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Digest of Education Statistics: 2014
Digest of Education Statistics: 2014

NCES 2016-006
April 2016


Table 106.20. Expenditures of educational institutions, by level and control of institution: Selected years, 1899-1900 through 2013-14
[In millions]  
School year Current dollars Constant 2013-14 dollars1
Total Elementary and secondary schools Degree-granting postsecondary institutions Total Elementary and secondary schools Degree-granting
postsecondary
institutions
Total Public Private2 Total Public Private Total Public
1 2 3 4 5 6 7   8 9 10 11 12
1899-1900 $215        
1909-10 426        
1919-20 1,036       $12,775  
1929-30 2,317 $632   $292   $341   31,803 $8,679  
1939-40 2,344 758   392   367   39,411 12,752  
1949-50 $8,494 $6,249 5,838 $411 2,246   1,154   1,092   $84,274 $61,995 57,917 22,280  
1959-60 22,314 16,713 15,613 1,100 5,601   3,131   2,470   178,438 133,650 124,854 44,787  
                               
1969-70 64,227 43,183 40,683 2,500 21,043   13,250   7,794   399,498 268,607 253,057 130,891  
1970-71 71,575 48,200 45,500 2,700 23,375   14,996   8,379   423,353 285,093 269,123 138,260  
1971-72 76,510 50,950 48,050 2,900 25,560   16,484   9,075   436,870 290,925 274,367 145,945  
1972-73 82,908 54,952 51,852 3,100 27,956   18,204   9,752   455,068 301,624 284,608 153,444  
1973-74 91,084 60,370 56,970 3,400 30,714   20,336   10,377   459,016 304,236 287,101 154,781  
                               
1974-75 103,903 68,846 64,846 4,000 35,058   23,490   11,568   471,381 312,335 294,188 159,046  
1975-76 114,004 75,101 70,601 4,500 38,903   26,184   12,719   483,014 318,188 299,122 164,826  
1976-77 121,793 79,194 74,194 5,000 42,600   28,635   13,965   487,585 317,042 297,025 170,543  
1977-78 132,515 86,544 80,844 5,700 45,971   30,725   15,246   497,127 324,669 303,285 172,458  
1978-79 143,733 93,012 86,712 6,300 50,721   33,733   16,988   493,026 319,045 297,435 173,981  
                               
1979-80 160,075 103,162 95,962 7,200 56,914   37,768   19,146   484,487 312,231 290,440 172,256  
1980-81 176,378 112,325 104,125 8,200 64,053   42,280   21,773   478,416 304,676 282,434 173,740  
1981-82 190,825 120,486 111,186 9,300 70,339   46,219   24,120   476,447 300,826 277,606 175,621  
1982-83 204,661 128,725 118,425 10,300 75,936   49,573   26,363   489,947 308,161 283,503 181,786  
1983-84 220,993 139,000 127,500 11,500 81,993   53,087   28,907   510,163 320,881 294,334 189,282  
                               
1984-85 239,351 149,400 137,000 12,400 89,951   58,315   31,637   531,729 331,899 304,351 199,831  
1985-86 259,336 161,800 148,600 13,200 97,536   63,194   34,342   559,978 349,371 320,869 210,607  
1986-87 280,964 175,200 160,900 14,300 105,764   67,654   38,110   593,501 370,088 339,881 223,412  
1987-88 301,786 187,999 172,699 15,300 113,787   72,641   41,145   612,123 381,324 350,291 230,799  
1988-89 333,245 209,377 192,977 16,400 123,867   78,946   44,922   646,092 405,939 374,143 240,153  
                               
1989-90 365,825 231,170 212,770 18,400 134,656   85,771   48,885   676,956 427,777 393,728 249,179  
1990-91 395,318 249,230 229,430 19,800 146,088   92,961   53,127   693,610 437,290 402,549 256,321  
1991-92 417,944 261,755 241,055 20,700 156,189   98,847   57,342   710,542 445,007 409,815 265,536  
1992-93 439,676 274,435 252,935 21,500 165,241   104,570   60,671   724,848 452,432 416,987 272,416  
1993-94 460,757 287,407 265,307 22,100 173,351   109,310   64,041   740,422 461,853 426,339 278,569  
                               
1994-95 485,169 302,200 279,000 23,200 182,969   115,465   67,504   757,926 472,095 435,852 285,832  
1995-96 508,523 318,046 293,646 24,400 190,476   119,525   70,952   773,369 483,690 446,582 289,679  
1996-97 538,854 338,951 313,151 25,800 199,903 2 125,978   73,925 2 796,765 501,183 463,034 295,582 2
1997-98 570,471 361,615 334,315 27,300 208,856 2 132,846   76,010 2 828,735 525,326 485,666 303,410 2
1998-99 603,847 384,638 355,838 28,800 219,209   140,539   78,670   862,293 549,263 508,136 313,030  
                               
1999-2000 649,322 412,538 381,838 30,700 236,784   152,325   84,459   901,216 572,575 529,966 328,641  
2000-01 705,017 444,811 410,811 34,000 260,206   170,345   89,861   946,103 596,918 551,291 349,185  
2001-02 752,780 472,064 435,364 36,700 280,715   183,436   97,280   992,624 622,469 574,076 370,154  
2002-03 795,691 492,807 454,907 37,900 302,884   197,026   105,858   1,026,646 635,847 586,947 390,798  
2003-04 830,293 513,542 474,242 39,300 316,751   205,069   111,682   1,048,355 648,415 598,793 399,940  
                               
2004-05 875,988 540,969 499,569 41,400 335,019   215,794   119,225   1,073,740 663,091 612,345 410,649  
2005-06 925,246 571,669 528,269 43,400 353,577   226,550   127,027   1,092,513 675,016 623,770 417,497  
2006-07 984,034 608,495 562,195 46,300 375,539   238,829   136,710   1,132,638 700,387 647,095 432,251  
2007-08 1,054,904 646,414 597,314 49,100 408,490   261,046   147,444   1,170,827 717,448 662,953 453,379  
2008-09 1,089,670 658,926 610,326 48,600 430,744   273,030   157,714   1,192,760 721,265 668,067 471,495  
                               
2009-10 1,100,902 654,418 607,018 47,400 446,484   281,368   165,115   1,193,506 709,466 658,079 484,040  
2010-11 1,123,565 652,356 604,356 48,000 471,209   296,114   175,095   1,194,098 693,308 642,295 500,790  
2011-12 1,137,011 648,567 601,767 46,800 488,444   305,534   182,910   1,173,990 669,660 621,338 504,330  
2012-133 1,165,000 666,000 619,000 47,000 498,939   311,425   187,514   1,183,000 676,000 629,000 507,000  
2013-142 1,194,000 682,000 635,000 47,000 512,000   319,000   193,000   1,194,000 682,000 635,000 512,000  
—Not available.
1Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to a school-year basis.
2Estimated by the National Center for Education Statistics based on enrollment data for the given year and actual expenditures for prior years.
3Data for elementary and secondary education are estimated; data for degree-granting institutions are actual.
NOTE: Total expenditures for public elementary and secondary schools include current expenditures, interest on school debt, and capital outlay. Expenditures for public and private colleges and universities in 1929-30 and 1939-40 include current-fund expenditures and additions to plant value. Public and private degree-granting institutions data for 1949-50 through 1995-96 are for current-fund expenditures. Data for private degree-granting institutions for 1996-97 and later years are for total expenditures. Data for public degree-granting institutions for 1996-97 through 2000-01 are for current expenditures; data for later years are for total expenditures. Postsecondary data through 1995-96 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Annual Report of the Commissioner of Education, 1899-1900 and 1909-10; Biennial Survey of Education in the United States, 1919-20 through 1949-50; Statistics of State School Systems, 1959-60 and 1969-70; Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education, 1970-71 through 1986-87; Common Core of Data (CCD), "National Public Education Financial Survey," 1987-88 through 2011-12; Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), Financial Statistics of Institutions of Higher Education, 1965-66 through 1985-86; Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Finance Survey," (IPEDS-F:FY87-99); IPEDS Spring 2001 through Spring 2014, Finance component; and unpublished tabulations. (This table was prepared May 2015.)