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Digest of Education Statistics: 2015
Digest of Education Statistics: 2015

NCES 2016-014
December 2016


Table 106.20. Expenditures of educational institutions, by level and control of institution: Selected years, 1899-1900 through 2014-15
[In millions]
School year Current dollars Constant 2014-15 dollars1
Total Elementary and
secondary schools
Degree-granting
postsecondary institutions
Total Elementary and
secondary schools
Degree-granting
postsecondary
institutions
Total Public Private2 Total Public Private Total Public
1 2 3 4 5 6 7   8 9 10 11 12
1899-1900 $215        
1909-10 426        
1919-20 1,036       $12,868  
1929-30 2,317 $632   $292   $341   32,034 $8,742  
1939-40 2,344 758   392   367   39,698 12,845  
1949-50 $8,494 $6,249 5,838 $411 2,246   1,154   1,092   $84,888 $62,446 58,339 22,442  
1959-60 22,314 16,713 15,613 1,100 5,601   3,131   2,470   179,737 134,624 125,763 45,114  
                               
1969-70 64,227 43,183 40,683 2,500 21,043   13,250   7,794   402,408 270,563 254,900 131,844  
1970-71 71,575 48,200 45,500 2,700 23,375   14,996   8,379   426,436 287,169 271,083 139,267  
1971-72 76,510 50,950 48,050 2,900 25,560   16,484   9,075   440,052 293,044 276,364 147,008  
1972-73 82,908 54,952 51,852 3,100 27,956   18,204   9,752   458,381 303,820 286,681 154,561  
1973-74 91,084 60,370 56,970 3,400 30,714   20,336   10,377   462,359 306,451 289,192 155,908  
                               
1974-75 103,903 68,846 64,846 4,000 35,058   23,490   11,568   474,814 314,609 296,330 160,205  
1975-76 114,004 75,101 70,601 4,500 38,903   26,184   12,719   486,532 320,505 301,301 166,026  
1976-77 121,793 79,194 74,194 5,000 42,600   28,635   13,965   491,135 319,350 299,188 171,785  
1977-78 132,515 86,544 80,844 5,700 45,971   30,725   15,246   500,747 327,033 305,494 173,714  
1978-79 143,733 93,012 86,712 6,300 50,721   33,733   16,988   496,616 321,368 299,601 175,248  
                               
1979-80 160,075 103,162 95,962 7,200 56,914   37,768   19,146   488,015 314,505 292,555 173,510  
1980-81 176,378 112,325 104,125 8,200 64,053   42,280   21,773   481,900 306,895 284,491 175,006  
1981-82 190,825 120,486 111,186 9,300 70,339   46,219   24,120   479,917 303,016 279,627 176,900  
1982-83 204,661 128,725 118,425 10,300 75,936   49,573   26,363   493,515 310,405 285,568 183,110  
1983-84 220,993 139,000 127,500 11,500 81,993   53,087   28,907   513,878 323,218 296,477 190,660  
                               
1984-85 239,351 149,400 137,000 12,400 89,951   58,315   31,637   535,601 334,315 306,568 201,286  
1985-86 259,336 161,800 148,600 13,200 97,536   63,194   34,342   564,055 351,915 323,205 212,140  
1986-87 280,964 175,200 160,900 14,300 105,764   67,654   38,110   597,823 372,783 342,356 225,039  
1987-88 301,786 187,999 172,699 15,300 113,787   72,641   41,145   616,580 384,101 352,841 232,479  
1988-89 333,245 209,377 192,977 16,400 123,867   78,946   44,922   650,797 408,895 376,868 241,901  
                               
1989-90 365,825 231,170 212,770 18,400 134,656   85,771   48,885   681,885 430,892 396,595 250,993  
1990-91 395,318 249,230 229,430 19,800 146,088   92,961   53,127   698,661 440,474 405,481 258,187  
1991-92 417,944 261,755 241,055 20,700 156,189   98,847   57,342   715,716 448,247 412,799 267,469  
1992-93 439,676 274,435 252,935 21,500 165,241   104,570   60,671   730,126 455,727 420,024 274,399  
1993-94 460,757 287,407 265,307 22,100 173,351   109,310   64,041   745,814 465,216 429,444 280,597  
                               
1994-95 485,169 302,200 279,000 23,200 182,969   115,465   67,504   763,446 475,532 439,026 287,913  
1995-96 508,523 318,046 293,646 24,400 190,476   119,525   70,952   779,001 487,212 449,834 291,789  
1996-97 538,854 338,951 313,151 25,800 199,903 2 125,978   73,925 2 802,567 504,832 466,406 297,734 2
1997-98 570,471 361,615 334,315 27,300 208,856 2 132,846   76,010 2 834,770 529,151 489,203 305,619 2
1998-99 603,847 384,638 355,838 28,800 219,209   140,539   78,670   868,572 553,263 511,837 315,310  
                               
1999-2000 649,322 412,538 381,838 30,700 236,784   152,325   84,459   907,779 576,745 533,825 331,034  
2000-01 705,017 444,811 410,811 34,000 260,206   170,345   89,861   952,992 601,264 555,306 351,728  
2001-02 752,780 472,064 435,364 36,700 280,715   183,436   97,280   999,852 627,002 578,257 372,850  
2002-03 795,691 492,807 454,907 37,900 302,884   197,026   105,858   1,034,122 640,477 591,221 393,644  
2003-04 830,293 513,542 474,242 39,300 316,751   205,069   111,682   1,055,989 653,136 603,154 402,853  
                               
2004-05 875,988 540,969 499,569 41,400 335,019   215,794   119,225   1,081,559 667,920 616,804 413,639  
2005-06 925,246 571,669 528,269 43,400 353,577   226,550   127,027   1,100,468 679,931 628,312 420,537  
2006-07 984,034 608,495 562,195 46,300 375,539   238,829   136,710   1,140,886 705,487 651,807 435,399  
2007-08 1,054,904 646,414 597,314 49,100 408,490   261,046   147,444   1,179,353 722,673 667,780 456,681  
2008-09 1,089,683 658,926 610,326 48,600 430,757   273,019   157,739   1,201,460 726,517 672,931 474,943  
                               
2009-10 1,100,897 654,418 607,018 47,400 446,479   281,390   165,088   1,202,192 714,632 662,871 487,560  
2010-11 1,124,352 652,356 604,356 48,000 471,997   296,863   175,134   1,203,636 698,357 646,972 505,279  
2011-12 1,136,876 648,794 601,994 46,800 488,083   305,538   182,545   1,182,398 674,772 626,098 507,626  
2012-13 1,153,429 654,490 606,490 48,000 498,939   311,425   187,514   1,179,977 669,555 620,450 510,423  
2013-143 1,192,000 675,000 625,000 51,000 517,095   323,888   193,207   1,201,000 680,000 630,000 521,000  
2014-152 1,228,000 696,000 646,000 50,000 532,000   335,000   197,000   1,228,000 696,000 646,000 532,000  
—Not available.
1 Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to a school-year basis.
2 Estimated by the National Center for Education Statistics based on enrollment data for the given year and actual expenditures for prior years.
3 Data for elementary and secondary education are estimated; data for degree-granting institutions are actual.
NOTE: Total expenditures for public elementary and secondary schools include current expenditures, interest on school debt, and capital outlay. Expenditures for public and private Colleges and Universities in 1929-30 and 1939-40 include current-fund expenditures and additions to plant value. Public and private degree-granting institutions data for 1949-50 through 1995-96 are for current-fund expenditures. Data for private degree-granting institutions for 1996-97 and later years are for total expenditures. Data for public degree-granting institutions for 1996-97 through 2000-01 are for current expenditures; data for later years are for total expenditures. Postsecondary data through 1995-96 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate's or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Annual Report of the Commissioner of Education, 1899-1900 and 1909-10; Biennial Survey of Education in the United States, 1919-20 through 1949-50; Statistics of State School Systems, 1959-60 and 1969-70; Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education, 1970-71 through 1986-87; Common Core of Data (CCD), "National Public Education Financial Survey," 1987-88 through 2012-13; Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), Financial Statistics of Institutions of Higher Education, 1965-66 through 1985-86; Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Finance Survey," (IPEDS-F:FY87-99); IPEDS Spring 2001 through Spring 2015, Finance component; and unpublished tabulations. (This table was prepared January 2016.)