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Digest of Education Statistics: 2015
Digest of Education Statistics: 2015

NCES 2016-014
December 2016


Table 302.60. Percentage of 18- to 24-year-olds enrolled in degree-granting postsecondary institutions, by level of institution and sex and race/ethnicity of student: 1970 through 2014
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Year Total, all students Level of institution Sex Race/ethnicity Race/ethnicity, by sex
2-year 4-year Male Female White Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander American Indian/ Alaska Native Two or more races White Black Hispanic
Male Female Male Female Male Female
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
19701 25.7 (0.42) (†) (†) 32.1 (0.65) 20.3 (0.52) 27.1 (0.45) 15.5 (1.15) (†) (†)   (†)   (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
19711 26.2 (0.41) (†) (†) 32.5 (0.63) 20.8 (0.52) 27.2 (0.44) 18.2 (1.19) (†) (†)   (†)   (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
1972 25.5 (0.37) (†) (†) 30.2 (0.56) 21.2 (0.47) 27.2 (0.41) 18.3 (1.18) 13.4 (1.83) (†)   (†)   (†) (†) 32.3 (0.63) 22.5 (0.54) 21.1 (1.83) 15.9 (1.51) 15.1 (2.85) 12.0 (2.37)
1973 24.0 (0.35) 6.9 (0.21) 17.1 (0.31) 27.7 (0.54) 20.5 (0.46) 25.5 (0.40) 15.9 (1.09) 16.1 (2.02) (†)   (†)   (†) (†) 29.6 (0.60) 21.8 (0.53) 18.7 (1.71) 13.5 (1.38) 16.7 (2.94) 15.5 (2.77)
1974 24.6 (0.35) 7.6 (0.22) 17.0 (0.31) 27.7 (0.53) 21.7 (0.47) 25.8 (0.40) 17.6 (1.14) 18.0 (1.95) (†)   (†)   (†) (†) 28.9 (0.60) 22.9 (0.53) 19.8 (1.77) 15.9 (1.47) 19.7 (2.92) 16.5 (2.60)
                                                                             
1975 26.3 (0.36) 9.0 (0.23) 17.3 (0.31) 29.0 (0.53) 23.7 (0.48) 27.4 (0.40) 20.4 (1.18) 20.4 (2.09) (†)   (†)   (†) (†) 30.7 (0.59) 24.3 (0.54) 19.9 (1.74) 20.8 (1.61) 21.4 (3.10) 19.5 (2.81)
1976 26.7 (0.35) 6.4 (0.20) 20.2 (0.32) 28.2 (0.52) 25.2 (0.48) 27.6 (0.40) 22.5 (1.20) 20.0 (2.00) (†)   (†)   (†) (†) 29.3 (0.58) 26.1 (0.55) 22.0 (1.77) 22.9 (1.64) 21.3 (3.05) 18.8 (2.64)
1977 26.1 (0.38) 6.8 (0.22) 19.4 (0.35) 28.1 (0.56) 24.3 (0.52) 27.2 (0.43) 21.1 (1.18) 17.2 (1.87) (†)   (†)   (†) (†) 29.4 (0.64) 25.1 (0.59) 20.3 (1.73) 21.9 (1.61) 18.3 (2.80) 16.3 (2.50)
1978 25.3 (0.38) 6.6 (0.22) 18.7 (0.34) 27.1 (0.55) 23.6 (0.51) 26.5 (0.43) 20.1 (1.15) 15.2 (1.74) (†)   (†)   (†) (†) 28.4 (0.63) 24.6 (0.59) 19.7 (1.70) 20.4 (1.56) 16.1 (2.61) 14.3 (2.33)
1979 25.0 (0.37) 6.3 (0.21) 18.7 (0.34) 25.9 (0.54) 24.2 (0.52) 26.3 (0.43) 19.8 (1.13) 16.7 (1.77) (†)   (†)   (†) (†) 27.1 (0.61) 25.5 (0.59) 19.1 (1.67) 20.3 (1.54) 18.3 (2.65) 15.2 (2.35)
                                                                             
1980 25.7 (0.38) 7.1 (0.22) 18.6 (0.33) 26.4 (0.54) 25.0 (0.52) 27.3 (0.43) 19.4 (1.12) 16.1 (1.64) (†)   (†)   (†) (†) 28.4 (0.63) 26.3 (0.60) 17.5 (1.60) 20.9 (1.55) 15.9 (2.33) 16.2 (2.32)
1981 26.1 (0.37) 7.5 (0.22) 18.6 (0.33) 27.1 (0.54) 25.2 (0.51) 27.7 (0.43) 19.9 (1.09) 16.6 (1.63) (†)   (†)   (†) (†) 28.7 (0.62) 26.6 (0.60) 18.9 (1.58) 20.7 (1.51) 16.6 (2.35) 16.7 (2.27)
1982 26.6 (0.39) 7.7 (0.24) 18.9 (0.35) 27.2 (0.57) 26.0 (0.55) 28.1 (0.46) 19.9 (1.14) 16.8 (1.77) (†)   (†)   (†) (†) 28.9 (0.66) 27.4 (0.64) 18.7 (1.64) 21.0 (1.59) 14.9 (2.45) 18.6 (2.52)
1983 26.2 (0.39) 7.4 (0.23) 18.8 (0.35) 27.3 (0.57) 25.1 (0.54) 27.9 (0.46) 19.2 (1.12) 17.3 (1.77) (†)   (†)   (†) (†) 29.4 (0.66) 26.5 (0.64) 18.1 (1.60) 20.1 (1.56) 15.6 (2.46) 18.8 (2.54)
1984 27.1 (0.40) 7.3 (0.24) 19.8 (0.36) 28.6 (0.58) 25.6 (0.55) 28.9 (0.47) 20.3 (1.15) 17.9 (1.80) (†)   (†)   (†) (†) 30.8 (0.68) 27.1 (0.65) 20.3 (1.67) 20.3 (1.57) 16.1 (2.51) 19.6 (2.57)
                                                                             
1985 27.8 (0.41) 7.4 (0.24) 20.4 (0.37) 28.4 (0.60) 27.2 (0.57) 30.0 (0.49) 19.6 (1.16) 16.9 (1.84) (†)   (†)   (†) (†) 30.9 (0.70) 29.2 (0.67) 20.2 (1.72) 19.1 (1.56) 14.9 (2.46) 18.9 (2.75)
1986 27.9 (0.42) 7.6 (0.25) 20.3 (0.37) 28.2 (0.60) 27.6 (0.58) 29.7 (0.50) 21.9 (1.21) 17.6 (1.76) (†)   (†)   (†) (†) 30.6 (0.72) 28.8 (0.68) 20.0 (1.72) 23.4 (1.69) 16.7 (2.36) 18.7 (2.64)
1987 29.6 (0.43) 8.1 (0.26) 21.5 (0.39) 30.6 (0.62) 28.7 (0.59) 31.9 (0.51) 22.8 (1.25) 17.5 (1.73) (†)   (†)   (†) (†) 33.0 (0.74) 30.8 (0.71) 22.6 (1.83) 22.9 (1.70) 18.5 (2.46) 16.5 (2.43)
1988 30.3 (0.47) 8.8 (0.29) 21.5 (0.42) 30.2 (0.68) 30.4 (0.66) 33.2 (0.57) 21.2 (1.33) 17.0 (2.00) (†)   (†)   (†) (†) 33.4 (0.82) 33.0 (0.79) 18.5 (1.87) 23.5 (1.88) 16.5 (2.74) 17.6 (2.93)
1989 30.9 (0.48) 8.0 (0.28) 22.9 (0.44) 30.2 (0.68) 31.6 (0.67) 34.2 (0.58) 23.4 (1.38) 16.1 (1.90) 46.1 (3.92)   (†) 15.7 ! (5.33) (†) 34.1 (0.83) 34.4 (0.81) 19.7 (1.89) 26.7 (1.97) 14.6 (2.55) 17.6 (2.81)
                                                                             
1990 32.0 (0.47) 8.7 (0.28) 23.3 (0.43) 32.3 (0.68) 31.8 (0.66) 35.1 (0.57) 25.4 (1.37) 15.8 (1.67) 56.9 (3.56)   (†) 15.8 ! (5.08) (†) 35.5 (0.82) 34.7 (0.80) 26.0 (2.03) 24.8 (1.86) 15.3 (2.31) 16.4 (2.42)
1991 33.3 (0.48) 9.7 (0.30) 23.6 (0.43) 32.8 (0.68) 33.6 (0.67) 36.8 (0.58) 23.5 (1.34) 17.9 (1.72) 57.1 (3.19)   (†) 15.9 ! (5.45) (†) 36.5 (0.83) 37.0 (0.82) 23.2 (1.95) 23.8 (1.84) 14.0 (2.15) 22.2 (2.70)
1992 34.4 (0.49) 9.9 (0.31) 24.4 (0.44) 32.7 (0.68) 36.0 (0.69) 37.3 (0.59) 25.2 (1.37) 21.3 (1.87) 58.4 (3.28)   (†) 18.5 ! (6.18) (†) 36.2 (0.83) 38.3 (0.83) 21.3 (1.87) 28.8 (1.96) 17.8 (2.47) 24.7 (2.80)
1993 34.0 (0.49) 9.8 (0.30) 24.2 (0.44) 33.6 (0.69) 34.4 (0.68) 36.8 (0.59) 24.5 (1.35) 21.7 (1.88) 61.2 (3.27)   (†) 18.9   (5.66) (†) 36.5 (0.84) 37.1 (0.83) 22.9 (1.92) 26.0 (1.90) 19.7 (2.59) 23.7 (2.71)
1994 34.6 (0.42) 9.1 (0.26) 25.5 (0.39) 33.1 (0.59) 36.0 (0.60) 38.1 (0.53) 27.7 (1.17) 18.8 (1.10) 62.7 (2.81)   (†) 29.4   (5.64) (†) 37.0 (0.74) 39.2 (0.74) 25.6 (1.66) 29.5 (1.64) 16.5 (1.43) 21.5 (1.71)
                                                                             
1995 34.3 (0.44) 8.9 (0.27) 25.4 (0.41) 33.1 (0.63) 35.5 (0.63) 37.9 (0.55) 27.5 (1.18) 20.7 (1.13) 54.6 (3.10)   (†) 27.6   (6.14) (†) 37.0 (0.78) 38.8 (0.78) 26.0 (1.71) 28.7 (1.62) 18.7 (1.49) 23.0 (1.71)
1996 35.5 (0.47) 9.5 (0.29) 26.1 (0.43) 34.1 (0.66) 37.0 (0.67) 39.5 (0.59) 27.4 (1.23) 20.1 (1.18) 53.9 (2.47)   (†) 30.3   (5.25) (†) 38.3 (0.83) 40.6 (0.84) 25.7 (1.77) 28.8 (1.70) 16.5 (1.52) 24.0 (1.81)
1997 36.8 (0.47) 9.9 (0.29) 27.0 (0.43) 35.0 (0.66) 38.7 (0.67) 40.6 (0.59) 29.8 (1.25) 22.4 (1.21) 55.1 (2.60)   (†) 27.1   (4.63) (†) 39.3 (0.82) 41.8 (0.84) 25.4 (1.75) 33.7 (1.77) 19.2 (1.56) 26.1 (1.88)
1998 36.5 (0.46) 10.2 (0.29) 26.3 (0.42) 34.5 (0.65) 38.6 (0.66) 40.6 (0.59) 29.8 (1.24) 20.4 (1.11) 60.4 (2.49)   (†) 20.3   (4.91) (†) 39.4 (0.82) 41.9 (0.84) 26.1 (1.76) 32.9 (1.73) 16.4 (1.41) 24.9 (1.73)
1999 35.6 (0.46) 9.1 (0.27) 26.5 (0.42) 34.1 (0.64) 37.0 (0.65) 39.4 (0.58) 30.4 (1.24) 18.7 (1.08) 55.7 (2.42)   (†) 19.5   (4.71) (†) 38.3 (0.81) 40.6 (0.82) 28.9 (1.81) 31.6 (1.70) 15.8 (1.41) 21.9 (1.65)
                                                                             
2000 35.5 (0.45) 9.4 (0.28) 26.0 (0.41) 32.6 (0.62) 38.4 (0.65) 38.7 (0.57) 30.5 (1.21) 21.7 (1.12) 55.9 (2.42)   (†) 15.9   (4.30) (†) 36.2 (0.79) 41.3 (0.81) 25.1 (1.67) 35.2 (1.72) 18.5 (1.45) 25.4 (1.72)
2001 36.3 (0.45) 9.8 (0.28) 26.6 (0.41) 33.6 (0.63) 39.0 (0.64) 39.5 (0.57) 31.4 (1.22) 21.7 (1.10) 61.3 (2.35)   (†) 23.3   (4.29) (†) 37.2 (0.79) 41.9 (0.82) 26.7 (1.70) 35.5 (1.71) 17.4 (1.42) 26.1 (1.67)
2002 36.7 (0.43) 9.7 (0.26) 27.0 (0.39) 33.7 (0.59) 39.7 (0.61) 40.9 (0.55) 31.9 (1.18) 19.9 (0.94) 60.9 (2.10)   (†) 23.6   (3.96) (†) 38.9 (0.77) 42.8 (0.78) 26.3 (1.63) 36.9 (1.68) 16.2 (1.17) 24.4 (1.51)
20032 37.8 (0.43) 10.2 (0.27) 27.7 (0.39) 34.3 (0.59) 41.3 (0.61) 41.6 (0.55) 32.3 (1.20) 23.5 (1.02) 61.2 (2.27) 43.3   (9.97) 17.7   (4.45) 41.6 (3.58) 38.5 (0.77) 44.5 (0.78) 28.2 (1.68) 36.0 (1.69) 18.3 (1.27) 29.4 (1.60)
20042 38.0 (0.42) 9.4 (0.25) 28.6 (0.39) 34.7 (0.59) 41.2 (0.61) 41.7 (0.55) 31.8 (1.18) 24.7 (1.02) 60.6 (2.24) 55.8   (8.99) 24.4   (4.52) 36.8 (3.44) 38.4 (0.76) 45.0 (0.78) 26.5 (1.63) 36.6 (1.67) 21.7 (1.33) 28.2 (1.56)
                                                                             
20052 38.9 (0.43) 9.6 (0.26) 29.2 (0.40) 35.3 (0.59) 42.5 (0.61) 42.8 (0.55) 33.1 (1.18) 24.8 (1.02) 61.0 (2.26) 50.6   (10.95) 27.8   (4.88) 41.8 (3.48) 39.4 (0.76) 46.1 (0.79) 28.2 (1.64) 37.6 (1.69) 20.7 (1.31) 29.5 (1.58)
20062 37.3 (0.42) 9.6 (0.25) 27.8 (0.39) 34.1 (0.58) 40.6 (0.60) 41.0 (0.54) 32.6 (1.16) 23.6 (0.99) 58.3 (2.28) 39.1   (8.36) 26.2   (5.18) 38.5 (3.51) 37.9 (0.75) 44.1 (0.78) 28.1 (1.60) 36.9 (1.65) 20.0 (1.29) 27.6 (1.52)
20072 38.8 (0.42) 10.9 (0.27) 27.9 (0.39) 35.5 (0.58) 42.1 (0.60) 42.6 (0.54) 33.1 (1.15) 26.6 (1.02) 57.2 (2.28) 37.1   (9.07) 24.7   (4.63) 39.2 (3.48) 39.6 (0.76) 45.7 (0.78) 32.2 (1.63) 34.0 (1.61) 20.7 (1.29) 33.0 (1.57)
20082 39.6 (0.42) 11.8 (0.28) 27.8 (0.38) 37.0 (0.58) 42.3 (0.60) 44.2 (0.54) 32.1 (1.13) 25.8 (1.01) 59.3 (2.32) 27.3 ! (8.92) 21.9   (4.22) 45.7 (3.55) 41.7 (0.76) 46.9 (0.78) 29.7 (1.61) 34.2 (1.59) 23.0 (1.35) 28.9 (1.50)
20092 41.3 (0.42) 11.7 (0.27) 29.6 (0.39) 38.4 (0.59) 44.2 (0.60) 45.0 (0.55) 37.7 (1.17) 27.5 (1.01) 65.2 (2.17) 33.4   (7.45) 29.8   (5.10) 39.3 (3.32) 42.3 (0.76) 47.7 (0.78) 33.2 (1.64) 41.9 (1.64) 24.2 (1.35) 31.0 (1.50)
                                                                             
20102,3 41.2 (0.57) 12.9 (0.36) 28.2 (0.53) 38.3 (0.78) 44.1 (0.84) 43.3 (0.81) 38.4 (1.66) 31.9 (1.15) 63.6 (2.70) 36.0   (8.36) 41.4   (6.60) 38.3 (4.38) 40.6 (1.00) 46.1 (1.17) 35.2 (2.13) 41.4 (2.16) 27.9 (1.57) 36.1 (1.60)
20112,3 42.0 (0.59) 12.0 (0.35) 30.0 (0.58) 39.1 (0.80) 44.9 (0.80) 44.7 (0.77) 37.1 (1.53) 34.8 (1.20) 60.1 (2.45) 37.8   (7.93) 23.5   (5.30) 38.8 (3.60) 42.4 (0.96) 47.1 (1.08) 34.0 (2.29) 39.9 (1.90) 31.0 (1.63) 39.4 (1.58)
20122,3 41.0 (0.62) 12.7 (0.38) 28.3 (0.58) 37.6 (0.79) 44.5 (0.86) 42.1 (0.83) 36.4 (1.62) 37.5 (1.18) 59.8 (2.61) 50.3   (9.60) 27.8   (4.43) 39.4 (3.64) 38.3 (1.06) 46.0 (1.08) 33.9 (2.04) 38.7 (2.33) 33.5 (1.58) 41.7 (1.73)
20132,3 39.9 (0.63) 11.6 (0.36) 28.3 (0.57) 36.6 (0.85) 43.3 (0.80) 41.6 (0.90) 34.2 (1.58) 33.8 (1.24) 62.3 (2.62) 32.9   (8.26) 31.8   (5.58) 44.7 (3.99) 38.1 (1.11) 45.3 (1.11) 30.6 (2.13) 37.6 (2.18) 29.1 (1.72) 38.8 (1.58)
20142,3 40.0 (0.65) 10.6 (0.40) 29.4 (0.61) 37.3 (0.89) 42.8 (0.79) 42.2 (0.87) 32.6 (1.48) 34.7 (1.21) 65.2 (2.27) 41.0   (11.29) 35.4   (4.63) 31.6 (3.20) 40.2 (1.28) 44.2 (0.99) 28.5 (1.95) 36.6 (2.04) 30.3 (1.65) 39.4 (1.70)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
1 Prior to 1972, White and Black data include persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
2 After 2002, data for individual race categories exclude persons of Two or more races.
3 Beginning in 2010, standard errors were computed using replicate weights, which produced more precise values than the generalized variance function methodology used in prior years.
NOTE: Data are based on sample surveys of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Totals include other racial/ethnic groups not separately shown. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity except where otherwise noted.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), October, 1970 through 2014. (This table was prepared August 2015.)