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Digest of Education Statistics: 2015
Digest of Education Statistics: 2015

NCES 2016-014
December 2016

List of Tables by Chapter


Chapter 2. Elementary and Secondary Education


201 Historical

Table 201.10. Historical summary of public elementary and secondary school statistics: Selected years, 1869-70 through 2012-13
Table 201.20. Enrollment in grades 9 through 12 in public and private schools compared with population 14 to 17 years of age: Selected years, 1889-90 through fall 2015

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202 Enrollment Status and Child Care Arrangements of Young Children

Table 202.10. Enrollment of 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old children in preprimary programs, by age of child, level of program, control of program, and attendance status: Selected years, 1970 through 2014
Table 202.20. Percentage of 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old children enrolled in preprimary programs, by level of program, attendance status, and selected child and family characteristics: 2014
Table 202.25. WEB-ONLY TABLE—Percentage of 3- and 4-year-old children enrolled in school, by race/ethnicity and state: 2014
Table 202.30. Number of children under 6 years old and not yet enrolled in kindergarten, percentage in center-based programs, average weekly hours in nonparental care, andpercentage in various types of primary care arrangements, by selected child and family characteristics: 2012
Table 202.35 Primary child care arrangements of 4- and 5-year-old children who are not yet enrolled in kindergarten, by race/ethnicity, poverty status, and mother's highest level of education: Selected years, 1995 through 2012
Table 202.40. Child care arrangements of 3- to 5-year-old children who are not yet in kindergarten, by age and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1991 through 2012
Table 202.50. Percentage distribution of children at about 2 and 4 years of age, by type of child care arrangement and selected child and family characteristics: 2003-04 and 2005-06
Table 202.60. Percentage distribution of quality rating of child care arrangements of children at about 4 years of age, by type of arrangement and selected child and family characteristics: 2005-06
Table 202.65. Percentage distribution of first-time kindergartners, by primary type of child care arrangement during the year prior to kindergarten entry and selected child, family, and school characteristics: 2010-11
Table 202.70. Number and percentage distribution of 3- to 5-year-olds not enrolled in school and all children enrolled in prekindergarten through second grade, by grade level and selected maternal and householdcharacteristics: 2001, 2005, and 2012

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203 Enrollment in Public Schools

Table 203.10. Enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by level and grade: Selected years, fall 1980 through fall 2025
Table 203.20. Enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by region, state, and jurisdiction: Selected years, fall 1990 through fall 2025
Table 203.25. Public school enrollment in prekindergarten through grade 8, by region, state, and jurisdiction: Selected years, fall 1990 through fall 2025
Table 203.30. Public school enrollment in grades 9 through 12, by region, state, and jurisdiction: Selected years, fall 1990 through fall 2025
Table 203.40. Enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by level, grade, and state or jurisdiction: Fall 2013
Table 203.45. Enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by level, grade, and state or jurisdiction: Fall 2012
Table 203.50. Enrollment and percentage distribution of enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by race/ethnicity and region: Selected years, fall 1995 through fall 2025
Table 203.60. Enrollment and percentage distribution of enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by race/ethnicity and level of education: Fall 1999 through fall 2025
Table 203.70. Percentage distribution of enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by race/ethnicity and state or jurisdiction: Fall 2003 and fall 2013
Table 203.75. Enrollment and percentage distribution of enrollment in public schools, by family poverty rate of 5- to 17-year-olds living in the school district, student race/ethnicity, region, and school locale: 2013-14
Table 203.80. Average daily attendance in public elementary and secondary schools, by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, 1969-70 through 2012-13
Table 203.90. Average daily attendance (ADA) as a percentage of total enrollment, school day length, and school year length in public schools, by school level and state: 2007-08 and 2011-12

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204 Participation in Public School Services

Table 204.10. Number and percentage of public school students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch, by state: Selected years, 2000-01 through 2013-14
Table 204.20. Number and percentage of public school students participating in programs for English language learners, by state: Selected years, 2003-04 through 2013-14
Table 204.25. Public school students participating in programs for English language learners, by race/ethnicity: Fall 2009 through fall 2014
Table 204.27. English language learner (ELL) students enrolled in public elementary and secondary schools, by grade and home language: Selected years, 2008-09 through 2013-14
Table 204.30. Children 3 to 21 years old served under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B, by type of disability: Selected years, 1976-77 through 2013-14
Table 204.40. Children 3 to 21 years old served under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B, by race/ethnicity and age group: 2000-01 through 2013-14
Table 204.50. Children 3 to 21 years old served under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B, by age group and sex, race/ethnicity, and type of disability: 2013-14
Table 204.60. Percentage distribution of students 6 to 21 years old served under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B, by educational environment and type of disability: Selected years, fall 1989 through fall 2013
Table 204.70. Number and percentage of children served under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B, by age group and state or jurisdiction: Selected years, 1990-91 through 2013-14
Table 204.80. Number of public school students enrolled in gifted and talented programs, by sex, race/ethnicity, and state: 2004, 2006, and 2011-12
Table 204.90. Percentage of public school students enrolled in gifted and talented programs, by sex, race/ethnicity, and state: 2004, 2006, and 2011-12

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205 Private School Education

Table 205.10. Private elementary and secondary school enrollment and private enrollment as a percentage of total enrollment in public and private schools, by region and grade level: Selected years, fall 1995 through fall 2013
Table 205.20. Enrollment and percentage distribution of students enrolled in private elementary and secondary schools, by school orientation and grade level: Selected years, fall 1995 through fall 2013
Table 205.30. Percentage distribution of students enrolled in private elementary and secondary schools, by school orientation and selected characteristics: Fall 2011 and fall 2013
Table 205.40. Number and percentage distribution of private elementary and secondary students, teachers, and schools, by orientation of school and selected characteristics: Fall 1999, fall 2009, and fall 2013
Table 205.50 Private elementary and secondary enrollment, number of schools, and average tuition, by school level, orientation, and tuition: Selected years, 1999-2000 through 2011-12
Table 205.60. Private elementary and secondary school full-time-equivalent (FTE) staff and student to FTE staff ratios, by orientation of school, school level, and type of staff: 2007-08 and 2011-12
Table 205.70. Enrollment and instructional staff in Catholic elementary and secondary schools, by level: Selected years, 1919-20 through 2014-15
Table 205.80. Private elementary and secondary schools, enrollment, teachers, and high school graduates, by state: Selected years, 2003 through 2013

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206 Homeschooling and School Choice

Table 206.10. Number and percentage of homeschooled students ages 5 through 17 with a grade equivalent of kindergarten through 12th grade, by selected child, parent, andhousehold characteristics: 2003, 2007, and 2012
Table 206.20. Percentage distribution of students ages 5 through 17 attending kindergarten through 12th grade, by school type or participation in homeschooling and selected child, parent, and household characteristics: 2003, 2007, and 2012
Table 206.30. Percentage distribution of students enrolled in grades 1 through 12, by public school type and charter status, private school type, and selected child and household characteristics: 2012
Table 206.40. Percentage of students enrolled in grades 1 through 12 whose parents reported having public school choice, considered other schools, reported current school was their first choice, or moved to their current neighborhood for the public school, by school type and selected child and household characteristics: 2012
Table 206.50. Percentage of students enrolled in grades 3 through 12 whose parents were satisfied or dissatisfied with various aspects of their children's schools, by public and private school type: 2003, 2007, and 2012

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207 Parent Involvement in Education

Table 207.10. Number of 3- to 5-year-olds not yet enrolled in kindergarten and percentage participating in home literacy activities with a family member, by type and frequency of activity and selected child and family characteristics: 2001, 2007, and 2012
Table 207.20. Percentage of kindergartners through fifth-graders whose parents reported doing education-related activities with their children in the past month, by selected child, parent, and school characteristics: 2003, 2007, and 2012
Table 207.30. Percentage of kindergartners through fifth-graders whose parents reported doing education-related activities with their children in the past week, by selected child, parent, and school characteristics: 2003, 2007, and 2012
Table 207.40. Percentage of elementary and secondary school children whose parents were involved in school activities, by selected child, parent, and school characteristics: 2003, 2007, and 2012

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208 Teachers and Pupil/Teacher Ratios

Table 208.10. Public elementary and secondary pupil/teacher ratios, by selected school characteristics: Selected years, fall 1990 through fall 2013
Table 208.20. Public and private elementary and secondary teachers, enrollment, pupil/teacher ratios, and new teacher hires: Selected years, fall 1955 through fall 2025
Table 208.30. Public elementary and secondary teachers, by level and state or jurisdiction: Selected years, fall 2000 through fall 2013
Table 208.40. Public elementary and secondary teachers, enrollment, and pupil/teacher ratios, by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, fall 2000 through fall 2013

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209 Teacher Characteristics, Class Sizes, and Assignments

Table 209.10. Number and percentage distribution of teachers in public and private elementary and secondary schools, by selected teacher characteristics: Selected years, 1987-88 through 2011-12
Table 209.20. Number, highest degree, and years of full-time teaching experience of teachers in public and private elementary and secondary schools, by selected teacher characteristics: Selected years, 1999-2000 through 2011-12
Table 209.25. Number and percentage of public elementary and secondary school teachers who met licensing/certification requirements and of public school teachers who had less than 2 years of teaching experience, by state: 2011-12
Table 209.30. Highest degree earned, years of full-time teaching experience, and average class size for teachers in public elementary and secondary schools, by state: 2011-12
Table 209.50. Percentage of public school teachers of grades 9 through 12, by field of main teaching assignment and selected demographic and educational characteristics: 2011-12

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210 Teacher Attitudes and Teacher Mobility

Table 210.10. Percentage of teachers indicating that certain issues are serious problems in their schools, by level and control of school: Selected years, 1987-88 through 2011-12
Table 210.20. Percentage of teachers agreeing with statements about teaching and school conditions, by control and level of school: Selected years, 1993-94 through 2011-12
Table 210.30. Mobility of public elementary and secondary teachers, by selected teacher and school characteristics: Selected years, 1987-88 through 2012-13
Table 210.31. Mobility of private elementary and secondary teachers, by selected teacher and school characteristics:Selected years, 1987-88 through 2008-09

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211 Teacher Salaries

Table 211.10. Average salaries for full-time teachers in public and private elementary and secondary schools, by selected characteristics: 2011-12
Table 211.20. Average base salary for full-time teachers in public elementary and secondary schools, by highest degree earned and years of full-time teaching: Selected years, 1990-91 through 2011-12
Table 211.30. Average base salary for full-time public elementary and secondary school teachers with a bachelor's degree as their highest degree, by years of full-time teaching experience and state: Selected years, 1993-94 through 2011-12
Table 211.40. Average base salary for full-time public elementary and secondary school teachers with a master's degree as their highest degree, by years of full-time teaching experience and state: Selected years, 1993-94 through 2011-12
Table 211.50. Estimated average annual salary of teachers in public elementary and secondary schools: Selected years, 1959-60 through 2014-15
Table 211.60. Estimated average annual salary of teachers in public elementary and secondary schools, by state: Selected years, 1969-70 through 2014-15

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212 School Principals

Table 212.08. Number and percentage distribution of principals in public and private elementary and secondary schools, by selected characteristics: Selected years, 1993-94 through 2011-12
Table 212.10 Highest degree, average years of experience, and salaries of principals in public and private elementary and secondary schools, by selected characteristics: Selected years, 1993-94 through 2011-12
Table 212.20. Mobility of public elementary and secondary principals, by selected principal and school characteristics: 2007-08 to 2008-09 and 2011-12 to 2012-13
Table 212.30. Number and percentage distribution of public and private school principals who left the profession during the past year, by total years ofexperience as a principal and occupational status: 2012-13

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213 School Staff

Table 213.10. Staff employed in public elementary and secondary school systems, by type of assignment: Selected years, 1949-50 through fall 2013
Table 213.20. Staff employed in public elementary and secondary school systems, by type of assignment and state or jurisdiction: Fall 2013
Table 213.30. Staff employed in public elementary and secondary school systems, by type of assignment and state or jurisdiction: Fall 2012
Table 213.40. Staff, teachers, and teachers as a percentage of staff in public elementary and secondary school systems, by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, fall 2000 through fall 2013
Table 213.50. Staff, enrollment, and pupil/staff ratios in public elementary and secondary school systems, by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, fall 2000 through fall 2013

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214 Overview of Schools and School Districts

Table 214.10. Number of public school districts and public and private elementary and secondary schools: Selected years, 1869-70 through 2013-14
Table 214.20. Number and percentage distribution of regular public school districts and students, by enrollment size of district: Selected years, 1979-80 through 2013-14
Table 214.30. Number of public elementary and secondary education agencies, by type of agency and state or jurisdiction: 2012-13 and 2013-14
Table 214.40. Public elementary and secondary school enrollment, number of schools, and other selected characteristics, by locale: 2010-11 through 2013-14

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215 Large School Districts

Table 215.10. Selected statistics on enrollment, teachers, dropouts, and graduates in public school districts enrolling more than 15, 000 students: Selected years, 1990 through 2013
Table 215.20. Revenues, expenditures, poverty rate, and Title I allocations of public school districts enrolling more than 15, 000 students: 2012-13 and fiscal year 2015
Table 215.30. Enrollment, poverty, and federal funds for the 120 largest school districts, by enrollment size in 2013: Selected years, 2012-13 through 2015

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216 Public Schools

Table 216.10. Public elementary and secondary schools, by level of school: Selected years, 1967-68 through 2013-14
Table 216.20. Number and enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools, by school level, type, and charter and magnet status: Selected years, 1990-91 through 2013-14
Table 216.30. Number and percentage distribution of public elementary and secondary students and schools, by traditional or charter school status and selected characteristics: Selected years, 1999-2000 through 2013-14
Table 216.40. Number and percentage distribution of public elementary and secondary schools and enrollment, by level, type, and enrollment size of school: 2011-12, 2012-13, and 2013-14
Table 216.43. WEB-ONLY TABLE—Number of public elementary and secondary schools reporting enrollment, by enrollment size of school and state: 2013-14
Table 216.44. WEB-ONLY TABLE—Enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools reporting enrollment, by enrollment size of school and state: 2013-14
Table 216.45. Average enrollment and percentage distribution of public elementary and secondary schools, by level, type, and enrollment size: Selected years, 1982-83 through 2013-14
Table 216.50. Number and percentage distribution of public elementary and secondary school students, by percentage of minority enrollment in the school and student's racial/ethnic group: Selected years, fall 1995 through fall 2013
Table 216.55. Number and percentage distribution of public elementary and secondary school students, by percentage of student's racial/ethnic group enrolled in the school and student's racial/ethnic group: Selected years, fall 1995 through fall 2013
Table 216.60. Number and percentage distribution of public school students, by percentage of students in school who are eligible for free or reduced-price lunch, school level, locale, and student race/ethnicity: 2013-14
Table 216.70. Public elementary and secondary schools, by level, type, and state or jurisdiction: 1990-91, 2000-01, 2010-11, and 2013-14
Table 216.75. Public elementary schools, by grade span, average school enrollment, and state or jurisdiction: 2013-14
Table 216.80. Public secondary schools, by grade span, average school enrollment, and state or jurisdiction: 2013-14
Table 216.90. Public elementary and secondary charter schools and enrollment, by state: Selected years, 1999-2000 through 2013-14
Table 216.90a. WEB-ONLY TABLE—Percentage distribution of enrollment in public traditional and charter schools and percentage of schools, by race/ethnicity, racial/ethnic concentration, and state: Fall 2013
Table 216.90b. WEB-ONLY TABLE—Percentage distribution of public traditional and charter school enrollment and schools, by school's level of free or reduced price lunch eligibility and state: Fall 2013
Table 216.90c. WEB-ONLY TABLE—Percentage distribution of public traditional and charter schools, by school level, school size, and state: Fall 2013
Table 216.90d. WEB-ONLY TABLE—Percentage distribution of public traditional and charter schools, by school locale and state: Fall 2013
Table 216.95. Number and enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools that have closed, by school level, type, and charter status: Selected years, 1995-96 through 2013-14

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217 School Facilities

Table 217.10. Functional age of public schools' main instructional buildings and percentage of schools with permanent and portable (temporary) buildings, by selected school characteristics and condition of permanent and portable buildings: 2012
Table 217.15. Percentage of public schools with plans for major repair, renovation, or replacement of building systems or features in the next 2 years and percentage distribution of schools with such plans, by selected school characteristics, type of system or feature, and main reason for the plans: 2012-13
Table 217.20. Percentage of public schools with enrollment under, at, or over capacity, by selected school characteristics: 1999 and 2005

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218 Computers and Technology

Table 218.10. Number and internet access of instructional computers and rooms in public schools, by selected school characteristics: Selected years, 1995 through 2008
Table 218.20. Percentage of public school districts with students enrolled in technology-based distance education courses and number of enrollments in such courses, by instructional level and district characteristics: 2002-03, 2004-05, and 2009-10

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219 High School Completers and Dropouts

Table 219.10. High school graduates, by sex and control of school: Selected years, 1869-70 through 2025-26
Table 219.20. Public high school graduates, by region, state, and jurisdiction: Selected years, 1980-81 through 2025-26
Table 219.30. Public high school graduates, by race/ethnicity: 1998-99 through 2025-26
Table 219.32. Public high school graduates, by sex, race/ethnicity, and state or jurisdiction: 2012-13
Table 219.33. WEB-ONLY TABLE—Public high school graduates, by sex, race/ethnicity, and state or jurisdiction: 2011-12
Table 219.35. Public high school averaged freshman graduation rate (AFGR), by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, 1990-91 through 2012-13
Table 219.40. Public high school averaged freshman graduation rate (AFGR), by sex, race/ethnicity, and state or jurisdiction: 2012-13
Table 219.41. WEB-ONLY TABLE—Public high school averaged freshman graduation rate (AFGR), by sex, race/ethnicity, and state or jurisdiction: 2011-12
Table 219.46. Public high school 4-year adjusted cohort graduation rate (ACGR), by selected student characteristics and state: 2010-11 through 2013-14
Table 219.50. Number and percentage of 9th- to 12th-graders who dropped out of public schools, by race/ethnicity, grade, and state or jurisdiction: 2011-12
Table 219.55. Among 15- to 24-year-olds enrolled in grades 10 through 12, percentage whodropped out (event dropout rate), by sex and race/ethnicity: 1972 through 2014
Table 219.57. Population of 15- to 24-year-olds enrolled in grades 10 through 12, number who dropped out (event dropouts), percentage who dropped out (event dropout rate), and percentage distribution, by selected characteristics: 2014
Table 219.60 Number of people taking the GED test and percentage distribution of those who passed, by age group: 1971 through 2013
Table 219.62a. WEB-ONLY TABLE—Percentage distribution of 2009 ninth-graders, by high school persistence status in 2012 and selected student characteristics: 2009 and 2012
Table 219.62b. WEB-ONLY TABLE—Percentage distribution of 2009 ninth-graders who were current high school dropouts, stopouts, and continuous students in 2012, by selected student characteristics: 2009 and 2012
Table 219.62c. WEB-ONLY TABLE—Among 2009 ninth-graders who were dropouts in 2012, percentage citing various reasons for leaving high school, by selected student characteristics: 2009 and 2012
Table 219.65. High school completion rate of 18- to 24-year-olds not enrolled in high school (status completion rate), by sex and race/ethnicity: 1972 through 2014
Table 219.67. High school completion rate of 18- to 24-year-olds not enrolled in high school (status completion rate) and number and percentage distribution of 18- to 24-year-olds not enrolled in high school, by selected characteristics: Selected years, 2004 through 2014
Table 219.69. WEB-ONLY TABLE—High school completion rate of 18- to 24-year-olds not enrolled in high school (status completion rate), by English speaking ability and race/ethnicity: 2003, 2005, and 2013
Table 219.70. Percentage of high school dropouts among persons 16 to 24 years old (status dropout rate), by sex and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1960 through 2014
Table 219.71. Population 16 to 24 years old and number of 16- to 24-year-old high school dropouts (status dropouts), by sex and race/ethnicity: 1970 through 2014
Table 219.73. Percentage of high school dropouts among persons 16 to 24 years old (status dropout rate) and number and percentage distribution of 16- to 24-year-olds, by selected characteristics: Selected years, 2004 to 2014
Table 219.75. Percentage of high school dropouts among persons 16 to 24 years old (status dropout rate), by income level, and percentage distribution of status dropouts, by labor force status and years of school completed: 1970 through 2014
Table 219.76. Population 16 to 24 years old and number of 16- to 24-year-old high school dropouts (status dropouts), by income level, labor force status, and years of school completed: 1970 through 2014
Table 219.80. Percentage of high school dropouts among persons 16 to 24 years old (status dropout rate) and number of status dropouts, by noninstitutionalized or institutionalized status, birth in or outside of the United States, and selected characteristics: Selected years, 2006 through 2014
Table 219.81. Percentage of high school dropouts among persons 16 to 24 years old (status dropout rate) and number of status dropouts, by noninstitutionalized or institutionalized status, birth in or outside of the United States, and selected characteristics: 2012 and 2013
Table 219.83. WEB-ONLY TABLE—Percentage of high school dropouts among persons 16 to 24 years old (status dropout rate), by English speaking ability and race/ethnicity: 2003, 2005, and 2013
Table 219.85. WEB-ONLY TABLE—Percentage of high school dropouts among noninstitutionalized persons 16 through 24 years old (status dropout rate), by race/ethnicity and state: 2014
Table 219.85a. WEB-ONLY TABLE—Percentage of high school dropouts among noninstitutionalized and institutionalized persons 16 to 24 years old (status dropout rate), by race/ethnicity and state: 2014
Table 219.90. Number and percentage distribution of 14- through 21-year-old students served under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B, who exited school, by exit reason, sex, race/ethnicity, age, and type of disability: 2011-12 and 2012-13

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220 Skills of Young Children

Table 220.10. Percentage of children demonstrating specific cognitive and motor skills at about 9 months of age, by child's age and selected characteristics: 2001-02
Table 220.20. Percentage of children demonstrating specific cognitive skills, motor skills, and secure emotional attachment to parents at about 2 years of age, by selected characteristics: 2003-04
Table 220.30. Children's reading, language, mathematics, color knowledge, and fine motor skills at about 4 years of age, by child's age and selected characteristics: 2005-06
Table 220.40. Fall 2010 first-time kindergartners' reading, mathematics, and science scale scores, by selected child, family, and school characteristics: Fall 2010, spring 2011, spring 2012, and spring 2013
Table 220.45. Fall 2010 first-time kindergartners' approaches to learning, interpersonal skills, and self-control scale scores, by selected child, family, and school characteristics: Fall 2010, spring 2011, spring 2012, and spring 2013
Table 220.50. Number and percentage distribution of kindergartners, by fall 2010 kindergarten entry status and selected child, family, and school characteristics: 2010-11
Table 220.60. Fall 2010 kindergartners' reading, mathematics, science, and approaches to learning scale scores, by kindergarten entry status and time of assessment: Fall 2010, spring 2011, spring 2012, and spring 2013
Table 220.70. Mean reading scale scores and specific reading skills of fall 1998 first-time kindergartners, by time of assessment and selected characteristics: Selected years, fall 1998 through spring 2007
Table 220.80. Mean mathematics and science scale scores and specific mathematics skills of fall 1998 first-time kindergartners, by time of assessment and selected characteristics: Selected years, fall 1998 through spring 2007

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221 Reading Achievement

Table 221.10. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale score, by sex, race/ethnicity, and grade: Selected years, 1992 through 2015
Table 221.12. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale score and percentage of students attaining selected NAEP reading achievement levels, by selected school and student characteristics and grade: Selected years, 1992 through 2015
Table 221.20. Percentage of students at or above selected National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading achievement levels, by grade and selected student characteristics: Selected years, 1998 through 2015
Table 221.30. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale score and percentage distribution of students, by age, amount of reading for school and for fun, and time spent on homework and watching TV/video: Selected years, 1984 through 2012
Table 221.40. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale score of 4th-grade public school students and percentage attaining reading achievement levels, by state: Selected years, 1992 through 2015
Table 221.50. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale score of 4th-grade public school students, by race/ethnicity, school's level of free or reduced-price lunch eligibility, and state: 2015
Table 221.60. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale score of 8th-grade public school students and percentage attaining reading achievement levels, by state: Selected years, 1998 through 2015
Table 221.65. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale score of 8th-grade public school students, by race/ethnicity, parent's highest level of education, and state: 2015
Table 221.70. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale scores of 4th- and 8th-graders in public schools and percentage scoring at or above selected reading achievement levels, by English language learner (ELL) status and state: 2015
Table 221.75. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale score and standard deviation, by selected student characteristics, percentile, and grade: Selected years, 1992 through 2015
Table 221.80. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale scores of 4th- and 8th-grade public school students and percentage attaining selected reading achievement levels, by race/ethnicity and jurisdiction or specific urban district: 2009, 2011, 2013, and 2015
Table 221.85. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale score, by age and selected student characteristics: Selected years, 1971 through 2012
Table 221.90. Percentage of students at or above selected National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading score levels, by age, sex, and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1971 through 2012

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222 Mathematics Achievement

Table 222.10. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale score, by sex, race/ethnicity, and grade: Selected years, 1990 through 2015
Table 222.12. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale score and percentage of students attaining selected NAEP mathematics achievement levels, by selected school and student characteristics and grade: Selected years, 1990 through 2015
Table 222.20. Percentage of students at or above selected National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics achievement levels, by grade and selected student characteristics: Selected years, 1996 through 2015
Table 222.30. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale score of 8th-graders with various attitudes toward mathematics and percentage reporting these attitudes, by selected student characteristics: 2015
Table 222.35. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale score of 12th-graders with various attitudes toward mathematics and percentage reporting these attitudes, by selected student characteristics: 2013
Table 222.40. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale score of high school graduates at grade 12, by highest mathematics course taken in high school and selected student and school characteristics: 2013
Table 222.50. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale score of 4th-grade public school students and percentage attaining mathematics achievement levels, by state: Selected years, 1992 through 2015
Table 222.55. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale score of 4th-grade public school students, by race/ethnicity, school's level of free or reduced-price lunch eligibility, and state: 2015
Table 222.60. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale score of 8th-grade public school students and percentage attaining mathematics achievement levels, by state: Selected years, 1990 through 2015
Table 222.70. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale score of 8th-grade public school students, by race/ethnicity, parents' highest level of education, and state: 2015
Table 222.80. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale scores of 4th- and 8th-grade public school students and percentage attaining selected mathematics achievement levels, by race/ethnicity and jurisdiction or specific urban district: 2009, 2011, 2013, and 2015
Table 222.85. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale score, by age and selected student characteristics: Selected years, 1973 through 2012
Table 222.90. Percentage of students at or above selected National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics score levels, by age, sex, and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1978 through 2012
Table 222.95. National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics performance of 17-year-olds, by highest mathematics course taken, sex, and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1978 through 2012

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223 Science Achievement

Table 223.10. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) science scale score, standard deviation, and percentage of students attaining science achievement levels, by grade level, selected student and school characteristics, and percentile: 2009 and 2011
Table 223.20. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) science scale scores of 8th-grade public school students, by race/ethnicity and state: 2009 and 2011
Table 223.25. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) science scale scores of 8th-graders with various attitudes toward science and percentage reporting these attitudes, by selected student characteristics: 2011
Table 223.30. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) science scale scores of 12th-graders with various educational goals and attitudes toward science, and percentage reporting these goals and attitudes, by selected student characteristics: 2009

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224 Achievement in Other Subjects

Table 224.10. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) arts scale score of 8th-graders, percentage distribution by frequency of instruction, and percentage participating in selected activities, by subject and selected characteristics: 2008
Table 224.20. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) civics scale score, standard deviation, and percentage of students attaining civics achievement levels, by grade level, selected student characteristics, and percentile: 1998, 2006, 2010, and 2014
Table 224.30. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) economics scale score of 12th-graders, percentage attaining economics achievement levels, and percentage with different levels of economics coursework, by selected characteristics: 2006 and 2012
Table 224.40. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) geography scale score, standard deviation, and percentage of students attaining geography achievement levels, by grade level, selected student characteristics, and percentile: Selected years, 1994 through 2014
Table 224.50. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) U.S. history scale score, standard deviation, and percentage of students attaining achievement levels, by grade level, selected student characteristics, and percentile: Selected years, 1994 through 2014
Table 224.60. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) writing scale score of 8th- and 12th-graders, standard deviation, and percentage of students attaining writing achievement levels, by selected student and school characteristics and percentile: 2011

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225 Coursetaking and Grades

Table 225.10. Average number of Carnegie units earned by public high school graduates in various subject fields, by sex and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1982 through 2009
Table 225.20. Average number of Carnegie units earned by public high school graduates in career/technical education courses in various occupational fields, by sex and race/ethnicity, and percentage distribution of students, by units earned: Selected years, 2000 through 2009
Table 225.30. Percentage of public and private high school graduates taking selected mathematics and science courses in high school, by sex and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1982 through 2009
Table 225.40. Percentage of public and private high school graduates taking selected mathematics and science courses in high school, by selected student and school characteristics: Selected years, 1990 through 2009
Table 225.50. Percentage of public and private high school graduates earning minimum credits in selected combinations of academic courses, by sex and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1982 through 2009
Table 225.60. Number and percentage of public high school graduates taking dual credit, Advanced Placement (AP), and International Baccalaureate (IB) courses in high school and average credits earned, by selected student and school characteristics: 2000, 2005, and 2009
Table 225.70. Number and percentage of high school graduates who took foreign language courses in high school and average number of credits earned, by language and number of credits: 2000, 2005, and 2009
Table 225.80. Percentage distribution of elementary and secondary school children, by average grades and selected child and school characteristics: 2003, 2007, and 2012
Table 225.90. Number and percentage of elementary and secondary school students retained in grade, by sex, race/ethnicity, and grade level: 1994 through 2014

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226 College Admission Tests

Table 226.10. SAT mean scores of college-bound seniors, by race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1986-87 through 2014-15
Table 226.20. SAT mean scores of college-bound seniors, by sex: 1966-67 through 2014-15
Table 226.30. SAT mean scores and percentage distribution of college-bound seniors, by selected student characteristics: Selected years, 1995-96 through 2014-15
Table 226.40. Mean SAT scores of college-bound seniors and percentage of graduates taking SAT, by state: Selected years, 1995-96 through 2014-15
Table 226.50. Number and percentage of graduates taking the ACT test; average scores and standard deviations, by sex and race/ethnicity; and percentage of test takers with selected composite scores and planned fields of postsecondary study: Selected years, 1995 through 2015

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227 Student Activities, Homework, and Attendance

Table 227.10. Percentage of 9th-grade students participating in various school-sponsored and non-school-sponsored activities, by sex and race/ethnicity: 2009
Table 227.20. Percentage of high school seniors who say they engage in various activities, by selected student and school characteristics: 1992 and 2004
Table 227.30. Percentage of high school seniors who participate in various school-sponsored extracurricular activities, by selected student characteristics: 1992 and 2004
Table 227.40. Percentage of elementary and secondary school students who do homework, average time spent, percentage whose parents check that homework is done, and percentage whose parents help with homework, by frequency and selected characteristics: 2007 and 2012
Table 227.50. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading and mathematics scale scores of 4th-, 8th-, and 12th-graders and percentage absent from school, by selected characteristics and number of days absent in the last month: 2013 and 2015

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228 School Crime Victims

Table 228.10. School-associated violent deaths of all persons, homicides and suicides of youth ages 5-18 at school, and total homicides and suicides of youth ages 5-18, by type of violent death: 1992-93 to 2012-13
Table 228.20. Number of nonfatal victimizations against students ages 12-18 and rate of victimization per 1, 000 students, by type of victimization, location, and year: 1992 through 2014
Table 228.25. Number of nonfatal victimizations against students ages 12-18 and rate of victimization per 1, 000 students, by type of victimization, location, and selected student characteristics: 2014
Table 228.30. Percentage of students ages 12-18 who reported criminal victimization at school during the previous 6 months, by type of victimization and selected student and school characteristics: Selected years, 1995 through 2013
Table 228.40. Percentage of students in grades 9-12 who reported being threatened or injured with a weapon on school property during the previous 12 months, by selected student characteristics and number of times threatened or injured: Selected years, 1993 through 2013
Table 228.50. Percentage of public school students in grades 9-12 who reported being threatened or injured with a weapon on school property at least one time during the previous 12 months, by state: Selected years, 2003 through 2013
Table 228.70. Number and percentage of public and private school teachers who reported that they were threatened with injury or physically attacked by a student from school during the previous 12 months, by selected teacher and school characteristics: Selected years, 1993-94 through 2011-12
Table 228.80. Percentage of public school teachers who reported that they were threatened with injury or physically attacked by a student from school during the previous 12 months, by state: Selected years, 1993-94 through 2011-12

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229 School Crime Incidents

Table 229.10. Percentage of public schools recording incidents of crime at school and reporting incidents to police, number of incidents, and rate per 1, 000 students, by type of crime: Selected years, 1999-2000 through 2013-14
Table 229.20. Number and percentage of public schools recording at least one crime incident that occurred at school, and number and rate of incidents, by school characteristics and type of incident: 1999-2000 and 2009-10
Table 229.30. Percentage of public schools recording violent incidents of crime at school, number of incidents, and rate per 1, 000 students, by category of violent incident and selected school characteristics: 2009-10 and 2013-14
Table 229.40. Percentage of public schools reporting incidents of crime at school to the police, number of incidents, and rate per 1, 000 students, by type of crime and selected school characteristics: 2009-10
Table 229.50. Percentage distribution of public schools, by number of violent incidents of crime at school recorded and reported to the police and selected school characteristics: 2009-10
Table 229.60. Percentage distribution of public schools, by number of serious violent incidents of crime at school recorded and reported to the police and selected school characteristics: 2009-10

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230 School Environment

Table 230.10. Percentage of public schools reporting selected discipline problems that occurred at school, by frequency and selected school characteristics: Selected years, 1999-2000 through 2013-14
Table 230.20. Percentage of students ages 12-18 who reported that gangs were present at school during the school year, by selected student and school characteristics and urbanicity: Selected years, 2001 through 2013
Table 230.30. Percentage of students ages 12-18 who reported being the target of hate-related words and seeing hate-related graffiti at school during the school year, by selected student and school characteristics: Selected years, 1999 through 2013
Table 230.35. Percentage of students ages 12-18 who reported being the target of hate-related words at school, by type of hate-related word and selected student and school characteristics: 2013
Table 230.40. Percentage of students ages 12-18 who reported being bullied at school or cyber-bullied anywhere during the school year, by type of bullying at school, reports of injury, and selected student and school characteristics: 2013
Table 230.45. Percentage of students ages 12-18 who reported being bullied at school during the school year, by type of bullying and selected student and school characteristics: Selected years, 2005 through 2013
Table 230.50. Percentage of students ages 12-18 who reported being bullied at school during the school year and, among bullied students, percentage who reported being bullied in various locations, by selected student and school characteristics: 2013
Table 230.55. Percentage of students ages 12-18 who reported being cyber-bullied anywhere during the school year, by type of cyber-bullying and selected student and school characteristics: 2013
Table 230.60. Among students ages 12-18 who reported being bullied at school or cyber-bullied anywhere during the school year, percentage reporting various frequencies of bullying and the notification of an adult at school, by selected student and school characteristics: 2013
Table 230.62. Percentage of public school students in grades 9-12 who reported having been bullied on school property or electronically bullied during the previous 12 months, by state: Selected years, 2009 through 2013
Table 230.65. Percentage of public schools reporting selected types of cyber-bullying problems occurring at school or away from school at least once a week, by selected school characteristics: 2009-10
Table 230.70. Percentage of students ages 12-18 who reported being afraid of attack or harm, by location and selected student and school characteristics: Selected years, 1995 through 2013
Table 230.80. Percentage of students ages 12-18 who reported avoiding one or more places in school or avoiding school activities or classes because of fear of attack or harm, by selected student or school characteristics: Selected years, 1995 through 2013
Table 230.90. Percentage of public and private school teachers who agreed that student misbehavior and student tardiness and class cutting interfered with their teaching, by selected teacher and school characteristics: Selected years, 1987-88 through 2011-12
Table 230.92. Percentage of public and private school teachers who agreed that other teachers and the principal enforced school rules, by selected teacher and school characteristics: Selected years, 1987-88 through 2011-12
Table 230.95. Percentage of public school teachers who agreed that student misbehavior and student tardiness and class cutting interfered with their teaching and that other teachers and the principal enforced school rules, by state: 2011-12

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231 Fights and Weapons

Table 231.10. Percentage of students in grades 9-12 who reported having been in a physical fight at least one time during the previous 12 months, by location and selected student characteristics: Selected years, 1993 through 2013
Table 231.20. Percentage distribution of students in grades 9-12, by number of times they reported having been in a physical fight anywhere or on school property during the previous 12 months and selected student characteristics: 2013
Table 231.30. Percentage of public school students in grades 9-12 who reported having been in a physical fight at least one time during the previous 12 months, by location and state: Selected years, 2003 through 2013
Table 231.40. Percentage of students in grades 9-12 who reported carrying a weapon at least 1 day during the previous 30 days, by location and selected student characteristics: Selected years, 1993 through 2013
Table 231.50. Percentage distribution of students in grades 9-12, by number of days they reported carrying a weapon anywhere or on school property during the previous 30 days and selected student characteristics: 2013
Table 231.60. Percentage of public school students in grades 9-12 who reported carrying a weapon at least 1 day during the previous 30 days, by location and state: Selected years, 2003 through 2013
Table 231.65. Number of incidents of students bringing firearms to or possessing firearms at a public school and rate of incidents per 100, 000 students, by state: 2009-10 through 2013-14
Table 231.70. Percentage of students ages 12-18 who reported having access to a loaded gun, without adult permission, at school or away from school during the school year, by selected student and school characteristics: Selected years, 2007 through 2013

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232 Alcohol, Illicit Drugs, and Cigarettes

Table 232.10. Percentage of students in grades 9-12 who reported using alcohol at least 1 day during the previous 30 days, by location and selected student characteristics: Selected years, 1993 through 2013
Table 232.20. Percentage distribution of students in grades 9-12, by number of days they reported using alcohol anywhere or on school property during the previous 30 days and selected student characteristics: Selected years, 2009 through 2013
Table 232.30. Percentage of public school students in grades 9-12 who reported using alcohol at least 1 day during the previous 30 days, by location and state: Selected years, 2003 through 2013
Table 232.40. Percentage of students in grades 9-12 who reported using marijuana at least one time during the previous 30 days, by location and selected student characteristics: Selected years, 1993 through 2013
Table 232.50. Percentage distribution of students in grades 9-12, by number of times they reported using marijuana anywhere or on school property during the previous 30 days and selected student characteristics: Selected years, 2009 through 2013
Table 232.60. Percentage of public school students in grades 9-12 who reported using marijuana at least one time during the previous 30 days, by location and state: Selected years, 2003 through 2013
Table 232.70. Percentage of students in grades 9-12 who reported that illegal drugs were made available to them on school property during the previous 12 months, by selected student characteristics: Selected years, 1993 through 2013
Table 232.80. Percentage of public school students in grades 9-12 who reported that illegal drugs were made available to them on school property during the previous 12 months, by state: Selected years, 2003 through 2013
Table 232.90. Percentage of high school seniors reporting use of alcohol and illicit drugs, by frequency of use and substance used: Selected years, 1975 through 2015
Table 232.95. Percentage of 12- to 17-year-olds reporting use of illicit drugs, alcohol, and cigarettes during the past 30 days and the past year, by substance used, sex, and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1985 through 2014

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233 Discipline, Safety, and Security Measures

Table 233.10. Number and percentage of public schools that took a serious disciplinary action in response to specific offenses, number of serious actions taken, and percentage distribution of actions, by type of offense, school level, and type of action: years, 1999-2000 through 2009-10
Table 233.20. Percentage of public school students in grades 6 through 12 who had ever been suspended or expelled, by sex and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1993 through 2012
Table 233.25. Number and percentage of fall 2009 ninth-graders who were ever suspended or expelled through spring 2012, by when student was suspended or expelled and selected student characteristics: 2013
Table 233.27. Number of students receiving selected disciplinary actions in public elementary and secondary schools, by type of disciplinary action, disability status, sex, and race/ethnicity: 2011-12
Table 233.28. Percentage of students receiving selected disciplinary actions in public elementary and secondary schools, by type of disciplinary action, disability status, sex, and race/ethnicity: 2011-12
Table 233.30. Number of students suspended and expelled from public elementary and secondary schools, by sex, race/ethnicity, and state: 2011-12
Table 233.40. Percentage of students suspended and expelled from public elementary and secondary schools, by sex, race/ethnicity, and state: 2011-12
Table 233.45. Number of discipline incidents resulting in removal of a student from a regular education program for at least an entire school day and rate of incidents per 100, 000 students, by discipline reason and state: 2013-14
Table 233.50. Percentage of public schools with various safety and security measures: Selected years, 1999-2000 through 2013-14
Table 233.60. Percentage of public schools with various safety and security measures, by selected school characteristics: 2013-14
Table 233.65. Percentage of public schools with a written plan for procedures to be performed in selected crises and percentage that have drilled students on the use of a plan, by selected school characteristics: Selected years, 2003-04 through 2013-14
Table 233.70. Percentage of public schools with one or more full-time or part-time security staff present at least once a week, by selected school characteristics: 2005-06 through 2013-14
Table 233.80. Percentage of students ages 12-18 who reported various security measures at school: Selected years, 1999 through 2013
Table 233.90. Number of juvenile offenders in residential placement facilities, by selected juvenile and facility characteristics: Selected years, 1997 through 2013
Table 233.92. Residential placement rate (number of juvenile offenders in residential facilities) per 100, 000 juveniles, by sex and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1997 through 2013

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234 State Regulations

Table 234.10. Age range for compulsory school attendance and special education services, and policies on year-round schools and kindergarten programs, by state: Selected years, 2000 through 2014
Table 234.20. Minimum amount of instructional time per year and policies on textbooks, by state: Selected years, 2000 through 2014
Table 234.30. Course credit requirements and exit exam requirements for a standard high school diploma and the use of other high school completion credentials, by state: 2013
Table 234.40. States that use criterion-referenced tests (CRTs) aligned to state standards, by subject area and level: 2006-07
Table 234.50. Required testing for initial certification of elementary and secondary school teachers, by type of assessment and state: 2014 and 2015

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235 Revenues

Table 235.10. Revenues for public elementary and secondary schools, by source of funds: Selected years, 1919-20 through 2012-13
Table 235.20. Revenues for public elementary and secondary schools, by source of funds and state or jurisdiction: 2012-13
Table 235.30. Revenues for public elementary and secondary schools, by source of funds and state or jurisdiction: 2011-12
Table 235.40. Public elementary and secondary revenues and expenditures, by locale, source of revenue, and purpose of expenditure: 2012-13

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236 Expenditures

Table 236.10. Summary of expenditures for public elementary and secondary education and other related programs, by purpose: Selected years, 1919-20 through 2012-13
Table 236.15. Current expenditures and current expenditures per pupil in public elementary and secondary schools: 1989-90 through 2025-26
Table 236.20. Total expenditures for public elementary and secondary education and other related programs, by function and subfunction: Selected years, 1990-91 through 2012-13
Table 236.25. Current expenditures for public elementary and secondary education, by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, 1969-70 through 2012-13
Table 236.30. Total expenditures for public elementary and secondary education and other related programs, by function and state or jurisdiction: 2012-13
Table 236.40. Total expenditures for public elementary and secondary education and other related programs, by function and state or jurisdiction: 2011-12
Table 236.50. Expenditures for instruction in public elementary and secondary schools, by subfunction and state or jurisdiction: 2011-12 and 2012-13
Table 236.55. Total and current expenditures per pupil in public elementary and secondary schools: Selected years, 1919-20 through 2012-13
Table 236.60. Total and current expenditures per pupil in fall enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by function and subfunction: Selected years, 1990-91 through 2012-13
Table 236.65. Current expenditure per pupil in fall enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, 1969-70 through 2012-13
Table 236.70. Current expenditure per pupil in average daily attendance in public elementary and secondary schools, by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, 1969-70 through 2012-13
Table 236.75. Total and current expenditures per pupil in fall enrollment in public elementary and secondary education, by function and state or jurisdiction: 2012-13
Table 236.80. Total and current expenditures per pupil in fall enrollment in public elementary and secondary education, by function and state or jurisdiction: 2011-12
Table 236.90. Students transported at public expense and current expenditures for transportation: Selected years, 1929-30 through 2012-13

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