Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics
2014 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 401.30. Federal on-budget funds for education, by level/educational purpose, agency, and program: Selected fiscal years, 1970 through 2014
[In thousands of current dollars]
Level/educational purpose, agency, and program 1970 1980 19901 19951 20001 20051 20101 20111 20121 20131,2 20141,2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Total $12,526,499 $34,493,502 $51,624,342 $71,639,520 $85,944,203 $147,873,199 $183,199,676 $183,669,874 $189,846,616 $183,367,513 $179,342,408
                       
Elementary/secondary education 5,830,442 16,027,686 21,984,361 33,623,809 43,790,783 68,957,711 86,681,807 76,118,858 78,227,148 79,131,192 80,072,257
Department of Education3 2,719,204 6,629,095 9,681,313 14,029,000 20,039,563 37,477,594 49,621,475 38,652,240 38,600,066 38,705,852 37,771,972
Education for the disadvantaged 1,339,014 3,204,664 4,494,111 6,808,000 8,529,111 14,635,566 15,864,666 15,515,444 15,741,703 15,590,733 15,552,693
Impact aid program4 656,372 690,170 816,366 808,000 877,101 1,262,174 1,276,183 1,273,631 1,291,186 1,299,088 1,288,603
School improvement programs5 288,304 788,918 1,189,158 1,397,000 2,549,971 7,918,091 16,999,862 6,738,485 6,327,886 6,543,628 5,883,351
Indian education 93,365 69,451 71,000 65,285 121,911 127,282 127,027 130,779 131,579 123,939
English Language Acquisition 21,250 169,540 188,919 225,000 362,662 667,485 750,000 733,530 732,144 736,624 723,400
Special education 79,090 821,777 1,616,623 3,177,000 4,948,977 10,940,312 12,587,035 12,526,672 12,640,709 12,661,256 12,497,300
Vocational and adult education 335,174 860,661 1,306,685 1,482,000 1,462,977 1,967,086 2,016,447 1,737,451 1,735,659 1,742,944 1,702,686
Education Reform–Goals 20006 61,000 1,243,479 -35,031
Hurricane Education Recovery
                       
Department of Agriculture 760,477 4,064,497 5,528,950 8,201,294 10,051,278 12,577,265 17,875,561 18,843,607 20,849,143 21,781,420 21,895,211
Child nutrition programs7 299,131 3,377,056 4,977,075 7,644,789 9,554,028 11,901,943 16,383,421 17,290,601 19,504,343 20,487,229 20,487,299
McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and
      Child Nutrition Program8
86,000 210,000 343,500 196,400 197,126 197,000
Agricultural Marketing Service–commodities9 341,597 388,000 350,441 400,000 400,000 399,322 1,100,000 1,006,000 952,000 903,000 1,032,000
Special Milk Program 83,800 159,293 18,707 (7) (7) (7) (7) (7) (7) (7) (7)
Estimated education share of Forest Service
      permanent appropriations
35,949 140,148 182,727 156,505 97,250 190,000 182,140 203,506 196,400 194,065 178,912
                       
Department of Commerce 54,816
Local public works program–school facilities10 54,816
                       
Department of Defense 143,100 370,846 1,097,876 1,295,547 1,485,611 1,786,253 1,981,321 2,047,825 2,132,046 2,220,611 2,262,093
Junior Reserve Officers Training Corps (JROTC) 12,100 32,000 39,300 155,600 210,432 315,122 359,689 377,526 391,682 407,335 450,229
Overseas dependents schools 131,000 338,846 864,958 855,772 904,829 1,060,920 1,186,560 1,193,636 1,235,707 1,262,545 1,235,335
Domestic schools4 193,618 284,175 370,350 410,211 435,072 476,663 504,657 550,731 576,529
                       
Department of Energy 200 77,633 15,563 12,646
Energy conservation for school buildings11 77,240 15,213 10,746
Pre-engineering program 200 393 350 1,900
                       
Department of Health and Human Services 167,333 1,077,000 2,396,793 5,116,559 6,011,036 8,003,348 8,547,000 8,871,364 9,298,710 9,428,300 10,900,500
Head Start12 735,000 1,447,758 3,534,000 5,267,000 6,842,348 7,234,000 7,559,164 7,969,210 8,107,000 9,621,000
Payments to states for Aid to Families with
      Dependent Children (AFDC) work programs13
459,221 953,000 15,000
Social Security student benefits14 167,333 342,000 489,814 629,559 729,036 1,161,000 1,313,000 1,312,200 1,329,500 1,321,300 1,279,500
                       
Department of Homeland Security 500 505 504 454 364 462
Tuition assistance for educational accreditation–
      Coast Guard personnel15
500 505 504 454 364 462
                       
Department of the Interior 140,705 318,170 445,267 493,124 725,423 938,506 781,075 815,877 782,335 760,793 765,705
Mineral Leasing Act and other funds                      
Payments to states–estimated education share 12,294 62,636 123,811 18,750 24,610 60,290 23,000 24,380 26,450 24,770 23,800
Payments to counties–estimated education share 16,359 48,953 102,522 37,490 53,500 79,686 50,000 53,000 58,000 53,970 51,900
Indian Education                      
Bureau of Indian Education schools 95,850 178,112 192,841 411,524 466,905 517,647 580,492 583,572 631,477 597,412 622,382
Johnson-O'Malley assistance16 16,080 28,081 25,556 24,359 17,387 16,510 13,589 13,415 13,304 12,615 14,338
Education construction 161,021 263,373 112,994 140,509 52,104 71,026 52,285
Education expenses for children of employees,
      Yellowstone National Park
122 388 538 1,000 2,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
                       
Department of Justice 8,237 23,890 65,997 128,850 224,800 554,500 137,529 140,525 149,587 160,684 151,630
Advanced occupational education 137,529 140,525 149,587 160,684 151,630
Vocational training expenses for prisoners in
      federal prisons
2,720 4,966 2,066 3,000 1,000 0
Inmate programs17 5,517 18,924 63,931 125,850 223,800 554,500
                       
Department of Labor 420,927 1,849,800 2,505,487 3,957,800 4,683,200 5,654,000 6,826,000 6,121,000 5,802,000 5,347,004 5,564,123
Job Corps 469,800 739,376 1,029,000 1,256,000 1,521,000 1,850,000 1,660,000 1,789,000 1,650,004 1,691,123
Training programs–estimated funds for
      education programs18
420,927 1,380,000 1,766,111 2,928,800 3,427,200 4,133,000 4,976,000 4,461,000 4,013,000 3,697,000 3,873,000
                       
Department of Transportation 45 60 46 62 188
Tuition assistance for educational accreditation–
      Coast Guard personnel15
45 60 46 62 188
                       
Department of the Treasury 935,903
Estimated education share of general revenue
      sharing19
                     
State20 525,019
Local 410,884
                       
Department of Veterans Affairs 338,910 545,786 155,351 311,768 445,052 1,815,000 760,500 472,000 488,769 534,796 573,975
Noncollegiate and job training programs21 281,640 439,993 12,848
Vocational rehabilitation for disabled veterans22 41,700 87,980 136,780 298,132 438,635 1,815,000 760,500 472,000 488,769 534,796 573,975
Dependents' education23 15,570 17,813 5,723 5,961 6,417
Service members occupational conversion training
      act of 1992
7,675
                       
Other agencies                      
Appalachian Regional Commission 33,161 9,157 93 2,173 2,588 2,962 986 2,290 962 1,689 3,163
National Endowment for the Arts 4,989 4,641 7,117 6,002 8,470 11,530 12,125 10,450 10,427 10,924
Arts in education 4,989 4,641 7,117 6,002 8,470 11,530 12,125 10,450 10,427 10,924
National Endowment for the Humanities 20 330 404 997 812 603 125 75 100 333 181
Office of Economic Opportunity 1,072,375
Head Start24 325,700
Other elementary and secondary programs25 42,809
Job Corps26 144,000
Youth Corps and other training programs26 553,368
Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA)27 6,498
                       
Other programs                      
Estimated education share of federal aid to the
      District of Columbia
25,748 65,714 86,579 66,871 115,230 138,710 138,200 139,426 112,526 178,919 172,318
                       
Postsecondary education $3,447,697 $11,115,882 $13,650,915 $17,618,137 $15,008,715 $38,587,287 $50,197,838 $64,400,219 $70,053,827 $62,784,231 $56,953,714
Department of Education3 1,187,962 5,682,242 11,175,978 14,234,000 10,727,315 31,420,023 36,539,655 49,260,330 54,470,178 46,131,422 38,981,641
Student financial assistance 3,682,789 5,920,328 7,047,000 9,060,317 15,209,515 25,959,478 43,753,247 43,324,872 37,319,312 31,092,464
Direct Loan Program28 840,000 -2,862,240 3,020,992 3,481,859 2,781,709 6,917,373 3,273,880 2,871,258
Federal Family Education Loan Program29 2,323 1,407,977 4,372,446 5,190,000 2,707,473 10,777,470 3,932,994 -91,796 1,498,353 2,787,755 2,269,320
Higher education 1,029,131 399,787 659,492 871,000 1,530,779 2,053,288 2,740,665 2,388,946 2,297,656 2,302,753 2,322,592
Facilities–loans and insurance 114,199 -19,031 19,219 -6,000 -2,174 -1,464 -8,360 -4,607 -8,513 -129 -156
College housing loans30 14,082 -57,167 -46,000 -41,886 -33,521 -16,725 -13,265 -16,725 -1,176 -1,176
Educational activities overseas 774 3,561 82
Historically Black Colleges and Universities                      
Capital Financing, Program Account 150 169 23,330 23,289 32,160 21,424 20,227
Gallaudet College and Howard University 38,559 176,829 230,327 292,000 291,060 339,823 357,977 357,261 359,580 361,781 340,821
National Technical Institute for the Deaf 2,976 16,248 31,251 46,000 43,836 53,751 68,437 65,546 65,422 65,822 66,291
Hurricane Katrina, aid to institutions
                       
Department of Agriculture 10,453 31,273 33,373 30,676 61,957 80,697 81,658 81,658 79,089 84,439
Agriculture Extension Service, Second Morrill Act
      payments to agricultural and mechanical colleges
      and Tuskegee Institute
10,453 31,273 33,373 30,676 61,957 80,697 81,658 81,658 79,089 84,439
                       
Department of Commerce 8,277 29,971 3,312 3,487 3,800
Sea Grant Program31 3,123 3,312 3,487 3,800
Merchant Marine Academy32 6,160 14,809
State marine schools32 2,117 12,039
                       
Department of Defense 322,100 545,000 635,769 729,500 1,147,759 1,858,301 2,550,667 2,297,234 2,407,629 2,420,958 2,435,322
Tuition assistance for military personnel 57,500 95,300 127,000 263,303 608,109 669,892 567,412 590,626 564,604 524,745
Service academies 78,700 106,100 120,613 163,300 212,678 300,760 402,640 348,836 375,250 372,726 372,734
Senior Reserve Officers Training Corps (SROTC) 108,100 193,056 219,400 363,461 537,525 885,500 851,910 844,498 843,018 885,703
Professional development education33 77,800 226,800 219,800 308,317 411,907 592,635 529,076 597,255 640,610 652,140
                       
Department of Energy 3,000 57,701 25,502 28,027
University laboratory cooperative program 3,000 2,800 9,402 8,552
Teacher development projects 1,400
Energy conservation for buildings–higher
      education11
53,501 7,459 7,381
Minority honors vocational training
Honors research program 6,472 2,221
Students and teachers 2,169 9,873
                       
Department of Health and Human Services 981,483 2,412,058 578,542 796,035 954,190 1,433,516 1,278,936 1,367,895 1,331,410 1,295,616 1,339,545
Health professions training programs34 353,029 460,736 230,600 298,302 340,361 581,661 406,000 498,000 459,000 438,039 469,236
Indian health manpower 7,187 9,508 27,000 16,000 27,000 46,000 41,000 41,000 41,000 41,000
National Health Service Corps scholarships 70,667 4,759 78,206 33,300 45,000 41,000 46,400 42,940 39,868 42,600
National Institutes of Health training grants35 176,388 241,356 380,502 550,220 756,014 775,186 771,766 777,761 766,000 776,000
National Institute of Occupational Safety and
      Health training grants36
8,088 12,899 10,461 11,660 14,198 23,841 10,750 10,729 10,709 10,709 10,709
Alcohol, drug abuse, and mental health training
      programs37
118,366 122,103 81,353
Health teaching facilities38 3,078 505 365 110
Social Security postsecondary students'
      benefits39
502,000 1,559,000
                       
Department of Homeland Security 36,400 45,824 49,604 48,592 43,468 36,518
Coast Guard Academy15 16,400 26,326 27,581 26,803 24,359 25,766
Postgraduate training for Coast Guard officers40 8,700 4,645 4,883 5,891 6,198 5,416
Tuition assistance to Coast Guard military
      personnel15
11,300 14,853 17,140 15,898 12,911 5,336
                       
Department of Housing and Urban Development30 114,199
College housing loans30 114,199
                       
Department of the Interior 31,749 80,202 135,480 159,054 187,179 249,227 174,092 112,970 120,720 107,477 109,534
Shared revenues, Mineral Leasing Act and other
      receipts–estimated education share
6,949 35,403 69,980 82,810 98,740 146,235 16,250 20,430 29,900 20,310 19,500
Indian programs                      
Continuing education 9,380 16,909 34,911 43,907 57,576 76,271 126,791 61,603 61,435 58,832 61,887
Higher education scholarships 15,420 27,890 30,589 32,337 30,863 26,721 31,051 30,937 29,385 28,335 28,147
                       
Department of State 30,850 2,167 3,000 319,000 424,000 657,660 620,050 601,770 605,641 584,124
Educational exchange41 30,850 319,000 424,000 657,660 620,050 601,770 605,641 584,124
Mutual educational and cultural exchange
      activities
30,454 303,000 402,000 635,000 599,550 583,200 586,957 562,659
International educational exchange activities 396 16,000 22,000 22,660 20,500 18,570 18,684 21,465
Russian, Eurasian, and East European Research and
      Training
2,167 3,000
                       
Department of Transportation 11,197 12,530 46,025 59,257 60,300 73,000 95,000 77,000 118,000 130,000 98,400
Merchant Marine Academy32 20,926 30,850 34,000 61,000 79,000 61,000 101,000 109,000 81,300
State marine schools32 8,269 8,980 7,000 12,000 16,000 16,000 17,000 21,000 17,100
Coast Guard Academy15 9,342 10,000 12,074 13,500 15,500
Postgraduate training for Coast Guard officers40 1,655 2,230 4,173 5,513 2,500
Tuition assistance to Coast Guard military
      personnel15
200 300 582 414 1,300
                       
Department of the Treasury 296,750
General revenue sharing--estimated state share to
      higher education19,20
296,750
                       
Department of Veterans Affairs 693,490 1,803,847 599,825 1,010,114 1,132,322 2,478,624 8,042,444 9,821,752 10,115,052 11,162,755 12,231,739
Vietnam-era veterans 638,260 1,579,974 46,998
College student support 1,560,081 39,458
Work-study 19,893 7,540
Service persons college support 18,900 46,617 8,911
Post-Vietnam veterans 922 161,475 33,596 3,958 1,136 894 1,343 932 848 764
All-volunteer-force educational assistance 269,947 868,394 984,068 2,070,996 1,854,917 1,587,376 1,086,585 885,715 746,887
Veterans 183,765 760,390 876,434 1,887,239 1,659,694 1,385,943 931,756 726,697 591,750
Reservists 86,182 108,004 107,634 183,757 195,223 201,433 154,829 159,018 155,137
Post 9-11 GI Bill42 5,542,843 7,656,490 8,476,227 9,716,174 10,901,760
Veteran dependents' education 36,330 176,334 100,494 95,124 131,296 388,719 507,294 462,877 455,318 486,705 523,778
Payments to state education agencies 12,000 13,000 13,000 17,773 18,342 19,000 19,000 19,000
Reserve Education Assistance Program (REAP)43 136,496 95,324 76,990 54,313 39,550
                       
Other agencies                      
Appalachian Regional Commission 4,105 1,751 2,741 2,286 4,407 2,464 6,098 6,653 4,443 7,471
National Endowment for the Humanities 3,349 56,451 50,938 56,481 28,395 29,253 47,949 40,168 45,000 39,399 39,824
National Science Foundation 42,000 64,583 161,884 211,800 389,000 490,000 646,000 636,060 653,590 709,720 950,250
Science and engineering education programs 37,000 64,583 161,884 211,800 389,000 490,000 646,000 636,060 653,590 709,720 950,250
Sea Grant Program31 5,000
United States Information Agency44 8,423 51,095 181,172 260,800
Educational and cultural affairs41 49,546 35,862 13,600
Educational and cultural exchange programs45 145,307 247,200
Educational exchange activities, international 1,549 3
Information center and library activities 8,423
                       
Other programs                      
Barry Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence
      in Education Foundation
1,033 3,000 3,000 3,000 4,000 3,000 4,000 4,000 4,000
Estimated education share of federal aid to the
      District of Columbia46
5,513 13,143 14,637 9,468 11,493 14,578 20,450 15,115 37,875 37,193 37,538
Harry S Truman Scholarship fund -1,895 2,883 3,000 3,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 1,200 1,500
Institute of American Indian and Alaska Native
      Culture and Arts Development
4,305 13,000 2,000 6,000 8,000 8,284 8,500 9,550 11,369
James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation 191 2,000 7,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000
                       
Other education $964,719 $1,548,730 $3,383,031 $4,719,655 $5,484,571 $6,908,504 $9,326,725 $11,133,686 $9,389,458 $9,727,789 $9,454,871
Department of Education3 630,235 747,706 2,251,801 2,861,000 3,223,355 3,538,862 5,073,063 5,255,939 5,466,031 5,696,191 5,420,115
Administration 47,456 187,317 328,293 404,000 458,054 548,842 1,531,232 1,755,384 1,928,821 2,048,098 1,971,955
Libraries47 108,284 129,127 137,264 117,000
Rehabilitative services and disability research 473,091 426,886 1,780,360 2,333,000 2,755,468 2,973,346 3,506,861 3,474,718 3,511,281 3,622,925 3,422,749
American Printing House for the Blind 1,404 4,349 5,736 7,000 9,368 16,538 24,600 24,551 24,505 24,655 24,456
Trust funds and contributions 0 27 148 0 465 136 10,370 1,286 1,424 513 955
                       
Department of Agriculture 135,637 271,112 352,511 422,878 444,477 468,631 567,423 552,030 547,081 549,989 535,935
Extension Service 131,734 263,584 337,907 405,371 424,174 445,631 543,423 530,030 526,081 528,989 509,935
National Agricultural Library 3,903 7,528 14,604 17,507 20,303 23,000 24,000 22,000 21,000 21,000 26,000
                       
Department of Commerce 1,226 2,479
Maritime Administration
      Training for private sector employees32
1,226 2,479
                       
Department of Health and Human Services 24,273 37,819 77,962 138,000 214,000 313,000 340,000 337,000 337,639 339,705 382,252
National Library of Medicine 24,273 37,819 77,962 138,000 214,000 313,000 340,000 337,000 337,639 339,705 382,252
                       
Department of Homeland Security 278,243 341,100 1,892,000 215,471 258,000 259,000
Federal Law Enforcement Training Center48 159,000 323,000 311,000 271,000 258,000 259,000
Estimated disaster relief49 119,243 18,100 1,581,000 -55,529
                       
Department of Justice 5,546 27,642 26,920 36,296 34,727 26,148 33,563 33,563 33,563 30,207 31,001
Federal Bureau of Investigation National Academy 2,066 7,234 6,028 12,831 22,479 15,619 19,443 19,443 19,443 21,268 21,732
Federal Bureau of Investigation Field Police
      Academy
2,500 7,715 10,548 11,140 11,962 10,456 14,120 14,120 14,120 8,939 9,270
Narcotics and dangerous drug training 980 2,416 850 325 286 73
National Institute of Corrections 10,277 9,494 12,000
                       
Department of State 20,672 25,000 47,539 51,648 69,349 109,309 120,520 121,620 123,452 219,238 217,431
Foreign Service Institute 15,857 25,000 47,539 51,648 69,349 109,309 120,520 121,620 123,452 219,238 217,431
Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange41 4,815
                       
Department of Transportation 3,964 10,212 1,507 650 700 1,100 146 135 120
Highways training and education grants 2,418 3,412
Maritime Administration
      Training for private sector employees30
1,507 650 700 1,100 146 135 120
Urban mass transportation–managerial
      training grants
1,546 500
Federal Aviation Administration
      Air traffic controllers second career program
6,300
                       
Department of the Treasury 18 14,584 41,488 48,000 83,000
Federal Law Enforcement Training Center48 18 14,584 41,488 48,000 83,000
                       
Other agencies                      
                       
ACTION50 2,833 8,472
Estimated education funds 2,833 8,472
                       
Agency for International Development 88,034 99,707 170,371 260,408 299,000 574,000 542,700 599,500 598,800 602,369 562,659
Education and human resources 61,570 80,518 142,801 248,408 299,000 574,000 542,700 599,500 598,800 602,369 562,659
American schools and hospitals abroad 26,464 19,189 27,570 12,000
                       
Appalachian Regional Commission 572 8,124 5,709 2,369 1,173 1,620 3,514 3,510 6,938 2,439
                       
Corporation for National and Community Service50 214,600 386,000 472,000 965,000 983,000 750,251 754,843 760,264
                       
Federal Emergency Management Agency51 290 281 215 170,400 14,894
Estimated architect/engineer student
      development program
40 31 200
Estimated other training programs52 250 250 15
Estimated disaster relief49 170,400 14,894
                       
General Services Administration 14,775 34,800
Libraries and other archival activities53 14,775 34,800
                       
Institute of Museum and Library Services47 166,000 250,000 265,000 274,000 242,605 231,954 225,813
                       
Japanese-United States Friendship Commission 2,294 2,299 2,000 3,000 3,000 2,000 3,700 3,700 3,700 4,000
                       
Library of Congress 29,478 151,871 189,827 241,000 299,000 430,000 516,000 521,000 521,000 470,202 485,757
Salaries and expenses 20,700 102,364 148,985 198,000 247,000 383,000 439,000 446,000 442,000 422,625 433,830
Books for the blind and the physically
      handicapped
6,195 31,436 37,473 39,000 46,000 47,000 77,000 75,000 79,000 47,577 51,927
Special foreign currency program 2,273 3,492 10
Furniture and furnishings 310 14,579 3,359 4,000 6,000
                       
National Aeronautics and Space Administration 350 882 3,300 5,923 6,800
Aerospace education services project 350 882 3,300 5,923 6,800
                       
National Archives and Records Administration 77,397 105,172 121,879 276,000 339,000 349,000 339,000 373,000 370,706
Libraries and other archival activities53 77,397 105,172 121,879 276,000 339,000 349,000 339,000 373,000 370,706
                       
National Commission on Libraries and
      Information Science54
2,090 3,281 1,000 2,000 1,000
                       
National Endowment for the Arts 340 231 936 2,304 4,046 2,506 2,883 1,370 6,145 3,483 4,502
                       
National Endowment for the Humanities 5,090 85,805 89,706 94,249 70,807 87,969 94,580 90,891 91,000 74,439 77,528
                       
Smithsonian Institution 2,461 5,153 5,779 9,961 25,764 45,890 63,107 67,322 65,109 65,483 66,593
Museum programs and related research 2,261 3,254 690 3,190 18,000 32,000 52,000 56,000 54,000 54,313 55,979
National Gallery of Art extension service 200 426 474 771 764 890 107 119 122 115 114
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars 1,473 4,615 6,000 7,000 13,000 11,000 11,203 10,987 11,055 10,500
                       
U.S. Information Agency–Center for
      Cultural and Technical Interchange41
15,115 20,375 34,000
                       
United States Institute of Peace 7,621 12,000 13,000 28,000 58,000 47,000 44,000 47,000 48,000
                       
Other programs                      
Estimated education share of federal aid for the
      District of Columbia
1,758 2,990 3,724 2,457 404 1,674 1,020 1,102 980 1,048 876
                       
Research programs at universities and related
      institutions55
$2,283,641 $5,801,204 $12,606,035 $15,677,919 $21,660,134 $33,419,698 $36,993,306 $32,017,112 $32,176,184 $31,724,301 $32,861,567
Department of Education56 87,823 78,742 89,483 279,000 116,464 456,822 659,006 608,786 593,664 $597,297 $576,935
Department of Agriculture 64,796 216,405 348,109 434,544 553,600 709,700 737,200 764,000 643,100 843,900 804,800
Department of Commerce 4,487 48,295 50,523 85,442 110,775 243,948 303,000 242,778 205,085 227,530 287,503
Department of Defense 356,188 644,455 1,871,864 1,853,955 1,891,710 4,342,100 3,154,300 3,272,300 2,861,205 2,440,450 2,574,093
Department of Energy 548,327 1,470,224 2,520,885 2,651,641 3,577,004 4,339,879 3,402,600 2,994,903 2,983,055 2,704,198 3,159,495
Department of Health and Human Services 623,765 2,087,053 4,902,714 6,418,969 10,491,641 16,357,996 21,796,200 17,780,531 17,630,467 17,744,004 17,891,104
Department of Homeland Security 309,717 152,800 104,450 68,700 73,600 72,500
Department of Housing and Urban Development 510 5,314 118 1,613 1,400 1,100 400 1,600 300 4,400 1,600
Department of the Interior 18,521 42,175 49,790 50,618 47,200 66,800 84,200 108,774 65,405 56,200 64,700
Department of Justice 1,945 9,189 6,858 7,204 19,400 27,500 34,600 29,900 34,700 30,400 30,400
Department of Labor 3,567 12,938 5,893 10,114 12,900 110,500
Department of State 8,220 188 1,519 23
Department of Transportation 12,328 31,910 28,608 75,847 55,866 52,800 70,100 64,800 71,500 70,400 73,600
Department of the Treasury 226 227 1,496
Department of Veterans Affairs 518 1,600 2,300 2,500
                       
Agency for International Development 77,063 79,415 30,172 33,500 28,100 15,200 22,400 31,100 31,700 32,300
Environmental Protection Agency 19,446 41,083 87,481 125,721 98,900 83,400 54,700 79,200 87,200 74,200 79,900
Federal Emergency Management Agency 1,665
National Aeronautics and Space Administration 258,016 254,629 1,090,003 1,751,977 2,071,030 2,763,120 1,585,500 1,430,761 2,289,837 2,189,841 2,159,858
National Science Foundation 253,628 743,809 1,427,007 1,874,395 2,566,244 3,503,216 4,914,700 4,491,930 4,597,266 4,627,682 5,038,779
Nuclear Regulatory Commission 32,590 42,328 22,188 12,200 15,100 14,500 14,000 8,600 4,100 7,200
Office of Economic Opportunity 20,035
U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency 100 661 25
                       
Other agencies 1,421 990 885 500 300 7,900 14,300 6,000 5,000 4,400 6,800
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
1Excludes federal support for medical education benefits under Medicare in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Benefits excluded because data before fiscal year (FY) 1990 are not available. This program existed since Medicare began, but was not available as a separate budget item until FY 1990. Excluded amounts are estimated as follows: $4,440,000,000 in FY 1990, $7,510,000,000 in FY 1995, $8,020,000,000 in FY 2000, $8,290,000,000 in FY 2005, $9,080,000,000 in FY 2010, $9,200,000,000 in FY 2011, $9,800,000,000 in FY 2012, $10,000,000,000 in FY 2013, and $11,330,000,000 in FY 2014.
2Data for research programs at universities and related institutions are estimated.
3The U.S. Department of Education was created in May 1980. It formerly was the Office of Education in the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.
4Arranges for the education of children who reside on federal property when no suitable local school district can or will provide for the education of these children.
5Includes many programs, such as No Child Left Behind, 21st Century Community Learning Centers, Class Size Reduction, Charter Schools, Safe and Drug-Free Schools, and Innovative programs.
6Included the School-To-Work Opportunities program, which initiated a national system to be administered jointly by the U.S. Departments of Education and Labor. Programs in the Education Reform program were transferred to the school improvement programs or discontinued in FY 2002. Amounts after FY 2002 reflect balances that are spending out from prior-year appropriations.
7Starting in FY 1994, the Special Milk Program has been included in the child nutrition programs.
8The Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-171) carries out preschool and school feeding programs in foreign countries to help reduce the incidence of hunger and malnutrition, and improve literacy and primary education.
9These commodities are purchased under Section 32 of the Act of August 24, 1935, for use in the child nutrition programs.
10Assisted in the construction of public facilities, such as vocational schools, through grants or loans. No funds have been appropriated for this program since FY 1977, and it was completely phased out in FY 1984.
11Established in 1979, with funds first appropriated in FY 1980.
12Formerly in the Office of Economic Opportunity. In FY 1972, funds were transferred to the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Child Development.
13Created by the Family Support Act of 1988 to provide funds for the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training program. Later incorporated into Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program.
14After age 18, benefits terminate at the end of the school term or in 3 months, whichever comes first.
15Transferred from the U.S. Department of Transportation to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in March of 2003.
16Provides funding for supplemental programs for eligible American Indian students in public schools.
17Finances the cost of academic, social, and occupational education courses for inmates in federal prisons.
18Some of the work and training programs were in the Office of Economic Opportunity and were transferred to the U.S. Department of Labor in FYs 1971 and 1972. From FY 1994 through FY 2001, included the School-to-Work Opportunities program, which was administered jointly by the U.S. Departments of Education and Labor.
19Established in FY 1972 and closed in FY 1986.
20The states' share of revenue-sharing funds could not be spent on education in FYs 1981 through 1986.
21Provided educational assistance allowances in order to restore lost educational opportunities to those individuals whose careers were interrupted or impeded by reason of active military service between January 31, 1955, and January 1, 1977.
22This program is in Readjustment Benefits program, Chapter 31, and covers the costs of subsistence, tuition, books, supplies, and equipment for disabled veterans requiring vocational rehabilitation.
23This program is in Readjustment Benefits program, Chapter 35, and provides benefits to children and spouses of veterans.
24Head Start program funds were transferred to the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Child Development, in FY 1972.
25Most of these programs were transferred to the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Education, in FY 1972.
26Transferred to the U.S. Department of Labor in FYs 1971 and 1972.
27Transferred to the ACTION Agency in FY 1972.
28Under the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program (commonly referred to as the Direct Loan Program), the federal government uses Treasury funds to provide loan capital directly to schools, which then disburse loan funds to students.
29The Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) Program eliminated the authorization to originate new FFEL loans after June 30, 2010; all new loans are originated through the Direct Loan Program. The FFEL Program made loan capital available to students and their families through private lenders. State and private nonprofit guaranty agencies administer the federal guarantee protecting FFEL lenders against losses related to borrower default. These agencies also collect on defaulted loans and provide other services to lenders.
30Transferred from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development to the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Education, in FY 1979.
31Transferred from the National Science Foundation to the U.S. Department of Commerce in October 1970.
32Transferred from the U.S. Department of Commerce to the U.S. Department of Transportation in FY 1981.
33Includes special education programs (military and civilian); legal education program; flight training; advanced degree program; college degree program (officers); and Armed Forces Health Professions Scholarship program.
34Does not include higher education assistance loans.
35Alcohol, drug abuse, and mental health training programs are included starting in FY 1992.
36From 2008 onward, funding came from Harwood Training Grants.
37Beginning in FY 1992, data were included in the National Institutes of Health training grants program.
38This program closed in FY 2004.
39Postsecondary student benefits were ended by the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981 (Public Law 97-35) and were completely phased out by August 1985.
40Includes flight training. Transferred to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in March of 2003.
41Transferred from the U.S. Department of State to the United States Information Agency in 1977, then transferred back to the U.S. Department of State in FY 1998.
42Chapter 33 was enacted in the Post 9-11 Veterans Educational Assistance Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-252).
43Part of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for FY 2005 (Public Law 108-375), enacted October 28, 2004. The Reserve Education Assistance Program (REAP) provides educational assistance to members of the National Guard and Reserves who serve on active duty in support of a contingency operation under federal authority on or after September 11, 2001.
44Abolished in FY 1998, with functions transferred to the U.S. Department of State and the newly created Broadcasting Board of Governors.
45Included in the Educational and Cultural Affairs program in FYs 1980 through 1983, and became an independent program in FY 1984.
46Includes funding for D.C. College Tuition Assistance Grant (DC TAG), D.C. Adoption Scholarship Program, Robert C. Byrd Honors Scholarship Program, United States Senate Youth Program (USSYP), Advanced Placement Test Fee Program, the Early College Grant, and the College Access Challenge Grant.
47Transferred from U.S. Department of Education to the Institute of Museum and Library Services in FY 1997.
48Transferred to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in FY 2003.
49The disaster relief program repairs and replaces damaged and destroyed school buildings. This program was transferred from the Federal Emergency Management Agency to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in FY 2003.
50The National Service Trust Act of 1993 established the Corporation for National and Community Service. In 1993, ACTION became part of this agency.
51The Federal Emergency Management Agency was created in 1979, representing a combination of five existing agencies. The funds for the Federal Emergency Management Agency in FY 1970 to FY 1975 were in other agencies. This agency was transferred to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in March of 2003.
52These programs include the Fall-Out Shelter Analysis, Blast Protection Design through FY 1992. Starting in FY 1993, earthquake training and safety for teachers and administrators for grades 1 through 12 are included.
53Transferred from the General Services Administration to the National Archives and Records Administration in April 1985.
54The Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-161) transferred the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science to the Institute of Museum and Library Services starting in FY 2008.
55Includes federal obligations for research and development centers and R & D plant administered by colleges and universities. FY 2013 and FY 2014 data are estimated, except the U.S Department of Education data, which are actual numbers.
56FY 1970 includes outlays for the Research and Training program. FY 1980 includes outlays for the National Institute of Education program. FY 1990 through FY 2000 amounts are outlays for the Office of Educational Research and Improvement. Amounts for FY 2005 and later years are for the Institute of Education Sciences; these amounts are outlays for years prior to FY 2010 and appropriations for later years.
NOTE: To the extent possible, amounts reported represent outlays rather than obligations. Negative amounts occur when program receipts exceed outlays. Starting in FY 2010, amounts for the U.S. Department of Education are appropriations, not outlays. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Budget Service, unpublished tabulations. U.S. Office of Management and Budget, Budget of the U.S. Government, Appendix, selected fiscal years 1972 through 2015, National Science Foundation, Federal Funds for Research and Development, selected fiscal years, 1970 through 2014. (This table was prepared October 2014.)

2014 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest