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Digest of Education Statistics
2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 207.20. Percentage of kindergartners through fifth-graders whose parents reported doing education-related activities with their children in the past month, by selected child, parent, and school characteristics: 2003, 2007, and 2012
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected child, parent, or school characteristic Visited a library Went to a play, concert, or other live show Visited an art gallery, museum, or historical site Visited a zoo or aquarium Attended an event sponsored by a community, religious, or ethnic group1
2003 2007 2012 2003 2007 2012 2003 2007 2012 2003 2007 2012 2003 2007 2012
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Total 50.2 (0.80) 48.8 (1.12) 46.5 (0.88) 35.5 (0.87) 31.4 (0.87) 32.0 (0.88) 22.2 (0.83) 26.3   (1.09) 25.9   (0.77) 16.5 (0.69) 19.0   (0.80) 24.6   (0.86) 62.0 (0.80) 58.9 (1.14) 57.3 (0.79)
                                                                     
Sex of child                                                                    
Male 47.3 (1.08) 46.8 (1.66) 44.8 (1.40) 33.6 (1.09) 28.7 (1.06) 30.0 (1.25) 23.1 (1.12) 27.1   (1.80) 25.6   (1.11) 16.3 (0.88) 18.5   (0.95) 24.1   (1.07) 61.0 (1.08) 57.3 (1.48) 57.2 (1.24)
Female 53.1 (1.11) 50.9 (1.52) 48.3 (1.37) 37.5 (1.09) 34.5 (1.57) 34.1 (1.16) 21.2 (1.07) 25.4   (1.30) 26.2   (1.09) 16.7 (0.87) 19.6   (1.41) 25.2   (1.18) 63.0 (1.09) 60.6 (1.49) 57.5 (1.15)
                                                                     
Race/ethnicity of child                                                                    
White 49.1 (1.03) 48.5 (1.22) 45.3 (1.14) 37.2 (1.26) 32.8 (1.13) 33.6 (1.10) 21.2 (1.09) 25.4   (1.18) 27.4   (1.00) 13.6 (0.85) 15.3   (0.85) 20.8   (0.99) 64.6 (1.12) 63.1 (1.19) 56.8 (1.13)
Black 52.3 (2.50) 56.1 (3.95) 50.2 (2.97) 36.7 (2.23) 34.5 (3.02) 35.9 (2.65) 24.4 (1.97) 32.7   (5.13) 25.1   (2.05) 18.9 (1.55) 24.2   (2.72) 27.5   (2.69) 66.3 (2.35) 61.7 (4.59) 68.7 (2.10)
Hispanic 48.2 (1.77) 44.6 (2.14) 43.5 (2.11) 28.0 (1.53) 25.1 (1.67) 26.8 (1.80) 20.8 (1.38) 23.5   (2.13) 23.3   (1.66) 23.7 (1.32) 25.4   (1.97) 29.3   (2.04) 49.3 (1.75) 44.9 (2.17) 53.5 (2.28)
Asian/Pacific Islander 70.9 (5.11) 58.8 (5.81) 58.6 (3.93) 36.0 (4.44) 34.8 (5.45) 36.9 (3.75) 34.3 (4.22) 30.8   (5.21) 24.5   (3.35) 22.3 (3.97) 22.2   (3.51) 32.8   (3.86) 65.4 (4.25) 56.7 (5.49) 51.2 (4.28)
Other 51.9 (4.57) 41.8 (5.09) 47.2 (3.48) 38.6 (4.28) 31.1 (4.18) 25.3 (2.76) 25.8 (3.65) 27.1   (4.05) 27.0   (3.19) 14.7 (3.13) 17.3   (3.02) 22.5   (3.13) 59.5 (5.41) 62.4 (4.60) 55.9 (3.54)
                                                                     
Grade of child                                                                    
Kindergarten and grade 1 48.7 (1.28) 48.0 (2.19) 46.0 (1.44) 34.2 (1.32) 29.8 (1.53) 31.9 (1.69) 21.1 (1.04) 25.7   (2.12) 28.5   (1.44) 18.2 (1.10) 21.5   (1.69) 28.7   (1.78) 59.3 (1.29) 55.9 (1.87) 55.9 (1.41)
Grades 2 and 3 50.5 (1.45) 46.9 (1.64) 48.6 (1.59) 33.2 (1.41) 31.5 (1.71) 32.8 (1.52) 22.2 (1.13) 25.3   (1.65) 27.1   (1.59) 17.5 (1.13) 16.7   (1.11) 26.1   (1.49) 61.5 (1.41) 60.5 (1.72) 59.0 (1.57)
Grades 4 and 5 51.2 (1.32) 51.4 (1.68) 45.0 (1.59) 38.9 (1.18) 33.0 (1.57) 31.3 (1.30) 23.1 (1.28) 27.8   (1.74) 21.8   (1.28) 14.0 (0.90) 18.8   (1.58) 18.5   (1.04) 65.0 (1.28) 60.2 (1.86) 57.3 (1.48)
                                                                     
Language spoken most
     at home by child2
                                                                   
English 50.2 (0.86) 49.7 (1.23) 46.6 (1.00) 37.0 (0.93) 32.7 (0.93) 32.7 (0.91) 22.6 (0.90) 27.1   (1.20) 26.8   (0.76) 15.5 (0.71) 17.9   (0.80) 23.3   (0.87) 63.9 (0.85) 61.3 (1.20) 57.8 (0.78)
Spanish 41.8 (3.21) 37.5 (3.62) 33.8 (4.10) 16.4 (1.95) 16.7 (2.55) 20.0 (3.13) 14.9 (2.25) 16.2   (2.61) 12.8   (2.11) 26.0 (2.87) 27.0   (3.14) 30.4   (3.61) 34.7 (2.76) 33.4 (3.67) 54.9 (3.69)
English and Spanish
       equally
51.1 (4.40) 51.3 (5.65) 48.7 (4.14) 24.2 (3.77) 28.5 (5.18) 24.2 (3.38) 19.6 (3.35) 27.8   (5.45) 23.3   (4.60) 28.3 (4.06) 31.4   (5.49) 34.5   (4.78) 53.5 (4.92) 43.1 (5.88) 53.0 (5.31)
English and other
       language equally
(†) (†) 61.5 (5.01) (†) (†) 42.8 (4.44) (†)   (†) 31.2   (5.01) (†)   (†) 38.7   (4.85) (†) (†) 64.2 (3.82)
Other language 69.8 (6.74) 41.4 (11.41) 47.0 (10.39) 30.5 (7.05) 28.8 (8.24) 32.0 (9.29) 26.3 (5.28) 22.5 ! (7.32) 17.6 ! (7.68) 27.8 (6.45) 14.5 ! (5.37) 21.9 ! (9.08) 55.8 (8.96) 66.0 (9.17) 42.5 (11.31)
                                                                     
Highest education level
     of parents/guardians
     in the household
                                                                   
Less than high school 36.1 (3.39) 36.5 (4.20) 37.4 (3.31) 20.0 (3.10) 19.7 (3.46) 18.5 (2.69) 9.3 (1.75) 16.2   (2.82) 18.1   (3.19) 15.3 (2.05) 19.2   (3.08) 27.7   (3.58) 34.3 (3.06) 35.9 (4.70) 48.0 (2.88)
High school/GED 44.5 (1.64) 41.2 (3.13) 45.0 (2.43) 28.6 (1.83) 21.9 (2.08) 26.3 (2.17) 17.8 (1.73) 22.2   (3.16) 21.2   (2.12) 16.5 (1.18) 17.0   (2.00) 23.3   (1.90) 50.5 (1.81) 44.6 (2.88) 53.8 (2.41)
Vocational/technical
       or some college
44.3 (2.04) 43.5 (2.46) 41.0 (1.74) 32.8 (1.89) 29.6 (2.15) 30.7 (1.76) 19.1 (1.32) 18.6   (2.00) 23.7   (1.55) 15.2 (1.29) 16.4   (1.95) 23.8   (1.70) 62.1 (1.64) 58.2 (2.61) 54.0 (1.64)
Associate's degree 47.4 (3.04) 46.6 (2.74) 43.7 (3.08) 41.1 (3.24) 31.0 (2.46) 28.0 (2.74) 22.0 (2.40) 22.3   (2.72) 24.9   (2.39) 15.4 (2.09) 19.3   (2.56) 25.8   (2.72) 67.0 (2.85) 58.7 (2.84) 58.2 (2.38)
Bachelor's degree/some
       graduate school
57.7 (1.74) 51.9 (1.89) 51.2 (1.53) 40.1 (1.61) 37.1 (1.85) 38.3 (1.45) 27.6 (1.70) 32.1   (2.07) 30.2   (1.47) 16.0 (1.32) 21.1   (1.79) 24.3   (1.50) 71.3 (1.63) 66.7 (2.07) 61.5 (1.37)
Graduate/professional
       degree
65.2 (2.04) 62.2 (1.86) 57.8 (1.56) 47.2 (2.53) 40.0 (2.20) 45.0 (1.68) 31.7 (2.02) 34.7   (1.96) 35.6   (1.72) 20.7 (1.82) 20.3   (1.61) 24.7   (1.23) 75.6 (1.55) 72.3 (1.63) 67.0 (1.56)
                                                                     
Family income
     (in current dollars)
                                                                   
$20,000 or less 44.2 (2.14) 42.5 (4.09) 43.6 (2.48) 29.0 (2.07) 20.4 (2.46) 22.1 (1.72) 19.4 (2.02) 20.6   (4.29) 19.4   (1.87) 20.1 (1.73) 16.8   (1.99) 25.7   (2.05) 51.3 (2.32) 44.4 (3.74) 51.5 (2.11)
$20,001 to $50,000 48.9 (1.45) 46.5 (2.05) 44.1 (2.11) 31.0 (1.51) 29.6 (1.75) 27.7 (1.58) 18.9 (1.25) 22.9   (2.06) 21.1   (1.47) 15.2 (1.01) 21.0   (2.19) 25.4   (1.84) 61.5 (1.65) 55.1 (2.06) 56.7 (2.01)
$50,001 to $75,000 50.0 (1.65) 49.2 (2.28) 47.1 (2.14) 39.0 (1.59) 31.9 (1.80) 33.7 (2.39) 23.1 (1.42) 23.9   (1.64) 29.7   (1.88) 14.9 (1.27) 15.8   (1.50) 27.4   (1.96) 64.5 (1.42) 61.2 (2.02) 56.3 (2.05)
$75,001 to $100,000 49.9 (2.36) 49.5 (2.44) 46.8 (2.16) 39.4 (2.27) 33.9 (2.03) 34.4 (2.01) 23.0 (2.22) 29.7   (2.25) 28.2   (2.07) 15.3 (1.52) 18.5   (2.17) 26.2   (2.03) 66.2 (2.25) 63.0 (2.18) 60.1 (2.18)
Over $100,000 60.9 (2.14) 56.0 (1.87) 50.1 (1.76) 45.3 (2.10) 40.7 (1.91) 40.0 (1.39) 30.9 (1.66) 35.2   (1.69) 31.2   (1.63) 18.3 (1.88) 21.4   (1.41) 20.5   (1.21) 69.4 (1.84) 70.5 (1.86) 60.7 (1.59)
                                                                     
Poverty status3                                                                    
Poor 43.3 (2.30) 42.1 (3.38) 45.0 (2.53) 26.3 (1.98) 19.4 (2.18) 22.5 (1.63) 18.9 (1.97) 20.4   (3.83) 18.3   (1.55) 19.5 (1.67) 17.0   (2.04) 24.3   (2.09) 52.0 (2.14) 45.8 (3.76) 54.0 (2.18)
Near-poor 48.9 (1.63) 47.1 (2.40) 41.8 (1.86) 31.6 (2.10) 31.7 (2.15) 28.5 (2.10) 17.7 (1.50) 20.6   (1.96) 21.9   (1.77) 16.1 (1.28) 21.9   (2.17) 26.2   (1.99) 61.6 (2.24) 57.4 (2.28) 57.1 (2.10)
Nonpoor 52.8 (1.02) 51.7 (1.14) 48.8 (1.14) 39.8 (1.17) 35.7 (1.07) 36.9 (1.00) 24.9 (1.06) 30.2   (1.08) 30.4   (1.04) 15.8 (0.87) 18.8   (0.90) 24.1   (0.91) 65.2 (0.99) 64.0 (1.14) 58.7 (0.96)
                                                                     
Control of school                                                                    
Public 49.2 (0.87) 47.6 (1.22) 46.2 (0.94) 34.9 (0.88) 31.0 (0.93) 30.9 (0.96) 21.2 (0.92) 24.9   (1.12) 25.0   (0.82) 16.3 (0.71) 19.1   (0.88) 24.1   (0.94) 60.6 (0.85) 56.9 (1.25) 55.9 (0.87)
Private 57.0 (2.31) 57.0 (2.86) 49.0 (2.51) 40.0 (2.55) 34.3 (2.65) 41.8 (2.56) 29.0 (2.04) 35.6   (2.82) 34.4   (2.49) 17.9 (1.85) 18.5   (2.05) 28.8   (2.43) 72.2 (2.15) 71.8 (2.77) 70.0 (2.30)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 In 2007 and 2012, a single item asked parents if they had attended an event sponsored by a community, ethnic, or religious group. In 2003, attendance at an event sponsored by a religious group was asked about separately from attendance at an event sponsored by a community or ethnic group.
2 Excludes children who were not able to speak.
3 Poor children are those whose family incomes were below the Census Bureau’s poverty threshold in the year prior to data collection; near-poor children are those whose family incomes ranged from the poverty threshold to 199 percent of the poverty threshold; and nonpoor children are those whose family incomes were at or above 200 percent of the poverty threshold. The poverty threshold is a dollar amount that varies depending on a family’s size and composition and is updated annually to account for inflation. In 2011, for example, the poverty threshold for a family of four with two children was $22,811. Survey respondents are asked to select the range within which their income falls, rather than giving the exact amount of their income; therefore, the measure of poverty status is an approximation.
NOTE: While National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES) administrations prior to 2012 were administered via telephone with an interviewer, NHES:2012 used self-administered paper-and-pencil questionnaires that were mailed to respondents. Measurable differences in estimates between 2012 and prior years could reflect actual changes in the population, or the changes could be due to the mode change from telephone to mail. The respondent was the parent most knowledgeable about the child's education. Responding parents reported on their own activities and the activities of their spouse/other adults in the household. All information, including control of school, is based on parent reports. Excludes homeschooled children. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey (PFI:2003, 2007, and 2012) of the National Household Education Surveys Program. (This table was prepared September 2014.)

2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest