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Digest of Education Statistics
2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 207.40. Percentage of elementary and secondary school children whose parents were involved in school activities, by selected child, parent, and school characteristics: 2003, 2007, and 2012
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected child, parent, or school characteristic Percent of children whose parents report the following types of involvement in school activities
2003 2007 2012
Attended a general school meeting Attended parent-teacher conference Attended a class event Volunteered at school Attended a general school meeting Attended parent-teacher conference Attended a class event Volunteered at school Attended a general school meeting Attended parent-teacher conference Attended a class event Volunteered at school
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Total 87.7 (0.37) 77.1 (0.42) 69.9 (0.42) 41.8 (0.60) 89.4 (0.48) 78.1 (0.52) 74.5 (0.57) 46.4 (0.63) 87.4 (0.41) 75.8 (0.43) 74.4 (0.45) 41.7 (0.49)
Sex of child                                                
Male 87.4 (0.49) 77.7 (0.63) 67.4 (0.75) 41.2 (0.87) 89.3 (0.70) 79.2 (0.65) 71.5 (0.90) 44.8 (0.95) 87.1 (0.66) 76.4 (0.61) 72.3 (0.65) 40.0 (0.71)
Female 87.9 (0.55) 76.5 (0.63) 72.6 (0.63) 42.4 (0.83) 89.6 (0.59) 76.8 (0.94) 77.7 (0.82) 48.1 (1.01) 87.7 (0.50) 75.1 (0.61) 76.7 (0.68) 43.5 (0.88)
                                                 
Race/ethnicity of child                                                
White 88.7 (0.50) 76.4 (0.62) 74.1 (0.65) 48.3 (0.82) 90.9 (0.52) 77.8 (0.64) 80.1 (0.68) 54.2 (0.85) 89.1 (0.50) 77.2 (0.56) 81.5 (0.54) 49.6 (0.72)
Black 88.7 (0.85) 78.7 (1.35) 63.3 (1.54) 31.9 (1.64) 86.7 (1.77) 77.3 (1.98) 64.7 (2.31) 35.0 (1.89) 85.0 (1.35) 76.1 (1.35) 68.0 (1.66) 30.3 (1.33)
Hispanic 82.6 (1.05) 78.1 (1.10) 60.9 (1.36) 27.7 (1.23) 86.7 (1.14) 80.2 (1.05) 65.0 (1.46) 31.8 (1.34) 85.7 (0.98) 72.8 (1.08) 64.0 (1.34) 31.7 (1.14)
Asian/Pacific Islander 88.5 (2.14) 77.7 (3.03) 65.1 (3.65) 33.9 (2.69) 90.5 (1.98) 80.1 (2.80) 72.5 (2.86) 45.9 (3.78) 83.5 (1.73) 72.3 (1.91) 65.4 (2.56) 36.9 (2.30)
Asian (†) (†) (†) (†) 91.0 (2.06) 79.9 (2.87) 71.4 (2.89) 45.8 (3.78) 82.5 (1.80) 71.5 (2.03) 65.0 (2.30) 34.0 (2.33)
Pacific Islander (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 90.7 (3.96) 71.4 (8.97) 79.0 (6.32) 54.3 (11.37)
American Indian/Alaska Native1 (†) (†) (†) (†) 94.2 (2.96) 79.7 (7.16) 80.8 (9.63) 58.4 (12.64) 85.1 (4.91) 79.9 (6.85) 75.6 (6.61) 42.3 (8.61)
Other 86.7 (2.22) 77.6 (3.17) 71.6 (2.95) 40.3 (3.86) 89.2 (1.76) 73.6 (3.48) 75.7 (2.83) 44.8 (3.13) 88.8 (1.30) 78.4 (2.31) 76.0 (2.52) 45.3 (2.57)
                                                 
Highest education level of parents/
     guardians in the household
                                               
Less than high school 73.5 (1.76) 70.2 (1.94) 47.0 (2.07) 17.5 (1.65) 77.1 (1.83) 72.0 (2.16) 49.8 (2.41) 20.2 (2.68) 77.0 (1.79) 63.3 (1.88) 48.0 (2.04) 18.3 (1.72)
High school/GED 84.0 (0.93) 75.3 (1.03) 62.7 (1.30) 31.4 (1.25) 84.8 (1.28) 73.8 (1.25) 66.6 (1.63) 34.5 (1.71) 82.1 (1.42) 72.2 (1.23) 62.3 (1.45) 27.6 (1.38)
Vocational/technical or some college 88.5 (0.67) 78.0 (1.02) 69.1 (0.94) 38.8 (1.25) 87.5 (1.56) 75.7 (1.48) 69.3 (1.60) 40.3 (1.66) 87.5 (0.62) 75.4 (1.02) 76.1 (0.99) 39.0 (1.14)
Associate's degree 88.6 (1.27) 76.6 (1.68) 73.0 (1.76) 39.8 (1.67) 91.9 (1.18) 80.2 (1.75) 76.9 (2.14) 45.3 (2.32) 88.9 (0.91) 79.5 (1.13) 80.5 (1.37) 44.9 (1.77)
Bachelor's degree/some graduate school 92.0 (0.73) 79.8 (0.89) 80.1 (0.94) 53.9 (1.30) 93.6 (0.75) 81.4 (1.00) 83.2 (0.95) 57.1 (1.44) 92.1 (0.53) 79.9 (0.62) 85.0 (0.63) 55.0 (1.11)
Graduate/professional degree 94.6 (0.74) 79.5 (1.00) 80.8 (1.10) 61.7 (1.57) 95.6 (0.64) 82.3 (1.13) 87.3 (0.95) 64.1 (1.33) 95.1 (0.47) 83.0 (0.68) 90.1 (0.59) 61.8 (1.30)
                                                 
Family income (in current dollars)                                                
$20,000 or less 79.8 (1.43) 74.6 (1.33) 56.6 (1.42) 26.1 (1.45) 78.9 (1.87) 75.1 (1.90) 54.8 (2.11) 24.8 (1.87) 79.9 (1.15) 69.4 (1.36) 57.2 (1.31) 24.1 (1.18)
$20,001 to $50,000 85.1 (0.67) 77.3 (0.85) 66.2 (0.94) 34.6 (1.14) 86.7 (1.02) 77.1 (1.21) 68.6 (1.15) 34.8 (1.10) 84.3 (0.73) 74.5 (1.04) 67.2 (1.28) 31.1 (1.22)
$50,001 to $75,000 89.9 (0.79) 76.9 (0.96) 74.5 (1.03) 46.0 (1.26) 92.0 (0.73) 78.6 (0.96) 79.0 (1.15) 51.7 (1.18) 88.7 (0.97) 77.3 (1.23) 77.3 (1.19) 43.7 (1.40)
$75,001 to $100,000 94.0 (0.80) 79.4 (1.28) 77.7 (1.34) 51.5 (1.71) 92.9 (0.85) 79.6 (1.47) 83.2 (1.20) 57.3 (1.90) 89.9 (0.88) 77.3 (1.15) 81.9 (1.13) 47.8 (1.24)
Over $100,000 93.9 (0.71) 77.9 (1.21) 80.7 (1.03) 61.1 (1.19) 96.1 (0.39) 80.1 (1.06) 86.7 (0.80) 64.7 (1.39) 92.5 (0.92) 79.0 (0.80) 85.5 (0.96) 57.6 (1.05)
                                                 
Poverty status2                                                
Poor 79.4 (1.55) 74.5 (1.37) 56.7 (1.57) 26.8 (1.55) 80.9 (1.81) 76.8 (1.76) 55.8 (2.01) 26.5 (1.84) 82.5 (1.08) 71.3 (1.29) 60.0 (1.52) 26.8 (1.28)
Near-poor 85.1 (0.89) 77.9 (1.05) 64.8 (0.98) 32.5 (1.31) 86.2 (1.28) 76.8 (1.58) 68.1 (1.32) 35.2 (1.31) 83.7 (0.78) 75.2 (0.97) 66.5 (1.22) 31.2 (1.35)
Nonpoor 91.0 (0.46) 77.6 (0.58) 75.7 (0.51) 49.5 (0.76) 93.1 (0.34) 78.9 (0.58) 82.3 (0.57) 56.1 (0.77) 90.4 (0.51) 77.5 (0.55) 82.2 (0.61) 50.6 (0.71)
                                                 
Control of school and enrollment level
     of child
                                               
Public school 86.7 (0.40) 75.9 (0.45) 68.0 (0.47) 38.5 (0.64) 88.5 (0.53) 76.9 (0.59) 72.6 (0.66) 42.7 (0.69) 86.5 (0.43) 74.8 (0.45) 72.9 (0.50) 39.0 (0.52)
Elementary (kindergarten to grade 8) 90.9 (0.40) 85.1 (0.42) 71.7 (0.57) 42.8 (0.74) 91.7 (0.59) 85.1 (0.69) 76.1 (0.79) 48.5 (1.00) 90.0 (0.42) 82.4 (0.47) 76.0 (0.64) 44.1 (0.69)
Secondary (grades 9 to 12) 76.9 (1.06) 54.8 (1.02) 59.4 (1.06) 28.5 (0.98) 82.0 (1.12) 59.9 (1.14) 65.5 (1.20) 30.6 (1.05) 77.8 (0.92) 55.5 (1.04) 65.1 (0.90) 26.2 (0.71)
Private school 95.7 (0.61) 86.6 (1.03) 85.6 (1.23) 68.7 (1.57) 96.3 (1.08) 86.5 (1.84) 88.1 (1.27) 74.1 (1.75) 96.2 (0.58) 86.9 (1.13) 90.1 (1.18) 69.5 (1.63)
Elementary (kindergarten to grade 8) 96.6 (0.69) 91.6 (0.92) 88.4 (1.22) 73.4 (1.90) 96.8 (1.46) 92.5 (1.61) 89.2 (1.65) 80.3 (1.87) 97.4 (0.63) 91.2 (1.47) 91.8 (1.39) 74.4 (1.87)
Secondary (grades 9 to 12) 93.0 (1.56) 72.2 (2.54) 77.6 (2.93) 55.2 (2.78) 95.2 (1.11) 71.2 (4.05) 85.2 (2.21) 58.6 (3.50) 92.5 (1.20) 73.6 (2.19) 84.9 (2.08) 54.6 (2.44)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Included in "Other" in 2003 data.
2 Poor children are those whose family incomes were below the Census Bureau's poverty threshold in the year prior to data collection; near-poor children are those whose family incomes ranged from the poverty threshold to 199 percent of the poverty threshold; and nonpoor children are those whose family incomes were at or above 200 percent of the poverty threshold. The poverty threshold is a dollar amount that varies depending on a family's size and composition and is updated annually to account for inflation. In 2011, for example, the poverty threshold for a family of four with two children was $22,811. Survey respondents are asked to select the range within which their income falls, rather than giving the exact amount of their income; therefore, the measure of poverty status is an approximation.
NOTE: While National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES) administrations prior to 2012 were administered via telephone with an interviewer, NHES:2012 used self-administered paper-and-pencil questionnaires that were mailed to respondents. Measurable differences in estimates between 2012 and prior years could reflect actual changes in the population, or the changes could be due to the mode change from telephone to mail. Includes children enrolled in kindergarten through grade 12 and ungraded students. Excludes homeschooled children. The respondent was the parent most knowledgeable about the child's education. Responding parents reported on their own activities and the activities of their spouse/other adults in the household. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Asian and Pacific Islander data were not collected separately prior to 2007. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent and Family Involvement in Education: 2002-03 and Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey (PFI:2003, 2007, and 2012) of the National Household Education Surveys Program. (This table was prepared October 2014.)

2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest