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Digest of Education Statistics
2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 205.20. Enrollment and percentage distribution of students enrolled in private elementary and secondary schools, by school orientation and grade level: Selected years, fall 1995 through fall 2015
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Grade level and year Total private enrollment Catholic Other religious Nonsectarian
Total Parochial Diocesan Private Total Conservative Christian Affiliated1 Unaffiliated1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
  Enrollment
Total, all grades                                        
1995 5,918,040 (31,815) 2,660,450 (6,878) 1,458,990 (2,079) 850,560 (5,674) 350,900 (1,176) 2,094,690 (16,956) 786,660 (8,815) 697,280 (4,886) 610,750 (11,831) 1,162,900 (18,443)
1997 5,944,320 (18,543) 2,665,630 (5,472) 1,438,860 (5,331) 873,780 (761) 352,990 (1,405) 2,097,190 (13,733) 823,610 (7,342) 646,500 (3,104) 627,080 (11,133) 1,181,510 (12,013)
1999 6,018,280 (30,179) 2,660,420 (4,831) 1,397,570 (4,421) 880,650 (†) 382,190 (1,945) 2,193,370 (27,176) 871,060 (4,827) 646,280 (4,894) 676,030 (24,593) 1,164,500 (8,156)
2001 6,319,650 (40,272) 2,672,650 (12,460) 1,309,890 (5,626) 979,050 (6,976) 383,710 (3,152) 2,328,160 (17,281) 937,420 (6,070) 663,190 (8,636) 727,550 (13,303) 1,318,840 (27,300)
2003 6,099,220 (41,219) 2,520,120 (10,580) 1,183,250 (9,937) 963,140 (4,754) 373,740 (3,996) 2,228,230 (19,674) 889,710 (8,852) 650,530 (5,860) 688,000 (14,805) 1,350,870 (29,197)
                                         
2005 6,073,240 (42,446) 2,402,800 (9,293) 1,062,950 (6,355) 956,610 (6,325) 383,230 (3,996) 2,303,330 (22,368) 957,360 (9,561) 696,910 (6,677) 649,050 (14,200) 1,367,120 (27,558)
2007 5,910,210 (28,363) 2,308,150 (6,083) 945,860 (5,361) 969,940 (1,788) 392,340 (3,432) 2,283,210 (20,628) 883,180 (6,616) 527,040 (3,512) 872,990 (18,217) 1,318,850 (18,235)
2009 5,488,490 (35,857) 2,160,220 (3,494) 856,440 (3,088) 909,010 (4,393) 394,770 (1,087) 2,076,220 (32,751) 737,020 (1,891) 516,310 (4,366) 822,890 (31,180) 1,252,050 (8,849)
2011 5,268,090 (24,908) 2,087,870 (14,426) 804,410 (3,686) 899,810 (14,320) 383,650 (459) 1,991,950 (21,814) 730,570 (4,721) 565,340 (2,990) 696,040 (20,419) 1,188,270 (5,376)
2013 5,395,740 (50,342) 2,055,140 (37,142) 739,850 (18,829) 936,320 (32,000) 378,970 (980) 2,030,930 (30,090) 707,100 (7,544) 565,490 (5,884) 758,350 (28,152) 1,309,670 (14,800)
2015 5,750,520 (85,729) 2,082,660 (42,791) 716,120 (24,336) 960,590 (22,533) 405,950 (14,453) 2,268,820 (68,162) 760,790 (53,772) 587,490 (23,414) 920,550 (45,692) 1,399,030 (29,132)
                                         
Prekindergarten
      through grade 8
                                       
1995 4,755,540 (28,435) 2,041,990 (5,249) 1,368,340 (2,079) 575,190 (3,528) 98,460 (1,176) 1,752,510 (14,834) 651,050 (7,219) 574,820 (4,581) 526,630 (11,121) 961,040 (17,471)
1997 4,759,060 (17,323) 2,046,620 (5,469) 1,352,620 (5,331) 598,380 (761) 95,620 (1,393) 1,744,500 (12,194) 678,660 (5,957) 529,050 (2,504) 536,790 (10,120) 967,940 (11,050)
1999 4,788,990 (23,055) 2,033,900 (4,830) 1,317,300 (4,421) 607,860 (†) 108,740 (1,943) 1,818,260 (19,897) 713,020 (3,748) 529,280 (3,866) 575,970 (17,632) 936,820 (7,302)
2001 5,023,160 (36,096) 2,032,080 (10,751) 1,226,960 (4,494) 687,540 (6,976) 117,580 (2,978) 1,926,870 (15,459) 765,080 (5,110) 535,850 (7,370) 625,940 (12,240) 1,064,210 (24,703)
2003 4,788,070 (30,338) 1,886,530 (11,055) 1,108,320 (9,937) 670,910 (4,754) 107,300 (337) 1,835,930 (16,931) 722,460 (6,517) 519,310 (4,134) 594,160 (13,504) 1,065,620 (15,379)
                                         
2005 4,724,310 (33,034) 1,779,830 (9,318) 993,390 (6,355) 673,110 (6,286) 113,330 (2,896) 1,865,430 (19,380) 764,920 (8,028) 561,320 (5,730) 539,190 (12,633) 1,079,050 (15,497)
2007 4,545,910 (21,853) 1,685,220 (5,288) 878,830 (4,562) 688,260 (1,640) 118,130 (3,104) 1,833,540 (18,364) 698,930 (5,885) 417,610 (3,218) 717,000 (16,573) 1,027,150 (11,379)
2009 4,179,060 (33,168) 1,541,830 (3,250) 782,050 (3,085) 642,720 (846) 117,050 (578) 1,665,680 (30,216) 579,190 (1,685) 401,430 (3,952) 685,050 (28,928) 971,550 (8,113)
2011 3,976,960 (18,241) 1,481,620 (3,867) 737,090 (3,675) 630,970 (321) 113,560 (459) 1,583,610 (16,558) 568,150 (3,607) 443,780 (2,604) 571,690 (15,197) 911,730 (3,469)
2013 4,083,860 (42,441) 1,466,550 (27,646) 680,370 (18,826) 666,260 (20,228) 119,930 (843) 1,615,120 (29,311) 544,610 (5,638) 446,050 (5,316) 624,470 (27,948) 1,002,180 (11,849)
2015 4,304,470 (69,171) 1,487,620 (42,646) 662,670 (24,233) 677,540 (22,542) 147,410 (14,387) 1,771,440 (47,422) 576,570 (38,496) 445,620 (15,105) 749,250 (33,313) 1,045,410 (27,611)
                                         
Grades 9 through 12                                        
1995 1,162,500 (4,625) 618,460 (2,786) 90,650 (†) 275,370 (2,786) 252,440 (†) 342,180 (3,174) 135,610 (2,338) 122,460 (645) 84,120 (1,720) 201,860 (1,495)
1997 1,185,260 (2,374) 619,010 (96) 86,240 (†) 275,400 (†) 257,370 (96) 352,690 (2,261) 144,950 (1,660) 117,450 (848) 90,290 (1,221) 213,560 (1,860)
1999 1,229,290 (8,260) 626,520 (70) 80,270 (†) 272,790 (†) 273,460 (70) 375,100 (7,920) 158,040 (1,640) 117,000 (1,237) 100,060 (7,461) 227,670 (2,208)
2001 1,296,480 (6,669) 640,570 (2,317) 82,930 (2,293) 291,520 (†) 266,130 (338) 401,290 (3,527) 172,340 (2,633) 127,340 (1,625) 101,600 (1,852) 254,620 (4,465)
2003 1,311,150 (24,733) 633,590 (3,888) 74,930 (†) 292,230 (†) 266,430 (3,888) 392,310 (4,195) 167,250 (3,144) 131,220 (1,924) 93,840 (2,031) 285,250 (23,952)
                                         
2005 1,348,930 (18,073) 622,970 (1,538) 69,560 (†) 283,510 (700) 269,900 (1,341) 437,900 (6,541) 192,440 (3,404) 135,590 (1,493) 109,860 (5,190) 288,070 (16,551)
2007 1,364,300 (11,958) 622,930 (1,377) 67,030 (1,201) 281,680 (566) 274,210 (364) 449,680 (3,796) 184,260 (1,768) 109,430 (374) 156,000 (3,052) 291,700 (11,156)
2009 1,309,430 (6,480) 618,390 (4,409) 74,380 (42) 266,290 (4,311) 277,720 (920) 410,540 (4,285) 157,830 (362) 114,880 (1,074) 137,840 (4,111) 280,500 (1,880)
2011 1,291,130 (15,396) 606,250 (14,313) 67,320 (10) 268,840 (14,313) 270,090 (†) 408,330 (5,747) 162,420 (1,349) 121,560 (513) 124,350 (5,792) 276,550 (3,485)
2013 1,311,880 (14,936) 588,580 (13,452) 59,480 (358) 270,060 (13,416) 259,040 (905) 415,810 (2,774) 162,490 (1,942) 119,440 (1,862) 133,880 (1,762) 307,490 (6,938)
2015 1,446,060 (23,777) 595,050 (2,166) 53,450 (1,662) 283,050 (38) 258,550 (1,388) 497,390 (23,622) 184,220 (15,411) 141,870 (9,045) 171,300 (16,438) 353,620 (5,530)
  Percentage distribution
Total, all grades                                        
1995 100.0 (†) 45.0 (0.19) 24.7 (0.13) 14.4 (0.08) 5.9 (0.03) 35.4 (0.19) 13.3 (0.12) 11.8 (0.08) 10.3 (0.18) 19.7 (0.23)
1997 100.0 (†) 44.8 (0.13) 24.2 (0.09) 14.7 (0.05) 5.9 (0.03) 35.3 (0.18) 13.9 (0.12) 10.9 (0.06) 10.5 (0.17) 19.9 (0.17)
1999 100.0 (†) 44.2 (0.24) 23.2 (0.14) 14.6 (0.07) 6.4 (0.04) 36.4 (0.28) 14.5 (0.09) 10.7 (0.08) 11.2 (0.36) 19.3 (0.11)
2001 100.0 (†) 42.3 (0.25) 20.7 (0.14) 15.5 (0.12) 6.1 (0.04) 36.8 (0.22) 14.8 (0.13) 10.5 (0.13) 11.5 (0.18) 20.9 (0.33)
2003 100.0 (†) 41.3 (0.27) 19.4 (0.17) 15.8 (0.14) 6.1 (0.07) 36.5 (0.25) 14.6 (0.13) 10.7 (0.10) 11.3 (0.22) 22.1 (0.36)
                                         
2005 100.0 (†) 39.6 (0.26) 17.5 (0.13) 15.8 (0.14) 6.3 (0.07) 37.9 (0.25) 15.8 (0.14) 11.5 (0.09) 10.7 (0.20) 22.5 (0.34)
2007 100.0 (†) 39.1 (0.20) 16.0 (0.11) 16.4 (0.09) 6.6 (0.06) 38.6 (0.25) 14.9 (0.12) 8.9 (0.06) 14.8 (0.26) 22.3 (0.25)
2009 100.0 (†) 39.4 (0.25) 15.6 (0.11) 16.6 (0.13) 7.2 (0.05) 37.8 (0.37) 13.4 (0.09) 9.4 (0.07) 15.0 (0.48) 22.8 (0.16)
2011 100.0 (†) 39.6 (0.25) 15.3 (0.09) 17.1 (0.25) 7.3 (0.04) 37.8 (0.28) 13.9 (0.09) 10.7 (0.08) 13.2 (0.34) 22.6 (0.15)
2013 100.0 (†) 38.1 (0.50) 13.7 (0.33) 17.4 (0.51) 7.0 (0.07) 37.6 (0.44) 13.1 (0.16) 10.5 (0.13) 14.1 (0.47) 24.3 (0.28)
2015 100.0 (†) 36.2 (0.66) 12.5 (0.38) 16.7 (0.40) 7.1 (0.24) 39.5 (0.80) 13.2 (0.85) 10.2 (0.39) 16.0 (0.73) 24.3 (0.51)
                                         
Prekindergarten
      through grade 8
                                       
1995 100.0 (†) 42.9 (0.20) 28.8 (0.17) 12.1 (0.06) 2.1 (0.02) 36.9 (0.22) 13.7 (0.13) 12.1 (0.09) 11.1 (0.21) 20.2 (0.28)
1997 100.0 (†) 43.0 (0.15) 28.4 (0.12) 12.6 (0.05) 2.0 (0.03) 36.7 (0.20) 14.3 (0.13) 11.1 (0.06) 11.3 (0.19) 20.3 (0.19)
1999 100.0 (†) 42.5 (0.23) 27.5 (0.16) 12.7 (0.06) 2.3 (0.04) 38.0 (0.26) 14.9 (0.09) 11.1 (0.07) 12.0 (0.32) 19.6 (0.12)
2001 100.0 (†) 40.5 (0.27) 24.4 (0.17) 13.7 (0.14) 2.3 (0.05) 38.4 (0.25) 15.2 (0.15) 10.7 (0.14) 12.5 (0.20) 21.2 (0.37)
2003 100.0 (†) 39.4 (0.25) 23.1 (0.18) 14.0 (0.13) 2.2 (0.01) 38.3 (0.23) 15.1 (0.12) 10.8 (0.09) 12.4 (0.24) 22.3 (0.22)
                                         
2005 100.0 (†) 37.7 (0.25) 21.0 (0.14) 14.2 (0.15) 2.4 (0.06) 39.5 (0.21) 16.2 (0.16) 11.9 (0.09) 11.4 (0.22) 22.8 (0.23)
2007 100.0 (†) 37.1 (0.20) 19.3 (0.13) 15.1 (0.09) 2.6 (0.07) 40.3 (0.27) 15.4 (0.14) 9.2 (0.07) 15.8 (0.30) 22.6 (0.21)
2009 100.0 (†) 36.9 (0.29) 18.7 (0.15) 15.4 (0.12) 2.8 (0.03) 39.9 (0.43) 13.9 (0.11) 9.6 (0.10) 16.4 (0.57) 23.2 (0.20)
2011 100.0 (†) 37.3 (0.18) 18.5 (0.11) 15.9 (0.08) 2.9 (0.02) 39.8 (0.24) 14.3 (0.08) 11.2 (0.08) 14.4 (0.32) 22.9 (0.11)
2013 100.0 (†) 35.9 (0.53) 16.7 (0.42) 16.3 (0.44) 2.9 (0.04) 39.5 (0.52) 13.3 (0.17) 10.9 (0.15) 15.3 (0.59) 24.5 (0.31)
2015 100.0 (†) 34.6 (0.78) 15.4 (0.48) 15.7 (0.50) 3.4 (0.31) 41.2 (0.81) 13.4 (0.82) 10.4 (0.35) 17.4 (0.73) 24.3 (0.61)
                                         
Grades 9 through 12                                        
1995 100.0 (†) 53.2 (0.20) 7.8 (0.03) 23.7 (0.20) 21.7 (0.09) 29.4 (0.20) 11.7 (0.18) 10.5 (0.06) 7.2 (0.14) 17.4 (0.12)
1997 100.0 (†) 52.2 (0.10) 7.3 (0.01) 23.2 (0.05) 21.7 (0.04) 29.8 (0.16) 12.2 (0.13) 9.9 (0.08) 7.6 (0.10) 18.0 (0.14)
1999 100.0 (†) 51.0 (0.34) 6.5 (0.04) 22.2 (0.15) 22.2 (0.15) 30.5 (0.45) 12.9 (0.14) 9.5 (0.11) 8.1 (0.56) 18.5 (0.19)
2001 100.0 (†) 49.4 (0.26) 6.4 (0.17) 22.5 (0.12) 20.5 (0.10) 31.0 (0.19) 13.3 (0.17) 9.8 (0.12) 7.8 (0.13) 19.6 (0.28)
2003 100.0 (†) 48.3 (0.91) 5.7 (0.11) 22.3 (0.42) 20.3 (0.44) 29.9 (0.59) 12.8 (0.32) 10.0 (0.23) 7.2 (0.20) 21.8 (1.43)
                                         
2005 100.0 (†) 46.2 (0.60) 5.2 (0.07) 21.0 (0.28) 20.0 (0.27) 32.5 (0.52) 14.3 (0.28) 10.1 (0.16) 8.1 (0.37) 21.4 (0.97)
2007 100.0 (†) 45.7 (0.40) 4.9 (0.09) 20.6 (0.18) 20.1 (0.17) 33.0 (0.33) 13.5 (0.16) 8.0 (0.07) 11.4 (0.22) 21.4 (0.65)
2009 100.0 (†) 47.2 (0.25) 5.7 (0.03) 20.3 (0.27) 21.2 (0.12) 31.4 (0.25) 12.1 (0.06) 8.8 (0.08) 10.5 (0.28) 21.4 (0.15)
2011 100.0 (†) 47.0 (0.63) 5.2 (0.06) 20.8 (0.88) 20.9 (0.25) 31.6 (0.49) 12.6 (0.18) 9.4 (0.13) 9.6 (0.43) 21.4 (0.35)
2013 100.0 (†) 44.9 (0.64) 4.5 (0.06) 20.6 (0.83) 19.7 (0.24) 31.7 (0.42) 12.4 (0.19) 9.1 (0.17) 10.2 (0.19) 23.4 (0.47)
2015 100.0 (†) 41.1 (0.67) 3.7 (0.13) 19.6 (0.32) 17.9 (0.30) 34.4 (1.11) 12.7 (0.96) 9.8 (0.59) 11.8 (1.02) 24.5 (0.51)
†Not applicable.
1 Affiliated schools belong to associations of schools with a specific religious orientation other than Catholic or conservative Christian. Unaffiliated schools have a religious orientation or purpose but are not classified as Catholic, conservative Christian, or affiliated.
NOTE: Includes enrollment in prekindergarten through grade 12 in schools that offer kindergarten or higher grade. Ungraded students are prorated into prekindergarten through grade 8 and grades 9 through 12. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Private School Universe Survey (PSS), 1995-96 through 2015-16. (This table was prepared May 2017.)

2016 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest