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Digest of Education Statistics: 2014
Digest of Education Statistics: 2014

NCES 2016-006
April 2016


Table 208.20. Public and private elementary and secondary teachers, enrollment, pupil/teacher ratios, and new teacher hires: Selected years, fall 1955 through fall 2024
Year Teachers
(in thousands)
Enrollment
(in thousands)
Pupil/teacher ratio Number of new teacher hires
(in thousands)1 
Total Public Private Total Public Private Total Public Private Total Public Private
1 2 3   4 5 6   7 8 9   10 11 12 13
1955 1,286 1,141 145 2  35,280 30,680 4,600 2  27.4 26.9 31.7 2 
1960 1,600 1,408 192 2  42,181 36,281 5,900 2  26.4 25.8 30.7 2 
1965 1,933 1,710 223   48,473 42,173 6,300   25.1 24.7 28.3  
1970 2,292 2,059 233   51,257 45,894 5,363   22.4 22.3 23.0  
                               
1971 2,293 2,063 230 2  51,271 46,071 5,200 2  22.4 22.3 22.6 2 
1972 2,337 2,106 231 2  50,726 45,726 5,000 2  21.7 21.7 21.6 2 
1973 2,372 2,136 236 2  50,445 45,445 5,000 2  21.3 21.3 21.2 2 
1974 2,410 2,165 245 2  50,073 45,073 5,000 2  20.8 20.8 20.4 2 
1975 2,453 2,198 255 2  49,819 44,819 5,000 2  20.3 20.4 19.6 2 
                               
1976 2,457 2,189 268   49,478 44,311 5,167   20.1 20.2 19.3  
1977 2,488 2,209 279   48,717 43,577 5,140   19.6 19.7 18.4  
1978 2,479 2,207 272   47,637 42,551 5,086   19.2 19.3 18.7  
1979 2,461 2,185 276 2  46,651 41,651 5,000 2  19.0 19.1 18.1 2 
1980 2,485 2,184 301   46,208 40,877 5,331   18.6 18.7 17.7        
                               
1981 2,440 2,127 313 2  45,544 40,044 5,500 2  18.7 18.8 17.6 2 
1982 2,458 2,133 325 2  45,166 39,566 5,600 2  18.4 18.6 17.2 2 
1983 2,476 2,139 337   44,967 39,252 5,715   18.2 18.4 17.0  
1984 2,508 2,168 340 2  44,908 39,208 5,700 2  17.9 18.1 16.8 2 
1985 2,549 2,206 343   44,979 39,422 5,557   17.6 17.9 16.2  
                               
1986 2,592 2,244 348 2  45,205 39,753 5,452 2  17.4 17.7 15.7 2 
1987 2,631 2,279 352   45,488 40,008 5,479   17.3 17.6 15.6  
1988 2,668 2,323 345 2  45,430 40,189 5,242 2  17.0 17.3 15.2 2 
1989 2,713 2,357 356   46,141 40,543 5,599   17.0 17.2 15.7  
1990 2,759 2,398 361 2  46,864 41,217 5,648 2  17.0 17.2 15.6 2 
                               
1991 2,797 2,432 365   47,728 42,047 5,681   17.1 17.3 15.6  
1992 2,823 2,459 364 2  48,694 42,823 5,870 2  17.2 17.4 16.1 2 
1993 2,868 2,504 364   49,532 43,465 6,067   17.3 17.4 16.7  
1994 2,922 2,552 370 2  50,106 44,111 5,994 2  17.1 17.3 16.2 2 
1995 2,974 2,598 376   50,759 44,840 5,918   17.1 17.3 15.7  
                               
1996 3,051 2,667 384 2  51,544 45,611 5,933 2  16.9 17.1 15.5 2 
1997 3,138 2,746 391   52,071 46,127 5,944   16.6 16.8 15.2  
1998 3,230 2,830 400 2  52,526 46,539 5,988 2  16.3 16.4 15.0 2 
1999 3,319 2,911 408   52,875 46,857 6,018   15.9 16.1 14.7   305 222 83
2000 3,366 2,941 424 2  53,373 47,204 6,169 2  15.9 16.0 14.5 2 
                               
2001 3,440 3,000 441   53,992 47,672 6,320   15.7 15.9 14.3  
2002 3,476 3,034 442 2  54,403 48,183 6,220 2  15.7 15.9 14.1 2 
2003 3,490 3,049 441   54,639 48,540 6,099   15.7 15.9 13.8   311 236 74
2004 3,536 3,091 445 2  54,882 48,795 6,087 2  15.5 15.8 13.7 2 
2005 3,593 3,143 450   55,187 49,113 6,073   15.4 15.6 13.5  
                               
2006 3,622 3,166 456 2  55,307 49,316 5,991 2  15.3 15.6 13.2 2 
2007 3,656 3,200 456   55,201 49,291 5,910   15.1 15.4 13.0   327 246 80
2008 3,670 3,222 448 2  54,973 49,266 5,707 2  15.0 15.3 12.8 2 
2009 3,647 3,210 437   54,849 49,361 5,488   15.0 15.4 12.5  
2010 3,529 3,099 429 2  54,867 49,484 5,382 2  15.5 16.0 12.5 2 
                               
2011 3,524 3,103 421   54,790 49,522 5,268   15.5 16.0 12.5   241 173 68
2012 3,523 3,109 414 3  54,952 49,771 5,181 3  15.6 16.0 12.5 3  321 247 74
20133  3,527 3,120 407   55,036 49,942 5,094   15.6 16.0 12.5   319 250 69
20143  3,520 3,122 398   54,965 49,986 4,979   15.6 16.0 12.5   310 244 66
20153  3,521 3,129 391   54,994 50,094 4,899   15.6 16.0 12.5   316 249 67
                               
20163  3,525 3,138 387   55,077 50,229 4,848   15.6 16.0 12.5   318 250 68
20173  3,577 3,185 392   55,447 50,584 4,863   15.5 15.9 12.4   364 288 76
20183  3,617 3,224 393   55,719 50,871 4,848   15.4 15.8 12.3   358 283 74
20193  3,660 3,264 395   56,031 51,183 4,848   15.3 15.7 12.3   361 286 76
20203  3,700 3,302 398   56,404 51,547 4,856   15.2 15.6 12.2   362 285 76
                               
20213  3,743 3,342 401   56,779 51,910 4,869   15.2 15.5 12.1   367 289 77
20223  3,788 3,383 405   57,151 52,260 4,891   15.1 15.4 12.1   371 292 79
20233  3,840 3,429 410   57,524 52,601 4,922   15.0 15.3 12.0   381 300 81
20243  3,881 3,466 415   57,872 52,920 4,952   14.9 15.3 11.9   375 293 81
—Not available.
1 A teacher is considered to be a new hire for a public or private school if the teacher had not taught in that control of school in the previous year. A teacher who moves from a public to private or a private to public school is considered a new teacher hire, but a teacher who moves from one public school to another public school or one private school to another private school is not considered a new teacher hire.
2 Estimated.
3 Projected.
NOTE: Data for teachers are expressed in full-time equivalents (FTE). Counts of private school teachers and enrollment include prekindergarten through grade 12 in schools offering kindergarten or higher grades. Counts of public school teachers and enrollment include prekindergarten through grade 12. The pupil/teacher ratio includes teachers for students with disabilities and other special teachers, while these teachers are generally excluded from class size calculations. Ratios for public schools reflect totals reported by states and differ from totals reported for schools or school districts. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Statistics of Public Elementary and Secondary Day Schools, 1955-56 through 1980-81; Common Core of Data (CCD), "State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education," 1981-82 through 2012-13; Private School Universe Survey (PSS), 1989-90 through 2011-12; Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School Teacher Data File" and "Private School Teacher Data File," 1999-2000 through 2011-12; Elementary and Secondary Teacher Projection Model, 1973 through 2024; and New Teacher Hires Projection Model, 1988 through 2024. (This table was prepared March 2015.)