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Digest of Education Statistics: 2014
Digest of Education Statistics: 2014

NCES 2016-006
April 2016


Table 314.20. Employees in degree-granting postsecondary institutions, by sex, employment status, control and level of institution, and primary occupation: Selected years, fall 1991 through fall 2013
Sex, employment status, control and level of institution, and primary occupation 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 Percent change, 2003 to 2013
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
All institutions 2,545,235 2,602,612 2,662,075 2,752,504 2,883,175 3,083,353 3,187,907 3,379,087 3,561,428 3,723,419 3,840,980 3,896,149 22.2
Executive/administrative/managerial 144,755 143,675 147,445 151,363 159,888 152,038 184,913 196,324 217,518 230,579 238,718 (1)
Faculty (instruction/research/
      public service)
826,252 915,474 931,706 989,813 1,027,830 1,113,183 1,173,593 1,290,426 1,371,390 1,439,144 1,523,615 1,544,060 31.6
Graduate assistants 197,751 202,819 215,909 222,724 239,738 261,136 292,061 317,141 328,979 342,393 355,916 359,546 23.1
Other 1,376,477 1,340,644 1,367,015 1,388,604 1,455,719 1,556,996 1,537,340 1,575,196 1,643,541 1,711,303 1,722,731 1,992,543
                           
Males 1,227,591 1,256,037 1,274,676 1,315,311 1,365,812 1,451,773 1,496,867 1,581,498 1,650,350 1,709,636 1,754,713 1,772,768 18.4
Executive/administrative/managerial 85,423 82,748 82,127 81,931 83,883 79,348 91,604 95,223 102,258 106,892 109,374 (1)
Faculty (instruction/research/
      public service)
525,599 561,123 562,893 587,420 602,469 644,514 663,723 714,453 743,812 761,035 789,197 791,310 19.2
Graduate assistants 119,125 120,384 123,962 125,873 132,607 142,120 156,881 167,529 173,121 180,941 188,468 189,556 20.8
Other 497,444 491,782 505,694 520,087 546,853 585,791 584,659 604,293 631,159 660,768 667,674 791,902
                           
Females 1,317,644 1,346,575 1,387,399 1,437,193 1,517,363 1,631,580 1,691,040 1,797,589 1,911,078 2,013,783 2,086,267 2,123,381 25.6
Executive/administrative/managerial 59,332 60,927 65,318 69,432 76,005 72,690 93,309 101,101 115,260 123,687 129,344 (1)
Faculty (instruction/research/
      public service)
300,653 354,351 368,813 402,393 425,361 468,669 509,870 575,973 627,578 678,109 734,418 752,750 47.6
Graduate assistants 78,626 82,435 91,947 96,851 107,131 119,016 135,180 149,612 155,858 161,452 167,448 169,990 25.8
Other 879,033 848,862 861,321 868,517 908,866 971,205 952,681 970,903 1,012,382 1,050,535 1,055,057 1,200,641 26.0
                           
Full-time 1,812,912 1,783,510 1,801,371 1,828,507 1,918,676 2,043,208 2,083,142 2,179,864 2,281,223 2,381,702 2,435,533 2,475,968 18.9
Executive/administrative/managerial 139,116 137,834 140,990 144,529 153,722 146,523 178,691 190,078 210,257 222,282 231,602 (1)
Faculty (instruction/research/
      public service)
535,623 545,706 550,822 568,719 590,937 617,868 630,092 675,624 703,463 728,977 761,619 791,391 25.6
Other 1,138,173 1,099,970 1,109,559 1,115,259 1,174,017 1,278,817 1,274,359 1,314,162 1,367,503 1,430,443 1,442,312 1,684,577
                           
Part-time 732,323 819,102 860,704 923,997 964,499 1,040,145 1,104,765 1,199,223 1,280,205 1,341,717 1,405,447 1,420,181 28.6
Executive/administrative/managerial 5,639 5,841 6,455 6,834 6,166 5,515 6,222 6,246 7,261 8,297 7,116 (1)
Faculty (instruction/research/
      public service)
290,629 369,768 380,884 421,094 436,893 495,315 543,501 614,802 667,927 710,167 761,996 752,669 38.5
Graduate assistants 197,751 202,819 215,909 222,724 239,738 261,136 292,061 317,141 328,979 342,393 355,916 359,546 23.1
Other 238,304 240,674 257,456 273,345 281,702 278,179 262,981 261,034 276,038 280,860 280,419 307,966
                           
Public 4-year 1,341,914 1,333,533 1,383,476 1,418,661 1,470,842 1,558,576 1,569,870 1,656,709 1,741,699 1,803,724 1,843,204 1,884,520 20.0
Executive/administrative/managerial 63,674 59,678 60,590 61,984 64,336 60,245 70,397 74,241 81,364 84,355 84,911 (1)
Faculty (instruction/research/
      public service)
358,376 374,021 384,399 404,109 417,086 438,459 450,123 486,691 518,221 539,901 575,534 599,985 33.3
Graduate assistants 144,344 170,916 178,342 182,481 196,393 218,260 239,600 257,578 266,429 275,872 285,905 283,503 18.3
Other 775,520 728,918 760,145 770,087 793,027 841,612 809,750 838,199 875,685 903,596 896,854 1,001,032
                           
Private 4-year 734,509 762,034 770,004 786,634 857,820 912,924 988,895 1,073,764 1,157,226 1,229,784 1,297,486 1,318,756 33.4
Executive/administrative/managerial 57,148 59,230 62,314 62,580 69,626 65,739 84,306 90,415 103,183 111,616 118,268 (1)
Faculty (instruction/research/
      public service)
232,893 251,948 262,660 278,541 296,737 325,713 364,166 430,305 472,628 498,582 540,093 550,167 51.1
Graduate assistants 23,989 28,880 33,853 36,064 38,597 41,611 52,101 59,147 62,550 66,521 70,011 76,003 45.9
Other 420,479 421,976 411,177 409,449 452,860 479,861 488,322 493,897 518,865 553,065 569,114 692,586
                           
Public 2-year 441,414 478,980 482,454 512,086 517,967 578,394 593,466 610,978 620,784 638,352 641,616 642,809 8.3
Executive/administrative/managerial 20,772 21,531 21,806 22,822 21,459 22,566 25,872 26,770 27,363 27,827 27,562 (1)
Faculty (instruction/research/
      public service)
222,532 276,413 272,434 290,451 296,239 332,665 341,643 354,497 358,925 373,778 377,696 367,718 7.6
Graduate assistants 29,216 2,762 3,401 3,561 4,170 1,215 323 374 0 0 0 13 -96.0
Other 168,894 178,274 184,813 195,252 196,099 221,948 225,628 229,337 234,496 236,747 236,358 275,078
                           
Private 2-year 27,398 28,065 26,141 35,123 36,546 33,459 35,676 37,636 41,719 51,559 58,674 50,064 40.3
Executive/administrative/managerial 3,161 3,236 2,735 3,977 4,467 3,488 4,338 4,898 5,608 6,781 7,977 (1)
Faculty (instruction/research/
      public service)
12,451 13,092 12,213 16,712 17,768 16,346 17,661 18,933 21,616 26,883 30,292 26,190 48.3
Graduate assistants 202 261 313 618 578 50 37 42 0 0 0 27 -27.0
Other 11,584 11,476 10,880 13,816 13,733 13,575 13,640 13,763 14,495 17,895 20,405 23,847
†Not applicable.
1Included in other. Primary occupations were reclassified as of fall 2013; only the faculty and graduate assistant categories are comparable with data from earlier years.
NOTE: Data through 1995 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. Beginning in 2007, includes institutions with fewer than 15 full-time employees; these institutions did not report staff data prior to 2007. By definition, all graduate assistants are part time.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Fall Staff Survey" (IPEDS-S:91-99); IPEDS Winter 2001-02 through Winter 2011-12, Human Resources component, Fall Staff section; and IPEDS Spring 2014, Human Resources component, Fall Staff section. (This table was prepared April 2015.)