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Digest of Education Statistics
2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 209.25. Number and percentage of public elementary and secondary school teachers who met licensing/certification requirements and of public school teachers who had less than 2 years of teaching experience, by state: 2011-12
  Total number
of public
school teachers
Met all state licensing/
certification requirements1
Had less than 2 years of teaching experience2
State Total In first year of teaching In second year of teaching
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
United States 3,129,363 3,046,577 97.4 310,298 9.9 172,611 5.5 137,686 4.4
Alabama 47,371 46,905 99.0 3,431 7.2 1,854 3.9 1,577 3.3
Alaska 7,800 7,764 99.5 1,114 14.3 655 8.4 458 5.9
Arizona 55,527 53,722 96.7 7,796 14.0 4,195 7.6 3,602 6.5
Arkansas 33,803 33,354 98.7 3,778 11.2 1,464 4.3 2,314 6.8
California 264,566 261,721 98.9 17,213 6.5 9,484 3.6 7,729 2.9
                   
Colorado 48,479 47,399 97.8 5,262 10.9 2,738 5.6 2,524 5.2
Connecticut 43,467 42,851 98.6 3,677 8.5 2,034 4.7 1,643 3.8
Delaware 9,573 9,323 97.4 1,140 11.9 592 6.2 548 5.7
District of Columbia 5,745 5,165 89.9 1,449 25.2 842 14.7 607 10.6
Florida 179,972 153,680 85.4 42,145 23.4 34,944 19.4 7,201 4.0
                   
Georgia 111,877 109,979 98.3 7,759 6.9 5,079 4.5 2,680 2.4
Hawaii 11,142 10,777 96.7 1,454 13.0 853 7.7 602 5.4
Idaho 14,589 14,463 99.1 1,389 9.5 738 5.1 651 4.5
Illinois 133,397 131,897 98.9 14,078 10.6 8,155 6.1 5,923 4.4
Indiana 61,053 60,688 99.4 7,561 12.4 2,941 4.8 4,620 7.6
                   
Iowa 35,676 35,642 99.9 2,997 8.4 1,565 4.4 1,432 4.0
Kansas 34,039 33,654 98.9 3,119 9.2 1,693 5.0 1,425 4.2
Kentucky 42,747 42,645 99.8 4,875 11.4 2,444 5.7 2,431 5.7
Louisiana 46,810 45,581 97.4 3,996 8.5 2,191 4.7 1,805 3.9
Maine 14,567 14,326 98.3 1,030 7.1 561 3.9 469 3.2
                   
Maryland 61,834 59,349 96.0 5,968 9.7 2,777 4.5 3,191 5.2
Massachusetts 71,204 68,828 96.7 7,491 10.5 3,982 5.6 3,509 4.9
Michigan 82,811 82,490 99.6 6,211 7.5 2,534 3.1 3,676 4.4
Minnesota 54,806 54,199 98.9 4,948 9.0 2,729 5.0 2,219 4.0
Mississippi 32,807 32,488 99.0 4,222 12.9 2,300 7.0 1,922 5.9
                   
Missouri 65,759 63,733 96.9 7,018 10.7 3,976 6.0 3,042 4.6
Montana 10,831 10,781 99.5 1,284 11.9 489 4.5 795 7.3
Nebraska 23,154 23,077 99.7 2,357 10.2 1,139 4.9 1,217 5.3
Nevada 23,309 23,283 99.9 1,689 7.2 922 4.0 767 3.3
New Hampshire 14,823 14,674 99.0 1,302 8.8 523 3.5 778 5.3
                   
New Jersey 118,746 118,099 99.5 10,831 9.1 6,041 5.1 4,790 4.0
New Mexico 21,576 21,501 99.7 2,107 9.8 1,138 5.3 969 4.5
New York 210,866 202,327 96.0 13,019 6.2 6,804 3.2 6,214 2.9
North Carolina 99,775 97,748 98.0 11,287 11.3 6,264 6.3 5,023 5.0
North Dakota 8,552 8,543 99.9 973 11.4 449 5.2 524 6.1
                   
Ohio 108,717 107,757 99.1 6,916 6.4 3,428 3.2 3,489 3.2
Oklahoma 43,318 43,223 99.8 4,557 10.5 2,436 5.6 2,121 4.9
Oregon 25,902 25,789 99.6 1,495 5.8 731 2.8 764 2.9
Pennsylvania 123,514 116,752 94.5 8,888 7.2 2,958 2.4 5,930 4.8
Rhode Island 10,708 10,662 99.6 550 5.1 325 3.0 225 2.1
                   
South Carolina 46,357 45,899 99.0 4,382 9.5 2,453 5.3 1,929 4.2
South Dakota 9,221 8,824 95.7 858 9.3 476 5.2 382 4.1
Tennessee 68,957 66,543 96.5 7,721 11.2 4,074 5.9 3,647 5.3
Texas 328,306 323,531 98.5 34,390 10.5 16,178 4.9 18,211 5.5
Utah 25,051 24,081 96.1 3,002 12.0 1,550 6.2 1,452 5.8
                   
Vermont 7,237 7,122 98.4 563 7.8 303 4.2 259 3.6
Virginia 90,839 88,345 97.3 8,802 9.7 4,851 5.3 3,951 4.3
Washington 53,585 52,532 98.0 2,888 5.4 1,360 2.5 1,528 2.9
West Virginia 19,291 18,503 95.9 1,615 8.4 781 4.0 834 4.3
Wisconsin 58,136 57,200 98.4 6,969 12.0 3,204 5.5 3,766 6.5
Wyoming 7,173 7,160 99.8 737 10.3 417 5.8 319 4.4
1 Requirements vary by state. Includes teachers who met all applicable state teacher certification requirements for a standard certificate (i.e., had a regular/standard certificate/license/endorsement issued by the state). Includes teachers who met the standard teacher education requirements, but had not completed a state-required probationary period. Excludes teachers with emergency, temporary, or provisional credentials.
2 The number of years of teaching experience includes the current year and any prior years teaching in any school, subject, or grade. Does not include any student teaching or other similar preparation experiences.
NOTE: Teachers reported in full-time equivalents (FTE). Due to differing survey procedures, data in this table differ from data in tables based on other survey systems.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights, Civil Rights Data Collection, "2011-12 Classroom Teachers Estimations." (This table was prepared January 2016.)

2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest