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Digest of Education Statistics
2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 212.20. Mobility of public elementary and secondary principals, by selected principal and school characteristics: 2007-08 to 2008-09 and 2011-12 to 2012-13
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected principal or school characteristic Percent of public school principals
2007-08 to 2008-09 2011-12 to 2012-13
Remained in same school Moved to another school Stopped working as a principal Remained in same school Moved to another school Stopped working as a principal
Total moving to another school2 Public school in same school district Public school in different district Working at a different type of job Other1 Total moving to another school2 Public school in same school district Public school in different district Working at a different type of job Other1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Total 79.5   (1.85) 6.9   (1.25) 4.3   (0.99) 2.5 ! (0.77) 11.9   (1.35) 1.8 ! (0.64) 77.4   (1.23) 7.0   (0.92) 4.4   (0.79) 2.4   (0.47) 11.5   (1.00) 4.1   (0.72)
Sex                                                                        
Male 77.6   (2.57) 7.5   (1.69) 4.0 ! (1.38) 3.3 ! (1.00) 13.0   (2.10)   (†) 77.1   (1.73) 7.0   (1.15) 3.8   (0.82) 3.1   (0.81) 11.6   (1.57) 4.3   (0.81)
Female 81.3   (2.55) 6.4   (1.71) 4.6 ! (1.39)   (†) 10.8   (0.96)   (†) 77.8   (2.01) 6.9   (1.33) 5.1   (1.33) 1.8 ! (0.55) 11.4   (1.48) 4.0   (1.08)
                                                                         
Race/ethnicity                                                                        
White 80.1   (2.14) 6.8   (1.37) 4.1   (0.98) 2.6 ! (0.87) 11.9   (1.60) 1.3 ! (0.55) 78.6   (1.15) 6.4   (0.92) 4.0   (0.76) 2.4   (0.50) 11.7   (1.05) 3.3   (0.68)
Black 77.4   (5.57)   (†)   (†)   (†) 11.3 ! (4.32)   (†) 72.2   (5.08) 9.7 ! (3.22) 6.6 ! (2.69)   (†) 10.4 ! (3.30) 7.7 ! (3.10)
Hispanic 79.1   (8.27)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 73.6   (8.19)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Asian/Pacific Islander 61.7 ! (26.32)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 81.3   (9.84)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Asian 63.8 ! (31.19)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 82.1   (9.60)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Native Hawaiian/
      Pacific Islander
  (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska
      Native
74.3   (19.09)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 66.4   (19.37)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 66.1 ! (28.81)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 70.1 ! (22.93)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
Age                                                                        
Under 40 81.6   (4.40) 9.5 ! (3.27) 5.2 ! (2.47)   (†) 7.1 ! (2.78)   (†) 81.1   (3.44) 7.5   (2.01) 3.7 ! (1.51) 3.8 ! (1.25) 7.9 ! (2.70) 3.5 ! (1.60)
40 to 44 83.7   (4.27) 7.5 ! (2.58) 4.6 ! (2.18) 2.9 ! (1.42) 6.9 ! (2.85)   (†) 77.3   (3.75) 9.6   (2.60) 6.2 ! (2.21) 3.3 ! (1.41) 8.0   (2.29) 5.0 ! (2.28)
45 to 49 83.0   (4.64) 6.8 ! (3.23)   (†)   (†) 8.3 ! (3.43)   (†) 82.8   (2.91) 7.4   (2.02) 5.2 ! (1.87) 2.0 ! (0.81) 6.9   (1.81)   (†)
50 to 54 80.7   (3.38) 6.6 ! (2.49)   (†)   (†) 10.5   (2.82)   (†) 80.4   (3.01) 6.8 ! (2.26) 5.0 ! (2.20)   (†) 9.8   (2.06) 3.0 ! (1.33)
55 or over 73.7   (3.94) 5.3 ! (2.33) 3.1 ! (1.46)   (†) 19.7   (3.35)   (†) 69.7   (3.06) 4.5   (1.30) 2.9 ! (1.16) 1.4 ! (0.68) 20.5   (2.60) 5.4   (1.50)
                                                                         
Years of experience as a
      principal at any school
                                                                       
Less than 3 81.3   (3.41) 8.5 ! (2.56) 5.4 ! (1.91) 3.0 ! (1.48) 8.0   (2.26)   (†) 80.8   (2.30) 6.6   (1.34) 4.0 ! (1.29) 2.5   (0.70) 8.3   (1.68) 4.2 ! (1.43)
3 to 5 81.2   (5.55)   (†)   (†)   (†) 9.8 ! (3.91)   (†) 76.9   (3.88) 8.8 ! (2.65) 4.9 ! (1.99) 3.8 ! (1.78) 10.2   (2.39) 4.1 ! (1.79)
6 to 9 82.1   (3.88) 5.7 ! (1.89) 3.3 ! (1.50) 2.3 ! (1.07) 10.8   (3.01)   (†) 77.1   (2.81) 7.5   (1.96) 5.2 ! (1.90) 2.2 ! (0.85) 11.4   (1.85) 4.0 ! (1.31)
10 or more 74.5   (3.68) 5.6 ! (1.94) 3.3 ! (1.59)   (†) 18.2   (3.11)   (†) 74.0   (2.67) 5.8   (1.62) 4.1 ! (1.47) 1.6 ! (0.62) 16.1   (2.44) 4.2 ! (1.44)
                                                                         
School level                                                                        
Elementary 80.4   (2.58) 7.0   (1.66) 4.5   (1.25) 2.4 ! (1.00) 11.0   (1.90) 1.5 ! (0.71) 77.9   (1.64) 7.1   (1.22) 5.0   (1.08) 2.0   (0.49) 10.9   (1.30) 4.1   (1.02)
Secondary 78.6   (2.62) 6.3 ! (1.98)   (†) 2.7 ! (1.18) 13.1   (2.81)   (†) 77.1   (2.32) 6.3   (1.34) 3.1 ! (1.04) 3.1   (0.92) 12.8   (1.77) 3.8   (1.04)
Combined 73.4   (5.74) 7.5 ! (3.13)   (†)   (†) 15.9 ! (5.15)   (†) 74.7   (3.91) 7.2 ! (2.42) 3.4 ! (1.34)   (†) 12.8   (2.73) 5.2 ! (1.87)
                                                                         
School size                                                                        
Less than 150 75.8   (6.40)   (†)   (†)   (†) 12.6 ! (4.66)   (†) 76.1   (4.43) 6.5   (1.91)   (†) 3.6 ! (1.60) 11.9 ! (3.56) 5.5 ! (2.32)
150 to 349 80.2   (4.27) 7.0 ! (2.60) 4.4 ! (1.99)   (†) 11.0   (3.15)   (†) 74.8   (3.31) 8.6   (2.20) 5.7 ! (2.10) 2.8 ! (0.93) 11.3   (2.45) 5.3 ! (1.98)
350 to 499 77.0   (4.78) 7.6 ! (3.22)   (†)   (†) 13.4   (3.59)   (†) 78.0   (3.24) 6.6   (1.88) 4.4 ! (1.63) 2.1 ! (0.82) 11.4   (2.21) 4.1 ! (1.76)
500 to 749 82.2   (4.38) 5.8 ! (2.45) 3.4 ! (1.66)   (†) 10.9   (3.22)   (†) 78.1   (3.26) 7.4   (2.13) 4.8 ! (1.59)   (†) 10.7   (2.20) 3.8 ! (1.53)
750 or more 80.5   (3.27) 6.3 ! (2.10) 4.2 ! (1.89) 1.8 ! (0.84) 12.0   (2.53)   (†) 79.6   (2.40) 5.3   (1.56) 3.5 ! (1.28) 1.6 ! (0.80) 12.4   (1.87) 2.6 ! (0.92)
                                                                         
Percent of students who are
      Black, Hispanic, Asian,
      Pacific Islander, American
      Indian/Alaska Native, or
      Two or more races
                                                                       
Less than 5 percent 81.3   (4.15) 5.8 ! (2.79)   (†)   (†) 12.2   (3.20)   (†) 80.0   (3.65) 4.4   (1.03)   (†) 3.3   (0.92) 12.0   (2.94)   (†)
5 to 19 percent 80.4   (4.44) 7.1 ! (3.41)   (†)   (†) 11.3   (2.59)   (†) 79.5   (2.45) 5.9   (1.52) 3.6 ! (1.27) 2.2 ! (0.89) 11.7   (2.18) 2.8 ! (1.14)
20 to 49 percent 82.8   (3.41) 5.5 ! (1.80) 3.8 ! (1.53)   (†) 10.7   (2.77)   (†) 79.4   (2.57) 6.9   (1.55) 4.5 ! (1.37) 2.2 ! (0.89) 10.8   (1.94) 2.9 ! (1.14)
50 percent or more 75.9   (3.13) 8.3   (2.20) 6.0 ! (1.97) 2.1 ! (0.98) 12.9   (2.56) 3.0 ! (1.42) 74.3   (2.44) 8.3   (1.82) 5.8   (1.64) 2.4 ! (0.80) 11.6   (1.76) 5.8   (1.39)
                                                                         
Percent of students
      approved for free or
      reduced-price lunch
                                                                       
0 to 25.0 percent 81.9   (3.34) 6.1 ! (2.03)   (†) 2.8 ! (1.34) 11.1   (2.83)   (†) 79.2   (2.77) 6.4 ! (2.07) 4.4 ! (1.80) 1.7 ! (0.83) 11.4   (2.28)   (†)
25.1 to 50.0 percent 81.8   (3.25) 6.8 ! (2.34) 4.1 ! (1.64)   (†) 10.3   (2.14)   (†) 79.8   (2.35) 5.4   (1.54) 3.2 ! (1.02) 2.1 ! (0.90) 11.7   (1.86)   (†)
50.1 to 75.0 percent 80.4   (3.92) 6.1 ! (1.93) 4.1   (1.55)   (†) 12.2   (3.53)   (†) 78.4   (2.80) 7.1   (1.62) 4.3 ! (1.43) 2.8 ! (0.98) 10.4   (2.02) 3.1 ! (1.13)
More than 75.0 percent 74.0   (4.56) 9.1 ! (3.29) 7.1   (3.11)   (†) 13.4   (3.90)   (†) 72.5   (2.89) 9.3   (2.29) 6.2 ! (2.06) 2.9 ! (0.94) 11.9   (2.52) 4.0 ! (1.53)
                                                                         
Locale                                                                        
City 78.3   (4.25) 7.6 ! (2.71) 5.6 ! (2.41)   (†) 11.4   (2.98)   (†) 74.4   (3.35) 8.5   (2.50) 6.7 ! (2.28) 1.8 ! (0.75) 11.8   (2.72) 5.3   (1.51)
Suburban 82.0   (3.21) 5.5 ! (1.78) 3.7 ! (1.51)   (†) 10.8   (2.61)   (†) 78.3   (2.39) 7.0   (1.77) 4.5 ! (1.52) 2.3 ! (0.95) 10.9   (1.89) 3.8 ! (1.58)
Town 77.9   (4.88) 6.5 ! (2.70)   (†)   (†) 14.0 ! (4.59)   (†) 79.5   (3.65) 6.3 ! (2.08) 4.1 ! (1.64)   10.3   (2.19) 3.8 ! (1.80)
Rural 78.8   (3.17) 7.9 ! (2.45) 4.0 ! (1.69) 3.9 ! (1.76) 12.3   (2.30)   (†) 78.3   (1.77) 5.9   (1.11) 2.8   (0.73) 3.1   (0.78) 12.2   (1.46) 3.6 ! (1.18)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Includes retired, on leave (e.g., maternity/paternity or disability), deceased, and "other."
2 Includes principals who moved from a public school to a private school, a category that is not shown separately.
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School Principal Data File," 2007-08 and 2011-12; and Principal Follow-up Survey (PFS), "Public School Principal Status Data File," 2008-09 and 2012-13. (This table was prepared January 2015.)

2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest