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Digest of Education Statistics: 2014
Digest of Education Statistics: 2014

NCES 2016-006
April 2016


Table 603.70. Percentage of bachelor's degrees awarded in mathematics, science, and engineering, by field of study and country: Selected years, 1990 through 2011
Country All mathematics, science, and engineering degrees1 Natural sciences2 Mathematics and computer science3 Engineering, manufacturing, and construction
1990 1995 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29
OECD average4 22.7 22.7 21.0 21.0 21.5 5.7 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.1 5.3 4.2 4.1 4.1 13.6 12.8 12.3 12.6 12.9
Australia 19.3 21.1 21.1 18.2 17.0 17.2 9.9 7.6 5.9 6.3 5.9 5.9 3.8 5.1 8.2 4.8 4.2 4.2 5.6 8.5 7.0 7.1 6.9 7.1
Austria 19.6 21.1 25.7 26.8 24.9 25.1 24.2 5.3 6.0 5.0 5.4 5.0 5.7 5.9 5.2 5.3 3.4 7.2 6.8 5.4 4.9 9.0 9.9 17.3 14.2 13.1 14.0 13.4
Belgium 23.6 24.7 19.3 20.0 20.9 6.4 5.7 4.3 3.7 3.8 2.3 5.2 1.7 1.7 1.6 14.9 13.8 13.3 14.6 15.5
Canada 16.4 16.7 20.0 20.7 20.3 19.9 19.7 6.0 6.5 8.1 6.5 9.3 9.1 9.3 4.2 3.8 4.3 5.9 3.4 3.4 3.1 6.2 6.4 7.6 8.2 7.6 7.4 7.3
Chile 22.9 18.9 18.2 17.8 3.2 1.5 1.5 1.5 2.6 2.6 2.2 2.3 17.2 14.8 14.5 14.1
                                                         
Czech Republic (5) 29.5 26.7 24.0 21.7 19.8 (5) 4.2 3.9 4.1 4.1 4.0 (5) 8.4 3.8 5.5 5.1 5.0 (5) 16.9 19.0 14.4 12.4 10.8
Denmark 10.5 16.3 17.5 16.4 17.3 4.4 2.5 6.8 2.4 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.1 2.8 3.1 3.7 21.7 17.0 10.8 11.7 10.2 10.6
Estonia (5) 23.8 20.1 21.1 21.6 (5) 6.3 4.6 4.9 5.1 (5) 6.2 5.1 5.3 5.3 (5) 11.3 10.4 11.0 11.2
Finland 33.5 37.2 32.2 30.0 25.3 27.4 27.4 4.1 4.0 3.9 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.5 5.9 6.9 3.3 5.6 4.1 4.4 4.0 23.4 26.3 24.9 21.7 18.7 20.3 21.0
France 30.1 26.0 26.1 12.2 6.5 6.0 5.5 5.5 5.8 12.5 14.0 14.4
                                                         
Germany 31.3 31.6 31.7 31.3 28.2 29.0 29.7 7.2 6.7 6.4 6.3 7.8 8.1 8.0 3.5 5.2 4.9 8.1 8.0 7.6 7.5 20.5 19.7 20.3 16.9 12.4 13.3 14.2
Greece 25.9 26.1 25.3 8.3 5.9 5.8 8.4 7.4 7.4 9.2 12.8 12.0
Hungary 12.6 11.0 17.1 18.9 19.9 1.1 1.2 2.8 3.7 3.6 1.2 2.4 4.5 4.2 3.8 10.4 7.4 9.7 10.9 12.5
Iceland 16.5 14.1 15.2 16.6 6.0 5.0 3.4 3.5 4.0 3.5 3.2 3.0 6.5 5.5 8.7 10.1
Ireland 34.1 32.3 29.3 17.7 19.4 21.6 22.3 14.1 16.9 11.5 3.5 5.9 5.7 6.0 6.3 4.7 7.2 4.4 3.5 4.4 5.1 13.7 10.7 10.6 9.9 9.9 11.6 11.2
                                                         
Israel 19.0 26.7 21.3 21.0 20.7 3.1 5.1 5.0 4.6 4.1 6.8 7.5 4.2 4.5 4.3 9.1 14.1 12.1 11.9 12.3
Italy 19.7 19.5 27.5 23.9 22.6 22.9 22.4 7.6 6.8 5.9 4.8 5.0 5.2 5.1 3.9 3.8 3.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.1 8.3 8.9 18.4 16.9 15.4 15.5 15.2
Japan 22.3 20.8 19.5 16.1 19.1 2.4 3.4 21.0 19.3 18.9 17.4 16.3 16.1 15.8
Korea, Republic of 36.9 37.0 34.7 34.4 34.4 6.3 5.2 5.0 5.1 5.0 4.3 5.4 5.7 5.3 5.1 26.3 26.3 24.0 23.9 24.2
Mexico 23.0 27.3 25.9 25.6 26.9 2.2 2.6 2.8 2.7 2.5 6.7 9.3 7.4 3.7 3.5 14.1 15.3 15.6 19.2 20.9
                                                         
Netherlands 21.1 16.2 14.9 13.5 13.4 13.4 7.1 3.2 2.5 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.9 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.1 12.4 11.1 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.9
New Zealand 19.5 17.8 19.9 21.1 22.1 20.6 8.2 11.2 6.7 8.0 8.3 7.9 5.5 1.9 7.6 6.0 6.0 5.7 5.8 3.2 4.7 5.6 7.0 7.7 7.0
Norway 12.9 16.8 11.6 13.7 14.2 15.0 15.4 2.1 3.1 0.7 0.8 1.9 2.1 2.1 0.6 0.5 3.4 4.7 3.0 3.1 3.4 10.2 13.2 7.5 8.2 9.3 9.8 9.9
Poland 16.7 17.7 19.0 19.2 20.9 2.7 2.3 3.7 3.9 3.4 2.0 5.3 4.7 4.5 4.4 12.0 10.1 10.7 10.8 13.1
Portugal 15.0 17.5 25.6 24.8 22.0 23.1 6.7 2.2 1.7 6.0 3.8 3.5 3.9 2.8 3.6 6.2 2.4 1.9 1.9 10.5 9.9 12.2 13.4 18.6 16.6 17.4
                                                         
Slovak Republic (5) 21.9 24.6 18.9 19.7 19.4 (5) 2.0 3.7 3.3 3.5 3.2 (5) 4.6 4.4 3.8 4.2 4.5 (5) 15.3 16.5 11.8 11.9 11.7
Slovenia (5) 17.7 15.8 19.9 23.2 (5) 4.1 3.2 3.4 4.0 (5) 2.0 2.1 2.7 4.3 (5) 11.7 10.6 13.7 14.9
Spain 15.0 18.2 22.7 24.1 24.3 24.0 26.0 5.7 4.3 5.3 4.2 3.3 3.2 3.6 2.6 4.5 4.3 5.2 5.3 5.1 3.9 6.7 9.4 13.1 14.7 15.7 15.7 18.6
Sweden 24.0 26.4 27.7 26.9 22.9 22.1 21.1 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.2 2.8 4.7 5.5 3.7 4.0 2.6 2.3 2.6 15.2 17.0 20.3 19.2 16.6 16.5 15.7
Switzerland 23.0 22.3 25.1 24.2 20.4 18.5 19.7 11.2 10.4 6.0 6.9 5.7 5.0 5.5 3.7 3.7 1.8 4.7 3.0 2.7 2.8 8.1 8.3 17.3 12.7 11.6 10.8 11.4
                                                         
Turkey 20.6 20.9 24.1 22.3 18.1 15.7 17.5 4.6 5.1 7.4 6.1 5.3 4.2 5.7 2.1 2.7 3.6 4.1 3.6 3.1 3.3 13.8 13.1 13.1 12.0 9.2 8.4 8.5
United Kingdom 28.5 26.0 24.3 24.3 24.2 12.5 9.2 9.5 9.3 9.4 5.8 8.3 6.0 5.9 5.8 10.2 8.4 8.8 9.1 9.0
United States 16.9 17.1 16.7 15.7 16.0 16.2 5.1 6.6 5.8 6.4 6.7 6.7 4.0 3.3 3.9 4.8 3.3 3.4 3.5 7.8 6.7 6.6 6.2 5.9 6.0 6.0
                                                         
Other reporting
     countries
                                                       
Brazil 11.4 11.0 10.1 10.4 3.2 2.9 1.8 2.1 3.5 2.9 2.5 2.3 4.8 5.2 5.7 6.0
Russian Federation (5) 24.3 24.4 23.0 (5) 1.5 1.5 1.3 (5) 5.2 5.7 5.1 (5) 17.6 17.2 16.7
—Not available.
1 Includes life sciences, physical sciences, mathematics/statistics, computer science, and engineering, manufacturing, and construction.
2 Includes life sciences and physical sciences.
3 Includes mathematics/statistics and computer science.
4 Refers to the mean of the data values for all reporting Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, to which each country reporting data contributes equally. The average includes all current OECD countries for which a given year's data are available, even if they were not members of OECD in that year. However, if data were reported for less than 75 percent of the countries, the average for that year is omitted.
5 Country did not exist in its current form in the given year.
NOTE: Data in this table refer to degrees classified as International Standard Classification of Education 1997 (ISCED:97) level 5A, first award. This level corresponds to the bachelor's degree in the United States. Data for Luxembourg are not shown because students generally attend no more than 1 year of higher education in Luxembourg and must complete their degrees in other countries. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Online Education Database, retrieved July 21, 2014, from http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx; and unpublished tabulations. (This table was prepared July 2014.)