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Digest of Education Statistics: 2014
Digest of Education Statistics: 2014

NCES 2016-006
April 2016


Table 212.10. Highest degree, average years of experience, and salaries of principals in public and private elementary and secondary schools, by selected characteristics: Selected years, 1993-94 through 2011-12
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected characteristic Percentage distribution by highest degree earned, 2011-12 Average years of experience Average annual salary
in constant 2013-14 dollars1
Bachelor's or less Master's Education specialist2 Doctor's and first-professional As a principal Teaching experience, 2011-12 1993-94 2003-04 2007-08 2011-12
1993-94 2003-04 2007-08 2011-12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Public schools                                                                              
Total 2.2   (0.30) 61.7   (0.71) 26.2   (0.54) 9.9   (0.49) 8.7   (0.10) 7.8   (0.10) 7.5   (0.14) 7.2   (0.09) 12.2   (0.12) $88,150   (203) $95,330   (234) $95,170   (426) $93,450   (256)
                                                                               
Sex                                                                              
Males 2.2   (0.37) 64.2   (0.95) 24.9   (0.77) 8.7   (0.57) 10.3   (0.16) 9.1   (0.16) 8.2   (0.20) 7.7   (0.12) 11.0   (0.17) 88,260   (257) 95,490   (366) 95,560   (737) 94,190   (451)
Females 2.1   (0.43) 59.4   (1.08) 27.5   (0.93) 11.0   (0.80) 5.6   (0.12) 6.3   (0.13) 6.8   (0.19) 6.6   (0.15) 13.3   (0.20) 87,960   (443) 95,150   (422) 94,780   (692) 92,760   (491)
                                                                               
Race/ethnicity                                                                              
White 1.8   (0.29) 62.0   (0.68) 26.9   (0.58) 9.3   (0.46) 9.0   (0.12) 8.0   (0.12) 7.8   (0.17) 7.3   (0.10) 12.4   (0.13) 87,520   (222) 94,800   (279) 94,160   (488) 92,860   (329)
Black 2.8   (0.74) 52.7   (2.67) 29.5   (2.17) 14.9   (1.89) 7.1   (0.21) 6.9   (0.33) 6.2   (0.38) 6.2   (0.30) 11.8   (0.39) 92,670   (730) 97,680   (840) 97,490   (1,438) 95,440   (1,179)
Hispanic 4.9 ! (1.70) 70.6   (3.73) 15.9   (2.69) 8.5   (2.18) 6.3   (0.37) 6.1   (0.43) 6.5   (0.62) 6.1   (0.42) 10.5   (0.45) 89,770   (1,283) 100,310   (1,728) 103,140   (2,946) 96,730   (1,458)
Asian   (†) 62.8   (10.48)   (†)   (†) 6.0 3 (0.60) 6.8   (1.17) 6.3   (0.97) 7.7   (1.13) 10.6   (1.16) 95,530 3 (2,290) 104,350   (2,111) 114,810   (7,401) 105,870   (4,399)
Pacific Islander   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/
      Alaska Native
  (†) 75.7   (7.38) 13.1 ! (4.29)   (†) 12.6   (0.67) 6.9   (0.63) 6.4   (1.30) 9.2   (1.67) 13.7   (1.92) 82,140   (2,786) 78,290   (2,686) 110,640   (6,762) 83,160   (3,871)
Two or more races   (†) 59.0   (8.49) 30.1   (8.48) 10.9 ! (3.44)   (†) 5.6   (1.12) 5.8   (1.50) 7.8   (0.77) 11.3   (0.95)   (†) 95,710   (4,756) 90,650   (6,244) 94,640   (3,746)
                                                                               
Age                                                                              
Under 40 3.0   (0.63) 67.2   (1.67) 21.7   (1.26) 8.2   (0.99) 2.8   (0.13) 2.4   (0.10) 2.9   (0.14) 3.0   (0.10) 7.6   (0.11) 74,790   (760) 86,890   (687) 88,230   (1,005) 88,560   (722)
40 to 44 2.4   (0.60) 62.3   (1.69) 25.0   (1.48) 10.3   (1.30) 5.0   (0.12) 4.5   (0.18) 4.8   (0.22) 4.8   (0.13) 9.8   (0.16) 83,620   (620) 91,300   (836) 92,960   (1,240) 90,960   (670)
45 to 49 1.7   (0.52) 63.4   (2.01) 24.9   (1.54) 9.9   (1.11) 7.1   (0.13) 6.1   (0.16) 6.1   (0.26) 6.5   (0.18) 11.7   (0.23) 89,060   (419) 92,530   (665) 94,180   (1,067) 92,760   (885)
50 to 54 2.8 ! (0.93) 59.2   (2.13) 28.4   (1.70) 9.6   (1.39) 10.3   (0.18) 8.7   (0.19) 8.2   (0.28) 8.1   (0.24) 14.8   (0.27) 90,890   (586) 97,290   (551) 96,400   (1,023) 94,550   (920)
55 or over 1.3   (0.29) 57.7   (1.32) 30.0   (1.15) 11.0   (0.82) 15.1   (0.35) 11.9   (0.23) 11.8   (0.29) 11.8   (0.22) 16.0   (0.26) 92,920   (795) 101,120   (601) 100,120   (1,036) 98,620   (624)
                                                                               
School level                                                                              
Elementary 1.7   (0.30) 62.6   (0.93) 26.4   (0.72) 9.3   (0.68) 8.9   (0.14) 7.9   (0.13) 7.7   (0.17) 7.2   (0.13) 12.4   (0.16) 87,040   (271) 95,200   (284) 94,600   (543) 92,490   (312)
Secondary 2.2   (0.44) 59.6   (1.14) 26.2   (1.07) 12.0   (0.78) 8.0   (0.12) 7.5   (0.19) 7.1   (0.19) 7.1   (0.15) 11.5   (0.14) 90,950   (269) 100,210   (558) 100,180   (780) 99,440   (631)
Combined 5.5   (1.45) 60.3   (2.26) 25.4   (2.09) 8.9   (1.45) 7.5   (0.29) 7.4   (0.36) 7.1   (0.43) 7.1   (0.29) 12.2   (0.51) 84,890   (820) 81,640   (777) 84,090   (1,374) 85,630   (1,385)
                                                                               
School locale                                                                              
City 3.6   (0.76) 59.4   (1.76) 24.7   (1.42) 12.3   (1.15)   (†) 7.3   (0.17) 7.0   (0.25) 6.8   (0.21) 12.0   (0.24)   (†) 101,260   (475) 101,220   (825) 98,990   (584)
Suburban 1.2   (0.27) 59.0   (1.42) 26.9   (1.15) 12.9   (0.99)   (†) 7.9   (0.23) 7.7   (0.28) 7.3   (0.21) 11.6   (0.21)   (†) 107,800   (597) 107,570   (1,025) 104,910   (475)
Town 2.5 ! (0.79) 61.4   (1.94) 29.1   (1.74) 7.0   (0.81)   (†) 8.1   (0.28) 7.8   (0.34) 7.3   (0.24) 12.5   (0.30)   (†) 87,050   (635) 86,040   (789) 85,580   (572)
Rural 1.7   (0.33) 65.9   (0.99) 25.8   (0.91) 6.6   (0.66)   (†) 7.9   (0.22) 7.5   (0.27) 7.3   (0.15) 12.7   (0.20)   (†) 82,050   (444) 84,020   (729) 82,830   (370)
                                                                               
Private schools                                                                              
Total 31.0   (1.73) 49.7   (1.49) 10.1   (0.80) 9.1   (0.87) 8.8   (0.20) 10.0   (0.24) 10.0   (0.22) 10.8   (0.31) 13.9   (0.38) $51,540   (584) $63,360   (771) $63,790   (889) $67,400   (1,200)
                                                                               
Sex                                                                              
Males 32.7   (2.87) 45.9   (2.41) 8.8   (1.24) 12.6   (1.62) 9.0   (0.26) 11.0   (0.35) 10.6   (0.37) 11.4   (0.43) 12.7   (0.62) 57,200   (907) 69,940   (1,266) 69,880   (1,498) 76,310   (2,553)
Females 29.7   (1.93) 52.9   (1.84) 11.2   (1.10) 6.2   (0.81) 8.6   (0.27) 9.2   (0.28) 9.5   (0.26) 10.4   (0.41) 14.8   (0.43) 46,900   (976) 58,410   (1,064) 58,820   (1,068) 61,020   (1,299)
                                                                               
Race/ethnicity                                                                              
White 31.5   (1.81) 49.2   (1.61) 10.0   (0.79) 9.2   (0.94) 8.7   (0.22) 10.3   (0.24) 10.4   (0.25) 10.9   (0.31) 13.9   (0.42) 51,370   (644) 63,880   (762) 65,160   (974) 68,470   (1,380)
Black 24.0   (5.62) 50.5   (5.71) 12.4   (3.67) 13.0 ! (4.43) 8.3   (1.04) 7.1   (1.08) 7.1   (0.90) 11.3   (1.12) 14.9   (1.23) 55,250   (3,979) 55,950   (4,370) 54,820   (2,385) 60,260   (4,900)
Hispanic 41.1   (7.82) 43.1   (6.95) 10.7 ! (5.11)   (†) 10.1   (1.43) 6.6   (1.29) 7.8   (0.87) 9.2   (0.93) 11.7   (1.34) 50,380   (3,146) 60,620   (4,974) 53,450   (3,657) 64,000   (6,195)
                                                                               
Age                                                                              
Under 40 53.7   (4.95) 36.4   (4.27) 4.8 ! (1.59) 5.1   (1.23) 3.5   (0.22) 2.9   (0.20) 3.0   (0.22) 3.3   (0.36) 6.4   (0.45) 42,280   (1,396) 51,680   (1,997) 51,800   (1,536) 50,600   (1,898)
40 to 44 35.4   (6.03) 47.0   (5.24) 10.6   (2.46)   (†) 5.3   (0.24) 5.4   (0.38) 5.3   (0.35) 5.9   (0.56) 9.8   (0.82) 48,990   (1,492) 55,090   (2,171) 59,940   (2,969) 69,410   (7,319)
45 to 49 35.3   (5.89) 47.3   (4.78) 9.9   (2.36) 7.5 ! (2.32) 8.3   (0.27) 7.6   (0.28) 6.2   (0.38) 6.6   (0.50) 11.7   (1.08) 55,670   (1,183) 65,220   (1,852) 60,210   (2,286) 68,560   (3,876)
50 to 54 27.3   (3.71) 54.2   (3.78) 7.6   (1.88) 10.9 ! (3.33) 9.6   (0.34) 10.1   (0.35) 9.0   (0.45) 9.7   (0.59) 14.1   (0.75) 60,630   (1,605) 66,180   (1,979) 65,170   (2,029) 70,860   (3,769)
55 or over 21.9   (1.80) 54.5   (1.71) 12.7   (1.20) 10.9   (1.22) 14.8   (0.40) 15.2   (0.40) 15.4   (0.43) 16.1   (0.44) 18.0   (0.50) 51,070   (1,216) 68,180   (1,400) 69,770   (1,591) 70,790   (1,958)
                                                                               
School level                                                                              
Elementary 34.8   (2.23) 50.3   (1.92) 9.2   (1.06) 5.7   (0.80) 9.4   (0.27) 9.9   (0.30) 9.9   (0.30) 10.6   (0.39) 13.4   (0.47) 46,250   (714) 59,660   (850) 61,550   (1,076) 62,410   (1,199)
Secondary 9.1   (2.19) 57.1   (4.60) 15.4   (2.71) 18.3   (4.83) 7.8   (0.36) 9.3   (0.77) 9.9   (0.58) 11.0   (0.89) 15.4   (1.04) 70,200   (1,260) 82,080   (3,274) 83,350   (2,633) 87,630   (7,162)
Combined 31.5   (2.43) 46.6   (2.33) 10.0   (1.65) 11.9   (1.42) 8.0   (0.34) 10.3   (0.39) 10.2   (0.44) 11.2   (0.57) 14.2   (0.62) 54,050   (1,784) 65,120   (1,914) 61,100   (1,641) 69,090   (2,369)
                                                                               
School locale                                                                              
City 20.9   (2.16) 56.7   (2.60) 10.1   (1.39) 12.3   (2.05)   (†)   (†) 10.8   (0.38) 11.0   (0.53) 15.0   (0.58)   (†)   (†) 72,060   (1,437) 74,810   (2,160)
Suburban 26.3   (2.27) 52.4   (2.20) 11.1   (1.34) 10.2   (1.94)   (†)   (†) 10.5   (0.36) 11.8   (0.49) 14.8   (0.48)   (†)   (†) 68,350   (1,579) 70,260   (2,527)
Town 38.2   (5.31) 47.6   (5.43) 9.5 ! (3.17) 4.8 ! (2.19)   (†)   (†) 9.4   (0.80) 10.2   (1.00) 14.3   (1.01)   (†)   (†) 49,130   (2,386) 46,560   (2,367)
Rural 47.7   (3.97) 37.8   (3.29) 9.3   (1.77) 5.1   (1.18)   (†)   (†) 8.1   (0.53) 9.7   (0.76) 10.9   (0.93)   (†)   (†) 47,570   (1,822) 59,860   (2,801)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to a school-year basis. Excludes principals reporting a salary of $0.
2 Education specialist degrees or certificates are generally awarded for 1 year's work beyond the master's level. Includes certificate of advanced graduate studies.
3 Data include Pacific Islanders.
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and survey item nonresponse.            
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School Principal Data File" and "Private School Principal Data File," 1993-94, 2003-04, 2007-08, and 2011-12. (This table was prepared January 2015.)