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Digest of Education Statistics: 2014
Digest of Education Statistics: 2014

NCES 2016-006
April 2016


Table 402.10. Federal obligations for research, development, and R&D plant, by category of obligation, performers, and fields of science: Fiscal years 2006 through 2014
[In millions]
Category of obligation, performers, and fields of science Actual Estimated
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011   2013 2014 Percent change, 2013 to 2014
 
 
2012
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
  Current dollars
Total obligations for research, development, and
     R&D plant
$112,270.7 $129,431.1 $129,049.4 $144,760.5 $146,967.8 $139,661.5 $140,635.8 $134,546.5 $134,042.3 -0.4
                     
Research and development obligations 110,145.8 127,262.7 127,105.6 141,092.5 140,354.5 135,490.8 138,485.1 132,435.7 130,846.5 -1.2
Performers                    
Federal intramural1 25,563.2 29,932.5 29,637.9 31,546.4 30,911.8 35,144.7 34,367.8 32,677.6 32,513.8 -0.5
Industrial firms 44,152.9 55,342.3 56,337.6 59,749.3 59,867.8 53,550.2 58,910.1 55,175.7 53,152.0 -3.7
Federally funded research and development centers
   (FFRDCs) administered by industrial firms
1,421.9 2,691.6 4,119.9 4,067.1 3,946.2 4,424.5 3,611.7 3,647.2 3,184.6 -12.7
Universities and colleges 24,336.3 25,547.8 26,026.5 31,557.7 31,192.3 27,680.3 27,509.5 27,394.7 28,159.9 2.8
FFRDCs2  administered by universities and colleges 5,439.1 4,171.2 1,988.6 3,402.7 3,370.5 3,437.8 3,694.2 3,350.8 3,581.4 6.9
Other nonprofit institutions 6,000.1 5,984.4 5,965.0 7,049.7 7,245.3 6,636.6 6,347.0 6,316.6 6,351.2 0.5
FFRDCs2  administered by nonprofit institutions 1,816.0 2,520.3 2,083.0 2,730.7 2,784.1 2,923.7 2,752.2 2,614.3 2,696.9 3.2
State and local governments 619.6 362.0 389.0 392.0 426.7 716.2 453.2 483.9 450.3 -6.9
Foreign 796.7 710.6 558.1 596.9 609.9 976.8 839.5 774.7 756.5 -2.4
                     
Research obligations 53,535.7 54,093.5 53,893.6 63,694.3 63,728.0 58,023.7 61,946.9 61,616.7 64,199.4 4.2
Performers                    
Federal intramural1 12,261.6 11,816.4 11,921.7 13,321.2 13,280.9 12,663.4 14,295.0 14,561.5 14,900.0 2.3
Industrial firms 6,436.3 6,074.2 5,782.4 6,280.2 6,625.5 6,037.4 7,794.0 7,164.0 7,864.8 9.8
FFRDCs2  administered by industrial firms 947.9 1,863.0 2,929.7 3,070.5 2,960.1 2,984.4 2,678.7 2,644.1 2,787.6 5.4
Universities and colleges 22,809.4 23,966.9 24,323.2 30,168.8 29,607.8 26,253.2 26,289.9 26,308.6 27,203.2 3.4
FFRDCs2  administered by universities and colleges 3,783.0 2,942.4 1,623.1 2,148.1 2,151.6 2,224.4 2,856.9 2,831.6 3,007.9 6.2
Other nonprofit institutions 5,448.9 5,416.7 5,397.5 6,500.7 6,687.0 5,760.8 5,812.9 5,918.1 6,015.7 1.7
FFRDCs2  administered by nonprofit institutions 1,028.6 1,283.0 1,205.7 1,462.0 1,633.6 1,447.7 1,457.0 1,422.0 1,657.8 16.6
State and local governments 417.9 297.6 338.8 343.6 352.8 282.2 352.2 388.3 380.5 -2.0
Foreign 402.1 433.3 371.5 399.3 428.6 370.2 410.3 378.6 381.9 0.9
Fields of science                    
Life sciences 27,927.7 29,463.6 28,918.8 33,267.1 33,909.1 29,408.6 30,966.7 31,162.4 31,458.2 0.9
Psychology 1,747.3 1,837.9 1,740.8 2,086.3 2,155.6 1,886.8 2,086.6 2,101.9 2,144.5 2.0
Physical sciences 5,351.1 5,136.1 5,072.6 5,821.1 5,870.8 5,426.6 6,407.5 6,478.2 6,791.0 4.8
Environmental sciences 3,430.6 3,170.5 2,984.6 3,751.1 3,338.9 3,207.2 3,884.3 3,946.7 4,100.7 3.9
Mathematics and computer sciences 2,814.9 2,945.7 3,047.3 3,611.8 3,411.8 3,374.3 3,527.5 3,643.1 3,931.8 7.9
Engineering 8,678.7 8,989.7 8,975.5 10,285.0 11,081.2 10,057.2 11,403.4 10,635.6 11,274.5 6.0
Social sciences 1,123.9 1,147.1 977.0 1,159.2 1,197.3 1,262.4 1,124.5 1,031.7 1,212.6 17.5
Other sciences 2,461.3 1,403.1 2,177.1 3,712.7 2,763.2 3,400.5 2,546.3 2,617.0 3,286.2 25.6
                     
Development obligations 56,610.1 73,169.2 73,211.9 77,398.2 76,626.5 77,467.1 76,538.3 70,819.0 66,647.1 -5.9
Performers                    
Federal intramural1 13,301.6 18,116.1 17,716.1 18,225.2 17,630.9 22,481.3 20,072.8 18,116.1 17,613.9 -2.8
Industrial firms 37,716.6 49,268.1 50,555.2 53,467.0 53,242.3 47,512.8 51,116.1 48,011.7 45,287.1 -5.7
FFRDCs2  administered by industrial firms 474.0 828.6 1,190.2 996.6 986.1 1,440.1 933.0 1,003.1 397.0 -60.4
Universities and colleges 1,526.9 1,580.9 1,703.3 1,389.0 1,584.5 1,427.1 1,219.6 1,086.1 956.6 -11.9
FFRDCs2  administered by universities and colleges 1,656.1 1,228.8 365.5 1,254.6 1,218.9 1,213.3 837.3 519.2 573.5 10.5
Other nonprofit institutions 551.2 567.7 567.5 549.0 558.3 875.8 534.1 398.6 335.4 -15.8
FFRDCs2  administered by nonprofit institutions 787.4 1,237.3 877.3 1,268.7 1,150.4 1,476.0 1,295.2 1,192.3 1,039.1 -12.8
State and local governments 201.7 64.4 50.2 48.4 73.9 434.0 101.0 95.7 69.8 -27.0
Foreign 394.6 277.3 186.6 197.6 181.3 606.6 429.2 396.2 374.6 -5.4
                     
R&D plant obligations 2,124.9 2,168.4 1,943.8 3,668.0 6,613.3 4,170.7 2,150.7 2,110.8 3,195.8 51.4
Performers                    
Federal intramural1 662.8 593.4 494.0 804.7 1,953.3 846.5 486.2 631.0 936.5 48.4
Industrial firms 265.8 401.4 449.0 396.3 1,751.2 2,030.0 460.5 429.4 878.6 104.6
FFRDCs2  administered by industrial firms 82.7 27.6 175.6 127.7 167.7 118.3 51.8 44.4 34.7 -21.8
Universities and colleges 262.5 265.6 210.2 607.0 1,532.6 286.0 372.5 338.6 398.9 17.8
FFRDCs2  administered by universities and colleges 519.3 498.4 334.4 706.5 491.4 242.9 248.1 264.6 348.0 31.5
Other nonprofit institutions 127.3 79.7 23.7 154.4 245.9 141.3 200.8 209.8 281.2 34.0
FFRDCs2  administered by nonprofit institutions 201.6 296.2 253.8 868.2 465.3 491.0 323.1 184.5 309.7 67.8
State and local governments 2.6 # # 1.2 2.0 0.2 # # # #
Foreign 0.3 6.1 3.1 2.0 4.0 14.6 7.6 8.4 8.2 -2.1
  Constant fiscal year 2014 dollars3
Total obligations for research, development, and                    
R&D plant $129,564.3 $145,511.0 $140,182.8 $156,934.9 $157,469.7 $146,754.9 $145,051.2 $136,549.2 $134,042.3 -1.8
                     
Research and development obligations 127,112.1 143,073.2 138,071.3 152,958.4 150,383.8 142,372.4 142,832.9 134,407.0 130,846.5 -2.6
Performers                    
Federal intramural1 29,500.8 33,651.2 32,194.8 34,199.5 33,120.7 36,929.7 35,446.8 33,164.0 32,513.8 -2.0
Industrial firms 50,954.0 62,217.8 61,198.0 64,774.2 64,145.8 56,270.0 60,759.6 55,997.0 53,152.0 -5.1
FFRDCs2  administered by industrial firms 1,640.9 3,026.0 4,475.3 4,409.1 4,228.2 4,649.2 3,725.1 3,701.5 3,184.6 -14.0
Universities and colleges 28,084.9 28,721.7 28,271.9 34,211.7 33,421.2 29,086.2 28,373.2 27,802.5 28,159.9 1.3
FFRDCs2  administered by universities and colleges 6,276.9 4,689.4 2,160.2 3,688.9 3,611.3 3,612.4 3,810.2 3,400.7 3,581.4 5.3
Other nonprofit institutions 6,924.3 6,727.9 6,479.6 7,642.6 7,763.0 6,973.7 6,546.3 6,410.6 6,351.2 -0.9
FFRDCs2  administered by nonprofit institutions 2,095.7 2,833.4 2,262.7 2,960.4 2,983.0 3,072.2 2,838.6 2,653.2 2,696.9 1.6
State and local governments 715.0 407.0 422.6 425.0 457.2 752.6 467.4 491.1 450.3 -8.3
Foreign 919.4 798.9 606.2 647.1 653.5 1,026.4 865.9 786.2 756.5 -3.8
                     
Research obligations 61,782.0 60,813.8 58,543.1 69,051.0 68,281.8 60,970.7 63,891.8 62,533.9 64,199.4 2.7
Performers                    
Federal intramural1 14,150.3 13,284.4 12,950.2 14,441.5 14,229.9 13,306.6 14,743.8 14,778.2 14,900.0 0.8
Industrial firms 7,427.7 6,828.8 6,281.3 6,808.4 7,098.9 6,344.0 8,038.7 7,270.6 7,864.8 8.2
FFRDCs2  administered by industrial firms 1,093.9 2,094.5 3,182.5 3,328.7 3,171.6 3,136.0 2,762.8 2,683.5 2,787.6 3.9
Universities and colleges 26,322.8 26,944.4 26,421.6 32,706.0 31,723.5 27,586.6 27,115.3 26,700.2 27,203.2 1.9
FFRDCs2  administered by universities and colleges 4,365.7 3,307.9 1,763.1 2,328.8 2,305.3 2,337.4 2,946.6 2,873.7 3,007.9 4.7
Other nonprofit institutions 6,288.2 6,089.6 5,863.2 7,047.4 7,164.8 6,053.4 5,995.4 6,006.2 6,015.7 0.2
FFRDCs2  administered by nonprofit institutions 1,187.0 1,442.4 1,309.7 1,585.0 1,750.3 1,521.2 1,502.7 1,443.2 1,657.8 14.9
State and local governments 482.3 334.6 368.0 372.5 378.0 296.5 363.3 394.1 380.5 -3.4
Foreign 464.0 487.1 403.6 432.9 459.2 389.0 423.2 384.2 381.9 -0.6
Fields of science                    
Life sciences 32,229.5 33,124.0 31,413.7 36,064.9 36,332.1 30,902.3 31,938.9 31,626.2 31,458.2 -0.5
Psychology 2,016.4 2,066.2 1,891.0 2,261.8 2,309.6 1,982.6 2,152.1 2,133.2 2,144.5 0.5
Physical sciences 6,175.4 5,774.2 5,510.2 6,310.7 6,290.3 5,702.2 6,608.7 6,574.6 6,791.0 3.3
Environmental sciences 3,959.0 3,564.4 3,242.1 4,066.6 3,577.5 3,370.1 4,006.3 4,005.4 4,100.7 2.4
Mathematics and computer sciences 3,248.5 3,311.7 3,310.2 3,915.6 3,655.6 3,545.7 3,638.2 3,697.3 3,931.8 6.3
Engineering 10,015.5 10,106.5 9,749.8 11,150.0 11,873.0 10,568.0 11,761.4 10,793.9 11,274.5 4.5
Social sciences 1,297.0 1,289.6 1,061.3 1,256.7 1,282.9 1,326.5 1,159.8 1,047.1 1,212.6 15.8
Other sciences 2,840.4 1,577.4 2,364.9 4,024.9 2,960.6 3,573.2 2,626.2 2,656.0 3,286.2 23.7
                     
Development obligations 65,330.0 82,259.4 79,528.1 83,907.4 82,102.0 81,401.7 78,941.3 71,873.1 66,647.1 -7.3
Performers                    
Federal intramural1 15,350.5 20,366.8 19,244.5 19,757.9 18,890.7 23,623.1 20,703.0 18,385.8 17,613.9 -4.2
Industrial firms 43,526.3 55,388.9 54,916.7 57,963.6 57,046.8 49,926.0 52,720.9 48,726.3 45,287.1 -7.1
FFRDCs2  administered by industrial firms 547.0 931.5 1,292.9 1,080.4 1,056.6 1,513.2 962.3 1,018.0 397.0 -61.0
Universities and colleges 1,762.1 1,777.3 1,850.2 1,505.8 1,697.7 1,499.6 1,257.9 1,102.3 956.6 -13.2
FFRDCs2  administered by universities and colleges 1,911.2 1,381.5 397.0 1,360.1 1,306.0 1,274.9 863.6 526.9 573.5 8.8
Other nonprofit institutions 636.1 638.2 616.5 595.2 598.2 920.3 550.9 404.5 335.4 -17.1
FFRDCs2  administered by nonprofit institutions 908.7 1,391.0 953.0 1,375.4 1,232.6 1,551.0 1,335.9 1,210.0 1,039.1 -14.1
State and local governments 232.8 72.4 54.5 52.5 79.2 456.0 104.2 97.1 69.8 -28.1
Foreign 455.4 311.8 202.7 214.2 194.3 637.4 442.7 402.1 374.6 -6.8
                     
R&D plant obligations 2,452.2 2,437.8 2,111.5 3,976.5 7,085.9 4,382.5 2,218.2 2,142.2 3,195.8 49.2
Performers                    
Federal intramural1 764.9 667.1 536.6 872.4 2,092.9 889.5 501.5 640.4 936.5 46.2
Industrial firms 306.7 451.3 487.7 429.6 1,876.3 2,133.1 475.0 435.8 878.6 101.6
FFRDCs2  administered by industrial firms 95.4 31.0 190.7 138.4 179.7 124.3 53.4 45.1 34.7 -23.0
Universities and colleges 302.9 298.6 228.3 658.0 1,642.1 300.5 384.2 343.6 398.9 16.1
FFRDCs2  administered by universities and colleges 599.3 560.3 363.2 765.9 526.5 255.2 255.9 268.5 348.0 29.6
Other nonprofit institutions 146.9 89.6 25.7 167.4 263.5 148.5 207.1 212.9 281.2 32.1
FFRDCs2  administered by nonprofit institutions 232.7 333.0 275.7 941.2 498.5 515.9 333.2 187.2 309.7 65.4
State and local governments 3.0 # # 1.3 2.1 0.2 # # # #
Foreign 0.3 6.9 3.4 2.2 4.3 15.3 7.8 8.5 8.2 -3.8
#Rounds to zero.
1 Includes costs associated with the administration of intramural and extramural programs by federal personnel as well as actual intramural performance.
2 Federally funded research and development centers.
3 Data adjusted by the federal budget composite deflator reported in U.S. Office of Management and Budget, Budget of the U.S. Government, Historical Tables, Fiscal Year 2015.
NOTE: Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Totals do not include the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development, 2006 through 2014, retrieved November 4, 2014, from http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/nsf14316/content.cfm?pub_id=4418&id=2. (This table was prepared November 2014.)