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Digest of Education Statistics: 2016
Digest of Education Statistics: 2016

NCES 2017-094
February 2018


Table 106.20. Expenditures of educational institutions, by level and control of institution: Selected years, 1899-1900 through 2015-16
[In millions]
School year Current dollars Constant 2015-16 dollars1
Total Elementary and secondary schools Degree-granting postsecondary institutions Total Elementary and secondary schools Degree-
granting
postsecondary
institutions
Total Public Private2 Total Public Private Total Public
1 2 3 4 5 6 7   8 9 10 11 12
1899-1900 $215        
1909-10 426        
1919-20 1,036       $12,955  
1929-30 2,317 $632   $292   $341   32,251 $8,801  
1939-40 2,344 758   392   367   39,966 12,932  
1949-50 $8,494 $6,249 5,838 $411 2,246   1,154   1,092   $85,462 $62,868 58,733 22,594  
1959-60 22,314 16,713 15,613 1,100 5,601   3,131   2,470   180,951 135,533 126,613 45,418  
                               
1969-70 64,227 43,183 40,683 2,500 21,043   13,250   7,794   405,126 272,391 256,622 132,735  
1970-71 71,575 48,200 45,500 2,700 23,375   14,996   8,379   429,317 289,109 272,914 140,208  
1971-72 76,510 50,950 48,050 2,900 25,560   16,484   9,075   443,025 295,024 278,232 148,001  
1972-73 82,908 54,952 51,852 3,100 27,956   18,204   9,752   461,478 305,873 288,618 155,605  
1973-74 91,084 60,370 56,970 3,400 30,714   20,336   10,377   465,482 308,521 291,146 156,961  
                               
1974-75 103,903 68,846 64,846 4,000 35,058   23,490   11,568   478,022 316,735 298,332 161,287  
1975-76 114,004 75,101 70,601 4,500 38,903   26,184   12,719   489,819 322,671 303,336 167,148  
1976-77 121,793 79,194 74,194 5,000 42,600   28,635   13,965   494,453 321,508 301,209 172,945  
1977-78 132,515 86,544 80,844 5,700 45,971   30,725   15,246   504,130 329,242 307,558 174,888  
1978-79 143,733 93,012 86,712 6,300 50,721   33,733   16,988   499,971 323,539 301,625 176,432  
                               
1979-80 160,075 103,162 95,962 7,200 56,914   37,768   19,146   491,313 316,630 294,531 174,683  
1980-81 176,378 112,325 104,125 8,200 64,053   42,280   21,773   485,156 308,968 286,413 176,188  
1981-82 190,825 120,486 111,186 9,300 70,339   46,219   24,120   483,159 305,064 281,517 178,095  
1982-83 204,661 128,725 118,425 10,300 75,936   49,573   26,363   496,849 312,502 287,497 184,347  
1983-84 220,993 139,000 127,500 11,500 81,993   53,087   28,907   517,350 325,402 298,480 191,948  
                               
1984-85 239,351 149,400 137,000 12,400 89,951   58,315   31,637   539,220 336,574 308,639 202,646  
1985-86 259,336 161,800 148,600 13,200 97,536   63,194   34,342   567,866 354,293 325,389 213,573  
1986-87 280,964 175,200 160,900 14,300 105,764   67,654   38,110   601,862 375,302 344,669 226,560  
1987-88 301,786 187,999 172,699 15,300 113,787   72,641   41,145   620,746 386,696 355,225 234,050  
1988-89 333,245 209,377 192,977 16,400 123,867   78,946   44,922   655,193 411,658 379,414 243,536  
                               
1989-90 365,825 231,170 212,770 18,400 134,656   85,771   48,885   686,492 433,803 399,275 252,689  
1990-91 395,318 249,230 229,430 19,800 146,088   92,961   53,127   703,381 443,450 408,220 259,931  
1991-92 417,944 261,755 241,055 20,700 156,189   98,847   57,342   720,552 451,275 415,588 269,276  
1992-93 439,676 274,435 252,935 21,500 165,241   104,570   60,671   735,059 458,805 422,861 276,253  
1993-94 460,757 287,407 265,307 22,100 173,351   109,310   64,041   750,852 468,359 432,345 282,493  
                               
1994-95 485,169 302,200 279,000 23,200 182,969   115,465   67,504   768,603 478,745 441,992 289,858  
1995-96 508,523 318,046 293,646 24,400 190,476   119,525   70,952   784,264 490,504 452,873 293,760  
1996-97 538,854 338,951 313,151 25,800 199,903 2 125,978   73,925 2 807,989 508,243 469,557 299,746 2
1997-98 570,471 361,615 334,315 27,300 208,856 2 132,846   76,010 2 840,410 532,726 492,508 307,684 2
1998-99 603,847 384,638 355,838 28,800 219,209   140,539   78,670   874,440 557,000 515,295 317,440  
                               
1999-2000 649,322 412,538 381,838 30,700 236,784   152,325   84,459   913,912 580,641 537,432 333,270  
2000-01 705,017 444,811 410,811 34,000 260,206   170,345   89,861   959,430 605,327 559,057 354,104  
2001-02 752,780 472,064 435,364 36,700 280,715   183,436   97,280   1,006,607 631,238 582,164 375,369  
2002-03 795,691 492,807 454,907 37,900 302,884   197,026   105,858   1,041,108 644,805 595,215 396,304  
2003-04 830,293 513,542 474,242 39,300 316,751   205,069   111,682   1,063,124 657,549 607,229 405,574  
                               
2004-05 875,988 540,969 499,569 41,400 335,019   215,794   119,225   1,088,866 672,432 620,971 416,434  
2005-06 925,246 571,669 528,269 43,400 353,577   226,550   127,027   1,107,903 684,525 632,557 423,378  
2006-07 984,034 608,495 562,195 46,300 375,539   238,829   136,710   1,148,594 710,253 656,211 438,340  
2007-08 1,054,904 646,414 597,314 49,100 408,490   261,046   147,444   1,187,321 727,555 672,292 459,766  
2008-09 1,089,683 658,926 610,326 48,600 430,757   273,019   157,739   1,209,577 731,425 677,478 478,152  
                               
2009-10 1,100,897 654,418 607,018 47,400 446,479   281,390   165,088   1,210,314 719,460 667,349 490,854  
2010-11 1,124,352 652,356 604,356 48,000 471,997   296,863   175,134   1,211,768 703,075 651,343 508,693  
2011-12 1,136,876 648,794 601,994 46,800 488,083   305,538   182,545   1,190,387 679,331 630,328 511,056  
2012-13 1,153,674 654,813 606,813 48,000 498,861   311,421   187,439   1,188,202 674,411 624,974 513,791  
2013-14 1,193,083 676,016 625,016 51,000 517,067   323,893   193,174   1,209,890 685,539 633,821 524,351  
                               
2014-153 1,225,000 689,000 638,000 51,000 536,000   336,000   200,000   1,233,000 694,000 642,000 540,000  
2015-164 1,254,000 707,000 655,000 52,000 548,000   344,000   204,000   1,254,000 707,000 655,000 548,000  
—Not available.
1 Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to a school-year basis.
2 Estimated by the National Center for Education Statistics based on enrollment data for the given year and actual expenditures for prior years.
3 Data for elementary and secondary education are estimated; data for degree-granting institutions are actual.
4 Estimated by the National Center for Education Statistics based on teacher and enrollment data, and actual expenditures for prior years.
NOTE: Total expenditures for public elementary and secondary schools include current expenditures, interest on school debt, and capital outlay. Expenditures for public and private colleges and universities in 1929-30 and 1939-40 include current-fund expenditures and additions to plant value. Public and private degree-granting institutions data for 1949-50 through 1995-96 are for current-fund expenditures. Data for private degree-granting institutions for 1996-97 and later years are for total expenditures. Data for public degree-granting institutions for 1996-97 through 2000-01 are for current expenditures; data for later years are for total expenditures. Postsecondary data through 1995-96 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Annual Report of the Commissioner of Education, 1899-1900 and 1909-10; Biennial Survey of Education in the United States, 1919-20 through 1949-50; Statistics of State School Systems, 1959-60 and 1969-70; Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education, 1970-71 through 1986-87; Common Core of Data (CCD), "National Public Education Financial Survey," 1987-88 through 2013-14; Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), Financial Statistics of Institutions of Higher Education, 1965-66 through 1985-86; Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Finance Survey," (IPEDS-F:FY87-99); IPEDS Spring 2001 through Spring 2016, Finance component; and unpublished tabulations. (This table was prepared May 2017.)