0.8) 2 ! (0.9) 2 ! (1.0) 4   (1.3)
                                                                         
Environmental factors are
     unsatisfactory5
                                                                       
Lighting, artificial 8   (0.9) 8   (1.1) 7   (1.4)   (†) 9   (1.6) 7   (1.4) 8   (2.1) 9   (1.4) 6   (1.4) 7   (1.8) 8   (1.8) 11   (1.9)
Lighting, natural 16   (1.1) 17   (1.4) 16   (1.7) 15 ! (5.3) 16   (2.2) 15   (2.0) 20   (3.2) 16   (1.9) 14   (1.7) 17   (2.7) 17   (2.0) 19   (2.6)
Heating 14   (0.9) 13   (1.2) 16   (2.1) 20 ! (6.2) 16   (2.1) 10   (1.6) 14   (2.4) 14   (1.7) 12   (1.6) 14   (2.4) 14   (2.2) 15   (2.3)
Air conditioning 17   (1.1) 16   (1.4) 20   (2.3) 21 ! (6.7) 21   (2.5) 13   (1.9) 18   (3.2) 17   (2.0) 17   (1.9) 16   (2.7) 15   (2.5) 19   (2.7)
Ventilation 17   (1.2) 16   (1.4) 16   (1.8) 28   (7.3) 18   (2.0) 12   (1.9) 16   (3.2) 20   (2.1) 15   (1.9) 16   (2.6) 16   (2.0) 20   (2.7)
Indoor air quality 9   (0.8) 9   (1.0) 9   (1.4) 13 ! (5.0) 11   (1.8) 4   (1.0) 7   (2.2) 12   (1.7) 7   (1.2) 9   (2.1) 11   (1.8) 10   (1.9)
Water quality 5   (0.6) 5   (0.8) 6   (1.1) 16 ! (6.4) 6   (1.5) 3   (0.9) 5   (1.6) 7   (1.3) 4   (1.0) 5   (1.5) 6   (1.4) 7   (1.4)
Acoustics or noise control 14   (1.0) 14   (1.3) 12   (1.5) 25   (6.2) 14   (2.1) 10   (1.5) 15   (3.0) 16   (2.0) 12   (1.7) 13   (2.4) 13   (1.8) 17   (2.3)
                                                                         
Portable (temporary) buildings
     (percent of schools)
                                                                       
School has portable buildings 31   (1.4) 33   (1.8) 24   (2.0) 29   (6.8) 40   (2.8) 32   (2.2) 27   (3.6) 25   (2.1) 25   (2.0) 30   (2.9) 31   (2.2) 39   (3.4)
Overall condition of buildings6                                                                        
Excellent 6   (1.1) 6   (1.4) 5 ! (1.5)   (†) 4 ! (1.8) 5 ! (1.8) 10 ! (4.7) 7 ! (2.3) 8 ! (2.7) 7 ! (3.0) 4 ! (1.9) 5 ! (2.0)
Good 49   (2.8) 49   (3.2) 46   (4.4) 56   (14.2) 53   (4.2) 51   (4.9) 43   (7.7) 44   (5.0) 51   (4.8) 53   (6.1) 45   (4.4) 48   (5.0)
Fair 36   (2.4) 36   (2.9) 43   (4.8)   (†) 34   (4.1) 38   (4.8) 38   (7.5) 36   (4.8) 29   (4.1) 36   (5.9) 41   (4.2) 38   (4.6)
Poor 9   (1.4) 9   (1.7) 7 ! (2.3)   (†) 8 ! (2.6) 6 ! (2.0) 9 ! (4.1) 13   (3.5) 12   (3.2)   (†) 10 ! (3.2) 8 ! (3.0)
                                                                         
Environmental factors are
     unsatisfactory7
                                                                       
Lighting, artificial 11   (1.8) 11   (2.1) 12   (3.3) #   (†) 10   (2.9) 6 ! (2.6) 14 ! (5.7) 15   (4.0) 10 ! (3.0) 8 ! (3.5) 12   (3.3) 12   (3.3)
Lighting, natural 28   (2.5) 29   (3.0) 28   (4.3)   (†) 26   (4.2) 26   (4.4) 41   (8.0) 28   (4.4) 26   (4.1) 28   (4.9) 29   (4.8) 30   (4.5)
Heating 12   (1.8) 11   (2.0) 16   (3.5) #   (†) 11   (2.9) 7 ! (2.4) 17 ! (5.7) 16   (4.0) 13   (3.5) 8 ! (3.5) 15   (3.5) 10   (3.1)
Air conditioning 15   (2.2) 16   (2.6) 14   (3.3)   (†) 15   (3.6) 12   (3.1) 14 ! (5.3) 18   (4.3) 17   (3.9) 13 ! (4.1) 16   (3.9) 14   (3.7)
Ventilation 19   (2.2) 19   (2.6) 22   (3.9)   (†) 18   (3.7) 14   (3.1) 26   (6.7) 24   (4.4) 18   (3.9) 18 ! (5.7) 23   (4.6) 18   (4.0)
Indoor air quality 16   (2.0) 17   (2.3) 14   (3.0) #   (†) 17   (3.6) 11   (2.8) 18 ! (5.5) 19   (4.2) 14   (3.4) 15 ! (4.4) 19   (4.1) 16   (3.6)
Water quality 10   (1.7) 10   (2.0) 8 ! (3.1)   (†) 7 ! (2.7) 7 ! (2.9) 16 ! (6.7) 14 ! (4.6) 9 ! (3.8)   (†) 11 ! (3.8) 14   (3.8)
Acoustics or noise control 21   (2.5) 21   (2.9) 21   (4.1)   (†) 19   (3.6) 17   (3.9) 24 ! (7.1) 26   (4.6) 19   (4.2) 11 ! (4.2) 26   (4.6) 23   (4.7)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 50 percent or greater.
1 Excludes special education, vocational, and alternative schools; schools without enrollment data; and schools offering only preprimary education.
2 The functional age of the main instructional building is the number of years since its most recent major renovation or since its construction if no major renovation has ever occurred.
3 Based on schools whose main instructional building has undergone a major renovation.
4 Based on the 99 percent of public schools with permanent buildings.
5 Based on schools with the specified environmental factor in their permanent buildings. Includes ratings of "unsatisfactory" and "very unsatisfactory."
6 Based on the 31 percent of public schools with portable (temporary) buildings.
7 Based on schools with the specified environmental factor in their portable (temporary) buildings. Includes ratings of "unsatisfactory" and "very unsatisfactory."
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Fast Response Survey System (FRSS), "Condition of Public School Facilities: 2012–13," FRSS 105, 2013. (This table was prepared June 2014.)

2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest