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Digest of Education Statistics
2015 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 605.10. Gross domestic product per capita and public and private education expenditures per full-time-equivalent (FTE) student, by level of education and country: Selected years, 2005 through 2012
Country Gross domestic product per capita Elementary and secondary education expenditures per FTE student Higher education expenditures per FTE student
2005 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2005 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2005 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
  Current dollars
OECD average1 $28,772 $33,886 $33,206 $33,471 $35,491 $36,852 $6,751   $8,180   $8,632   $8,501   $8,832   $8,954   $11,342   $13,391   $13,707   $13,211   $13,881   $14,815  
Australia 33,983 39,532 39,971 40,801 43,208 43,158 7,142   7,814   9,139   9,803   9,383   8,790   14,579   15,043   16,074   15,142   16,267   16,859  
Austria 34,107 39,849 38,834 40,411 42,978 44,892 9,436   10,994   11,681   11,693   12,509   12,164   14,775   15,043   14,257   15,007   14,895   15,549  
Belgium 32,077 36,879 36,698 37,878 40,093 41,684 7,306   9,706   9,783   10,123   10,722   11,007   11,960   15,020   15,443   15,179   15,420   15,503  
Canada 38,522 40,136 37,480 42,585 7,774 2,3 8,997 2,3 9,774 2,3 10,078 2,3 10,226 2,3   22,810 4,5 20,903 4 22,475 4 23,226 4 22,006 4  
Chile 12,635 14,106 14,578 15,107 17,312 21,486 2,099   2,245   2,635   2,935   3,203   4,522   6,873   6,829   6,829   6,863   7,101   8,333  
                                                             
Czech Republic 20,280 25,845 25,614 25,364 27,046 28,679 4,098   5,236   5,615   5,532   6,128   6,419   6,649   8,318   8,237   7,635   9,392   10,319  
Denmark 33,626 39,494 38,299 40,600 41,843 43,564 8,997 6 10,429 6 11,094 6 11,404 6 10,230 6 10,780   14,959 6 17,634 6 18,556 6 18,977 6 21,254 6  
Estonia 16,660 21,802 19,789 20,093 23,088 24,689 3,736   6,054   6,149   5,984   6,055   6,334   3,869   6,022 5 6,373   6,501   7,868   8,206  
Finland 30,468 37,795 35,848 36,030 38,611 40,209 6,610   8,068   8,314   8,591   9,180   9,353   12,285   15,402   16,569   16,714   18,002   17,863  
France 29,644 34,233 33,724 34,395 36,391 37,347 7,456   8,559 3 8,861 3 9,070 3 9,329 3 9,338 3 10,995   14,079   14,642   15,067   15,375   15,281  
                                                             
Germany 30,496 37,171 36,048 37,661 40,990 42,730 7,039   7,859   8,534     9,521   9,843   12,446   15,390   15,711     16,723   17,157  
Greece 25,472 29,920 29,381 27,539 26,622 25,462 5,493 2           6,130            
Hungary 17,014 20,700 20,154 20,625 22,413 22,494 4,027 4 4,626 4 4,506 4 4,555 4 4,527 4 4,371   6,244 4 7,327 4 8,518 4 8,745 4 9,210 4 8,876  
Iceland 35,571 39,029 36,718 35,509 38,224 40,464 8,815 6 9,745   9,309   8,592   9,326   9,333   9,474 6 10,429   9,939   8,728   8,612   9,377  
Ireland 38,061 42,644 39,750 41,000 42,943 45,210 6,411   8,915 4 9,615 4 9,638 4 9,830 4 9,893 4 10,468   16,284 4 16,420 4 16,008 4 16,095 4 14,922 4
                                                             
Israel 21,474 27,690 27,454 26,552 30,168 31,296 5,041   5,780   5,464   5,692   6,277   6,325   10,919   12,568   11,214   10,730   11,554   12,338  
Italy3 27,750 33,271 32,397 32,110 33,870 35,334 7,410 4 9,071 4 8,943 4 8,489 4 8,534 4 8,450 4 8,026 4 9,553   9,562   9,580   9,990   10,071  
Japan6 30,290 33,902 32,324 35,238 34,967 35,695 7,343   8,301   8,502   9,168   9,102   9,408   12,326   14,890   15,957   16,015   16,446   16,872  
Korea, Republic of 21,342 26,877 27,171 28,829 29,035 32,022 5,638   6,723   8,122   7,396   7,652   7,934   7,606   9,081   9,513   9,972   9,927   9,866  
Luxembourg 69,984 89,732 82,972 84,672 88,668 91,754 15,930 2,3,4 16,909 3 18,018 3 19,050 3 19,600 3 20,153             32,876 4
                                                             
Mexico 11,299 15,190 14,397 15,195 17,125 16,767 2,025   2,284   2,339   2,464   2,765   2,801   6,402   7,504   8,020   7,872   7,889   8,115  
Netherlands 34,724 42,887 41,089 41,682 43,150 46,062 7,045   9,251   10,030   10,075   10,268   10,464   13,883   17,245   17,849   17,161   17,549   19,276  
New Zealand 24,882 29,231 29,204 29,629 31,487 32,165 5,659   6,496   7,556   7,681   8,831   8,445   10,262   10,526   10,619   10,418   10,582   13,740  
Norway7 47,620 43,659 54,708 44,825 46,696 51,368 9,975   12,070   12,971   13,067   13,219   13,611 8 15,552   18,942   19,269   18,512   18,840   20,016 8
Poland4 13,573 18,062 18,910 20,034 21,753 22,869 3,165   4,682   5,167   5,693   6,066   6,764   5,593   7,063   7,776   8,866   9,659   9,799  
                                                             
Portugal4 19,967 24,962 24,935 25,519 25,672 27,204 5,646 3 6,276 3 7,288 3 7,419 3 7,282 3 7,444 6 8,787   10,373   10,481   10,578   9,640   9,196 6
Slovak Republic8 15,881 23,205 22,620 23,194 25,130 25,725 2,740   4,006   4,781   5,066   5,105   5,231   5,783   6,560   6,758   6,904   8,177   9,022  
Slovenia 23,043 29,241 27,150 26,649 28,156 28,455 7,065   8,555   8,670   8,505   8,867   8,457   8,573   9,263   9,311   9,693   10,413   11,002  
Spain 27,270 33,173 32,146 31,574 32,157 32,775 6,411   8,522   8,818   8,479   8,476   8,152   10,089   13,366   13,614   13,373   13,173   12,356  
Sweden 32,770 39,321 37,192 39,251 41,761 43,869 7,861   9,524   9,709   10,044   10,548   10,652   15,946   20,014   19,961   19,562   20,818   22,534  
                                                             
Switzerland4  35,500 45,517 44,773 48,962 51,582 55,623 10,721   13,775   13,411   13,510   14,623   15,512   21,734   21,648   21,577   21,893   22,882   25,264  
Turkey 14,963 14,442 15,775 17,781 18,002       2,020   2,501   2,784           8,193   7,779  
United Kingdom 31,580 36,817 34,483 35,299 33,886 37,170 6,888   9,169   9,602   9,980   9,738   10,056   13,506   15,310   16,338   15,862   14,223   24,338  
United States9 41,674 46,901 45,087 46,548 49,321 49,895 9,771   11,107   11,818   11,826   11,841   11,732   23,435   27,499   27,066   25,576   26,021   26,562  
  Constant 2014 dollars
OECD average1 $34,878 $37,259 $36,642 $36,339 $37,353 $37,998 $8,183   $8,994   $9,525   $9,230   $9,295   $9,232   $13,749   $14,724   $15,126   $14,343   $14,609   $15,276  
Australia 41,195 43,467 44,107 44,297 45,474 44,500 8,657   8,592   10,085   10,643   9,875   9,063   17,673   16,540   17,737   16,439   17,120   17,383  
Austria 41,345 43,816 42,852 43,873 45,232 46,289 11,439   12,088   12,889   12,695   13,165   12,543   17,911   16,541   15,733   16,293   15,676   16,032  
Belgium 38,884 40,551 40,495 41,123 42,195 42,981 8,856   10,672   10,796   10,990   11,285   11,350   14,499   16,516   17,041   16,479   16,229   15,985  
Canada 42,356 44,289 40,691 44,818 9,424 2 9,892 2,3 10,786 2,3 10,941 2,3 10,762 2,3   27,650 4,5 22,984 4 24,801 4 25,216 4 23,160 4  
Chile 15,316 15,510 16,086 16,401 18,219 22,155 2,544   2,468   2,908   3,187   3,371   4,663   8,331   7,509   7,536   7,451   7,473   8,592  
                                                             
Czech Republic 24,584 28,418 28,265 27,537 28,464 29,571 4,967   5,758   6,196   6,006   6,450   6,618   8,060   9,146   9,089   8,289   9,884   10,640  
Denmark 40,762 43,426 42,262 44,078 44,037 44,920 10,906 6 11,467 6 12,242 6 12,380 6 10,766 6 11,116   18,133 6 19,389 6 20,476 6 20,603 6 22,369 6  
Estonia 20,195 23,973 21,836 21,815 24,299 25,457 4,529   6,656   6,786   6,497   6,373   6,531   4,690   6,622 5 7,032   7,058   8,281   8,462  
Finland 36,934 41,558 39,557 39,116 40,636 41,460 8,013   8,871   9,174   9,326   9,661   9,643   14,892   16,935   18,283   18,146   18,946   18,419  
France 35,935 37,641 37,214 37,341 38,299 38,509 9,039   9,411 3 9,778 3 9,847 3 9,818 3 9,628 3 13,329   15,480   16,157   16,358   16,181   15,757  
                                                             
Germany 36,967 40,871 39,778 40,887 43,139 44,060 8,532   8,641   9,417     10,020   10,149   15,087   16,922   17,337     17,600   17,691  
Greece 30,878 32,898 32,421 29,898 28,019 26,255 6,659 2           7,432            
Hungary 20,625 22,761 22,240 22,392 23,589 23,194 4,881 4 5,087 4 4,973 4 4,945 4 4,765 4 4,507   7,569 4 8,057 4 9,399 4 9,494 4 9,693 4 9,152  
Iceland 43,120 42,914 40,517 38,552 40,229 41,722 10,686 6 10,715   10,272   9,328   9,815   9,623   11,485 5 11,468   10,967   9,476   9,064   9,669  
Ireland 46,138 46,889 43,863 44,513 45,195 46,616 7,771   9,802 4 10,610 4 10,463 4 10,345 4 10,201 4 12,689   17,905 4 18,119 4 17,379 4 16,939 4 15,386 4
                                                             
Israel 26,031 30,447 30,295 28,827 31,750 32,270 6,110   6,355   6,029   6,180   6,606   6,522   13,236   13,820   12,375   11,649   12,160   12,721  
Italy3 33,639 36,583 35,749 34,861 35,646 36,433 8,982 4 9,974 4 9,868 4 9,216 4 8,981 4 8,713 4 9,729 4 10,505   10,551   10,400   10,514   10,384  
Japan6 36,718 37,277 35,669 38,257 36,801 36,805 8,902   9,127   9,381   9,953   9,580   9,701   14,942   16,372   17,608   17,387   17,308   17,397  
Korea, Republic of 25,871 29,552 29,983 31,299 30,557 33,018 6,835   7,392   8,963   8,030   8,053   8,181   9,220   9,985   10,498   10,826   10,447   10,173  
Luxembourg 84,836 98,665 91,558 91,926 93,318 94,608 19,311 2,3,4 18,593 3 19,882 3 20,682 3 20,628 3 20,780             33,899 4
                                                             
Mexico 13,697 16,702 15,887 16,497 18,023 17,288 2,455   2,511   2,581   2,675   2,910   2,888   7,761   8,251   8,850   8,547   8,303   8,368  
Netherlands 42,093 47,157 45,341 45,252 45,413 47,495 8,540   10,172   11,068   10,938   10,806   10,789   16,829   18,961   19,696   18,632   18,470   19,876  
New Zealand 30,162 32,141 32,226 32,168 33,138 33,166 6,861   7,142   8,338   8,339   9,294   8,707   12,439   11,574   11,718   11,311   11,137   14,168  
Norway7 57,726 48,005 60,368 48,666 49,145 52,966 12,092   13,272   14,313   14,186   13,912   14,035 8 18,853   20,827   21,263   20,098   19,828   20,639 8
Poland4 16,453 19,860 20,867 21,750 22,894 23,580 3,836   5,148   5,701   6,181   6,384   6,974   6,780   7,766   8,581   9,625   10,165   10,104  
                                                             
Portugal4 24,205 27,447 27,516 27,705 27,018 28,050 6,844 3 6,901 3 8,042 3 8,055 3 7,664 3 7,676 6 10,652   11,405   11,565   11,485   10,145   9,482 6
Slovak Republic8 19,251 25,515 24,960 25,181 26,448 26,525 3,321   4,405   5,275   5,500   5,373   5,394   7,011   7,213   7,457   7,495   8,606   9,303  
Slovenia 27,934 32,152 29,959 28,932 29,632 29,341 8,564   9,407   9,568   9,234   9,332   8,720   10,392   10,185   10,275   10,523   10,960   11,344  
Spain 33,057 36,476 35,473 34,278 33,843 33,794 7,771   9,370   9,731   9,205   8,920   8,406   12,230   14,697   15,023   14,519   13,864   12,740  
Sweden 39,725 43,236 41,040 42,614 43,952 45,234 9,530   10,472   10,714   10,905   11,101   10,983   19,330   22,006   22,026   21,238   21,910   23,235  
                                                             
Switzerland4  43,033 50,048 49,406 53,157 54,287 57,353 12,996   15,146   14,798   14,668   15,390   15,994   26,347   23,803   23,810   23,769   24,082   26,050  
Turkey 16,452 15,936 17,127 18,713 18,562       2,193   2,632   2,871           8,623   8,021  
United Kingdom 38,282 40,483 38,051 38,323 35,663 38,327 8,350   10,082   10,596   10,835   10,249   10,368   16,373   16,834   18,029   17,221   14,969   25,095  
United States9 50,518 51,570 49,753 50,536 51,908 51,447 11,844   12,213   13,040   12,839   12,462   12,097   28,408   30,237   29,867   27,767   27,386   27,388  
—Not available.
1 Refers to the mean of the data values for all reporting Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, to which each country reporting data contributes equally. The average includes all current OECD countries for which a given year's data are available, even if they were not members of OECD in that year.
2 Includes preprimary education (for children ages 3 and older).
3 Education expenditures exclude postsecondary non-higher-education.
4 Education expenditures include public institutions only.
5 Excludes occupation-specific education corresponding to that offered at the vocational associate's degree level in the United States.
6 Postsecondary non-higher-education included in both secondary and higher education.
7 The GDP mainland market value is used for Norway.
8 Occupation-specific education corresponding to that offered at the vocational associate's degree level in the United States is included in elementary and secondary education instead of in higher education.
9 Postsecondary non-higher-education included in higher education.
NOTE: Includes all expenditures by public and private education institutions (such as administration, instruction, ancillary services for students and families, and research and development) unless otherwise noted. Expenditures for International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) level 4 (postsecondary non-higher-education) are included in elementary and secondary education unless otherwise noted. Data adjusted to U.S. dollars using the purchasing power parity (PPP) index. Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Data for 2011 and earlier years were calculated using the ISCED 1997 classification. Data for 2012 used the ISCED 2011 classification and may not be comparable to data for earlier years.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Education at a Glance, 2008 through 2015. (This table was prepared December 2015.)

2015 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest