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Digest of Education Statistics: 2015
Digest of Education Statistics: 2015

NCES 2016-014
December 2016


Table 314.10. Total and full-time-equivalent (FTE) staff and FTE student/FTE staff ratios in postsecondary institutions participating in Title IV programs, by degree-granting status, control of institution, and primary occupation: Fall 1993, fall 2003, and fall 2013
Degree-granting status, control of institution, and primary occupation Fall 1993 Fall 2003 Fall 2013
Total Full-time-equivalent (FTE) Total Full-time-equivalent (FTE) Total Full-time-equivalent (FTE)
Number Percent Total FTE stu-dents per FTE staff Number Percent Total FTE stu-dents per FTE staff Number Percent Total FTE stu-dents per FTE staff
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
All postsecondary institutions 2,727,504 100.0 2,152,184 5.2 3,237,089 100.0 2,491,009 5.2 3,969,226 100.0 3,003,987 5.3
Faculty (instruction/research/
      public service)
973,289 35.7 707,820 15.7 1,198,420 37.0 828,883 15.8 1,582,360 39.9 1,068,489 14.8
Graduate assistants 203,049 7.4 67,683 164.6 292,094 9.0 97,365 134.1 363,416 9.2 121,139 130.6
Other staff 1,551,166 56.9 1,376,681 8.1 1,746,575 54.0 1,564,761 8.3 2,023,450 51.0 1,814,360 8.7
                         
Degree-granting institutions1                        
Total 2,602,612 100.0 2,056,544 5.0 3,187,907 100.0 2,451,397 5.2 3,896,053 100.0 2,946,974 5.2
Faculty (instruction/research/
      public service)
915,474 35.2 668,962 15.5 1,173,593 36.8 811,259 15.6 1,545,381 39.7 1,042,712 14.8
Graduate assistants 202,819 7.8 67,606 153.1 292,061 9.2 97,354 130.3 363,416 9.3 121,139 127.2
Other staff 1,484,319 57.0 1,319,976 7.8 1,722,253 54.0 1,542,784 8.2 1,987,256 51.0 1,783,123 8.6
                         
Public 1,812,513 100.0 1,408,451 5.5 2,163,336 100.0 1,633,890 5.7 2,527,284 100.0 1,888,157 5.7
Faculty (instruction/research/
      public service)
650,434 35.9 471,977 16.6 791,766 36.6 547,294 16.9 968,734 38.3 664,555 16.1
Graduate assistants 173,678 9.6 57,893 134.9 239,923 11.1 79,974 115.5 287,852 11.4 95,951 111.5
Other staff 988,401 54.5 878,582 8.9 1,131,647 52.3 1,006,622 9.2 1,270,698 50.3 1,127,651 9.5
                         
Private nonprofit 766,723 100.0 630,876 3.7 934,992 100.0 755,743 3.7 1,156,998 100.0 920,444 3.7
Faculty (instruction/research/
      public service)
254,130 33.1 190,083 12.4 330,097 35.3 237,397 11.9 449,072 38.8 318,441 10.6
Graduate assistants 28,065 3.7 9,355 251.5 52,026 5.6 17,342 162.2 75,113 6.5 25,038 134.6
Other staff 484,528 63.2 431,438 5.5 552,869 59.1 501,004 5.6 632,813 54.7 576,965 5.8
                         
Private for-profit 23,376 100.0 17,217 10.8 89,579 100.0 61,764 10.3 211,771 100.0 138,373 9.7
Faculty (instruction/research/
      public service)
10,910 46.7 6,903 26.9 51,730 57.7 26,568 23.8 127,575 60.2 59,716 22.5
Graduate assistants 1,076 4.6 359 518.3 112 0.1 37 16,960.9 451 0.2 150 8,948.8
Other staff 11,390 48.7 9,956 18.7 37,737 42.1 35,159 18.0 83,745 39.5 78,507 17.1
                         
Non-degree-granting institutions2                        
Total 124,892 100.0 95,640 8.3 49,182 100.0 39,612 9.3 73,173 100.0 57,014 7.1
Faculty (instruction/research/
      public service)
57,815 46.3 38,858 20.3 24,827 50.5 17,624 20.9 36,979 50.5 25,776 15.8
Graduate assistants 230 0.2 77 10,293.8 33 0.1 11 33,429.2 0 0.0 0
Other staff 66,847 53.5 56,705 13.9 24,322 49.5 21,977 16.7 36,194 49.5 31,237 13.0
                         
Public 31,554 100.0 24,231 9.5 25,276 100.0 19,665 4.1 22,452 100.0 16,133 4.8
Faculty (instruction/research/
      public service)
18,142 57.5 12,878 17.9 12,749 50.4 8,358 9.5 11,606 51.7 7,257 10.7
Graduate assistants 22 0.1 7 31,442.6 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0
Other staff 13,390 42.4 11,346 20.3 12,527 49.6 11,307 7.1 10,846 48.3 8,876 8.7
                         
Private nonprofit 34,348 100.0 25,897 5.0 4,091 100.0 3,274 8.8 4,394 100.0 3,401 5.3
Faculty (instruction/research/
      public service)
12,485 36.3 7,810 16.5 2,021 49.4 1,500 19.3 2,015 45.9 1,440 12.6
Graduate assistants 189 0.6 63 2,049.5 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0
Other staff 21,674 63.1 18,023 7.2 2,070 50.6 1,774 16.3 2,379 54.1 1,961 9.2
                         
Private for-profit 58,990 100.0 45,512 9.4 19,815 100.0 16,672 15.5 46,327 100.0 37,480 8.3
Faculty (instruction/research/
      public service)
27,188 46.1 18,170 23.6 10,057 50.8 7,766 33.4 23,358 50.4 17,079 18.2
Graduate assistants 19 # 6 67,814.4 33 0.2 11 23,546.0 0 0.0 0
Other staff 31,783 53.9 27,336 15.7 9,725 49.1 8,896 29.1 22,969 49.6 20,400 15.2
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
1 Data for 1993 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate's or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees.
2 Data are for institutions that did not offer accredited 4-year or 2-year degree programs, but were participating in Title IV federal financial aid programs. Includes some institutions transitioning to higher level program offerings, though still classified at a lower level.
NOTE: Full-time-equivalent staff is the full-time staff, plus the full-time equivalent of the part-time staff. Data for 2013 include institutions with fewer than 15 full-time employees; these institutions did not report staff data prior to 2007. By definition, all graduate assistants are part time. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Fall Enrollment Survey" (IPEDS-EF:93) and "Fall Staff Survey" (IPEDS-S:93); IPEDS Spring 2003 and 2013, Enrollment component; and IPEDS Winter 2003-04 and Spring 2014, Human Resources component, Fall Staff section. (This table was prepared March 2016.)