Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics
2014 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 102.60. Number and percentage of children under age 18 living in poverty, by family structure, race/ethnicity, and selected subgroups: 2008 and 2013
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Year and race/ethnicity Number of
related children1
living in poverty
(in thousands)
Percent of related children1 living in poverty, by family structure
Total,
all families
Married-couple
household2
Mother-only
household,
no spouse
present2
Father-only
household,
no spouse
present2
1 2 3 4 5 6
2008                          
Total 12,901 (92.9) 17.8 (0.12) 8.4   (0.09) 40.9   (0.25) 24.5   (0.31)
White 4,301 (41.9) 10.6 (0.10) 5.1   (0.08) 32.4   (0.34) 17.3   (0.37)
Black 3,301 (40.7) 33.0 (0.36) 10.8   (0.40) 47.1   (0.49) 34.9   (0.73)
                           
Hispanic 4,342 (43.2) 27.7 (0.25) 18.3   (0.27) 47.7   (0.48) 29.4   (0.70)
Mexican 3,289 (39.5) 29.6 (0.31) 21.1   (0.35) 50.1   (0.60) 30.4   (0.76)
Puerto Rican 397 (12.2) 29.7 (0.83) 9.9   (0.76) 48.6   (1.21) 33.5   (2.41)
Cuban 42 (3.2) 12.7 (0.90) 6.4   (0.87) 29.0   (2.35) 20.8   (3.96)
Dominican 127 (7.7) 30.7 (1.48) 10.7   (1.32) 50.2   (2.28) 20.0   (3.89)
Salvadoran 92 (6.7) 20.7 (1.32) 13.9   (1.46) 38.0   (2.51) 18.8   (3.28)
Other Central American 142 (7.4) 24.9 (1.14) 16.6   (1.24) 40.2   (2.54) 29.3   (3.24)
South American 89 (5.8) 13.5 (0.85) 8.0   (0.82) 28.8   (2.16) 17.7   (2.72)
Other Hispanic or Latino 162 (6.8) 20.5 (0.71) 8.8   (0.76) 41.9   (1.81) 27.6   (3.24)
                           
Asian 303 (10.7) 10.6 (0.37) 8.1   (0.37) 27.6   (1.53) 16.1   (1.72)
Asian Indian 43 (3.3) 7.2 (0.54) 6.2   (0.54) 22.9   (4.63) 17.9 ! (7.86)
Chinese3 57 (3.8) 9.5 (0.58) 7.3   (0.63) 23.2   (2.68) 22.1   (3.99)
Filipino 20 (2.6) 4.5 (0.57) 2.3   (0.42) 15.5   (2.80) 7.9 ! (2.41)
Japanese 6 (1.1) 7.5 (1.34) 5.4   (1.21) 17.7 ! (5.62) 28.9 ! (11.80)
Korean 34 (3.6) 12.2 (1.20) 8.9   (1.09) 36.3   (5.25) 25.3   (5.61)
Vietnamese 46 (3.3) 14.0 (1.01) 10.1   (1.18) 35.2   (3.75) 10.3 ! (3.48)
Other Asian 98 (6.7) 18.1 (1.16) 15.2   (1.18) 36.1   (3.90) 17.3   (3.27)
                           
Pacific Islander 21 (2.8) 21.2 (2.66) 13.8   (2.64) 44.3   (6.06) 18.0 ! (6.30)
American Indian/Alaska Native 151 (6.6) 29.1 (1.20) 15.2   (1.22) 45.0   (2.11) 34.8   (2.60)
Some other race4 48 (4.8) 20.2 (1.77) 8.4   (1.19) 46.5   (4.00) 17.3 ! (5.27)
Two or more races 434 (12.2) 18.1 (0.48) 6.1   (0.37) 37.6   (1.00) 24.6   (1.56)
White and Black 266 (10.9) 26.2 (0.91) 9.0   (0.83) 41.5   (1.39) 26.7   (2.65)
White and Asian 35 (2.7) 5.6 (0.42) 2.8   (0.30) 21.5   (2.39) 11.5   (2.06)
White and American Indian/Alaska Native 64 (3.5) 17.5 (0.85) 8.0   (0.82) 35.0   (2.24) 31.6   (2.79)
Other Two or more races 68 (4.6) 17.5 (1.06) 6.3   (1.00) 34.4   (2.32) 24.0   (3.48)
                           
2013                          
Total 15,649 (103.2) 21.7 (0.14) 11.0   (0.12) 44.9   (0.29) 29.1   (0.35)
White 4,897 (46.2) 13.0 (0.12) 6.7   (0.10) 35.7   (0.34) 20.8   (0.40)
Black 3,825 (32.9) 39.0 (0.31) 15.6   (0.46) 52.3   (0.45) 41.2   (0.79)
                           
Hispanic 5,581 (48.8) 32.2 (0.27) 21.8   (0.33) 50.1   (0.40) 35.6   (0.79)
Mexican 4,075 (39.4) 33.8 (0.30) 24.2   (0.37) 52.4   (0.45) 36.1   (0.92)
Puerto Rican 520 (12.6) 33.6 (0.70) 14.7   (1.04) 50.1   (1.05) 40.1   (2.54)
Cuban 89 (5.1) 22.9 (1.12) 11.8   (1.16) 43.2   (2.40) 37.8   (3.94)
Dominican 180 (8.2) 34.9 (1.27) 17.6   (1.75) 47.5   (1.97) 39.9   (4.44)
Salvadoran 151 (8.0) 26.3 (1.24) 17.6   (1.50) 40.0   (2.49) 29.8   (3.93)
Other Central American 246 (10.7) 33.9 (1.12) 24.6   (1.33) 49.6   (2.12) 35.3   (3.47)
South American 140 (7.6) 18.0 (0.83) 11.8   (1.11) 34.2   (2.37) 19.5   (3.09)
Other Hispanic or Latino 180 (7.7) 24.3 (0.89) 14.7   (1.06) 41.9   (1.89) 29.8   (2.66)
                           
Asian 412 (11.6) 12.6 (0.34) 10.3   (0.33) 28.1   (1.47) 21.0   (1.98)
Asian Indian 48 (3.8) 6.3 (0.47) 5.5   (0.45) 25.1   (4.29) 7.7 ! (3.56)
Chinese3 78 (4.2) 11.8 (0.60) 9.5   (0.61) 24.1   (2.48) 28.4   (3.87)
Filipino 34 (3.2) 7.4 (0.68) 4.7   (0.65) 17.0   (2.46) 17.7   (4.02)
Japanese 4 (0.9) 5.5 (1.18) 4.2   (1.19) 16.7 ! (6.90)   (†)
Korean 27 (2.9) 11.0 (1.05) 9.1   (0.97) 28.9   (4.99) 15.9 ! (6.18)
Vietnamese 57 (4.1) 14.7 (1.00) 12.2   (1.11) 27.6   (3.53) 18.0   (4.23)
Other Asian 164 (7.8) 24.5 (1.01) 21.4   (1.10) 40.3   (3.43) 26.4   (3.93)
                           
Pacific Islander 32 (3.2) 27.0 (2.32) 15.1   (2.52) 46.9   (4.65) 47.2   (9.07)
American Indian/Alaska Native 200 (5.8) 36.1 (0.91) 18.2   (1.05) 55.3   (1.53) 40.5   (2.33)
Some other race4 53 (4.4) 25.3 (1.82) 13.2   (1.83) 49.3   (3.90) 26.4   (5.02)
Two or more races 650 (15.4) 21.2 (0.47) 8.5   (0.36) 41.5   (0.90) 27.4   (1.65)
White and Black 366 (10.0) 29.1 (0.78) 11.3   (0.66) 43.8   (1.28) 31.2   (2.80)
White and Asian 64 (4.1) 8.1 (0.51) 4.9   (0.46) 23.8   (2.08) 18.1   (2.99)
White and American Indian/Alaska Native 77 (3.7) 20.6 (0.90) 10.9   (0.94) 40.5   (1.98) 26.6   (3.14)
Other Two or more races 142 (7.4) 22.3 (0.96) 9.4   (0.88) 43.6   (1.70) 28.0   (3.23)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Related children in a family include all children in the household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption (except a child who is the spouse of the householder). The householder is the person (or one of the people) who owns or rents (maintains) the housing unit. This table includes only children related to the householder. It excludes unrelated children and householders who are themselves under the age of 18.
2 To determine family structure, children are classified by their parents’ marital status or, if no parents are present in the household, by the marital status of the householder who is related to the children. Mother-only households are those that have only a female householder, and father-only households are those that have only a male householder.
3 In 2008 only, includes Taiwanese. As of 2013, excludes Taiwanese, which is included in "Other Asian."
4 Respondents who wrote in some other race that was not included as an option on the questionnaire.
NOTE: Data may differ from Current Population Survey data that are shown in other tables. American Community Survey respondents were interviewed throughout the given year and reported the income they received during the previous 12 months. For information about how the Census Bureau determines who is in poverty, see http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/overview/measure.html. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 2008 and 2013. (This table was prepared October 2014.)

2014 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest