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Digest of Education Statistics
2015 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 505.20. Unemployment rate of 25- to 34-year-olds with a bachelor's or higher degree, by undergraduate field of study, sex, race/ethnicity, and U.S. nativity and citizenship status: 2014
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Sex, race/ethnicity, and U.S. nativity and citizenship status Total, all fields Bachelor's degree in a science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM) field Bachelor's degree in a non-STEM field
STEM total Agriculture/ natural resources Architecture Computer and information sciences Engineering/ engineering technologies Biology/ biomedical sciences Mathematics/ statistics Physical/ social sciences Health studies Non-STEM total Business Education All other fields of study
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Total1 3.5   (0.07) 3.1   (0.10) 2.9   (0.48) 3.9   (0.66) 3.2   (0.33) 2.7   (0.18) 2.9   (0.26) 3.4   (0.67) 3.9   (0.22) 2.2   (0.23) 3.7   (0.10) 3.3   (0.14) 2.4   (0.20) 4.2   (0.15)
Sex                                                                                    
Male 3.6   (0.10) 3.2   (0.15) 3.4   (0.76) 4.3   (0.90) 2.9   (0.34) 2.4   (0.19) 3.1   (0.38) 4.4   (0.95) 4.4   (0.42) 1.9   (0.48) 3.9   (0.14) 3.3   (0.19) 2.9   (0.45) 4.4   (0.20)
Female 3.4   (0.09) 3.1   (0.14) 2.3   (0.44) 3.2 ! (1.00) 4.8   (0.84) 3.7   (0.47) 2.8   (0.30) 2.0 ! (0.64) 3.6   (0.25) 2.3   (0.25) 3.5   (0.12) 3.3   (0.17) 2.2   (0.22) 4.1   (0.17)
                                                                                     
Race/ethnicity                                                                                    
White 2.9   (0.07) 2.7   (0.12) 2.7   (0.54) 3.3   (0.76) 2.7   (0.39) 2.2   (0.23) 2.3   (0.24) 3.0   (0.77) 3.5   (0.23) 1.9   (0.26) 3.0   (0.10) 2.5   (0.13) 2.0   (0.19) 3.5   (0.14)
Black 5.7   (0.34) 5.1   (0.44)   (†)   (†) 4.6   (1.17) 8.3   (1.39) 5.3   (1.41)   (†) 5.1   (0.78) 3.4   (0.90) 6.1   (0.46) 5.9   (0.71) 3.0 ! (0.94) 6.8   (0.63)
Hispanic 4.8   (0.27) 4.4   (0.37)   (†) 8.3 ! (3.15) 7.1 ! (2.21) 4.5   (0.93) 3.8   (0.88)   (†) 4.7   (0.65) 1.9 ! (0.74) 5.1   (0.36) 4.2   (0.51) 4.4   (1.03) 5.9   (0.52)
Asian 3.9   (0.20) 2.9   (0.21)   (†)   (†) 2.7   (0.45) 2.0   (0.29) 3.4   (0.60) 4.4 ! (1.72) 4.2   (0.61) 2.9   (0.58) 5.4   (0.41) 4.7   (0.50) 5.0 ! (1.82) 6.2   (0.67)
Pacific Islander 6.4 ! (2.55)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native2 5.7 ! (1.83) 3.0 ! (1.14)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 7.2 ! (2.71)   (†)   (†) 6.5 ! (2.99)
American Indian 5.8 ! (1.95) 3.4 ! (1.25)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 7.3 ! (2.92)   (†)   (†) 6.3 ! (3.08)
Alaska Native   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 5.5   (0.58) 5.9   (0.92) 13.4 ! (6.51)   (†) 7.3 ! (3.16) 7.0   (1.73) 3.7 ! (1.25)   (†) 6.7   (1.66)   (†) 5.2   (0.67) 5.4   (1.34)   (†) 5.2   (0.91)
                                                                                     
Race/ethnicity by sex                                                                                    
Male                                                                                    
White 3.2   (0.11) 2.9   (0.19) 2.8   (0.79) 4.4   (1.11) 2.5   (0.43) 2.3   (0.27) 2.6   (0.42) 4.2   (1.03) 4.0   (0.44) 1.6   (0.44) 3.3   (0.14) 2.7   (0.20) 2.6   (0.46) 3.8   (0.20)
Black 5.8   (0.53) 4.8   (0.71)   (†)   (†) 4.9 ! (1.57) 7.9   (1.67) 5.7 ! (2.36)   (†) 3.4 ! (1.17)   (†) 6.3   (0.70) 6.3   (1.17)   (†) 6.7   (0.96)
Hispanic 4.7   (0.41) 4.4   (0.55)   (†)   (†) 5.3 ! (2.15) 4.0   (0.99) 4.7 ! (1.46)   (†) 4.6   (0.98)   (†) 5.0   (0.60) 3.9   (0.66) 2.3 ! (0.90) 6.1   (0.95)
Asian 3.3   (0.28) 2.5   (0.23)   (†)   (†) 2.2   (0.50) 1.0   (0.21) 3.3   (0.82)   (†) 5.7   (1.06)   (†) 5.2   (0.68) 4.5   (0.79)   (†) 6.0   (1.14)
Pacific Islander   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native2 8.5 ! (3.87)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 12.1 ! (5.32)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian 8.8 ! (4.24)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 12.1 ! (5.75)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Alaska Native   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 6.1   (0.90) 7.1   (1.50)   (†)   (†)   (†) 7.0   (2.08)   (†)   (†) 9.2 ! (3.80)   (†) 5.2   (1.02) 4.1 ! (1.38)   (†) 5.7   (1.55)
Female                                                                                    
White 2.6   (0.09) 2.4   (0.16) 2.5   (0.51)   (†) 4.0   (1.14) 1.4   (0.40) 2.1   (0.26)   (†) 3.1   (0.28) 1.9   (0.29) 2.7   (0.12) 2.3   (0.17) 1.9   (0.22) 3.2   (0.17)
Black 5.7   (0.41) 5.3   (0.59)   (†)   (†)   (†) 9.5 ! (3.10) 5.2 ! (1.59)   (†) 5.9   (1.01) 3.7   (1.05) 5.9   (0.50) 5.7   (0.74) 2.6   (0.69) 6.9   (0.78)
Hispanic 4.9   (0.33) 4.4   (0.56)   (†) 13.8 ! (6.19) 17.2 ! (8.20) 6.3 ! (2.59) 3.0 ! (1.12)   (†) 4.8   (0.86) 1.9 ! (0.76) 5.2   (0.47) 4.5   (0.77) 5.1   (1.35) 5.7   (0.64)
Asian 4.4   (0.26) 3.5   (0.34)   (†)   (†) 4.1   (1.07) 4.8   (0.91) 3.6   (0.85) 4.2 ! (1.90) 2.8   (0.62) 3.0   (0.56) 5.5   (0.49) 4.9   (0.62) 4.5 ! (1.47) 6.3   (0.77)
Pacific Islander   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native2 3.7   (1.09) 4.1 ! (1.74)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 3.4 ! (1.53)   (†)   (†) 5.3 ! (2.63)
American Indian 3.8 ! (1.21) 4.5 ! (1.84)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Alaska Native   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 4.9   (0.71) 4.6   (0.99)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 4.0 ! (1.65)   (†) 5.1 ! (1.60)   (†) 5.2   (0.92) 6.9 ! (2.28)   (†) 4.9   (1.11)
                                                                                     
Nativity                                                                                    
Hispanic                                                                                    
U.S.-born3 4.6   (0.31) 3.8   (0.41)   (†)   (†)   (†) 4.7   (1.24) 3.5 ! (1.10)   (†) 4.6   (0.74) 1.7 ! (0.77) 5.1   (0.40) 4.6   (0.59) 3.2 ! (1.03) 5.8   (0.58)
Foreign-born 5.4   (0.54) 5.8   (0.84)   (†) 16.7 ! (7.06) 14.6 ! (4.98) 4.2 ! (1.54) 4.6 ! (1.94)   (†) 5.3   (1.24)   (†) 5.1   (0.63) 3.5   (0.79) 8.2 ! (2.66) 6.0   (1.18)
Asian                                                                                    
U.S.-born3 3.7   (0.33) 3.3   (0.46)   (†)   (†) 2.0 ! (0.95) 3.0   (0.87) 2.2 ! (0.67)   (†) 4.2   (0.83) 3.7 ! (1.30) 4.0   (0.55) 2.9   (0.76)   (†) 5.2   (0.81)
Foreign-born 4.0   (0.27) 2.8   (0.25)   (†)   (†) 2.8   (0.51) 1.8   (0.32) 4.4   (0.91) 3.4 ! (1.35) 4.1   (0.75) 2.4   (0.55) 6.4   (0.57) 5.8   (0.70) 6.3 ! (2.70) 7.1   (1.01)
                                                                                     
Citizenship status                                                                                    
U.S.-born citizen 3.2   (0.08) 3.0   (0.11) 2.8   (0.49) 2.9   (0.63) 3.1   (0.36) 2.6   (0.19) 2.5   (0.24) 3.4   (0.84) 3.9   (0.23) 2.0   (0.22) 3.4   (0.10) 3.0   (0.14) 2.1   (0.18) 4.0   (0.14)
Naturalized citizen 4.4   (0.29) 3.9   (0.39)   (†)   (†) 5.3   (1.33) 3.0   (0.69) 3.7   (0.79) 4.3 ! (2.00) 4.9   (0.87) 2.6 ! (0.77) 4.9   (0.45) 4.4   (0.60) 3.2 ! (1.19) 5.7   (0.72)
Noncitizen 4.9   (0.26) 3.5   (0.23) 5.3 ! (2.32) 11.7 ! (3.59) 2.8   (0.57) 2.9   (0.37) 5.2   (1.11) 3.2 ! (1.32) 3.6   (0.68) 4.6   (0.92) 7.2   (0.57) 6.2   (0.74) 11.0   (2.56) 7.6   (0.80)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Total includes other racial/ethnic groups not shown separately.
2 Includes persons reporting American Indian alone, persons reporting Alaska Native alone, and persons from American Indian and/or Alaska Native tribes specified or not specified.
3 Includes those born in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Northern Marianas, as well as those born abroad to U.S.-citizen parents.
NOTE: The unemployment rate is the percentage of labor force participants who are not employed but are actively seeking work. The labor force consists of persons who are employed as well as persons who are not employed but are looking for work. (It does not include those who are neither employed nor looking for work.) Estimates are for the entire population of bachelor's degree holders in the indicated age range, including persons living in households and persons living in group quarters (such as college residence halls, residential treatment centers, military barracks, and correctional facilities). The first bachelor's degree major reported by respondents was used to classify their field of study, even though they were able to report a second bachelor's degree major and may possess advanced degrees in other fields. STEM fields, as defined here, consist of the fields specified in columns 4 through 11. Data were assembled based on major field aggregations, except that management of STEM activities was counted as a STEM field instead of a business field. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS), 2014. (This table was prepared December 2015.)

2015 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest