|Figure 29.||Public and private direct expenditures on education institutions as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP), by OECD country: 2013|
|1 Public direct expenditures for Australia and the Republic of Korea exclude expenditures from international sources.
2 Direct expenditures for Italy exclude postsecondary non-higher-education.
NOTE: Includes public and private direct expenditures on all levels of education institutions. Public direct expenditures exclude those that could not be reported by level of education. Public direct expenditures include public subsidies to households for payments to education institutions; direct expenditures on education institutions from international sources; amounts spent directly by governments to hire education personnel and to procure other resources; and amounts provided by governments to public or private institutions. Private direct expenditures exclude public subsidies that are used for payments to education institutions. Graphic display was generated using unrounded data. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Education at a Glance, 2016.