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Digest of Education Statistics
2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 210.30. Mobility of public elementary and secondary teachers, by selected teacher and school characteristics: Selected years, 1987-88 through 2012-13
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected teacher or school characteristic Percent of public school teachers
Left teaching 2011-12 to 2012-13
1987-88 to 1988-89 1993-94 to 1994-95 1999-2000 to 2000-01 2003-04 to 2004-05 2007-08 to 2008-09 Remained in same school Moved to another school Left teaching
Total moving to another school Teachers who moved, by destination
Public school in same school district Public school in different district Private school
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Total 5.6   (0.30) 6.6   (0.34) 7.4   (0.37) 8.4   (0.44) 8.0   (0.55) 84.3   (0.98) 8.1   (0.65) 58.8   (3.56) 38.2   (3.63) 2.9   (0.67) 7.7   (0.64)
Sex                                                                  
Male 5.1   (0.52) 5.2   (0.32) 7.4   (0.67) 7.7   (0.68) 7.9   (1.13) 85.7   (2.17) 7.9   (1.53) 46.4   (8.74) 51.2   (8.87) 2.3 ! (0.92) 6.4   (1.13)
Female 5.8   (0.39) 7.1   (0.44) 7.4   (0.45) 8.6   (0.50) 8.0   (0.65) 83.8   (1.03) 8.1   (0.70) 62.6   (3.80) 34.3   (3.85) 3.1   (0.86) 8.1   (0.70)
                                                                   
Race/ethnicity                                                                  
White 5.7   (0.32) 6.5   (0.36) 7.5   (0.45) 8.2   (0.50) 8.0   (0.67) 85.0   (0.86) 7.5   (0.63) 58.7   (3.94) 37.7   (3.93) 3.6   (0.90) 7.5   (0.56)
Black 5.1 ! (1.84) 6.6   (1.48) 7.4   (1.60) 11.0   (2.31) 9.0   (2.27) 78.2   (5.97) 11.7 ! (4.43) 64.2   (14.00) 35.2 ! (14.01)   (†) 10.1 ! (3.47)
Hispanic 2.9   (0.84) 9.1   (2.14) 7.5   (1.67) 9.3   (1.89) 5.6 ! (1.81) 79.4   (5.00) 12.6   (3.13) 57.9   (10.56) 41.4   (10.56)   (†) 8.0 ! (3.73)
Asian/Pacific Islander   (†) 2.4   (0.71) 2.1 ! (0.87)   (†) 8.0 ! (3.84) 95.5   (7.98)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Asian   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 9.6 ! (4.38) 95.8   (7.75)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Pacific Islander   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska
      Native
  (†) 3.5 ! (1.06) 7.6 ! (3.68) 1.9 ! (0.77)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 88.8   (6.09)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                   
Age                                                                  
Less than 25 4.3   (0.91) 3.8   (1.05) 9.3   (2.20) 4.8   (1.24) 8.7 ! (3.11) 73.8   (6.02) 17.1   (3.97) 35.1   (9.35) 60.0   (8.85)   (†)   (†)
25 to 29 9.0   (1.18) 10.0   (1.25) 9.7   (1.39) 10.6   (1.98) 9.4   (2.09) 80.0   (2.93) 12.9   (2.59) 50.9   (9.17) 43.9   (9.14) 5.2 ! (1.88) 7.1   (1.26)
30 to 39 5.8   (0.59) 6.7   (0.94) 6.5   (0.88) 6.8   (0.87) 8.4   (1.46) 86.3   (1.50) 8.5   (0.98) 59.0   (6.36) 39.7   (6.42) 1.3 ! (0.78) 5.3   (1.10)
40 to 49 2.4   (0.32) 3.9   (0.54) 4.6   (0.62) 5.3   (0.73) 3.9   (0.91) 90.1   (1.46) 5.9   (1.00) 65.9   (6.57) 33.3   (6.52)   (†) 4.0   (0.88)
50 to 59 5.7   (0.82) 6.3   (0.77) 8.1   (0.80) 9.8   (0.82) 8.4   (1.26) 83.0   (1.96) 6.6   (1.24) 67.5   (8.28) 29.0   (8.22)   (†) 10.5   (1.44)
60 to 64 23.4   (4.90) 30.5   (4.78) 25.7   (5.44) 28.0   (4.35) 17.5   (5.10) 73.3   (6.04) 7.0 ! (2.77) 52.9 ! (20.56)   (†)   (†) 19.7   (4.44)
65 and over   (†) 34.1   (7.79) 16.6 ! (5.44) 21.2   (5.95) 10.4 ! (4.84) 70.0   (14.55)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 24.8 ! (11.73)
                                                                   
Full- and part-time
      teaching experience
                                                                 
1 year or less 7.9   (0.96) 5.7   (0.82) 10.5   (1.93) 9.6   (1.66) 11.4 ! (3.94) 79.0   (6.34) 13.4 ! (4.63) 43.2   (8.33) 52.6   (7.94)   (†) 7.6 ! (3.14)
2 years 7.3   (1.81) 9.1   (1.51) 8.5   (1.94) 6.4   (1.43) 8.8 ! (2.93) 78.0   (4.02) 14.5   (2.53) 26.0   (7.02) 68.1   (7.62) 5.9 ! (2.44) 7.5 ! (2.31)
3 years 9.3   (1.50) 9.8   (1.42) 7.5   (1.60) 7.7   (1.55) 9.0 ! (3.11) 84.0   (3.13) 9.8   (2.54) 46.1   (11.39) 48.0   (11.80)   (†) 6.2   (1.56)
4 to 10 years 6.4   (0.89) 6.8   (0.94) 7.3   (0.72) 8.1   (0.98) 8.1   (1.27) 81.3   (1.95) 11.3   (1.33) 62.0   (6.39) 36.3   (6.42) 1.8 ! (0.72) 7.4   (1.48)
11 to 20 years 3.5   (0.42) 4.9   (0.64) 5.2   (0.74) 5.5   (0.70) 4.3   (0.89) 89.5   (1.51) 5.3   (1.04) 63.1   (6.55) 35.6   (6.48)   (†) 5.2   (0.88)
21 to 25 years 3.5   (0.87) 4.0   (0.81) 4.2   (0.68) 6.6   (1.23) 5.8 ! (2.31) 87.5   (2.74) 6.6 ! (2.16) 63.1   (16.69) 35.1 ! (16.83)   (†) 5.9   (1.33)
More than 25 years 11.3   (1.63) 12.0   (1.04) 11.4   (1.05) 14.3   (1.13) 12.6   (2.12) 79.4   (2.26) 4.5   (1.10) 73.5   (12.38)   (†)   (†) 16.1   (2.06)
                                                                   
Grade level taught                                                                  
Elementary (preK-grade 8) 5.5   (0.39) 6.4   (0.53) 6.8   (0.45) 8.4   (0.68) 7.9   (1.01) 84.1   (1.27) 8.9   (0.99) 66.5   (4.90) 30.5   (4.98) 3.0 ! (1.12) 7.1   (0.77)
Secondary (grades 9-12) 5.6   (0.42) 6.7   (0.53) 8.6   (0.71) 8.4   (0.59) 8.0   (0.75) 84.5   (1.37) 7.2   (0.82) 48.8   (5.19) 48.4   (5.16) 2.8   (0.74) 8.3   (0.94)
                                                                   
School size                                                                  
Less than 150 7.3   (1.36) 6.4   (1.15) 9.5   (2.29) 12.1   (2.92)   (†) 85.4   (3.62) 7.6 ! (2.31) 36.5   (7.43) 59.0   (7.59)   (†) 7.0   (1.97)
150 to 349 4.8   (0.45) 7.8   (1.03) 6.7   (0.99) 10.3   (1.58) 7.3   (1.26) 84.2   (2.66) 8.1   (1.83) 49.1   (8.80) 47.1   (8.52) 3.7 ! (1.64) 7.7   (1.60)
350 to 499 6.1   (0.98) 5.8   (0.73) 7.4   (0.85) 8.6   (1.16) 9.4   (2.28) 84.2   (1.93) 8.0   (1.17) 66.0   (5.53) 30.8   (5.13)   (†) 7.8   (1.45)
500 to 749 5.6   (0.77) 7.6   (0.67) 7.1   (0.78) 7.0   (0.75) 5.3   (0.79) 82.9   (1.78) 9.2   (1.40) 68.6   (6.24) 28.2   (6.65)   (†) 7.8   (1.24)
750 or more 5.0   (0.48) 5.7   (0.57) 7.7   (0.74) 8.2   (0.79) 8.9   (1.01) 85.1   (1.89) 7.3   (1.12) 51.9   (6.90) 45.9   (7.01) 2.2 ! (0.77) 7.5   (1.07)
                                                                   
Percent of students who
      are Black, Hispanic,
      Asian, Pacific
      Islander, American
      Indian/Alaska Native,
      or Two or more races1
                                                                 
Less than 5 percent 5.1   (0.56) 8.0   (0.93) 6.8   (0.96) 7.6   (1.13) 8.6   (1.97) 85.9   (3.16) 7.6 ! (2.83) 79.2   (11.49)   (†)   (†) 6.5   (1.30)
5 to 19 percent 5.8   (0.74) 6.0   (0.71) 6.8   (0.65) 7.5   (0.75) 7.8   (1.75) 87.6   (1.37) 5.4   (0.86) 46.8   (6.94) 50.6   (7.02) 2.6 ! (1.17) 7.0   (1.04)
20 to 49 percent 5.2   (0.64) 6.2   (0.82) 9.4   (0.96) 6.5   (0.60) 8.1   (1.42) 86.4   (1.13) 7.3   (0.93) 62.0   (4.66) 34.2   (4.33) 3.8 ! (1.86) 6.3   (0.80)
50 percent or more 5.3   (0.66) 6.8   (0.72) 6.8   (0.62) 10.3   (0.84) 7.9   (0.82) 80.5   (1.88) 10.4   (1.26) 62.7   (4.94) 34.1   (5.04) 3.2 ! (1.00) 9.1   (1.23)
                                                                   
Percent of students
      approved for free or
      reduced-price lunch
                                                                 
0 to 25.0 percent   (†)   (†)   (†) 8.1   (0.69) 8.4   (1.06) 87.8   (1.79) 6.2   (1.30) 61.4   (7.11) 36.3   (6.82)   (†) 6.0   (0.98)
25.1 to 50.0 percent   (†)   (†)   (†) 7.3   (0.63) 9.8   (1.55) 85.8   (1.78) 6.2   (0.95) 58.4   (6.96) 39.1   (6.68)   (†) 7.9   (1.36)
50.1 to 75.0 percent   (†)   (†)   (†) 9.0   (1.21) 8.8   (1.77) 84.1   (1.75) 8.7   (1.23) 55.9   (7.11) 40.5   (7.05)   (†) 7.1   (1.20)
More than 75.0 percent   (†)   (†)   (†) 10.4   (1.49) 5.5   (0.90) 77.9   (2.88) 12.3   (1.79) 60.8   (6.16) 36.7   (6.16) 2.5 ! (1.14) 9.9   (1.85)
School did not respond or
      did not participate in
      program
  (†)   (†)   (†) 14.3   (2.44) 14.3   (1.73) 85.8   (4.95)   (†) 40.0 ! (15.95) 36.7 ! (16.68)   (†) 10.7 ! (3.67)
                                                                   
Locale                                                                  
City   (†)   (†)   (†) 10.1   (1.05) 7.5   (1.01) 82.3   (2.35) 9.7   (1.54) 66.2   (6.58) 30.9   (6.59) 2.9 ! (1.20) 7.9   (1.44)
Suburban   (†)   (†)   (†) 8.3   (0.83) 8.3   (1.08) 84.9   (1.43) 7.8   (1.12) 60.0   (6.03) 36.9   (6.33) 3.1 ! (1.52) 7.3   (0.90)
Town   (†)   (†)   (†) 6.5   (0.76) 7.5 ! (2.51) 86.3   (2.15) 7.3   (1.56) 55.0   (9.53) 39.9   (8.77)   (†) 6.4   (1.10)
Rural   (†)   (†)   (†) 7.9   (0.99) 8.4   (1.44) 84.6   (1.69) 7.0   (1.08) 48.9   (7.30) 49.3   (7.18)   (†) 8.4   (1.23)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Data were not available for approximately 4 percent of teachers for 2011-12 to 2012-13.
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), Characteristics of Stayers, Movers, and Leavers: Results From the Teacher Follow-up Survey 1994-95; Teacher Attrition and Mobility: Results From the Teacher Follow-up Survey: 2000-01; "Public School Teacher Data File," 2003-04, 2007-08, and 2011-12; and Teacher Follow-up Survey (TFS), "Current and Former Teacher Data Files," 1988-89, 2004-05, 2008-09, and 2012-13. (This table was prepared October 2014.)

2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest