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Digest of Education Statistics
2015 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 236.20. Total expenditures for public elementary and secondary education and other related programs, by function and subfunction: Selected years, 1990-91 through 2012-13
Function and subfunction Expenditures (in thousands of current dollars) Percentage distribution of
current expenditures for public schools
1990-91 2000-01 2002-03 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-121 2012-13 1990-91 2000-01 2002-03 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-121 2012-13
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Total expenditures $229,429,715   $410,811,185 $454,906,912 $610,326,007 $607,018,292 $604,355,852 $601,993,584 $606,490,475
Current expenditures for
      public schools
202,037,752   348,360,841 387,593,617 518,922,842 524,715,242 527,291,339 527,207,246 535,665,075 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
                                   
Salaries 132,730,931 2 224,305,806 246,349,926 312,552,150 314,037,286 311,541,792 308,593,027 311,614,921 65.70 64.39 63.56 60.23 59.85 59.08 58.53 58.17
Employee benefits 33,954,456 2 57,976,490 68,137,020 105,667,462 108,475,595 111,750,200 114,335,598 117,831,435 16.81 16.64 17.58 20.36 20.67 21.19 21.69 22.00
Purchased services 16,380,643 2 31,778,754 35,325,876 50,715,562 51,969,406 53,498,786 54,335,285 55,738,664 8.11 9.12 9.11 9.77 9.90 10.15 10.31 10.41
Tuition 1,192,505 2 2,458,366 3,298,588 4,492,060 4,749,301 4,988,203 5,013,317 5,097,362 0.59 0.71 0.85 0.87 0.91 0.95 0.95 0.95
Supplies 14,805,956 2 28,262,078 30,528,970 40,629,203 40,334,985 40,417,163 40,076,526 40,656,514 7.33 8.11 7.88 7.83 7.69 7.67 7.60 7.59
Other 2,973,261 2 3,579,347 3,953,237 4,866,404 5,148,668 5,095,195 4,853,493 4,726,179 1.47 1.03 1.02 0.94 0.98 0.97 0.92 0.88
                                   
Instruction 122,223,362   214,333,003 237,731,734 316,075,710 321,213,401 322,536,983 320,994,474 325,628,793 60.50 61.53 61.34 60.91 61.22 61.17 60.89 60.79
Salaries 90,742,284   154,512,089 168,828,934 212,963,123 214,435,825 212,998,609 210,735,097 212,545,500 44.91 44.35 43.56 41.04 40.87 40.39 39.97 39.68
Employee benefits 22,347,524   39,522,678 45,947,180 71,029,220 73,051,571 75,248,811 76,950,048 79,416,636 11.06 11.35 11.85 13.69 13.92 14.27 14.60 14.83
Purchased services 2,722,639   6,430,708 7,289,623 12,782,555 13,843,875 14,694,620 14,537,511 14,773,355 1.35 1.85 1.88 2.46 2.64 2.79 2.76 2.76
Tuition 1,192,505   2,458,366 3,298,588 4,492,060 4,749,301 4,988,203 5,013,317 5,097,362 0.59 0.71 0.85 0.87 0.91 0.95 0.95 0.95
Supplies 4,584,754   10,377,554 11,294,271 13,421,846 13,689,672 13,135,284 12,433,973 12,421,155 2.27 2.98 2.91 2.59 2.61 2.49 2.36 2.32
Textbooks   2,934,200 2,547,273 2,324,846 2,167,152 2,129,571 0.57 0.49 0.44 0.41 0.40
Other 633,656   1,031,608 1,073,139 1,386,906 1,443,155 1,471,457 1,324,530 1,374,785 0.31 0.30 0.28 0.27 0.28 0.28 0.25 0.26
                                   
Student support3 8,926,010   17,292,756 19,992,229 28,533,413 29,134,124 29,368,646 29,173,107 29,863,845 4.42 4.96 5.16 5.50 5.55 5.57 5.53 5.58
Salaries 6,565,965   12,354,464 14,030,739 19,109,617 19,397,151 19,367,865 18,987,262 19,315,653 3.25 3.55 3.62 3.68 3.70 3.67 3.60 3.61
Employee benefits 1,660,082   3,036,037 3,678,398 6,145,103 6,337,026 6,533,691 6,787,639 7,043,849 0.82 0.87 0.95 1.18 1.21 1.24 1.29 1.31
Purchased services 455,996   1,328,600 1,646,297 2,414,847 2,490,533 2,583,714 2,681,311 2,771,134 0.23 0.38 0.42 0.47 0.47 0.49 0.51 0.52
Supplies 191,482   421,838 470,505 525,459 544,965 521,729 510,364 533,491 0.09 0.12 0.12 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10
Other 52,485   151,817 166,291 338,387 364,449 361,647 206,531 199,717 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.04 0.04
                                   
Instructional staff                                  
services4 8,467,142   15,926,856 18,568,413 25,018,199 25,108,146 24,893,140 24,647,377 24,954,839 4.19 4.57 4.79 4.82 4.79 4.72 4.68 4.66
Salaries 5,560,129   9,790,767 11,312,220 14,962,194 14,827,754 14,490,521 14,333,780 14,476,325 2.75 2.81 2.92 2.88 2.83 2.75 2.72 2.70
Employee benefits 1,408,217   2,356,440 2,909,834 4,746,650 4,835,699 4,933,118 4,973,417 5,092,704 0.70 0.68 0.75 0.91 0.92 0.94 0.94 0.95
Purchased services 622,487   2,003,598 2,332,965 3,256,725 3,379,483 3,438,979 3,413,606 3,491,664 0.31 0.58 0.60 0.63 0.64 0.65 0.65 0.65
Supplies 776,863   1,566,954 1,792,008 1,834,852 1,838,108 1,810,950 1,708,502 1,666,409 0.38 0.45 0.46 0.35 0.35 0.34 0.32 0.31
Other 99,445   209,097 221,387 217,778 227,101 219,573 218,072 227,737 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
                                   
General administration 5,791,253   7,108,291 7,960,378 10,202,846 10,421,207 10,494,526 10,569,141 10,786,389 2.87 2.04 2.05 1.97 1.99 1.99 2.00 2.01
Salaries 2,603,562   3,351,554 3,680,522 4,420,788 4,452,059 4,401,697 4,377,224 4,473,350 1.29 0.96 0.95 0.85 0.85 0.83 0.83 0.84
Employee benefits 777,381   1,000,698 1,166,775 1,747,378 1,801,413 1,856,221 1,920,231 1,950,527 0.38 0.29 0.30 0.34 0.34 0.35 0.36 0.36
Purchased services 1,482,427   2,099,032 2,384,109 3,174,832 3,145,503 3,236,857 3,305,165 3,396,437 0.73 0.60 0.62 0.61 0.60 0.61 0.63 0.63
Supplies 172,898   206,137 223,696 230,822 233,729 228,417 239,097 233,312 0.09 0.06 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.04
Other 754,985   450,870 505,276 629,025 788,501 771,334 727,423 732,763 0.37 0.13 0.13 0.12 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.14
                                   
School administration 11,695,344   19,580,890 21,791,580 28,608,480 28,551,493 28,660,307 28,922,785 29,524,306 5.79 5.62 5.62 5.51 5.44 5.44 5.49 5.51
Salaries 8,935,903   14,817,213 16,206,443 20,521,736 20,351,317 20,191,545 20,198,660 20,577,846 4.42 4.25 4.18 3.95 3.88 3.83 3.83 3.84
Employee benefits 2,257,783   3,689,689 4,341,364 6,600,069 6,722,417 6,972,708 7,167,104 7,418,614 1.12 1.06 1.12 1.27 1.28 1.32 1.36 1.38
Purchased services 247,750   611,638 718,442 934,243 931,494 931,765 976,085 943,880 0.12 0.18 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.19 0.18
Supplies 189,711   369,257 416,265 430,083 419,531 426,864 423,318 433,589 0.09 0.11 0.11 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08
Other 64,197   93,093 109,066 122,349 126,734 137,426 157,618 150,377 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.03
                                   
Operation and maintenance 21,290,655   34,034,158 36,830,517 50,559,027 50,023,919 50,214,709 49,834,165 50,656,312 10.54 9.77 9.50 9.74 9.53 9.52 9.45 9.46
Salaries 8,849,559   13,461,242 14,596,762 18,045,474 17,956,826 17,604,634 17,434,337 17,466,366 4.38 3.86 3.77 3.48 3.42 3.34 3.31 3.26
Employee benefits 2,633,075   3,778,520 4,476,354 6,881,875 7,040,412 7,195,927 7,327,835 7,463,766 1.30 1.08 1.15 1.33 1.34 1.36 1.39 1.39
Purchased services 5,721,125   9,642,217 9,866,874 13,150,025 13,095,871 13,351,922 13,436,115 14,017,078 2.83 2.77 2.55 2.53 2.50 2.53 2.55 2.62
Supplies 3,761,738   6,871,845 7,543,937 12,043,690 11,483,968 11,638,187 11,242,771 11,339,612 1.86 1.97 1.95 2.32 2.19 2.21 2.13 2.12
Other 325,157   280,334 346,590 437,964 446,842 424,039 393,107 369,490 0.16 0.08 0.09 0.08 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.07
                                   
Student transportation 8,678,954   14,052,654 15,648,821 21,679,876 21,819,304 22,370,807 22,926,700 23,233,698 4.30 4.03 4.04 4.18 4.16 4.24 4.35 4.34
Salaries 3,285,127   5,406,092 5,974,787 7,591,289 7,633,213 7,527,611 7,483,297 7,525,390 1.63 1.55 1.54 1.46 1.45 1.43 1.42 1.40
Employee benefits 892,985   1,592,127 1,905,504 2,933,989 3,048,962 3,124,937 3,182,346 3,245,727 0.44 0.46 0.49 0.57 0.58 0.59 0.60 0.61
Purchased services 3,345,232   5,767,462 6,450,377 9,001,837 8,982,432 9,153,621 9,409,711 9,581,784 1.66 1.66 1.66 1.73 1.71 1.74 1.78 1.79
Supplies 961,447   1,159,350 1,130,478 1,983,454 1,967,717 2,370,182 2,625,741 2,656,197 0.48 0.33 0.29 0.38 0.38 0.45 0.50 0.50
Other 194,163   127,623 187,675 169,307 186,979 194,456 225,605 224,599 0.10 0.04 0.05 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
                                   
Other support services5 5,587,837   11,439,134 13,231,082 17,187,109 17,189,474 17,246,807 17,850,135 18,050,864 2.77 3.28 3.41 3.31 3.28 3.27 3.39 3.37
Salaries 2,900,394   5,521,381 6,234,410 8,091,102 8,162,557 8,139,084 8,178,386 8,323,115 1.44 1.58 1.61 1.56 1.56 1.54 1.55 1.55
Employee benefits 980,859   1,594,540 2,019,058 3,148,252 3,136,979 3,295,052 3,395,915 3,493,682 0.49 0.46 0.52 0.61 0.60 0.62 0.64 0.65
Purchased services 798,922   2,783,176 3,283,907 3,928,346 3,915,823 3,876,650 4,221,440 4,317,745 0.40 0.80 0.85 0.76 0.75 0.74 0.80 0.81
Supplies 294,527   626,889 717,844 884,381 852,467 876,293 916,214 964,936 0.15 0.18 0.19 0.17 0.16 0.17 0.17 0.18
Other 613,135   913,148 975,863 1,135,027 1,121,648 1,059,728 1,138,181 951,386 0.30 0.26 0.25 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.22 0.18
                                   
Food services 8,430,490   13,816,635 14,930,942 19,794,945 19,996,995 20,394,768 21,198,367 21,862,081 4.17 3.97 3.85 3.81 3.81 3.87 4.02 4.08
Salaries   4,966,092 5,325,744 6,505,821 6,483,443 6,482,085 6,563,700 6,607,701 1.43 1.37 1.25 1.24 1.23 1.24 1.23
Employee benefits   1,381,923 1,636,523 2,343,119 2,409,983 2,492,673 2,529,156 2,603,230 0.40 0.42 0.45 0.46 0.47 0.48 0.49
Purchased services   923,091 1,155,396 1,815,966 1,926,821 2,058,018 2,177,107 2,267,341 0.26 0.30 0.35 0.37 0.39 0.41 0.42
Supplies   6,420,201 6,641,477 8,908,841 8,943,177 9,118,886 9,681,540 10,110,833 1.84 1.71 1.72 1.70 1.73 1.84 1.89
Other   125,327 171,801 221,198 233,573 243,105 246,864 272,976 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.05
                                   
Enterprise operations6 946,705   776,463 907,921 1,263,238 1,257,180 1,110,646 1,090,995 1,103,949 0.47 0.22 0.23 0.24 0.24 0.21 0.21 0.21
Salaries   124,913 159,366 341,007 337,140 338,141 301,285 303,674 0.04 0.04 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06
Employee benefits   23,837 56,031 91,807 91,133 97,063 101,907 102,699 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
Purchased services   189,230 197,885 256,186 257,570 172,641 177,234 178,246 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.03 0.03 0.03
Supplies   242,052 298,489 365,775 361,651 290,372 295,006 296,981 0.07 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.06
Other   196,430 196,150 208,463 209,686 212,430 215,563 222,349 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
                                   
Current expenditures for
      other programs
3,295,717   6,063,700 6,873,762 8,463,793 8,355,761 8,161,474 8,188,640 8,103,477
Community services 964,370   2,426,189 2,695,832 3,364,620 3,398,025 3,269,802 3,209,484 3,132,483
Private school programs 527,609   1,026,695 1,161,470 1,541,922 1,423,681 1,427,539 1,441,688 1,471,013
Adult education 1,365,523   1,838,265 2,005,813 2,187,628 2,084,477 2,013,156 1,931,449 1,829,564
Community colleges 5,356   351 460 33,303 33,274 34,045 29,488 30,107
Other 432,858   772,200 1,010,187 1,336,321 1,416,305 1,416,931 1,576,530 1,640,310
                                   
Capital outlay7 19,771,478   46,220,704 48,940,374 65,890,367 56,714,992 50,968,815 48,793,436 45,474,445
Public schools 19,655,496   46,078,494 48,833,138 65,799,088 56,621,337 50,888,951 48,717,033 45,309,336
Other current expenditures 115,982   142,210 107,236 91,279 93,655 79,864 76,403 165,109
                                   
Interest on school debt 4,324,768   10,165,940 11,499,160 17,049,004 17,232,297 17,934,224 17,804,262 17,247,479
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
1 Data have been revised from previously published figures.
2 Includes estimated data for subfunctions of food services and enterprise operations.
3 Includes expenditures for guidance, health, attendance, and speech pathology services.
4 Includes expenditures for curriculum development, staff training, libraries, and media and computer centers.
5 Includes business support services concerned with paying, transporting, exchanging, and maintaining goods and services for local education agencies; central support services, including planning, research, evaluation, information, staff, and data processing services; and other support services.
6 Includes expenditures for operations funded by sales of products or services (e.g., school bookstore or computer time). Includes very small amounts for direct program support made by state education agencies for local school districts.
7 Includes expenditures for property and for buildings and alterations completed by school district staff or contractors.
NOTE: Excludes expenditures for state education agencies. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "National Public Education Financial Survey," 1990-91 through 2012-13. (This table was prepared August 2015.)

2015 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest